The Essential Guide to Landscape Photography 3

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The Essential Guide to Landscape Photography 3

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<ul><li><p>THE ESSENTIALGUIDE TO</p><p>EVERYTHINGYOUNEEDTOSHOOTSTUNNING IMAGESWITHYOURDIGITALSLR</p><p>NNNNDSCDSCDSCDSCAPEAPEAPEAPEAPE</p><p>OGOGOGOGOGRAPHYRAPHYRAPHY</p><p>AAAA</p><p>PPPHHOTOTOTOTOTOTOT</p><p>LANDSCAPE</p><p>PHOTOGRAPHY</p><p>3RD EDITION</p><p>U</p><p>P</p><p>D</p><p>A</p><p>T</p><p>E</p><p>D</p><p>C</p><p>O</p><p>N</p><p>T</p><p>E</p><p>N</p><p>T</p><p>!</p><p>M</p><p>A</p><p>J</p><p>O</p><p>R</p><p>N</p><p>E</p><p>W</p><p>S</p><p>E</p><p>C</p><p>T</p><p>I</p><p>O</p><p>N</p><p>S</p><p>I</p><p>N</p><p>C</p><p>L</p><p>U</p><p>D</p><p>I</p><p>N</p><p>G</p><p>R</p><p>A</p><p>W</p><p>&amp;</p><p>P</p><p>H</p><p>O</p><p>T</p><p>O</p><p>P</p><p>R</p><p>O</p><p>J</p><p>E</p><p>C</p><p>T</p><p>S</p><p>!</p><p>H</p><p>AAAAAA</p><p>PPPPPPPPPHHHHHHHHHOTOTOTOTOTOTOTOTOT</p><p>TH</p><p>LLLLLLLLLAAAAAAAAAAAA</p><p>PPPPPPPPPPPPPPPHHHHHHHHHHHHOTOTOTOTOTOTOTOTOTOTOTOTOTOTOT</p><p>I</p><p>N</p><p>S</p><p>I</p><p>D</p><p>E</p><p>I</p><p>M</p><p>P</p><p>R</p><p>O</p><p>V</p><p>E</p><p>Y</p><p>O</p><p>U</p><p>R</p><p>P</p><p>H</p><p>O</p><p>T</p><p>O</p><p>S</p><p>K</p><p>I</p><p>L</p><p>L</p><p>S</p><p>W</p><p>I</p><p>T</p><p>H</p><p>O</p><p>U</p><p>R</p><p>E</p><p>X</p><p>P</p><p>E</p><p>R</p><p>T</p><p>A</p><p>D</p><p>V</p><p>I</p><p>C</p><p>E</p><p>!</p><p>FROMTHEEXPERTSAT</p><p>E</p><p>S</p><p>S</p><p>E</p><p>N</p><p>T</p><p>I</p><p>A</p><p>L</p><p>T</p><p>E</p><p>C</p><p>H</p><p>N</p><p>I</p><p>Q</p><p>U</p><p>E</p><p>S</p><p>M</p><p>A</p><p>S</p><p>T</p><p>E</p><p>R</p><p>D</p><p>S</p><p>L</p><p>R</p><p>S</p><p>K</p><p>I</p><p>L</p><p>L</p><p>S</p><p>L</p><p>A</p><p>N</p><p>D</p><p>S</p><p>C</p><p>A</p><p>P</p><p>E</p><p>P</p><p>R</p><p>O</p><p>J</p><p>E</p><p>C</p><p>T</p><p>S</p><p>E</p><p>X</p><p>P</p><p>E</p><p>R</p><p>T</p><p>G</p><p>E</p><p>A</p><p>R</p><p>A</p><p>D</p><p>V</p><p>I</p><p>C</p><p>E</p></li><li><p>THE ESSENTIALGUIDE TO</p><p>LANDSCAPE PHOTOGRAPHYLANDS</p><p>T</p><p>H</p><p>E</p><p>I</p><p>D</p><p>E</p><p>A</p><p>L</p><p>C</p><p>O</p><p>M</p><p>P</p><p>A</p><p>N</p><p>I</p><p>O</p><p>N</p><p>F</p><p>O</p><p>R</p><p>Y</p><p>O</p><p>U</p><p>R</p><p>D</p><p>S</p><p>L</p><p>R</p><p>!</p><p>INSIDE!</p><p>EXPERTADVICE TO</p><p>HELPYOUTAKE</p><p>BETTERPICTURES</p><p>FROMTHEEXPERTSAT</p><p>Make the most of Raw</p><p>Ourmajorsectiononshooting inRaw</p><p>helpsyouget thebest fromyour images</p><p>Top landscape projects</p><p>Followoursimplestep-by-stepguidesand</p><p>captureyourbestever landscapescenes</p><p>Choose the best gear</p><p>Theverybestbags, tripods, lensesand</p><p>accessories for landscapephotography</p><p>Landscapes madeeasy</p><p>Leadingprosprovideyouwith jargon-free</p><p>adviceandeasy to followphoto tutorials</p><p>Learn basic techniques</p><p>Fundamentalphotographyskillsexplained</p><p>includingexposure,composition&amp;lighting</p><p>Master new photoskills</p><p>Leadingexpertsshowyouthesecrets to</p><p>shootingsuccessful landscape images</p><p>MASTER</p><p>YOUR DSLR!