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SUMMARY, FINDINGS AND SUGGESTIONS
The mind uses its faculty for creativity
only when experience forces it to do so.
-- Poincare. J.H.
Human life is the most precious creation of God. It has two aspects,
biological and sociological. The biological aspects of human life is
maintained and transmitted by nutrition and reproduction. The social
aspect of human life is maintained and transmitted by education.
Education is considered a vital process in social sense.
Education aims at harmonious development of individual. A
harmonious balance should be kept between feeling, knowing and doing.
Education commissions study the trends and issues and propose the
required directions for the progress of the individuals, societies and nation
as a whole. Concern over the erosion of basic values and the need for
educational action to combat the situation is the recurring theme in the
recommendations of major commissions on education down the history.
Delors commission (1996) in its report called learning, the treasure
with in notes the following:
Education must be organized around four fundamental types of
learning, in a way be the four pillars of knowledge; that is acquiring the
instruments of understanding, learning to do: so as to be able to act
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creatively on ones environment, learning to live together: so as to
participate with other people in all human activities, and learning to be:
develop ones personality and be able to act with greater autonomy,
judgment and personal responsibility.
Goals of education should be future oriented with provisions for life
long education. Education must strive to make children fit not just for the
present generation but to make possible a better future for the humanity.
The purpose of any education is to develop well informed, intensive and
well equipped citizens of the society, and not as an individual alone. Well
adjusted and harmonious refinement and behavior, development of a
personality and development of an interest in the wider aspect of his
environment are the qualities required by everyone to live a good life.
Education for sustainable development and for a better quality of life
has become a big responsibility. The cultivation of a global outlook, a love
of nature and a concern for fellow human beings and environments should
be part of the scheme of the education.
Need for the Study
The study is undertaken because of the universal importance given
to adolescents. School and society in this period play a vital role in shaping
and moulding the personality of the adolescents. Adjustment is a very
important factor for better academic achievement and for effective
educational pursuit. The psychological misery that stems from inadequate
adjustment is reason enough to study the problem in the hope that
adjustment failures can be understood and prevented or successfully
treated when they do occur.
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The cumulative effect of millions of decisions determines the
outcome of peoples lives. Decision-making is a critical component of not
only personal life but also academic life in many professions.
The broader aim of education is preparing the learners for
harmonious living. There are a number of factors like physique, physical
attractiveness family relationships: parental dominance, heredity culture,
home factors, school factors, social factors that have been found important
in the personality development and the personality of adolescent learners.
Some of these are important in childhood and continue to be important in
adolescence. Others those were relatively unimportant in childhood
become more important in adolescence, while still others that were
important in childhood are of less importance in adolescence.
Adjustment is a very important factor, for better academic
achievement and for effective educational procedure. Secondary school
students are in a stage of adolescence, a very crucial period. A number of
physical and psychological changes occur in all dimensions of
development. All the aspects of the growth and development, physical,
intellectual, emotional, social, moral etc., are closely linked. The process of
adjustment starts from the birth of the child and continues till his death. The
concept of adjustment is as old as human race on earth. Thus it is
considered that proper adjustment is very essential for normal behavior of
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Adolescence is the period of maximum growth with regard to
cognitive mental functioning. Intellectual powers like long term memory,
logical thinking, abstract reasoning, problem solving and decision making
abilities are developed during their stage.
The cognitive development takes a fast pace during the adolescence.
Teenagers accumulate general knowledge and start applying the learned
concepts to new tasks. Interest in learning life skills, such as cooking, fixing
things, driving and so on, from adults at home and elsewhere, is also seen
during these years. In terms of school, there is a great transition for the
budding adult. From being the top-notch position in the junior school, kids
become the youngest, smallest and least powerful in middle or high school.
A sense of ego and personal uniqueness also creep in the youngsters, who
start thinking independently. Every person is called upon to make decisions
throughout the course of his/her everyday life. Some of these decisions are
truly significant; they have far reaching influences on ones own, as well as
on others. At times many decisions are trivial, their effects are unimportant
even at the moment they are made. Decisions thus come in many forms
Hence the researcher felt that a study on personality, adjustment,
decision making of adolescents with regard to certain selected variables
would go a long way in answering some of the questions raised.
Scope of the Study
The present study is confined to the personality, adjustment level
and decision making of adolescents. The researcher has taken IX class
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students as sample for the investigation. The study is limited to the selected
variables such as gender, locality, medium, type of school, economic
background, number of children in the family, home environment and
Review of Related Literature
Chaturvedi .N in 1970 studied the personality of teacher and
students who showed definite trends of deviancy while Nagar in 1973
made a comparative study of personality characteristics of socially
accepted and rejected girls . Gupta V.P (1998) Shanmuga Ganeshan.V
and lakshmi .D (2008) made a study on personality types of teacher
trainees. Singh (1978) ;Gupta T.P(1985) Sayed Nurjhehan A. (1990),
Ramadevi.E(2004), Meenakshi mehta (2010) Bimal Charan Swain and
Ashok kumar Parida (2010) made extensive studies on personality of
high school students under the different domains of related aspects of
personality. B.K.Natoo(1977), P.Prakash(1977), Mills, carol. J (1983),
U.G.Agarwal(1988),Judith Semon Dubas et.al(2002), Jungwee park
(2003), Scholte, Ron et. Al (2005), Geeta S.Pastey and Vijayalakshmi, A.
Aminbhavi (2006), M. L. Sanz de acedo lizarrage et. al (2006), Francis,
Leslie J anol et .al (2010), Namitha and Lipsamayee Bal(2010) have
covered studies on Personality traits of adolescents Reddy, N.Y(1966)
Vanajakshi. K.B. (1968), Majumdar(1972), Goswami.N(1980), Pandit.I
(1985), Sunitha(1986), SigneAndeans(1994), Venkatamal (1999) made
studies on adjustment and adjustmental problems of adolescents. Raju
MVR and Khaja Rahamtulla (2007) made studies on school students and
R.John lious Manohara (2008) on teacher trainees. A similar study on
disadvantaged and non disadvantaged children was conducted by
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M.Punithambal(1990). Studies on adjustment in relation to family
background were made by Suresh Prasad Singh (1997) and Arali.C and
Rathna Prabha .C(2004) .Adjustment in relation to academic
achievement is a topic dealt by Goswami P.K (1978), Pandey B.B
(1979), D. R. Singh and Indrani Benarji (1992), Jayasree.K (1992), H.D
Gurubasappa (2005) and Surekha (2008).
Kalyani Devi .T (1977) Garg S.(1984), Michael Hammes and Dan
Petersen (1986), Chnotray B. (1989), made studies on decision making
in children. Jay W. Rojewski; Roger B.Hill (1988) Leon Mann, Ros
Harmoni and Colin Power (1989) studied Adolescent decision making.
Smetana J.G and Asquits (1994), Bosma et. al (1996), Peterson et.
al ( 1999) studied relationship, connectedness and restrictiveness between
Adolescents and parents. They concluded that the development of decision
making in adolescents occurs within the context of a parent child
relationship. Beyers and Goossens(1999) Bednar and Fisher
(2003),reported that decision making and behavioral adjustment depends
up on parenting style. Veerle Germeijs, Karine verschueren (2009),