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Research Methodology Research Methodology RESEARCH RESEARCH : Research in common parlance refers to search : Research in common parlance refers to search of Knowledge. of Knowledge. Research is an art of scientific Investigation. Research is an art of scientific Investigation. (Re + Search). (Re + Search). A careful Investigation or inquiry specially through A careful Investigation or inquiry specially through search for new facts in any branch of Knowledge.” search for new facts in any branch of Knowledge.” The Advanced Learner Dictionary of Current The Advanced Learner Dictionary of Current English. English. Systematized effort to gain new Knowledge”. Systematized effort to gain new Knowledge”. Redman and Mory Redman and Mory Research is an investigation, recording and analysis Research is an investigation, recording and analysis of evidence for gaining Knowledge”. of evidence for gaining Knowledge”. Robert Ross Robert Ross Research is thus, an original contribution to the Research is thus, an original contribution to the existing stock of Knowledge, for making its existing stock of Knowledge, for making its advancement. advancement.

Research Methodology

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Research MethodologyRESEARCH: Research in common parlance refers to search of Knowledge. Research is an art of scientific Investigation. (Re + Search). A careful Investigation or inquiry specially through search for new facts in any branch of Knowledge. The Advanced Learner Dictionary of Current English. Systematized effort to gain new Knowledge. Redman and Mory

Research is an investigation, recording and analysis of evidence for gaining Knowledge. Robert Ross Research is thus, an original contribution to the existing stock of Knowledge, for making its advancement.

OBJECTIVES:

To portray accurately the characteristics of a particular Individual, Situation or Group. To determine the frequency of occurrence of Situations. To gain familiarity with a phenomenon or to achieve new insights into it. To test Hypothesis.

TYPE OF RESEARCH:

Descriptive Research. Analytical Research. Applied Research. Fundamental Research. Exploratory Research. Experimental Research. Conceptual Research. Empirical Research. Comparative Research. Laboratory or Library Research. Individual or Group Research.

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN: RESEARCH METHOD Research method are the methods or techniques used by researcher in conducting a research operation.

E.g.: - Questionnaire, Interviews, Experiments, Scheduling etc. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY Research methodology is a scientific and systematic way to solve a research problem.

E.g.: - Why a research study has been undertaken, How a research problem has been defined, In what way and why hypothesis has been formulated, What data has been collected and what method has been adopted for collecting data, Why particular techniques of Analysis has been used and similar questions. The Scope of Research Methodology is much wider than Research Method. Thus, in Research Methodology we consider the logic behind the methods we use in the context of our research study.

STEPS IN RESEARCH1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13.

Selection and Identification of the Research Problem. Review of Related Literature. Formulation of Hypothesis. Preparation of the Research Design. Sampling. Data Collection. Execution of the project. Analysis of Data. Testing of Hypothesis. Generalization and Interpretations. Preparation of Report. Presentation of Report. Follow Up.

RESEARCH APPROACH:Research Approach is of two types: 1.Qualitative Approach Deals with qualitative phenomenon related to quality or kind. It is based on subjective assessment of Behaviour, Attitude, Opinion, Impressions etc. 2.Quantitative Approach It is based on measurement of quantity or amount. It is applicable to phenomena expressed in terms of quality.