</p><p>SETTINGSAND</p><p>ADVICEFORALL</p><p>MAJORDSLR</p><p>BRANDS</p></li><li><p>All our experts are regular contributors to Digital SLR Photographymagazine. For expert advice</p><p>and inspiration to help you improve your photo skills, pick up the latest issue, available on the</p><p>second Tuesday of every month. For further information, visit: www.digitalslrphoto.com</p><p>Meet ourlandscapeexperts</p><p>MARKBAUER</p><p>Former teacherMark isnow</p><p>oneof theUKs leading landscape</p><p>photographersandanexpert</p><p>onDorsetsJurassiccoastline</p><p>andtheNewForest.</p><p>www.markbauerphotography.com</p><p>Welcome...</p><p>Capturing beautiful landscapes is a passion shared by millions around</p><p>the world. Its easy to understand why, as there are few feelings to beat</p><p>that of returning home from a long days photography with memory</p><p>cards lled with stunning scenes. It is a form of photography that</p><p>presents you with many challenges. Youll need be prepared for long</p><p>hours, with early starts required to reach a location before sunrise</p><p>and picture-taking often continuing until after sunset. And youll have</p><p>to brave all sorts of weather conditions in your quest to capture a glorious scene.</p><p>But when you get it right, all the trials and tribulations youve endured are quickly</p><p>forgotten when you discover youve captured stunning images. This edition of</p><p>The Essential Guide to Landscape Photography has more technique, expert guides</p><p>and stunning photography than ever before and aims to deliver all the information,</p><p>advice and inspiration you need to improve your photo skills. Its packed with</p><p>tutorials from many of the UKs most successful and popular outdoor photographers,</p><p>with emphasis on the key in-camera techniques, as well as essential post-processing</p><p>skills. We hope it helps you take your best ever landscape images. All the best!</p><p>DANIEL LEZANO, EDITOR</p><p>LEEFROST</p><p>Apro for twodecades,LeeFrosts</p><p>oneof thebest-knownnames in</p><p>theUKphotographybusiness,</p><p>with20books tohisnameand</p><p>worldwide imagesales.</p><p>www.leefrost.co.uk</p><p>HELENDIXON</p><p>Helen is living thedream,</p><p>havinggivenupafull-time job</p><p>tobecomeaprofessional</p><p>landscapephotographer.She is</p><p>oneof theUKsbrightest talents.</p><p>www.helendixonphotography.co.uk</p><p>ROSSHODDINOTT</p><p>Ross isanaward-winning</p><p>photographerwithmanyyears</p><p>ofexperiencecapturing the</p><p>diversebeautyof theBritains</p><p>landscapesandwildlife.</p><p>www.rosshoddinott.co.uk</p><p>Whenyouve nishedenjoying</p><p>this magazine please recycle</p><p>TheEssentialGuideto</p><p>LandscapePhotography</p><p>ProducedbyDigital SLRPhotography at:</p><p>6 SwanCourt, Cygnet Park,</p><p>Peterborough, CambsPE78GX</p><p>Phone:01733567401. Fax01733352650</p><p>Email: enquiries@digitalslrphoto.com</p><p>Online:www.digitalslrphoto.com</p><p>TheEssentialGuideto</p><p>Editorial</p><p>To contact editorial phone: 01733567401</p><p>EditorDaniel Lezano</p><p>daniel_lezano@dennis.co.uk</p><p>Art Editor LukeMarsh</p><p>luke_marsh@dennis.co.uk</p><p>Editorial Co-ordinator Jo Lezano</p><p>jo_lezano@dennis.co.uk</p><p>Editorial