Renewal in Europe Ch. 11 The Renaissance Section 3 The Renaissance beyond Italy
Standard 7.8 Students analyze the origins, accomplishments, and geographic diffusion of the Renaissance. 4. Describe the growth and effects of new ways of disseminating information (e.g., the ability to manufacture paper, translation of the Bible into the vernacular, printing). 5. Detail advances made in literature, the arts, science, mathematics, cartography, engineering, and the understanding of human anatomy and astronomy (e.g., by Dante Alighieri, Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo di Buonarroti Simoni, Johann Gutenberg, William Shakespeare).
Key Terms Johann Gutenberg Christian humanism Desiderius Erasmus Albrecht Duer Migel de Cervantes William Shakespeare
Outline of the Chapter The Renaissance beyond Italy I. Spread of New Ideas A. Paper and Printing 1. Johann Gutenberg 2. Printing press B. New Universities 1. Italian universities 2. Students became teachers in Europe II. The Northern Renaissance A. A Northern Scholar 1. Desiderius Erasmus The Praise of Folly B. Northern Renaissance Art 1. Realistic, include flaws 2. Albrecht Durer III. Literature beyond Italy A. Miguel de Cervantes Don Quixote B. William Shakespeare poems and plays
Spread of New Ideas
Explain: What are two advantages that paper had over animal skins? It was cheaper and easier to prepare
Analyze: If you needed to create a copy of a single 100-page book, do you think it would be easier to use Gutenbergs press or to write the book by hand? Why? Because of the time required to set the type, it might be easier to make a single copy by hand
What if you needed to make 200 copies? Why? To make multiple copies, the printing press would be more efficient
Predict: How do you think the availability of paper and the printing press would have changed students lives? It made books cheaper and easier to spread ideas
The Northern Renaissance
Recall: What did Erasmus criticize in The Praise of Folly? Corrupt clergy and church rituals he considered meaningless
Analyze: How do you think young women who lived during the Renaissance felt about the changes occurring in Europe? Possible answers some women may have resented being excluded from the universities but glad that they could influence change in other ways
Make Judgments: What might painting people to show all of their flaws reveal about how an artist views people? Possible answer It shows that the artist does not see people as perfect, but as real individuals
Explain: What is a print? A work of art reproduced from the original
Analyze: Why do you think many Northern Renaissance artist drew religious scenes? Possible answers even though they were humanists, religion was very important to them; also religious leaders were willing to pay for such artwork
Which of the artists works show in this chapter do you most enjoy? Why?
Literature beyond Italy
This picture shows the English dramatist and poet, William Shakespeare (1564- 1616). Undated engraving.
Brain Pop: William Shakespeare http://www.brainpop.com/english/freem ovies/williamshakespeare/ http://www.brainpop.com/english/freem ovies/williamshakespeare/
Identify: What kinds of plays did Shakespeare write? Comedies, tragedies, and histories
Analyze: Why do you think Cervantes thought his time was much better than the Middle Ages? The Renaissance had a focus on love of learning and sharing of ideas
Make Judgments: Do you agree with Shakespeares statement that all the worlds a stage? Why or why not?