Securing Offshore: Infrastructures of (im)mobility in the ... Offshore: Infrastructures of (im)mobility in the Caribbean Mimi Sheller The release of the Panama Papers has made offshore

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  • SecuringOffshore:Infrastructuresof(im)mobilityintheCaribbean

    MimiSheller

    ThereleaseofthePanamaPapershasmadeoffshorebankingatopic

    ofgeneralpublicinterest,whileoffshoringhasalsobecomean

    importanttopicofrecentsocialtheory.Withitshighdegreeof

    dependenceonthetourismeconomyandoffshorefinancialsectors,

    butalsoahighdegreeofmigrationandillicitmobility,theCaribbean

    regionposesspecificchallengestosecuritization.Theimageryof

    borderlessmobilitiesisbeliedbythecontinuingrealityofsecured

    borders,includinglimitsonmigrationandvisas,thedeportationof

    Caribbeannationalsbacktotheirhomecountries,etc.

    Dr.Shellerwillexplorehownewmobilityregimesandcommunication

    infrastructuresthatspantheCaribbeanregionaregeneratingnew

    challengestoterritorialgovernanceandreshapingtherelation

    betweenmigration,financial/materialflows,offshoring/onshoring

    processes,globalizationanddeglobalization.

    THEORIZING INFRASTRUCTURES OF MOBILITIES AND SECURITY:

    NETWORKS, DESIGNS, POLICIES, ASSEMBLAGES, INTERFACES, DEVICES

    ProfessorintheDepartmentofSociologyandDirectoroftheCenterforMobilitiesResearchandPolicyatDrexelUniversity

    PerformingSovereigntyintheMobilityAssemblage

    MarkB.Salter

    Inanattempttocontextualizethetheoriesofsovereigntyembeddedin

    actornetworktheoryandtheworkofLatour,thisinterventionfocuses

    onhowaperfomativemodelofsovereigntycanshednewlightonthe

    infrastructureofthemobilityassemblage.

    FullProfessorintheSchoolofPoliticalStudiesattheUniversityofOttawa

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  • THEORIZING INFRASTRUCTURES OF MOBILITIES AND SECURITY:

    NETWORKS, DESIGNS, POLICIES, ASSEMBLAGES, INTERFACES, DEVICESWhatComesAftertheNetwork?

    JairusGrove

    Theheatandcarbonoutputofworldwidecomputingand

    telecommunicationsarenowsignificantcontributorstoglobalwarming.

    Rareearthmineralsarefuelingwars,spoilingwater,anddecliningin

    termsoftherateofdiscoveryofnewmines.Moreover,geopoliticsis

    escalatingthenationalizationoftheserverstheinternetneedsto

    continue.Thesesuggestthatthelimitlessfutureofthedigitalrealm

    mayalreadybeapproachingcollapseorspeciation.

    Ratherthancelebratingafourthindustrialrevolution,Dr.Grove

    arguesthattheinternetofthingsandothervisionsforthenext

    expansionofubiquitoussensoryanddataprocessingislikelyto

    hastenthefracturinganddemiseoftheinternetbothasan

    infrastructureandasawayofthinkingaboutglobalintegration.So,

    whatnext?Neuralinterfaces,bacterialprocessors,andquantum

    computingsuggestsapostdigitalageofcomputingandlocalcellular

    hubs,TORnetworks,andVPNssuggestthedesirabilityofintranets.

    AssistantProfessorintheDepartmentofPoliticalScienceandDirectoroftheHawaiiResearchCenterforFuturesStudiesattheUniversityofHawaiiatMnoa

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  • TheCurrencyofWar

    EmilyGilbert

    Ifcurrencycannotcirculate,itceasestoactascurrency.Butwhatare

    theconditionswhichmakethecirculationofcurrencypossible,or

    impossible?Dr.Gilbertaddressesthesequestionsinthecontextofan

    eraofincreasingsecuritization.Sheexamineshowmoneyisbeing

    mobilizedinthewaronterrorasaweaponssystem:inotherwords,

    howtheinternationalforcesaredisseminatingcurrencytowinthe

    heartsandmindsofthecounterinsurgents,e.g.bypayingfor

    infrastructure,providingmicroloans,orcompensatingcivilianswho

    areharmedorkilled.Thiscirculationofmoneyrequiresanewsetof

    militarynetworksthataresituatedatthenexusofsecurityand

    governance,whicharegeneratingnewskindsofmobilityforpeople

    soldiersandciviliansaswellasmoneyitself.