contributors:</p><p>RossArmstrong,MarkBauer, AdamBurton,</p><p>HelenDixon, Lee Frost,MattyGraham,</p><p>RossHoddinott, JoannaMarsh, LukeMedler,</p><p>JohnPatrick&amp;CarolineWilkinson</p><p>Advertising&amp;Production</p><p>Display&amp;Classield Sales: 02079076651</p><p>AdvertisingSalesGuyScott-Wilson</p><p>guy_scott-wilson@dennis.co.uk</p><p>Sales Executive JoshuaRouse</p><p>joshua_rouse@dennis.co.uk</p><p>ProductionControllerDanStark</p><p>dan_stark@dennis.co.uk</p><p>Publishing&amp;Marketing</p><p>NICKYBAKERDIGITALPRODUCTIONMANAGER</p><p>DHARMESHMISTRYBOOKAZINEMANAGER</p><p>ROBINRYANPRODUCTIONDIRECTOR</p><p>JULIANLLOYD-EVANSMDOFADVERTISING</p><p>DAVIDBARKERNEWSTRADEDIRECTOR</p><p>BRETTREYNOLDSCHIEFOPERATINGOFFICER</p><p>IANLEGGETTGROUPFINANCEDIRECTOR</p><p>JAMESTYECHIEFEXECUTIVE</p><p>FELIXDENNISCHAIRMAN</p><p>All rights in the licensedmaterial belong to</p><p>Felix Dennis, Halo orDennis Publishing and</p><p>maynot be reproduced,whether inwhole or</p><p>part, without their priorwritten consent.</p><p>Digital SLRPhotography is a registered trademark.</p><p>Thepublishermakeseveryeffort toensure themagazines content</p><p>is correct.Allmaterial published inGettingStarted inDigital</p><p>SLRPhotographyandDigital SLRPhotography is copyright and</p><p>unauthorised reproduction is forbidden.Theeditorsandpublishers</p><p>of thismagazinegivenowarranties, guaranteesorassurancesand</p><p>makeno representations regardinganygoodsor servicesadvertised</p><p>in this edition.No responsibility canbeaccepted for imagesor</p><p>correspondence lost ordamaged inpostor transit.</p><p>To license this product, please contactWinnie Liesenfeld on</p><p>+44 (0) 20 79076134 or email winnie_liesenfeld@dennis.co.uk</p><p>The Magbook brand is a trademarkofDennis</p><p>PublishingLtd. 30ClevelandSt, LondonW1T</p><p>4JD.Company registered inEngland.AllmaterialDennis</p><p>PublishingLtd, licensedbyFelden2009, andmaynotbe</p><p>reproduced inwholeorpartwithout theconsentof thepublishers.</p><p>While every carewas takenduring the production of this</p><p>Magbook, the publishers cannot be held responsible for the</p><p>accuracy of the information or any consequence arising from</p><p>it. Dennis Publishing takes no responsibility for the companies</p><p>advertising in thisMagbook.</p><p>Thepaperusedwithin thisMagbook isproduced fromsustainable</p><p>bre,manufacturedbymillswithavalid chainof custody.</p><p>TheEssentialGuidetoLandscapePhotography ISBN1-907779-24-8</p><p>Printed byBenhamGoodheadPrint (BGP)</p><p>Welcome 3</p><p>3rd Edition TheEssential Guide to LandscapePhotography</p><p>ROSSHODDINOTT</p><p>COVERIMAGE:ANDREW</p><p>RAY</p></li><li><p>CONTENTS THEESSENTIALGUIDETOLANDSCAPEPHOTOGRAPHY3RDEDITION</p><p>7 Introductiontolandscapes</p><p>Beprepared to learn and exploit the</p><p>fundamentals of landscape photography</p><p>8 Composition</p><p>We reveal the key techniques youll need to</p><p>master to take perfectly-exposed landscapes</p><p>14EXPERTTUTORIAL: FOREGROUND INTEREST</p><p>17 Exposure</p><p>Master these simple techniques and your</p><p>handling of light levelswill be right every time</p><p>22EXPERTTUTORIAL:APERTURE-PRIORITY</p><p>24EXPERTTUTORIAL:SHUTTERSPEEDS</p><p>27 