Text of ARMY SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROGRAM ARMY SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROGRAM USAG Vicenza
ARMY SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROGRAM USAG Vicenza
ARMY SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROGRAM USAG Vicenza
Home for the Holidays
During the time period from Thanksgiving to New Years Day
There are more families on the road along with more impaired drivers on
December Is National 3 D month
• December is National Drunk and Drugged Driving Prevention Month
• 3 D month is a reminder to have a plan to arrive home safe.
• Celebrate responsibly and never drive while impaired off of drugs, alcohol or both
3D Month• President Ronald Reagan in accordance with Senate Joint Resolution 241
(Public Law 97-343) proclaimed the week beginning December 12, 1982, as National Drunk and Drugged Driving Awareness Week.
• Now a National month long campaign used to raise awareness in the dangerous of driving while impaired.
• The campaign centers on arriving safe and sober throughout the holiday season.
• Highlighting the importance of having a designated driver or a safe ride home plan.
Nearly one-third of crash deaths involve an alcohol impaired driver
CDC Reported Impaired Driving Statistics
• In 2009, 10,839 people were killed in alcohol-impaired driving crashes, accounting for nearly one-third (32%) of all traffic-related deaths in the United States.
• Of the 1,314 traffic deaths among children ages 0 to 14 years in 2009, 181 (14%) involved an alcohol-impaired driver.
• Of the 181 child passengers ages 14 and younger who died in alcohol-impaired driving crashes in 2009, about half (92) were riding in the vehicle with the alcohol-impaired driver.
BAC Effects on DrivingBlood Alcohol
Concentration (BAC)1 Typical Effects Predictable Effects on Driving
•Some loss of judgment•Relaxation•Slight body warmth•Altered mood
•Decline in visual functions (rapid tracking of a moving target)•Decline in ability to perform two tasks at the same time (divided attention)
•Exaggerated behavior•May have loss of small-muscle control (e.g., focusing your eyes)•Impaired judgment•Usually good feeling•Lowered alertness•Release of inhibition
•Reduced coordination•Reduced ability to track moving objects•Difficulty steering•Reduced response to emergency driving situations
•Muscle coordination becomes poor (e.g., balance, speech, vision, reaction time, and hearing)•Harder to detect danger•Judgment, self-control, reasoning, and memory are impaired
•Concentration•Short-term memory loss•Speed control•Reduced information processing capability (e.g., signal detection, visual search)•Impaired perception
•Clear deterioration of reaction time and control•Slurred speech, poor coordination, and slowed thinking
•Reduced ability to maintain lane position and brake appropriately
•Far less muscle control than normal•Vomiting may occur (unless this level is reached slowly or a person has developed a tolerance for alcohol)•Major loss of balance
•Substantial impairment in vehicle control, attention to driving task, and in necessary visual and auditory information processing
BAC Effects on Driving
• Even at a low BAC driving skills are affected
• Compound the loss of necessary skills with weather conditions and you have a mix for disaster
Driving While Impaired
• In 2009, over 1.4 million drivers were arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol or narcotics. That's less than one percent of the 147 million self-reported episodes of alcohol-impaired driving among U.S. adults each year.
• Drugs other than alcohol (e.g., marijuana and cocaine) are involved in about 18% of motor vehicle driver deaths. These other drugs are often used in combination with alcohol.
There are three types of drugged-driving laws:
• 1) Statutes that require drugs to render a driver “incapable” of driving safely
• 2) Statutes requiring that the drug impair the driver’s ability to operate safely or “under the influence” of an intoxicating drug
• 3) “Per se” statutes make it a criminal offense to have a drug or metabolite in one’s body/body fluids while operating a motor vehicle “zero tolerance”
Driving while Impaired• Drug per se laws are not quite analogous to the alcohol impaired-driving per se
laws now in effect in every State make it illegal to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of .08 or greater. Alcohol-impaired driving per se laws are based on evidence that all drivers are impaired at .08 BAC.
• Drug per se laws are more analogous to zero-tolerance laws that make it illegal to drive with certain drugs in the system.
• Currently, there are 15 States where it is illegal per se to operate a motor vehicle with certain drugs in one’s system.
• Three of those States (Nevada, Ohio, and Virginia) have determined that driving with specific cutoff levels of certain prohibited drugs or substances other than alcohol is a per se violation of its DUI statute.
