RH0DHSIA: ' RHODESIA Rhodesia (now Rhodesia) could properly be calleda "settler community" and was administered

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  • RHODESIA:

    MYTHS AND FACTS

    by

    IAN G. ANDERSON

    Editor

    RHODESIA & WORLD REPORT

    Published by

    CANDOUR LEAGUE OF RHODESIA

    P0. Box 1871

    Salisbury Rhodesia

    BFoomfield Books, The Old Priory, Priory Walk, Sudbury, Si[foIk

    Printed by Dorys Padoa Duplicating Services

    COPYRIGHT IAN G. ANDERSON

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  • RHODESIA: MYTHS AND FACTS

    by Ian G. Anderson

    Chairman, Candour League of Rhodesia

    Editor, Rhodesia & World Report

    A recent letter in the London Daily Telegraph (March 23, 1976) started with these words: "Nothing

    remotely resembling the truth has ever been told to the people of Britain regarding the situation in Rhodesia."

    T this I would add: "nor to the rest of the world"; and it is my purpose today to try to correct some of the erroneous ideas which are currently held by those who still believe that the world's Press presents the

    unbiased truth when, infact, it has largely been taken over by the Left and turned into an organ of left- wing propaganda.

    Rhodesia declared her independence on November 11th, 1965, when she severed the tenuous ties that bound her

    to Britain. We have always maintained that there ias nothing illegal in such action, no more than when the junior partner of a business firm wishes to dissolve

    partnership and set up on his own.

    From 1590 to 1923 Southern Rhodesia (now Rhodesia)

    could properly be calleda "settler community" and was administered by the British South Africa Company. But

    from 1923 onwards it was owned by the people of Southern Rhodesia by right of purchase. In 1923 Southern Rhodesia was given the choice of self-government or

    inclusion in the (then) Union of South Africa; and, as the result of a plebiscite, chose self-government. The British Crown bought out the B.S.A. Co's claims for £3 750,000. "The Crown took over all uñalienated

    lands, public works and buildings in the two Rhodesias, whilst the Company kept its mineral rights both north

    and south of the Zambesi and received cast-iron pro- tection against any tampering with its railway assets.

    The new Southern Rhodesia Government had to pay £2 million to the British Government, thereby reducing

    the total Imperial cost of acquiring the two Rhodesias to £t.75 million (i.e. the remainder was in

    respect of fJorthern Rhodesia and not a debt of the Southern Rhodesia. Government

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  • 2- "Southern Rhodesia for her part obtained her public

    works and un-alienated land, the Southern Rhodesian settlers becoming the only community in Imperial history which has ever had to pa for the privila e of self_government.t?* (My itafl,cs - Author).

    The Rhodesian Courts are noted for their austere impartiality and, some Rhodesians would say, disregard of the dictates of government administrative expediency. After much careful consideration of all the arguments and much detailed research, the Rhodesian Court of Appeal came to the conclusion that the so-called "Smith regime" was both the de facto and de jure government of Rhodesia.

    fhe main argument that swayed the Rhodesian Court of Appeal was that in fact the British Government had long previously given Rhodesia her independence; and that she could no more take it back from Rhodesia than she could from Canada, Australia or New Zealand (or, for that matter, the United States).

    In disregard of the same arguments the British House of Lords Judicial Committee (composed mainly of political appointees) hastily decided that Mr Smith's government had become illegal overnight, although it had been previously elected under a Constitution approved by the British Crown and Parliament.

    Further, the Southern Rhodesia Government bought the mineral rights from the British South Africa Company for £2 million in 1933; and subsequently the railways also were acquired by purchase.

    Although Southern Rhodesia continued to be called a Colony in legal documents, in fact from 1923 the British Government never once intervened in her affairs nor ever contributed any finance towards de- velopment; and the status of 5outhern Rhodesia was recognised as that of a self-governing colony. As such she continued to develop and prosper until she was ill-advisably persuaded to join in the formation of the Central African Federation in 1953.

    *History of Southern Rhodesia: Early Days to 1934, y L.H. Gann, 1965, page 248

    -2

    r ' S o u t h e r n R h o d e s i a f o r h e r p a r t o b t a i n e d h e r p u b l i c w o r k s a n d u n - a l i e n a t e d 1 a n d , t h e S o u t h e r n R h o d e s i a n s e t t l e r s b " r o * i n g t h = o h r y

    " o r y q n m " o u

    o f s e l f - g o v e r n m e n t . r r * ( M y i t a l i c s - A u t h o r ) .

    T h e R h o d e s i a n C o u r t s a r e n o t e d f o r t h e i r a u s t e r e i m p a r t i a l i t y a n d , s o m e R h o d e s i a n s w o u l d s a l r d i s r e g a r d o f t h e d i c t a t e s o f g o v e r n m e n t a d m i n i s t r a t i v e e x p e d i e n c y . A f t e r m u c h c a r e f u l c o n s i _ d e r a t i o n o f a l l _ t h e a r g u m e n t s a n d m u c h d e t a i l e d r e s e a r c h , t h e R h o d e s i a n c o u r t o f A p p e a - l - c a m e t o t h e c o n c r - u s i o n t h a t t h e s o - c a - l - 1 e d " S m i t h r e g r - m e r t w a s b o t h t h e d e f a c t c a n d d e j u r e g o v e r n m e n t o f R h o d e s i a

    f h e m a i n a r g u m e n t t h a t s w a y e d t h e R h o d e s i a n c c u r t o f A p p e a l - w a s t h a t i n f a c t t h e B r i t i s h G o v e r n m e n t h a d J - o n g p r e v i o u s l y g i v e n R h o d e s i a h e r i n d e p e n d e n c e l a n d t h a t s h e c o u - l - d n c m o r e t a k e i t b a c k f r o m R h o d e s i a t h a n s h e c o u l d f r o m C a n a d a , A u s t r a l _ i _ a o r N e w Z e a l a n d ( o r , f o r t h a t m a t t e r , t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s ) .

    I n d j - s r e g a r d o f t h e s a m e a r g u m e n t s t h e B r i t i s h H o u s e o f L o r d s J u d i c i a l c o m m i t t e e ( c o m p o s e d m a i n l v o f p o r i t i c a l a p p o i - n t e e s ) h a s t i l y d e c i d e d t h a t M r s m , - i h ' s g o v