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The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other

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Slide 2 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other. Slide 3 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other. Slide 4 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other. That is you! You are one species that is connected to every other species. Slide 5 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other. Watch what happens to the web as we remove species. Slide 6 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other. Slide 7 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other. Slide 8 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other. Slide 9 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other. Slide 10 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other. Slide 11 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other. Slide 12 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other. Slide 13 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other. Slide 14 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other. Slide 15 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other. Slide 16 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other. Slide 17 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other. Understanding the complexity of how species are connected is the key to better management and our own well-being. Slide 18 Activity! Where does the study of ecology fit in all the levels of biological organization below. Place the line. Force Carrier Particles Quarks Sub-Atomic Particles Atoms Molecules Organelles Cells Tissue Organs Organ System Individual Population Community Biome Biosphere Solar System Galaxy Universe Cosmos Slide 19 Activity! Where does the study of ecology fit in all the levels of biological organization below. Place the line. Force Carrier Particles Quarks Sub-Atomic Particles Atoms Molecules Organelles Cells Tissue Organs Organ System Individual Population Community Biome Biosphere Solar System Galaxy Universe Cosmos Slide 20 Levels of Biological Organization. Force Carrier Particles Quarks Sub-Atomic Particles Atoms Molecules Organelles Cells Tissue Organs Organ System Physics and Chemistry Biology Slide 21 Individual Population Community Biome Biosphere Solar System Galaxy Universe Cosmos Astronomy Ecology Slide 22 Individual Population - Community - Biome - Biosphere Slide 23 Individual: Organism with unique DNA and cells. Individual: Organism with unique DNA and cells. Slide 24 meatballs DNA: A large molecule that passes on information. Slide 25 Individual: Organism with unique DNA and cells. Individual: Organism with unique DNA and cells. meatballs Cells: Smallest unit of life. You are made of Trillions of tiny cells. Slide 26 Population: Groups of similar individuals who tend to mate with each other in a limited geographic area. Population: Groups of similar individuals who tend to mate with each other in a limited geographic area. Slide 27 Ecosystem: The relationships of populations with each other and their environment. Ecosystem: The relationships of populations with each other and their environment. Slide 28 Community: The relationships between groups of populations. Community: The relationships between groups of populations. Slide 29 Biome: A regional ecosystem characterized by distinct types of vegetation and animals. Biome: A regional ecosystem characterized by distinct types of vegetation and animals. Determined by temperature and rainfall. Determined by temperature and rainfall. Slide 30 Slide 31 Slide 32 Slide 33 Slide 34 Slide 35 Summer Slide 36 Winter Slide 37 Summer Slide 38 Winter Slide 39 Slide 40 Slide 41 Slide 42 Slide 43 Temperate Rainforest Slide 44 Slide 45 Biosphere: The part of the earth and its atmosphere in which living organisms exist. Biosphere: The part of the earth and its atmosphere in which living organisms exist. Slide 46 Biosphere consists ofBiosphere consists of - Slide 47 Slide 48 Slide 49 Slide 50 Slide 51 Slide 52 Slide 53 Ecosphere: The surface of the earth and all the ecosystems.Ecosphere: The surface of the earth and all the ecosystems. Slide 54 Lithosphere: Below the surface, in the crust and mantle.Lithosphere: Below the surface, in the crust and mantle. Slide 55 Hydrosphere: All waters not in atmosphere and lithosphere.Hydrosphere: All waters not in atmosphere and lithosphere. Slide 56 Atmosphere: The area of gases that surround the planet.Atmosphere: The area of gases that surround the planet. Slide 57 Individual Population Community Ecosystem Biome Biosphere Slide 58 Individual Population Community Ecosystem Biome Biosphere Slide 59 Individual Population Community Ecosystem Biome Biosphere Slide 60 Individual Population Community Ecosystem Biome Biosphere Slide 61 Individual Population Community Ecosystem Biome Biosphere Slide 62 Individual Population Community Ecosystem Biome Biosphere Includes non-living factors Slide 63 Individual Population Community Ecosystem Biome Biosphere Includes non-living factors AIR Slide 64 Individual Population Community Ecosystem Biome Biosphere Slide 65 Individual Population Community Ecosystem Biome Biosphere Slide 66 Video Ecosystem Organization (Australia) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WuejxJttBqohttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WuejxJttBqo Slide 67 Slide 68 Habitat: The type of environment in which an organism lives. Habitat: The type of environment in which an