Driving While Impaired• Of the 15 States, 12 States (Arizona, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa,
Michigan, Minnesota, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Utah, and Wisconsin) do not tolerate any presence of a prohibited drug or substance in a driver’s body while the person is driving. The specific drugs prohibited in these States vary . In these States, any amount of prohibited drug found in the blood or urine of a driver while operating a motor vehicle is a per se violation of those States’ DUI statutes. These States were the major focus of this study.
• Additionally, in 5 States (California, Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, and West Virginia), it is illegal for any drug addict or habitual user of drugs to drive a vehicle in that State.
• Two States (North Carolina and South Dakota) make it illegal for any person younger than 21 to drive with any amount of a prohibited drug or substance in their bodies
Tips During the Holidays
• Have a choice: If serving alcohol also serve non alcoholic drinks.
• Ensure you monitor your drinks. Never leave drinks alone and return and drink them, they may have been tampered with.
• Drink slow
• One drink per hour interchanged with water or a non alcoholic drink.
• Eat before and during drinking
Tips During the Holidays– Plan a safe way home before the festivities begin
– Before drinking, designate a sober driver and leave the car keys at home
– If you’re impaired, use a taxi, call a sober friend or family member, or use public transportation so you are sure to get home safely
– Use your community’s sober ride program
– If you happen to see a drunk driver on the road, don’t hesitate to contact your local law enforcement
Tow To Go Fact SheetA Partnership Between AAA & Budweiser
•Since its inception in 1998, "Tow to Go" has safely removed more than 13,600 drunk drivers from the roads. FREE and open to both AAA members and non-members (100% confidential)
• Call 1-800-AAA-HELP — the call will be directed to a ERS Call Center
• The AAA tow truck takes the vehicle and the driver safely home
Home For the Holidays
Avoid a DUI use the following for a safe Ride while in the States
Non-Alcoholic Punches• Mocktails are great drinks to offer guests and designated drivers. Mocktails are non-alcoholic drinks that
look like cocktails.
• Sangria• 2 - 24 oz. Bottles of chilled grape juice, 1 - 1 liter of chilled club soda• 1/2 - Small pineapple (cut bite-size), 1 - Sliced orange• 1 - Tray of ice cubes• In a 4 quart pitcher, combine the juice and soda. Add fruit and ice cubes.
• Pink Lady• 1 1/2 Cups - Milk• 2 tb - Lemon Juice• 1 tb - Grenadine• 1 tb - Granulated Sugar• 6 - Ice Cubes• Mix all ingredients in a blender. Blend until all ice is gone. Serve immediately.
• Designated Driver’s Delight• 2 1/2 oz. - Orange Juice• 1 1/4 oz - Pineapple Juice• 1 1/4 oz. - Cranberry Juice• 2 Scoops - Vanilla Ice Cream• 3 - Frozen Strawberries• Mix all ingredients in a blender until smooth. Serve with an orange slice.
Non-Alcoholic Punches• GOLDEN PUNCH• 1 gallon of water, 5 to 6 C. of sugar (or to taste), 2 C. fresh lemon juice, 1 (46-oz) can of pineapple juice, 1 (46-oz) can of orange juice, 1 T. of
almond flavoring, 1 T. of vanilla flavoring, 1 (2 liter) bottle of lemon-lime soda.• In a large saucepan, bring 6 cups of water and sugar to a boil, cook and stir for 2 minutes. Pour into a large container and add all
ingredients except lemon-lime soda. Pour into freezer bags and freeze until slushy. Add soda, (also slightly frozen) before serving.
• TANGY FRUIT PUNCH• 1 (46-oz) can of pineapple juice, 1 (12-oz) can of frozen orange juice concentrate (thawed), 3/4 C. lemonade concentrate, 1 C. water
(divided), 1/2 C. sugar, 2 large ripe bananas, 1 (20-oz) package frozen and unsweetened whole strawberries (thawed), 2 liters of ginger ale (chilled).
• In a punch bowl or large container, combine pineapple juice, orange juice concentrate, lemonade, 1/2 cup of water and sugar. Place bananas, strawberries and remaining water in a blender; cover and process until smooth. Stir into the juice mixture. Cover and refrigerate. Just before serving, stir in ginger ale.
