The Silent Way. Adviser: 陳怡真 教授 Reporter ： N97C0009 黃尹人. What is the Silent Way ?. It is the name of a language teaching method devised by Dr. Caleb Gattegno. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
The Silent Way The Silent Way
Adviser: Adviser: 陳怡真 教授陳怡真 教授 ReporterReporter ：： N97C0009 N97C0009 黃尹人黃尹人
What is the Silent Way ?What is the Silent Way ?
It is the name of a language teaching metIt is the name of a language teaching method devised by Dr. Caleb Gattegno. hod devised by Dr. Caleb Gattegno.
Dr. Gattegno (1911~1988) 是一位精通多國語言的數學、心理雙博士，生於埃及。
特色 :─色彩幫助兒童發音，藉由色彩輔助， 使兒童能找出母音， 並正確地發音。
─彩色積木幫助學習者分析、 熟悉語言結構，奠定語言結構 的基礎。
資料引用自 : 1. 默示法教學簡介 2. http://www.silentway.com.tw/
During the process of teaching, During the process of teaching,
the teacher has to be silent as much the teacher has to be silent as much
as they could, but the learner has to as they could, but the learner has to
be encouraged to produce as much be encouraged to produce as much
language as possible.language as possible.
The teacher uses charts, gestures, and manipulatives
to elicit and shape student responses and so must be
both facile and creative as a pantomimist and
Within the atmosphere of silence, learners
would concentrate on the task to be
accomplished and the potential means to
Basic to the method are simple linguistic
tasks in which the teacher models a word,
a phrase, or sentences and then elicits
Learners go on to create their own utterances
by putting together all the information they have.
Rods, charts, and other aids could be applied to
elicit learner responses.
Learners only have themselves and the group to rely on,
and they need to work cooperatively rather than
Though teachers modeling is minimal, learners are
expected to develop independence, autonomy,
The absence of correction and repeated modeling from
teachers require students to develop “ inner criteria”
and to correct themselves and their peers.
The learners adopting Silent Way obtain “ inner criteria,” which is very important“in one’s education throughout all of one’s life” (Gattegno 1976; 29)
Awareness is educable. As one learns “ in awareness,”
one’s powers of awareness and one’s capacity to learn
The materials of Silent Way method mainly include
a set of colored rods ,
one pointer ,
color-coded pronunciation and vocabulary wall
charts, and writing or reading exercises, and so on.
The pronunciation chart, called “ Fidel,” has
been devised for a number of languages and
contain symbols in the target language for all of the
vowel and consonant sounds of the language.
cap bat nut cup lid sit net web pot top
The colored Cuisenaire rods are used to link words structures with their meanings in the target language.
The rods vary in length from 1-10 cm, and each length has a specific color.
The rods could be used to represent what the teacher intends to model.
1. I walk my dog in the park every afternoon.
2. Mom bought a dress at a shop last week.
3. I like reading.
4. Eight people are in this classroom..
5. It rained this morning. 6. Rita took a shower after work.
Traditional teaching methods strongly focus on
repetition of sentences modeled by the teacher, and a
process through guided elicitation exercises to
Comparison with the traditional teaching methods
In the Silent Way, the indirect role the teacher is
required to assume in directing and monitoring
learner performance, the responsibility placed on
learners to figure out and test their hypotheses about
how the languages work.
Thank you.感謝默示法美語 忠孝分校協助Lydia 老師指導楊明倫教授 指導陳怡真教授 指導
本文資料參考引用自：1. Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching (2nd edition)2. 默示法教學簡介 ( 賽能股份有限公司 ) 3. 英語教學法大全 ( 師德文教股份有限公司 )