    MOVING OBJECTS:

    DOCUMENTS, MONEY, MAPS, GOODS

    AssociateProfessorintheDepartmentofGeographyandDirectoroftheCanadianStudiesProgramattheUniversityofToronto

    CrowdfundingforWar:SocialMedia,ViolenceEntrepreneurs,andtheGlobalOrganizationofOpenSourceConflict

    NicoleGrove

    Crowdfundingplatformsandotherparticipatorymediaarechanging

    whatitmeansto'goofftowar'inprofoundways.Siteslike

    GoFundMe,IndiGoGoandFacebookallowformermilitary,private

    contractors,andcitizenswithnomilitarytrainingtoengagein

    recruitmenteffortsformodesofnonstateviolenceorganizingandto

    facilitatethepurchaseofmaterialsthroughindividualdonations.

    Theseactivitiesprovideuniquechallengestobothdomesticand

    internationallawsofwar,whichDr.Grovearguescanonlybepartially

    understoodthroughtheliteratureontheuseofprivatecontractorsin

    theatersofcombat.Moreover,theuseofcrowdfundingapplicationsto

    transcendthecollectiveactionproblemofnationalsecurityraises

    importantquestionsabouttheincreasingmilitarizationofsocalled

    citizenresponsestoperceivedsecuritythreatsonaglobalscale.

    AssistantProfessorintheDepartmentofPoliticalScienceattheUniversityofHawaiiatMnoa

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  • THEORIZING INFRASTRUCTURES OF MOBILITIES AND SECURITY:

    NETWORKS, DESIGNS, POLICIES, ASSEMBLAGES, INTERFACES, DEVICESSecuringDemocracyandTransitionalJustice:ExploringhowReparationsInfrastructureFeedsSecurityGovernanceandHuman/DataMobility

    JenniferMatsunaga

    Transitionaljusticeisawellrootedandgrowingfieldofexpertise,

    policyandprocedure,andsetofinstitutionswhicharecloselylinkedto

    theprinciplesofsecurity,peace,democracy,ruleoflaw,truthand

    humanrights.Withitsgrowinginfluenceglobally,transitionaljusticeis

    acrucialsiteforconsiderationandsustainedanalysis.

    Ms.Matsunagaemphasizesthereparationsaspectsofthedebateon

    securitygovernanceandinfrastructuresofmobility.Usingherresearch

    onCanadianreparationspoliticsasabackdrop,Ms.Matsunagawill

    offersuggestionsastohowtransitionaljustice,particularlyas

    practicedinandbyCanada,connectswiththeconceptual,

    infrastructural,methodologicalanddataconcernsathand.Sheseeks

    tosetinmotiondiscussionsthatfocusontheproductionanderasure

    ofracializedOthersthroughthemovement/restrictionofpeople,of

    storiesandmemory,ofdata,andcompensationprocedures.

    DoctoralCandidateinSociologyatQueen'sUniversity

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  • Assemblagesof(Im)MobilityGovernanceinContext:TheCaseofIsrael/Palestine

    FranoisXavierPlasseCouture

    Departingfromhisworkontheeffectsofneoliberalsecuritygovernance

    inthecontextofIsrael/Palestine,Mr.PlasseCouturewillunderscorethe

    importanceplayedbyassemblagesof(im)mobilities(differentials)inthe

    governanceofbiopoliticallyqualifiedlife(settlercolonial)and

    disqualifiedformsoflife(indigenous/Palestinians/Refugees).