• Yield: 25 to 30 servings (about 5 quarts)
• CHEERY CHERRY PUNCH• 3 (3-oz) packages cherry gelatin, 3 C. of sugar, 6 C. of boiling water, 1 (46-oz) can of unsweetened pineapple juice, 1 (12-oz) frozen juice
concentrate, 1 (12-oz) frozen lemonade concentrate, 1 gallon of cold water, 2 (2 liters) of ginger ale.• Dissolve gelatin and sugar in boiling water. Add pineapple juice, concentrates (thawed) and cold water; mix well. Freeze. Just before
serving, add ginger ale and mix well.• Yield: 30 (8 oz) servings
• FROTHY SHERBET PUNCH• 1 can of kiwi flavored Hawaiian punch (partially frozen), 1 bottle of lemon-lime soda, 1 can of pineapple juice, 3 quarts of sherbet.• Allow sherbet to soften. Mix all other ingredients, then gradually spoon in sherbet. Stir slightly to make a frothy mixture.
Non-Alcoholic Punches• CINNAMON WINTER CIDER• 1 (12-oz) frozen cranberry juice, 1 (6-oz) frozen lemonade, 1 (12-oz) apple juice concentrate (thawed
& undiluted), 9 C. of water, 5 (3-in) sticks of cinnamon, 6 whole cloves, 1 tsp. of ground nutmeg, 1 C. of sugar (optional).
• Combine all ingredients in a large pot; bring to a boil. Cover; reduce heat, and simmer 15 minutes. Serve warm.
pineapple sherbet, 3 qt. of lemon-lime soda.• Have juice and soda thoroughly chilled. Empty 1 can of each juice, and 1 quart of soda in a punch
bowl. Add a quart of sherbet and spoon the liquid over sherbet until partially melted; serve. When supply runs low, repeat.
• PARTY PUNCH SLUSH• 9 C. of water, 3 boxes of strawberry gelatin (the 3 oz packages), 4 C. of water, 4 C. of sugar, 2 cans of
pineapple juice, 1 (8 oz) bottle of lemon juice, 2 (2 liter) bottles of ginger ale.• Bring 9 cups of water to a boil. Mix 3 boxes strawberry of gelatin and set aside; cool. Bring to a boil 4
cups of water and sugar; remove from heat and cool. Add pineapple juice and lemon juice; mix all together and freeze. Set out 2 hours before serving time. Have the 2 bottles of ginger ale chilled. When ready to serve, pour ginger ale in the punch.
Non-Alcoholic Punches• FESTIVE PUNCH• 6 eggs (well beaten), 1 pint of ginger ale that has been chilled, 2 C. of orange juice (chilled), 1/2 C. of
lemon juice, 1 quart of vanilla ice cream, 1/4 tsp. of cinnamon, 1/4 tsp. of ginger, 1/4 tsp. of cloves, 1/4 C. of sugar.
• Cut ice cream into chunks in punch bowl. Pour in ginger ale and beaten eggs, add spices and sugar, orange juice and lemon juice. Stir. Sprinkle nutmeg on top. Serves 20.
• CRANBERRY PUNCH• 1 qt. of cranberries, 2 qts of water, 1/2 C. of red hots, 2 C. of sugar, 8 whole cloves, juice of 3 lemons, juice
of 3 oranges, 4 quarts of boiling water.• Bring 1 quart of water to a boil, add cranberries and cook until they pop open. Strain. Boil 1 quart of
water, red hots, sugar and cloves. Cook until dissolved. Mix all ingredients thoroughly. Makes 6 quarts. Serve hot.
• CELEBRATION PUNCH• 2 medium red apples, 2 quarts of clear apple cider, 8 cinnamon sticks, 2 tsp. of whole cloves, 1/2 C. of
raisins, Orange slices, lemon slices, 1/4 C. of lemon juice.• Core apples; slice into 1/2" rings. In a large pot, combine cider, cinnamon, cloves, apple rings, and raisins.
Bring to a boil over high heat; reduce heat to low and simmer 5 to 8 minutes or until apples are just tender. Remove cloves; add orange and lemon slices and lemon juice. Pour into punch bowl. Ladle into large mugs with an apple ring, some raisins and citrus slices in each serving. Serve with spoons. Makes about 2 quarts.
Summary• December is National 3D month.
• Celebrate responsibly and safely.
• Have a designated driver or a plan.
• Utilize local safe ride programs such as TOW and GO while Stateside.
• Know your local states safe sober phone numbers.
• Share numbers with friends and family members.
• Save yourself or someone else this holiday season.