Lighting</p><p>Predict and exploit the best lighting</p><p>32EXPERTTUTORIAL:TIMEOFDAY</p><p>34EXPERTTUTORIAL:MAGICHOUR&amp;SUNSETS</p><p>37 Sharpness</p><p>Thebest techniques for super-sharp scenes</p><p>38EXPERTTUTORIAL:HYPERFOCALFOCUSING</p><p>40EXPERTTUTORIAL: FOCUSFORSHARPNESS</p><p>43AVOIDPROBLEMSWITHDIFFRACTION</p><p>44 Raw&amp;landscapes</p><p>Maximise image quality by shooting inRaw</p><p>50EXPERTTUTORIAL:PROCESSINGRAWFILES</p><p>52EXPERTTUTORIAL:MAXIMISEDETAIL</p><p>54EXPERTTUTORIAL:EXPERIMENTWITHHDR</p><p>56EXPERTTUTORIAL:COMBININGRAWFILES</p><p>59 Filters</p><p>Uselters to improve and enhance your shots</p><p>64EXPERTTUTORIAL:USINGANNDGRAD</p><p>66PHOTOSHOPTUTORIAL:DIGITAL FILTERS</p><p>68 Waterinlandscapes</p><p>Whywaterworks sowell in landscapes</p><p>74USINGWATERTOCOMPOSEASCENE</p><p>76EXPERTTUTORIAL:SHOOTNATURALWAVES</p><p>78EXPERTTUTORIAL:BLURRINGMOTION</p><p>80EXPERTTUTORIAL:SHOOTRUNNINGWATER</p><p>82EXPERTTUTORIAL:ROCKPOOLREFLECTIONS</p><p>85 Colourandblack&amp;white</p><p>Learn the relationship of colour in scenes</p><p>88EXPERTTUTORIAL:VASELINEASCENE</p><p>90EXPERTTUTORIAL:WHITEBALANCE</p><p>92EXPERTTUTORIAL:BLACK&amp;WHITE</p><p>94PHOTOSHOPTUTORIAL:B&amp;WCONVERSION</p><p>96PHOTOSHOPTUTORIAL:ADDMONODRAMA</p><p>98PHOTOSHOPTUTORIAL:MONO INFRARED</p><p>103 ExpertGems:Seasons</p><p>Brilliant ideas to keep you busy all year round</p><p>112 PHOTOSHOPTUTORIAL:SEASONALCOLOUR</p><p>115 Landscapeprojects</p><p>Fantastic techniques leading to stunning scenics</p><p>116 EXPERTTUTORIAL:MOVINGSKIES</p><p>118EXPERTTUTORIAL:SHOOTPANORAMICS</p><p>120EXPERTTUTORIAL:SCENICSILHOUETTES</p><p>122 EXPERTTUTORIAL:MISTYMORNINGS</p><p>124EXPERTTUTORIAL:TWILIGHTSEASCAPES</p><p>126EXPERTTUTORIAL:STARTRAILS</p><p>129 Landscapegear</p><p>Thebest equipment for outdoor photography</p><p>130 IDEALKITS FORYOURREQUIREMENTS</p><p>136WIDE-ANGLELENSES</p><p>140EXPERTTUTORIAL:WIDE-ANGLELENSES</p><p>142EXPERTTUTORIAL:TELEPHOTOS</p><p>144FILTERSYSTEMS</p><p>148CHOOSINGTHERIGHTTRIPOD</p><p>150CHOOSINGTHERIGHTBAG</p><p>152 LANDSCAPEACCESSORIES</p><p>154 Perfectexposures</p><p>Cut out and use our free grey card!</p><p>156</p><p>PAGES</p><p>OFEXPERT</p><p>LANDSCAPE</p><p>ADVICE</p><p>TURN TO PAGE 84 TO FIND OUT ABOUT</p><p>OUR FANTASTIC SUBSCRIPTION OFFERS</p><p>CHOOSINGTHERIGHTTRIPOD</p></li><li><p>1. The 210 million year old waterproof system</p><p>Unique Nikwax Directional Fabrics mimic</p><p>mammal fur to keep you more comfortable in</p><p>all conditions. The fabric directs water away from you</p><p>constantly to keep out the weather but also to move</p><p>perspiration away from your body more effectively</p><p>than other waterproofs.</p><p>2. Quiet, soft &amp; exible</p><p>Our waterproofs are rustlefree and a pleasure to move</p><p>in. Theyre strong, durable and not compromised by</p><p>puncture you could ll one with pins, take them out,</p><p>wear it in rain and still not get wet!</p><p>3. Long term performance</p><p>with lifetime guarantee</p><p>Theres no laminates or coatings</p><p>to break down and simple Nikwax aftercare</p><p>maintains waterproof performance indenitely.