organism lives. Slide 69 Which tree has more value in a forest ecosystem? Slide 70 Answer! Slide 71 Answer! Both have value, Slide 72 Answer! Both have value, but dead trees are extremely valuable to a forest ecosystem because they provide habitat such as den sites, a steady food source of insects, and ultimately fertilize the soil after decay. Slide 73 Slide 74 Slide 75 What are the five things in a habitat that I need to survive? Slide 76 The needs of an organism are Air. Water. Food. Shelter. Space. Slide 77 Community ecology: The study of interacting populations. Slide 78 How do you pronounce niche? What is a niche? Slide 79 Answer! Can be Nitch or Neesh. Both work. Slide 80 Ecological Niche: The place or function of a given organism within its ecosystem. Ecological Niche: The place or function of a given organism within its ecosystem. Slide 81 That is just a fancy name for saying My job. Slide 82 Name the niche of the two pictures below? Slide 83 Slide 84 Slide 85 Slide 86 Slide 87 Slide 88 Slide 89 Slide 90 Slide 91 Slide 92 Slide 93 Activity! What are the niches of people in this school. Slide 94 Slide 95 Slide 96 Partner up, please determine the jobs of each of the following players in your town?o Teachers will assign each pair one from the group below. Be prepared to present. s: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Slide 97 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above. Slide 98 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above. Slide 99 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above. Slide 100 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above. Slide 101 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above. Slide 102 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above. Slide 103 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above. Slide 104 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above. Slide 105 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above. Slide 106 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above. Slide 107 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above. Slide 108 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above. Slide 109 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above. Slide 110 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above. Slide 111 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above. Slide 112 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above. Slide 113 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above. Slide 114 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above. Slide 115 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above. Slide 116 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above. Slide 117 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above. Slide 118 Activity! Each table needs to look at the picture and describe the ecological niche of one the organisms. Niche = jobs / role. Slide 119 Activity! Each table needs to look at the picture and describe the ecological niche of one the organisms. Plants: Provide oxygen and are the producers in this ecosystem Slide 120 Activity! Each table needs to look at the picture and describe the ecological niche of one the organisms. Butterfly: Pollinates plants and is a food source for birds Slide 121 Activity! Each table needs to look at the picture and describe the ecological niche of one the organisms. Butterfly: Pollinates plants and is a food source for birds Slide 122 Activity! Each table needs to look at the picture and describe the ecological niche of one the organisms. Crayfish: Eats dead material and recycles nutrients + food source for fish. Slide 123 Activity! Each table needs to look at the picture and describe the ecological niche of one the organisms. Predatory Bird: Keeps populations of fish in check. Slide 124 Activity! Each table needs to look at the picture and describe the ecological niche of one the organisms. Trees: Hold soil together, food source, habitat for birds and other. Slide 125 Activity! Each table needs to look at the picture and describe the ecological niche of one the organisms. Fish: Keep insect populations in check, food source for larger fish. Slide 126 Activity! Each table needs to look at the picture and describe the ecological niche of one the organisms. Insects: Break down waste, food source, pollinate. Slide 127 Activity! Each table needs to look at the picture and describe the ecological niche of one the organisms. Clam: Filters water, creates habitat, food source. Slide 128 Area of Focus: Competition. Area of Focus: Competition. Slide 129 What is competition? Slide 130 Competition: The interaction between organisms or species, in which the fitness of one is lowered by the presence of another. Competition: The interaction between organisms or species, in which the fitness of one is lowered by the presence of another. Slide 131 Four types of competition Four types of competition - - - - - Slide 132 Interspecific competition: Over resources between different species. Interspecific competition: Over resources between different species. Slide 133 Slide 134 Intraspecific competition: The same species compete for resources. Intraspecific competition: The same species compete for resources. Slide 135 Slide 136 Interference competition: fighting / disrupting. Interference competition: fighting / disrupting. Slide 137 Slide 138 Birds will often chase other birds away from habitat. Slide 139 Fish will also protect their territory and chase away other fish. Slide 140 Exploitative: Share