THE PYRAMIDSABOUT...TheEgyptian pyramidsare ancient pyramid-shaped structures located inEgypt.There are 138 pyramids discovered in Egypt.Most were built as tombs for the country's Pharaohs.The earliest known Egyptian pyramids are found at Saqqara, northwest of Memphis. The earliest among these is the Pyramid of Djoserwhich was built during the3rd Dynasty. This pyramid and its surrounding complex were designed by the architectImhotep, and are generally considered to be the world's oldest monumental structures constructed.The estimate of the number of workerswho build the pyramids range from a few thousand and up to 100,000.The most famous Egyptian pyramids are those found atGiza, outside Cairo. Several of theGiza pyramidsare counted among the largest structures ever built.ThePyramid of Khufuat Giza is the largestEgyptian pyramid. It is the only one of theSeven Wonders of the Ancient Worldstill to exist.
PYRAMID SYMBOLISMThe shape of Egyptian pyramids is thought to represent the moundfrom which the Egyptians believed the earth was created. The shape of a pyramid is thought to be representative of the rays of the sun, that is why most pyramids had a reflective white limestone, in order to give them a brilliant appearance when viewed from a distance. Pyramids were often also names. For example, the formal name of theBent Pyramidas The Southern Shining Pyramid or that of Senwosret is Shining.
Let us see now the INSIDE of an Egyptian Pyramid
Number and Location of PyramidsIn 1842 Karl Richard Lepsius produced the first modern list of pyramids in which he counted 67. A great many more have since been discovered. The location of Pyramid 29, which Lepsius called the "Headless Pyramid", was lost for a 2nd time when the structure was buried by desert sands. It was only found again during an archaeological dig conducted in 2008.Many pyramids are in a poor state of preservation or buried by desert sands. As a consequence archaeologists are continuing to identify and study previously unknown pyramid structures.The most recent pyramid to be discovered is that of QueenSesheshet, mother of 6th Dynasty PharaohTeti, located at Saqqara. The discovery was announced byZahi Hawass, on 11 November 2008.All of Egypt's pyramids, except the small Third Dynasty pyramid of Zawyet el-Amwat), are sited on the west bank of theNile, and most are grouped together in a number of pyramid fields.
EGYPTIAN HIEROGLYPHSEgyptian hieroglyph was a formalwriting systemused by theancient Egyptiansthat combined logograficandalphabeticelements. Egyptians usedthis writingforreligious literatureonpapyrusand wood.
THE GIZA----> Giza is the location of thePyramid of Khufu(also known as the "Great Pyramid" and the "Pyramid of Cheops").
It keeps part of its original polished look. This pyramid appears larger than the adjacent Khufu pyramid but it is smaller in both height and volume.
TheGiza Necropolishas been one of theSeven Wonders of the World.
Today it is the only one of those wonders still in existence.
It is a popular tourist destination and was popularized in Hellenistic times.