</p><p>4. Ethical &amp; environmental credentials</p><p>Pramos waterproofs are made in Bogot, Colombia</p><p>with the charitable Miquelina Foundation, providing</p><p>employment and skills to at risk women.Working with</p><p>theWorld Land Trust we offset our primary carbon</p><p>emissions and contribute to rainforest conservation.</p><p>5. Endorsed by Professionals</p><p>Our pedigree with hill walkers and mountaineers is</p><p>endorsed by photography professionals too, who</p><p>recognise the benets of Pramo for their needs.</p><p>Pramo is the choice for many members of the</p><p>Light &amp; Land photographer and support team.</p><p>David Ward at Dettifoss, Iceland</p><p>Standing waiting for the light in all weathers, I need outdoor</p><p>gear thats well designed, waterproof and comfortable. Ive</p><p>tried many different brands and fabrics over the years but only</p><p>Pramo delivers the perfect combination. David Ward</p><p>Barely a day goes past without me wearing Pramo.</p><p>It keeps me more comfortable, drier and warmer than any</p><p>other combination of outerwear Ive tried. Joe Cornish</p><p>I cannot commend this jacket enough... this jacket is for me</p><p>the best I have ever known... ...and Ive known a few over</p><p>40 odd years. Charlie Waite</p><p>My Pjaro jacket ticks all the boxes. Ive worn it in extreme</p><p>cold, gale force winds, driving rain etc. and it performs</p><p>impeccably.All from a garment thats light, comfortable and</p><p>silent to wear. Quite simply the best piece of outdoor clothing</p><p>its been my pleasure to own. Phil Malpas</p><p>When not in the Light &amp; Land ofce I spend much time</p><p>outdoors and need to deal with whatever the weather throws</p><p>at me. I expect the best the Pramo system consistently</p><p>exceeds my expectations. JennyWard</p><p>Leaders in comfort and performance</p><p>5</p><p>good reasons</p><p>to choose</p><p>Pramo</p><p>5</p><p>professionals who</p><p>choose Pramo</p><p>For more information on the Pramo range of waterproofs, base layers and overlayers, visit naturallyparamo.co.uk and paramo.co.uk</p><p>or telephone 01892 786444 for our latest catalogues.And if you still need convincing, ask a Pramo wearer if they would ever give up their Pramo!</p><p>3. Long term performance</p></li><li><p>Introduction 7</p><p>3rd Edition TheEssential Guide to LandscapePhotography</p><p>ADAMBURTON</p><p>THEBASICS</p><p>CAPTURE STUNNING LANDSCAPES we all want to be able to do it. Fantastic landscapes inspire more</p><p>photographers than any other type of image and on the face of it, well, it should be easy to do. Find an awesome</p><p>vista and point your digital SLR at it, press the shutter and that should do the trick. This simple approach will probably</p><p>bag you a decent snap, but often the image you capture will not do justice to the glorious scene in front of you.</p><p>Weve all been a little bit disappointed by a photo that doesnt quite live up to our great expectations. The difference</p><p>between a decent snap and a stunning image is often down to a few versatile ideas, some easily-learned expert</p><p>knowledge, the right equipment choice and careful planning. This inspirational guide will provide you with an excellent</p><p>grasp of these fundamentals and help you transform your shots from the ordinary into something very special indeed.