The Power of Synthetic Phonics - Guidebook ¢â‚¬¢ Finger Phonics Books have indentations for children to

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Why English is so hard… Nearly every sound also has more than one way to spell it.
For example, the sound /oi/ in ‘coin’ can also be spelled /oy/ in ‘boy’ And, many words that are written the same have different pronunciations and meanings.
For example, 1) The bandage was wound around the wound. 2) The farm was used to produce produce.
Let’s face it…
There is no egg in eggplant,
nor ham in a hamburger;
neither apple nor pine in a pineapple.
English muffins weren't
invented in England,
nor French fries in France.
And lucky us… We get to teach it to little children!
Prepare to use a
Synthetic Phonics
There are 26 letters of the alphabet. Synthetic Phonics systematically teaches each of these sounds and the letters used to represent them. Sounds can be represented by:
• One letter - /m/ in ‘map’
• Two letters - /sh/ in ‘shop’
• Three letters - /igh/ in ‘light’
• Four letters - /ough/ in ‘dough’
Synthetic – the concept of 'synthesizing', which means 'putting together' or 'blending‘; putting sounds together to make a word Opposite of Analytic Phonics – the Whole Language Approach
The Biggest Advantage of Synthetic Phonics
The fast pace at which new letter/sound correspondences are learned means that
children are less likely to get bored and can read simple books after 11 or 12 weeks. This fast pace is perfectly manageable
when new sounds are accompanied by easily remembered and enjoyed
stories, motions and fun songs.
And let’s make sure we
understand the
difference between…
Phonemic awareness skills deal with the spoken language and are mainly auditory skills. In phonemic awareness, students are being taught to hear and manipulate the sounds of language. Phonics skills deal with the printed and written language and are both auditory and visual. In phonics, students are being taught which letters are associated with the sounds of the language.
Both sk i l l s a re c ruc i a l t o read i ng mastery ! Michael Heggerty
Did you know that there are only
3 keys to teaching reading & writing?
BUT - If any one of the
3 keys is missing,
Say a Sound
Read a Sound
Write a Sound
*Say a Sound Reading - It’s all about making connections!
• the picture for the that letter
• the motion for that letter
called a MACRON
When you can look at a letter or set of letters
without it’s picture & still know how to say the
correct sound – you’re refining the connection
*Write a Sound
b a t b ie k
Hear a dictated word or think of a word – any word
AND be able to write the sounds to spell it
AND read it back to yourself or somebody …
It’s the ULTIMATE connection!
You have achieved your goal!
Of course, the ultimate goal
is to have children
reading & writing for understanding
& enjoyment and to establish
2) Followed by teaching letter names
This will lay the foundation for what you will
continue to teach and practice for the
remainder of the school year:
Synthetic Phonics program
practicing how to blend sounds to read
practicing how to segment sounds to write
3 KEY skills necessary for success!
From the UK
Read, Write, Inc., author – Ruth Miskin
Phonics International, author – Debbie Hepplewhite
Step by Step Reading, author – Mona McNee
From the US
for Teaching Your Child to Read, authors – Carmen
and Geoffrey McGuinness
The Reading Lesson: Teach Your Child to Read in 20
Easy Lessons, author – Michael Levin
Teach Your Child to Read in 100 Easy Lessons,
author – Siegried Engelmann
the components of using
illustrate the
• Detailed teaching notes
Games, Activities &
Precursive fonts
the 42 sounds of English
2) Correct letter formation
5) Tricky Words
There are 44 sounds of English
The 2 sounds not taught in Jolly Phonics are /zh/ as in treasure and the schwa sound
Skill #1
homes &
in an it at as pan tin tan sin ant nap tap sap nip tip sip pit sit nit sat snap spit spat spin span past pant pants pins pans tins tans ants naps taps nips tips sips pits sits pats snip snips pat snit tint spat satin pin
Some Words You Can Make
With Only s,a,t,i,p,n
Digraphs & Diphthongs 101 Digraph: 2 letters together that make 1 new sound.
There are both *Consonant Digraphs & Vowel Digraphs
Diphthong: 2 vowel sounds produced in 1 syllable
15 Digraphs:
oo oo *th *th
2 Diphthongs:
oi ou
1 Blend:
• Tripod grip – teach the ‘Froggy Legs’ movement
• Use stretchy frog as demo
• Use only 3 fingers to write: thumb, pointer and tall man
• Use ‘butterfly clip’, triangular grip or golf pencil to help establish proper grasp
• Use cotton ball, paper clip, penny or a sticker for the other 2 fingers to hold on to – we don’t need ring man & pinky!
Feel the Formation This multi-sensory approach is research based
• Start at the top of each
letter – at the dot
• Finger Phonics Books have
indentations for children to
letter shape
• In rice or salt boxes, on
squishy gel bags, in jello,
shaving cream, soap suds
Skill #3 - Blending & Segmenting
together (blend them) & decode/read each word
Segmenting – Needed for writing – you know the 42
sounds and have them in your head, so when you
want to write a word, you think about the word and
write down each sound in order.
Blending Activities Remember, blending is needed for reading –
you learn a sound and how to spell/write that
sound. Now you can match the written symbol
of the letter sound with its corresponding sound.
This is called sounding out or decoding a word.
Try reading these - just use the Jolly Sounds:
1. woderslied
2. sumanthu
3. joleefoniks
4. ieplejuleejuns
you’ve got to know the 42 individual sounds
so you can write each sound in a word
Try this– ONLY Use the Jolly Sounds:
Write your first name
Write your last name
Skill #4 - Identifying Individual
• Identifying all sounds in a word
• Is the sound in the beginning, middle or end of the word?
Skill #5 - Learning Tricky Words
What are ‘Tricky Words’??
Words that don’t follow the Jolly Phonics sound rules! Naughty trouble makers!
There are 60 Tricky Words
Examples: said, come, could, I, the, again
Other commonly used names for these rule breakers are:
High Frequency Words Sight Words Word Wall Words
Your ultimate goal of any reading
program should be that each student can:
*say the sounds & letters *read the sounds & letters *write the sounds & letters
* Write letters, words, sentences * Read letters, words, sentences *LOVE READING & WRITING!
You will introduce 1 sound each day for 42 days in a row!
Lesson plan format for each sound:
*Story *Motion *Song
you’ve taught with their motions
That’s 1st quarter; in 2nd qtr. letter intro letter names for 42 sounds;
Second Semester: writing and reading practice using the sounds
At the end of Preschool, Jr. Kindergarten, Early Childhood,
The majority of 3-4 year old children can:
Say the 42 letter sounds with the picture prompt
Sing many of the Jolly Songs or the Jolly Jingles
Show consistency with using the tripod grip
Can understand your word when you blend it-
(example: know the word is ‘cat’ when they hear
you say the sounds /c/-/a/-/t/)
Know some letter names
At the end of the Kindergarten
The majority of children can:
• Read, write & spell the 42 letter sounds
• Form letters correctly, with tripod grip
• Blend & segment regular words
• Read what they write
And the Research says…
months above the level expected for their age”
“The synthetic phonics classes outperformed the
whole language classes on 16 out of 19
reading and spelling measures”
“The results demonstrated that Jolly Phonics produced effects that were long-lasting”
Thanks for Coming Today!
Questions? Comments? If you think of something later that I can help you
with, here’s how to contact me: Sue Brunson – Bee Reading Co.
Phone/FAX: 608-364-0542
Thanks for all you do
for your students!
Sue Nickel Brunson