resources. Exploitative: Share resources. Slide 141 Slide 142 In a pack of wolves, there is a strict hierarchy of who feeds first. Slide 143 First the alpha male or female will eat. Slide 144 In a pack of wolves, there is a strict hierarchy of who feeds first. First the alpha male or female will eat. Then the other wolves of the group. Slide 145 In a pack of wolves, there is a strict hierarchy of who feeds first. First the alpha male or female will eat. Then the other wolves of the group. Each wolf has to respect its position in ranking, if not they will be corrected by the wolves that are higher in ranking. Slide 146 Activity Quiz! 1-10 + bonus Name the type of competition. Interspecific, Intraspecific, Interference, ExploitativeInterspecific, Intraspecific, Interference, Exploitative Slide 147 Slide 148 Slide 149 Slide 150 Slide 151 Slide 152 Slide 153 Slide 154 Slide 155 9 Slide 156 10 Slide 157 *11 Bonus Which pro wrestler am I? Slide 158 I cant stand these Quiz Wiz things! Slide 159 Answers to Quiz Types of competition. Slide 160 Slide 161 Slide 162 Slide 163 Slide 164 Slide 165 Intraspecific competition: The same species compete for resources. Slide 166 Slide 167 Slide 168 Slide 169 Intraspecific Slide 170 Slide 171 Interference competition: fighting / disrupting. Slide 172 Slide 173 Exploitative: Sharing resources. Slide 174 Slide 175 Interspecific competition: Over resources between different species. Slide 176 9 Slide 177 Interference competition: fighting / disrupting. 9 Interference competition: fighting / disrupting. Slide 178 10 Slide 179 Interspecific competition: Over resources between different species. 10 Interspecific competition: Over resources between different species. Slide 180 *11 Bonus Which pro wrestler am I? Slide 181 I cant stand these Quiz Wiz things! Slide 182 Slide 183 Continued Focus Animal Interactions. Slide 184 Slide 185 Most animal interactions are Most animal interactions are Competing for the same food supply. Competing for the same food supply. Eating (predation). Eating (predation). Avoid being eaten (avoiding predation). Avoid being eaten (avoiding predation). Slide 186 Most animal interactions are Most animal interactions are Competing for the same food supply. Competing for the same food supply. Eating (predation). Eating (predation). Avoid being eaten (avoiding predation). Avoid being eaten (avoiding predation). Slide 187 Most animal interactions are Most animal interactions are Competing for the same food supply. Competing for the same food supply. Eating (predation). Eating (predation). Avoid being eaten (avoiding predation). Avoid being eaten (avoiding predation). Slide 188 Most animal interactions are Most animal interactions are Competing for the same food supply. Competing for the same food supply. Eating (predation). Eating (predation). Avoid being eaten (avoiding predation). Avoid being eaten (avoiding predation). Slide 189 Food Webs Who eats whom. Slide 190 Food Web: A complex network of many interconnected food chains and feeding interactions. Food Web: A complex network of many interconnected food chains and feeding interactions. Slide 191 Slide 192 Question! What happened to the food web when critical species were removed? Slide 193 Answer: The food web fell apart. So did the health of the ecosystem. Slide 194 Predator: An organism that lives by preying on other organisms. Predator: An organism that lives by preying on other organisms. Slide 195 Prey: An animal hunted for food. Prey: An animal hunted for food. Slide 196 Slide 197 Slide 198 Which letter below represents the predator, and which represents the prey? Slide 199 Slide 200 Slide 201 Slide 202 Slide 203 Slide 204 Slide 205 Slide 206 Review!Review! Habitat: The area or environment where an organism or ecological community normally lives. Slide 207 Habitat includes space, take advantage of safe places to rest such as burrows. Take advantage of the food that a habitat has to offer. Slide 208 Habitat includes space, take advantage of safe places to rest such as burrows. Take advantage of the food that a habitat has to offer. Slide 209 Make caches of food. Storing food for later. Dont forget where they are. Slide 210 Typical Predator and Prey population graph. Typical Predator and Prey population graph. * Slide 211 Slide 212 Slide 213 Slide 214 Any Predictions? Slide 215 Typical Predator and Prey population graph. Typical Predator and Prey population graph. Slide 216 Slide 217 Slide 218 Slide 219 Slide 220 Slide 221 Slide 222 Slide 223 Slide 224 Slide 225 Slide 226 Please make some inferences about this graph. Why do the populations rise and fall as they do? Slide 227 Answer! As prey rise, Slide 228 Answer! As prey rise, predator rise just behind them. Slide 229 Answer! As prey rise, predator rise just behind them. As they rise they overpopulate and many prey get eaten. Slide 230 Answer! As prey rise, predator rise just behind them. As they rise they overpopulate and many prey get eaten. The predators then die until the prey repopulate. Slide 231 Answer! As prey rise, predator rise just behind them. As they rise they overpopulate and many prey get eaten. The predators then die until the prey repopulate. The cycle repeats. Slide 232 Predator Prey Simulator (Optional) http://www.shodor.org/interactivate/activities/R abbitsAndWolves/http://www.shodor.org/interactivate/activities/R abbitsAndWolves/ Slide 233 Video Link (Optional) Predators and Prey http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vZynrBA91fYhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vZynrBA91fY