</p><p>photographers than any other type of image and on the face of it, well, it should be easy to do. Find an awesome</p><p>vista and point your digital SLR at it, press the shutter and that should do the trick. This simple approach will probably</p><p>R</p><p>E</p><p>V</p><p>I</p><p>S</p><p>E</p><p>D</p><p>&amp;</p><p>U</p><p>P</p><p>D</p><p>A</p><p>T</p><p>E</p><p>D</p><p>T</p><p>E</p><p>C</p><p>H</p><p>N</p><p>I</p><p>Q</p><p>U</p><p>E</p><p>&amp;</p><p>A</p><p>D</p><p>V</p><p>I</p><p>C</p><p>E</p><p>F</p><p>R</p><p>O</p><p>M</p><p>T</p><p>H</p><p>E</p><p>E</p><p>X</p><p>P</p><p>E</p><p>R</p><p>T</p><p>S</p><p>!</p></li><li><p>Markbauer</p></li><li><p>1) Therule-of-thirds</p><p>This is a simple way of organising the elements in the</p><p>frame so that they make a balanced composition. As a</p><p>compositional tool, its been around for a few centuries</p><p>and is a simplied version of the golden section which</p><p>is used in art and architecture.</p><p>Imagine two vertical lines dividing the viewnder into</p><p>thirds. Now do the same with two horizontal lines. You</p><p>then organise the main elements of the picture within</p><p>this grid. For example, with a simple landscape, place the</p><p>horizon on one of the lines, so that you have two-thirds</p><p>land and one third sky, or vice-versa.</p><p>If you have a strong focal point, such as a tree or</p><p>building, you can place it on one of the points where the</p><p>horizontal and vertical lines intersect. This will make a</p><p>much more dynamic composition than if you were to</p><p>place the focal point centrally, which can make a picture</p><p>look rather static. Inexperienced photographers often put</p><p>the subject right in the middle and it rarely works.</p><p>Moving an element of a scene to a different</p><p>intersection can create a startlingly different image,</p><p>such is the power of the rule-of-thirds. Dont be afraid to</p><p>experiment with different variations on a theme.</p><p>RULE-OF-THIRDSGRID: This image follows the rule-of-</p><p>thirds quite closely. There is approximately two-thirds land/</p><p>sea and one-third sky. The lighthouse and obelisk are</p><p>divided by the left vertical, each equi-distant from it.</p><p>MORE THAN ANY OTHER factor, composition can turn</p><p>an OK image into a masterpiece. There are a small</p><p>number of techniques that, once learned, will serve you</p><p>well in many different situations.</p><p>Composing the elements in the frame is the real art</p><p>of taking great pictures. Carefully consider how points of</p><p>interest are arranged and how they relate to each other.</p><p>Placing a subject centrally in the frame usually results</p><p>in a static rather than dynamic composition. Placing</p><p>the subject off-centre, encourages the eye to move</p><p>around the frame more. One way of dividing the frame</p><p>up to achieve harmony is to use the rule-of-thirds (see</p><p>below). This proportion often...</p></li></ul>

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