    Inthecontextofaneoliberaleconomyofviolenceinwhichthestate

    versionofsecurityisnolongerthedominantlogic,settlersandthe

    Israelistateasentrepreneursofviolencenowinvestininsecurityand

    risk.Insodoing,itwillask,amongotherquestions:Whatarethe

    variousmobilitydifferentialsallowingforamodulationandgovernance

    ofthedifferentspaces?Whatistheimpactofthesemobilitydifferentials

    ontheeconomy(ofviolence)?Whatweretheeffectsofthe

    neoliberalizationoftheoccupationonmobility?Etc.

    MIGRATION CONTROL PRACTICES AND MOBILITY POLITICS

    DoctoralCandidateinPoliticalScienceattheUniversityofHawaiiatMnoa

    Mobility,TransportInfrastructuresandtheChallengeforHumanitarianIntervention

    PollyPallisterWilkins

    Dr.PallisterWilkinslooksatpeopleonthemoveandthechallengeof

    mobilityforhumanitarianintervention.Sheexaminesthewaysmobility

    inpracticehascometoconcernmobilesubjectsofprotection

    comparedtomobilitymoretraditionallyconcerningthemobilityof

    humanitarianpractitionersandtheirkit.Sheunpacksthewaymobility

    andtheinfrastructuresofmobilityincreasinglyshapewhereandhow

    humanitarianinterventiontakesplaceandadvancestheideaofsticky

    mobilityandeffectivehumanitariantriage.AssistantProfessorintheDepartmentofPoliticalScienceattheUniversityofAmsterdam

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  • THEORIZING INFRASTRUCTURES OF MOBILITIES AND SECURITY:

    NETWORKS, DESIGNS, POLICIES, ASSEMBLAGES, INTERFACES, DEVICESSettlerColonialismandthePacificationLogicsofCriticalInfrastructureResilience

    TiaDafnos

    Dr.Dafnosdrawsonpacificationasaconceptforcriticallyengaging

    withsecurityandDebCowensworkonlogisticstoexaminethe

    emergenceofcriticalinfrastructure(CI)resilienceasapriorityin

    nationalsecurity.Oneconsequencearisingfromthisisa

    reorganizationofpoliticalgovernance.As85%ofCIisprivatelyowned

    andoperated,theparticipationoftheseowneroperatorsintheproject

    ofnationalsecurityisidentifiedbygovernmentsasanecessary

    objective.Thefederalgovernmenthasconsequentlytakenmeasures

    thataregraduallymakingowneroperatorsandstakeholderspartners

    withthecapacitytoshapethenationalsecurityagenda.Atthesame

    time,theobjectiveofresiliencehingesonensuringgreaterprivate

    investmentinCI.CIisadirectandindirectmeansofaccumulationfor

    owneroperatorsandstakeholdersbecausetheyarethesupplychains

    ofcapital.ThisraisesimplicationsforIndigenousnationsonwhose

    territoriesthesephysicalsupplychains/infrastructuresflow,asthe

    resilienceofthesettlercolonialstatedependsoncontainmentof

    Indigenousdeterminationandassertionsofjurisdiction..

    AssistantProfessorintheDepartmentofSociologyattheUniversityofNewBrunswickFredericton

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  • QuestioningTraceability:FunctionCreepandtheDynamicSocialIdentityofInstruments

    JulienJeandesboz

    Traceabilityhasbecomeacentralitemofpublicdebateinthecontextof

    thePRISM/Snowdenaffair.DrJeandesbozengageswiththehandlingof

    digitaltracesforsecuritypurposesinthemannerofawellestablished

    researchtraditiononcriminalityandterrorism,whichhaslongarguedfor

    anantifunctionalistanalysisofcriminalphenomena.Thehandlingof

    electronictracesforsecuritypurposes,heargues,isafundamentally

    constructivistprocess.

    Howdoestheuseofdigitaldevicesinthefieldofsecurityleadto

    stabilitiesinpracti