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  • Understanding the Dewey Decimal System

    Mrs. Paula McMullen

    Library Teacher

    Norwood Public Schools

  • Who was Melvil Dewey?

    Developed the Dewey Decimal System in 1876.

    Founded the American Library Association.

    Set up the first professional library school.

    8/12/2009 2Mrs. Paula McMullen, library

    teacher, Norwood Public Schools

  • What Drove Dewey Crazy?

    Not being able to find books easily on the library shelves,

    So he developed a better way to find books and named it after himself!

    8/12/2009 3Mrs. Paula McMullen, library

    teacher, Norwood Public Schools

  • What is the Dewey System?

    System developed by Melvil Dewey in 1876 to organize books.

    Divides all knowledge into ten large categories.

    Each category is divided into tendivisions and then into ten subdivisions.

    Every book can be placed in a category, and then into a division and subdivision.

    8/12/2009 4Mrs. Paula McMullen, library

    teacher, Norwood Public Schools

  • Dewey Categories

    Lets look at how Dewey divided all knowledge into ten large categories, each with 100 numbers assigned to it:

    8/12/2009 5Mrs. Paula McMullen, library

    teacher, Norwood Public Schools

  • (000-999)Ten Dewey Categories

    000-099 Generalities

    100-199 Philosophy & Psychology

    200-299 Religion & Mythology

    300-399 Social Sciences

    400-499 Languages

    500-599 Natural Sciences

    600-699 Applied Sciences & Technology

    700-799 Fine Arts

    800-899 Literature

    900-999 History, Geography & Biography

    8/12/2009 6Mrs. Paula McMullen, library

    teacher, Norwood Public Schools

  • (500-599)Natural Sciences Category

    Lets see how Dewey divided the Natural Sciences Category into ten smaller divisions, each with ten numbers assigned to it:

    8/12/2009 7Mrs. Paula McMullen, library

    teacher, Norwood Public Schools

  • Divisions in Natural Sciences

    510 - Mathematics

    520 - Astronomy

    530 - Physics

    540 - Chemistry

    550 - Earth Sciences

    560 - Paleontology

    & Paleozoology

    570 - Biology

    580 - Botany

    590 - Zoology

    8/12/2009 8Mrs. Paula McMullen, library

    teacher, Norwood Public Schools

  • (550-559)Earth Sciences Division

    Lets look at how Dewey divided the smaller Earth Sciences division of the Natural Sciences category into ten even smaller subdivisions, each with a single number assigned to it:

    8/12/2009 9Mrs. Paula McMullen, library

    teacher, Norwood Public Schools

  • Subdivisions in Earth Sciences

    550 - Earth Sciences

    551 - Geology, hydrology, meteorology

    552 - Rocks & Minerals

    553 - Economic geology

    554 - Earth sciences of Europe

    555 - Earth sciences of Asia

    556 - Earth sciences of Africa

    557 - Earth sciences of North America

    558 - Earth sciences of South America

    559 - Earth sciences of other areas

    8/12/2009 10Mrs. Paula McMullen, library

    teacher, Norwood Public Schools

  • Rocks & Minerals Subdivision

    Lets see how Dewey assigns the same three-digit number to books about rocks:

    8/12/2009 11Mrs. Paula McMullen, library

    teacher, Norwood Public Schools

  • 552 Rocks & Minerals

    All books that are about rocks will have this Dewey number:

    552

    8/12/2009 12Mrs. Paula McMullen, library

    teacher, Norwood Public Schools

  • How Does it Work?

    Dewey uses a code of numbers.

    Each book is put in a category, division, and subdivision according to its subject.

    Each book is given a three-digit number.

    5 Natural Sciences

    5 EarthSciences

    2 Rocks &Minerals

    552 MCM

    8/12/2009 13Mrs. Paula McMullen, library

    teacher, Norwood Public Schools

  • Why is it called the Dewey Decimal System?

