The MDGs and the Youth's Role (2)

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    The Millennium Development Goals

    and the Youths Rolein Achieving Them

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    Millennium Declaration of 2000

    In September 2000,

    189 UN member states

    signed the MillenniumDeclaration and

    committed themselves

    to eight specific goalsaimed at ending

    poverty by 2015.

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    Millennium Declaration of 2000

    Millennium Declaration commitment:To achieve quantifiable goals and

    targets until 2015, using 1990 asbaseline, that will at least ensure thatdevelopment initiatives are effectively

    eradicating poverty and promoting

    sustainable human development.THESE ARE THE MDGs.

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    Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)

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    MDG 1 :Eradicate extreme poverty

    and hunger Halve the proportion of people living in extreme

    poverty between 1990-2015.

    Halve the proportion of peoplewith no access to safe drinkingwater or those who cannot affordit by 2015.

    Halve the proportion ofpopulation below minimumlevel of dietary energyconsumption and halve theproportion of underweightchildren.

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    MDG 2 :Achieve universal primaryeducation

    Ensure that by 2015,

    children everywhere,boys and girls alike,will be able to

    complete a full course

    of primary schooling.

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    Eliminate genderdisparities inprimary

    and secondaryeducationpreferably by2005, and alllevels ofeducation notlater than 2015.

    MDG 3:Promote gender equality andempower women

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    MDG 4:

    Reduce child mortalityReduce by two thirds (2/3), between 1990 and 2015, the

    under-5 mortality rate.

    .

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    MDG 5:

    Improve maternal health.

    Reduce by threequarters (3/4),between 1990 and

    2015, the

    maternalmortality ratio.

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    MDG 6:Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria andother diseases

    . Halt and begin to

    reverse the spread

    of HIV/AIDS by2015.

    Halt and begin toreverse the incidence ofmalaria and other major

    diseases

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    MDG 7:Ensure environmentalsustainability

    . Implement national strategies forsustainable development by 2005, to

    reverse loss of environment resources

    by 2015.

    By 2020, to have achieved a

    significant improvement in thelives of at least 100 million slumdwellers.

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    MDG 7:Global partnership

    for development.

    Develop further an open, rule-based,predictable, non-discriminatory trading

    and financial system; that includes acommitment to good governance,development and poverty reductionboth nationally and internationally.

    Deal comprehensively with the debtproblems of developing countriesthrough national and internationalmeasures in order to make debtssustainable in the long-term.

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    Will the Philippines make it?

    Elementary participation rate

    Elementary cohortsurvival rate

    Elementary completion rate

    Gender equality in education

    Maternal mortality ratio Access to reproductive health

    services

    Halt and reverse the spread of

    AIDS

    Poverty (?)

    Nutrition Dietary energy

    requirement

    Child mortality

    Malaria Access to safe drinking water

    Access to sanitary toilet

    facilities

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    MDGs with Failing Marks

    33% of population, or 27.3 millionFilipinos, are poor (an increaseby 3% from previous data). Thepoor has increased by 3.8 million

    Goal 1: Poverty reduction

    * March 2008 poverty data

    27 out of 100 Filipino families

    are poor

    Poverty in the Philippines is stilla rural phenomenon; 3 out of 4poor families are found in therural areas.

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    MDGs with Failing Marks

    .

    Goal 2:

    Achieve universal primary education

    Only 84% of Filipinochildren of school age are

    enrolled

    Only 70% of Filipinochildren complete

    primary school

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    MDGs with Failing Marks

    . More than 4,000 Filipino

    women die duringpregnancy every year oran average of 11 per day

    Goal 5: Improve maternal health

    Poor women lack

    access to RH services,resulting in half amillion abortions everyyear

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    MDGs with Failing Marks

    .

    Goal 6: CombatHIV/AIDS, malaria

    and other diseases

    From low and slow to hidden andgrowing

    8,200 estimated number of people

    living with HIV/AIDS by the end of 2007

    27% - estimated percentage of HIV

    cases that occurred among women

    (ages 15-49) by the end of 2007

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    Quick Wins

    .

    Eliminating school and uniform fees Affordable replenishments of soil nitrogen and other soilnutrients Free school meals Community nutrition programmes that support breast-

    feeding, micronutrients supplementation Regular de-worming for all school children Training large number of village workers in health, farmingand infrastructure Free, long-lasting, insecticide-treated bed-nets to all

    children in malaria-endemic zones Eliminating user fees for basic health services Expanding access to sexual and reproductive healthinformation and services Effective drug combinations for TB and Malaria

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    What can you do?

    .

    Advocacy and awareness:Young people in the Millennium Campaign

    MDG Report Cards

    Young People as Peer

    Educators MDG Contests

    MDG Exhibits

    Communicating the

    MDGs through the Net,school newsletter, etc.

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    What can you do?

    .

    Network and collaboration:Young people working together to implementthe MDGs

    - Coalition 2015 Youth Groups

    - Social networking- SMS- Stand Up captains

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    What can you do?

    .

    Policy-driven Advocacy: Youth Speak

    - Policy analysis throughMDG Report Cards (e.g.

    MDG 2: Why are childrennot in school?)- MDG localization- Petition letters, SK- Campus MDG Debates

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    What can you do?

    . -Active priority youth projects and bestpractices

    -Mentorship-Engaging young peoplein monitoring

    Action: Young people implementing the MDGs

    http://rds.yahoo.com/_ylt=A0S0201FR8xJOXsBFr2JzbkF;_ylu=X3oDMTBqY2pzbGhoBHBvcwMxMQRzZWMDc3IEdnRpZAM-/SIG=1n2criq5k/EXP=1238210757/**http%3A//images.search.yahoo.com/images/view%3Fback=http%253A%252F%252Fimages.search.yahoo.com%252Fsearch%252Fimages%253Fp%253Dyouth%252Bin%252Baction%2526fr%253Dyfp-t-815%2526ei%253Dutf-8%2526x%253Dwrt%2526y%253DSearch%26w=500%26h=333%26imgurl=static.flickr.com%252F2388%252F2148982191_479fc3d427.jpg%26rurl=http%253A%252F%252Fwww.flickr.com%252Fphotos%252Fadmacisaac%252F2148982191%252F%26size=110.9kB%26name=International%2BYouth%2BAction%26p=youth%2Bin%2Baction%26type=JPG%26oid=3827fcdb8da004d0%26fusr=Adam%2BMacIsaac%26tit=International%2BYouth%2BAction%26hurl=http%253A%252F%252Fwww.flickr.com%252Fphotos%252Fadmacisaac%252F%26no=11%26tt=250,750%26sigr=11jiha7tp%26sigi=11g7pp215%26sigb=1333f6fbq%26sigh=118erskdb
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    .

    ARE WE ON

    COURSE TO LOOK

    BACK, IN 2015,AND SAY THAT NOEFFORT WAS

    SPARED?Ban Ki-moon

    United Nations Secretary-General