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Substance Abuse. The effect of medicine and drugs on the body. The Role of Medicine. Medicines- drugs that are used to treat or prevent diseases or other conditions. Drugs- substances other than food that change the structure or function of the body of mind. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Substance Abuse

  • Substance AbuseThe effect of medicine and drugs on the body

  • The Role of MedicineMedicines- drugs that are used to treat or prevent diseases or other conditions. Drugs- substances other than food that change the structure or function of the body of mind.All medicines are drugs, but not all drugs are medicines (prevent disease, fight pathogens, relieve pain, manage chronic pain)

  • Preventing DiseaseVaccines- a preparation that prevents a person from contracting a specific disease.About 95% of children receive vaccines.Vaccines contain a weakened or dead pathogen that cause disease.

  • Fighting PathogensAntibiotics- these are a class of drugs that destroy disease- causing bacteria. This will help from bacteria from reproducing!Can cause side effects or allergies. You can also can adapt over time and you can develop a resistance. When antibiotics are overusedWhen a patient does not finish a perscription

  • How medicine can enter the bloodstreamOral medicine- tablets, capsules, or liquidsTopical medicine- applied to skin, can use a transdermal patchInhaled medicine- such as asthma medication that can be a fine mist or powderInjected medicine- delivered through a shot, so it can be delivered right into the bloodstream

  • Reactions to MedicationsSide effects- reactions to medicine other that the one intended. Synergistic effect- an interaction of two or more medications that result in a greater effect than when each medicine is taken alone.

  • Standards of MedicationPrescription medicines- medications that are dispensed only with the written approval of a licensed physician or nurse-practitionerOver-the-counter (OTC) medicines- medicines that you can buy without a doctors prescription

  • Substance AbuseSubstance abuse- any unnecessary or improper use of chemical substancesIllegal drugs- chemical substances that people of any age may not lawfully manufactureIllicit drug use- the use or sale of any substance that is illegal or otherwise not permitted

  • Factors that influence TeensPeer pressureFamily membersRole modelsMedia messagesPerceptions of drug behavior (how will it make you feel)Misleading information

  • How can drugs affect your health?Physical health- drug use can result in an overdose, or a strong, sometimes fatal reaction to taking a large amount of drugs.Mental health- drug use may impair a teens ability to reason and think. Some drugs can alter the structure and function of the brain. Social health- drug use can lead to unhealthy relationships, crime, suicide, unintentional injuries.

  • Other effects of drug useAddiction- physiological or psychological dependence on a drug.

  • What is Marijuana? Most frequently used illicit drug in U.SDerived from the leaves or flowering buds of the cannabis sativa plantUsually smoked, but can be mixed with food or drink to induce its effectsEffects can be felt within a few minutes and can last for 3-4 hoursCan vary in potency depending on the source or selection of plant materials

  • Marijuana contdTHC is the chemical that is believed to be responsible for the psychoactive effects of marijuana.In 1974, the average THC level in marijuana was less than 1%, in 2002, it was over 6%.98% of nearly 8,000 offenders sentenced for marijuana crimes were guilty of trafficking.

  • Effects of MarijuanaImpaired short term memoryImpaired attentionImpaired coordination and balanceIncreased heart rateBloodshot eyesDry mouth

    AddictionParanoiaAnxietyImpaired learning skillsLong term memory difficulties

  • Medical complicationsChronic coughBronchitisEmphysemaIncreased risk of head, neck, and lung cancerDecrease in testosterone level and lower sperm count in menIncrease in testosterone level in women and increase chance of infertility

  • InhalantsInhalants- substances whose fumes are sniffed or inhaled to give an effect.Most inhalants depress the CNSSome can be used to treat asthma, or allergies. Substances that are used to achieve a high like solvents, glues, varnishes or gasoline can have a fatal result.

  • Inhalant effectsGlassy stareSlurred speechImpaired judgementNauseaCoughingNosebleedsFatigue

  • Anabolic SteroidsSynthetic substances similar to male sex hormones. Can result in unnatural muscle growthEffects include: weight gain, acne, high blood pressure, and liver and kidney failure.

  • Psychoactive DrugsPsychoactive drugs can change the functioning of the CNS.Psychoactive drugs- chemicals that affect the CNS and alter the activity in the brain.4 main groups include: stimulants, depressants, opiates, and hallucinogens.

  • Psychoactive DrugsWhy do you think that psychoactive drugs are classified into groups?

    When used correctly, psychoactive drugs can have medicinal value.

  • Club DrugsClub drugs are usually found at concerts, clubs, and parties. The are generally disguised in food or drink without the persons knowledge. Many club drugs are considered designer drugs, which is a synthetic drug made to imitate the effects of other drugs.

  • Club DrugsEcstasy- stimulant/ hallucinogenRohypnol- depressants/ sedativeGHB- depressantKetamine- hallucinogenMeth- stimulantLSD- hallucinogen

  • StimulantsStimulants- speed up the CNSNicotineCaffeineCocaine- highly addictive; white powderCrack- highly addictive; can be smoked or injectedAmphetamines- highly addictive; used to stay alert

  • Stimulant effects on bodyStimulant use can lead to: depression, fatigue, paranoia, liver failure, physiological dependence, death.

  • DepressantsDepressants- slow down the CNSBarbiturates- sedative; usually cause mood swings, and sleeplessness.Tranquilizers- used to relieve anxiety, muscle spasms, or sleeplessness.

  • HallucinogensPCP- creates a distorted sense of time, increase muscle strength, violence, and inability to feel pain. DMX- or tussin, is a cough suppressant sold OTC; when used correctly, it is not dangerous. When misused, it can cause paranoia, panic attacks, nausea, and addiction.

  • OpiatesDerived from opium plants; use for pain management and can only be obtained by prescriptionCodeine- highly addictive; used in some prescription cough medicinesMorphine- prescribed to treat severe painOxycodone- used to treat or manage chronic pain; can cause death from respiratory failure.

  • Healthy AlternativeHobbiesSportsCommunity ActivitiesSchool Organizations

  • Drug PreventionDrug Free School Zones- areas within 1,000-1,500 ft. of schools within which people caught selling drugs receive especially severe penalties. Drug Watches- organized community efforts by neighborhood residents to patrol and monitor.

  • Getting HelpRehabilitation- process of medial and psychological treatment for physiological or psychological dependence on a drug or alcohol. Outpatient TreatmentShort-termMaintenance ProgramsTherapeutic communities