The Renaissance Study GuideBy: Willy Ramos
1) Where Did the Renaissance begin?
1a) In Italylate 1400s lasted until the 1600s
2) What does the word Renaissance mean?
2a) Renaissance means rebirth in French
3) What is Humanism?
3a) Humanism is the intellectual study on how to live a good life.
4) Who were the two most important Humanists?
4a) The two most important Humanists were Desiderius Erasmus andThomas More.
5) What would a Renaissance person be interested in?
5a) A Renaissance person would be interested in science, literature, history, and the arts
6) The scholars of the Renaissance time period rediscovered ______?
6a) Scholars rediscovered writings of ancient Greece and Rome
7) What did Humanists try to combine?
7a) Humanists tried to combine Latin and Greek literature with Christianity
8) Why is there more time for higher learning during the Renaissance than in the Middle Ages?
8a) Rising merchants class began earning more money which lead to more leisure time.
9) Who invented the printing press?
9a) Johannes Gutenburg
10) What was a major impact of the printing press?
10a) Allowed the common people to learn how to read.
11) Who was Erasmus and what is his most famous work?
11a) Dutch monk famous for In Praise of Folly
12) Who was Thomas More?
12a) Lawyer who wrote Utopia, and could not acknowledge King Henry as the head of the Church of England
13) What is the Reformation?
13a) Movement by the people that began to reject of the authority of the pope
14) Who was Martin Luther and where is he from?
14a) Founded a new kind of denomination of Christianity and originated from Germany.
15) Describe how Henry VIII broke with the church.
15a) Wanted to divorce his wife and announced himself Head of the Church of England.
16) List Henry VIIIs wives and what happened to each.
16a) Catherine of Aragon: DivorcedAnn Boleyn: BeheadedJane Seymour: DiedAnne of Cleves: DivorcedCatherine Howard: BeheadedCatherine Parr: Died
17) Who created the royal navy?
17a) Henry VIII
18) What did Thomas more do about Henry VIII when the king placed him self at the head of the English Church?
18a) Wouldnt stand to see him as head of the Church of England, and couldnt legally recognize him as head either.
19) Which group thought that the English church was not reformed enough?
19a) Puritans, Baptists, Presbyterians, Dissenters and Nonconformists.
qq20) List the Kings and Queens of the Renaissance in Order.
20a) Henry VIIHenry VIII Edward VI, Mary Tudor, ElizabethJames I of Scotland
21) Who was a self proclaimed Renaissance Man?
21a) Henry VIII
22) Why was he called this?
22a) Studied the arts, played various instruments and was a good athlete
23) Who was called Bloody Mary and how did she get this name?
23a) Mary Tudor, called by her nickname because she tried to convert England back to Catholicism by burning at the stake 300 dissenters
24) What happened to Edward?
24a) died of a fever at age 9
25) Why was Elizabeth called the Virgin Queen?
25a) Elizabeth resisted marriage all her life
26) Why did Elizabeth never marry?
26a) Elizabeth's power was her independence from a man, she believed if she married her power would be given to him.
27) What were her accomplishments?
27a) Restored law and order by reestablishing the Church of England, rejected the Popes authority and defeated the Spanish Armada.
28) Who was Mary Stuart and what happened to her and why?
28a) Cousin of Elizabeth, exiled and eventually beheaded because she plotted to kill Elizabeth.
29) Describe what happened with that Spanish Armada? What did this do for England and the arts?
29a) The Spanish Armada was defeated by the English because there were storms in the Irish sea during their battle, the defeat caused England to be the center of power leading to a time of peace and tranquility.
30) Who is John Milton and what did he write?
30a) He wrote Paradise Lost
31) Who became King after Elizabeth?
31a) James I
32) Who was Edmund Spenser and what was his most famous work?
32a) Graduate from Cambridge University and wrote The Faerie Queen
33) Who was Christopher Marlowe and why is he important?
33a) Translated love poems and wrote Doctor Faustus
34) Who wrote History of the World?
34a) Sir Walter Raleigh
35) Who is John Donne and what is he famous for?
35a) Had a relationship with Anne Donne, no relation, his most famous poem was written about his relationship with Anne.
36) What were Miracle and Mystery plays?
36a) Involved plays depicting scenes from the Bible.
37) What was the name of Shakespeares Theatre?
37a) The Globe Theatre
38) Describe this Theatre.
38a) A wood framed theatre in a oval to circular shape that was 3 stories high.
39) Describe the actors of this time.
39a) Usually were all men.
40) When was Shakespeare born and when did he die?
40a) Born in April 1564Died on April 23 1616Lived 52 years
41) How many plays did Shakespeare write?
41a) He wrote more than 36 plays
42) How many poems did Shakespeare write?
42a) He wrote 150 poems.
43) Where was Shakespeare Born?
43a) Born in Stratford-on-Avon
44) Describe Shakespeare's wife and kids.
44a) Married Anne Hathaway (26), and had three children Susanna, Judith, and Hamnet.
45) Name three of his Tragedies.
45a) Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth, and King Lear.
46) Name three of his histories.
46a) Richard II, Henry IV, and Henry V.
47) Name three of his comedies.
47a) Midsummer Nights Dream, Much Ado About Nothing, and As You Like It.
48) Who was Queen when Shakespeare Started writing plays?
48a) Queen Elizabeth
49) What were the names of his acting companies?
49a) Lord Chamberlains Men, and The Kings Men.
50) What postponed some of Shakespeares plays?
50a) The Bubonic Plague
51) Why is Shakespeare considered such a great writer?
51a) He had a vivid imagination
52) What happened to the Globe during one of his performances?
52a) Burned Down
53) How did the actors affect the writing of plays?
53a) Actors had to have multiple roles, and songs had to be written to accommodate the actors.
54) How was Shakespeares work finally put into print?
54a) Illegally without his consent, rather than legally.