    Additional digits after the decimal point further narrow the subject.

    Books on a specific subject have the same number and are next to each other on the shelf.

    567.95 natural sciences6 paleontology &

    paleozoology

    7 fossil cold-blooded vertebrates

    .9 dinosaurs

    8/12/2009 14Mrs. Paula McMullen, library

    teacher, Norwood Public Schools

  • How does Dewey help us find books?

    Books on the same subject are given the same Dewey number.

    All books on the same subject are shelved together.

    Books are arranged in number order from 000-999.

    8/12/2009 15Mrs. Paula McMullen, library

    teacher, Norwood Public Schools

  • Ten Dewey Categories

    Lets look at the ten categories of the Dewey Decimal System and see the kinds of books we would find in them:

    8/12/2009 16Mrs. Paula McMullen, library

    teacher, Norwood Public Schools

  • 000-099Generalities

    8/12/2009 17Mrs. Paula McMullen, library

    teacher, Norwood Public Schools

  • 100-199Philosophy & Psychology

    8/12/2009 18Mrs. Paula McMullen, library

    teacher, Norwood Public Schools

  • 200-299Religion & Mythology

    8/12/2009 19Mrs. Paula McMullen, library

    teacher, Norwood Public Schools

  • 300-399Social Sciences

    8/12/2009 20Mrs. Paula McMullen, library

    teacher, Norwood Public Schools

    http://www.barrysclipart.com/barrysclipart.com/showphoto.php?photo=14144&size=big&papass=&sort=1&thecat=998http://www.barrysclipart.com/barrysclipart.com/showphoto.php?photo=20247&papass=&sort=1&thecat=998http://www.barrysclipart.com/barrysclipart.com/showphoto.php?photo=23554&size=big&papass=&sort=1&thecat=998

  • 400-499Languages

    8/12/2009 21Mrs. Paula McMullen, library

    teacher, Norwood Public Schools

  • 500-599Natural Sciences

    8/12/2009 22Mrs. Paula McMullen, library

    teacher, Norwood Public Schools

    http://www.barrysclipart.com/barrysclipart.com/showphoto.php?photo=24377&size=big&papass=&sort=1&thecat=194

  • 600-699Applied Science & Technology

    8/12/2009 23Mrs. Paula McMullen, library

    teacher, Norwood Public Schools

  • 700-799The Arts

    8/12/2009 24Mrs. Paula McMullen, library

    teacher, Norwood Public Schools

    http://www.barrysclipart.com/barrysclipart.com/showphoto.php?photo=22211&size=big&papass=&sort=1&thecat=194http://www.barrysclipart.com/barrysclipart.com/showphoto.php?photo=16787&size=big&papass=&sort=1&thecat=194http://www.barrysclipart.com/barrysclipart.com/showphoto.php?photo=24378&size=big&papass=&sort=1&thecat=194http://www.barrysclipart.com/barrysclipart.com/showphoto.php?photo=18258&size=big&papass=&sort=1&thecat=998http://www.barrysclipart.com/barrysclipart.com/showphoto.php?photo=18972&size=big&papass=&sort=1&thecat=998

  • 800-899Literature

    8/12/2009 25Mrs. Paula McMullen, library

    teacher, Norwood Public Schools

  • 900-999Geography, History & Biography

    8/12/2009 26Mrs. Paula McMullen, library

    teacher, Norwood Public Schools

  • Lets Review Dewey!

    Books on the same subject are given the same Dewey number.

    All books on the same subject are shelved together.

    Books are arranged in number orderfrom 000-999.

    8/12/2009 27Mrs. Paula McMullen, library

    teacher, Norwood Public Schools

  • Dont Forget Fiction Books!

    Fiction books have not been given Dewey numbers.

    The call number for a fiction book is F and letters from the authors last name.

    Fiction books are arranged alphabetically by the authors last name.

    8/12/2009 28Mrs. Paula McMullen, library

    teacher, Norwood Public Schools