of 4 /4
Reflexive Verbs 83 1. le petit Claude / se mouiller la chemise en buvant un Coca 2. Marlise / se salir dans le garage 3. les jumeaux/se moquerdu voisin 4. les parents de Philippe / se mettre en panique 5. leur fils / s'echapper de la maison 6. Caroline / se plaindre de tout 7. le petit Baudoin / se cacher au sous-sol 8. Odile / se couper le doigt avec un couteau 9. moi / se fatiguer 10. je / se coucher de bonne heure A plural reflexive pronoun may be used with a verb to express reciprocity (English: each other). —Vous vous parlez souvent? Do you speak to each other often? —Oui, nous nous telephonons tous Yes, we phone each other every day. les jours. —Marc et Constance se voient Do Marc and Constance see each other souvent? often? —Oui, ils se donnent rendez-vous Yes, they make an appointment to see apres leur cours. each other after their class. that pronoun is a direct object. In order to determine whether or not the reflexive pro¬ noun is a direct object, consider whether the corresponding nonreflexive verb takes a direct or indirect object of the person. For instance, the following verbs take a direct object of the person. aider quelqu'un to help someone ^ regarder quelqu'un to look at someone voir quelqu'un to see someone When the direct object is replaced by an object pronoun in the passe compose, the past participle agrees with it in gender and number. Les enfants? Je les ai aides. The children? I helped them. Quand Marie est entree, tout le monde When Marie came in, everyone looked at her. Fa regardee. Les institutrices etaient la? Nous ne les The (female) elementary school teachers avons pas vues. were there? We didn't see them.

Reciprocal Reflexive Verbs

  • Upload
    others

  • View
    27

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Citation preview

Page 1: Reciprocal Reflexive Verbs

Reflexive Verbs 83

1. le petit Claude / se mouiller la chemise en buvant un Coca

2. Marlise / se salir dans le garage

3. les jumeaux/se moquerdu voisin

4. les parents de Philippe / se mettre en panique

5. leur fils / s'echapper de la maison

6. Caroline / se plaindre de tout

7. le petit Baudoin / se cacher au sous-sol

8. Odile / se couper le doigt avec un couteau

9. moi / se fatiguer

10. je / se coucher de bonne heure

Reciprocal Reflexive VerbsA plural reflexive pronoun may be used with a verb to express reciprocity (English: eachother).

—Vous vous parlez souvent? Do you speak to each other often?—Oui, nous nous telephonons tous Yes, we phone each other every day.

les jours.

—Marc et Constance se voient Do Marc and Constance see each other

souvent? often?—Oui, ils se donnent rendez-vous Yes, they make an appointment to see

apres leur cours. each other after their class.

The passe compose of a reciprocal verb is formed like the passe compose of any reflexiveverb: with the auxiliary verb etre. The past participle agrees with the reflexive pronoun ifthat pronoun is a direct object. In order to determine whether or not the reflexive pro¬noun is a direct object, consider whether the corresponding nonreflexive verb takes adirect or indirect object of the person. For instance, the following verbs take a directobject of the person.

aider quelqu'un to help someone ^regarder quelqu'un to look at someonevoir quelqu'un to see someone

When the direct object is replaced by an object pronoun in the passe compose, the pastparticiple agrees with it in gender and number.

Les enfants? Je les ai aides. The children? I helped them.

Quand Marie est entree, tout le monde When Marie came in, everyone looked at her.Fa regardee.

Les institutrices etaient la? Nous ne les The (female) elementary school teachersavons pas vues. were there? We didn't see them.

Page 2: Reciprocal Reflexive Verbs

•psfqo panpm hb st unoawd saixspsi aqj 'sqma ssaqi loq^.

A-3t[10 ipV3 33$ 01 ITOA 3SJLdlftO ipVd dUOlld 0$ J3UOqd3J3J 3Sm

Syip yOOl 0} J3{qUI3SS3J 3SyJLOlfiO tpva OfUl um '}331U Of J3J;U03U3J 3S

USlffO tpV3 fV yjOOJ Of J3pjB§3J 3Ssuoifssnb uoiffo ipvs ysv of suoijsanb sap jasod as^

jsiffo i{3V3 of qvsds of japed as^,UdlffO ipvd Of sif 01 •,UU3ra 3S*usiffo ipvs dpij of japrejjua£susiffo ifovs of 3fUM of ajUDats^

ustffo ipvs 33$ of fuaiufuwddv uv syvw of snoA-zapuaj jauuop as^j.3iff0 vpvs 3fvt[ of jajsajap as

Miffo ipvs M-Oiof of ajpeuuoa asjLoxjfo ipvs puvfsispun of ajpuaiduioa as

uoiffo tpvs sAOf of jaxuTecslaiffo ipvs dpif of lapibjs

X3i[fo ipva m/sffiS dnq of xneapea sap jajaqaets^

sqjaA le^ojdpay uouiuio^ auios

¦dfop 3i{f fv ustffo ipvs of syods dsifc 'ajbo ne aped }uos as sjj

uatffo tpva of ofOUM 3/VL ipa? sararaos snou snojvj

sfftS iatpo tpva savS ['tnaj] /Cstji -xneapea sap auuop juos as sapg

¦\\ ipiM. aajSe jou saop ajdpipedjsed aip pue pafqo pajipui tre si unoucud aAixapai aqj PAixapai aje sqiaA asaqj uaipvv

maiff of yvads -apEd sed suoab jna{ an snoufupip 3m. fnq '3i(fjLvyq puv asiq mvs 3jW sibui 'aqpep\[ p asiq iia suoab snojq

uaif of uaffUAt 3avi{ j •sp»tf ui st suifsuiu ipa? ie in| af 'suej e pa aupspq3

¦uoifvuu-ofut fovfuoo dm matp savS j -saauuopjooD saui auuop ie anaj af

•unouoid pafqo paaxpui ue Xq paaefdaj si unou pafqo paiipm aqj uaqM asoduioaassed aqj ui juaraaaiSe ou si ajaqj 'uosiad aqi jo pafqo paiipui ue aqe; jeip sqiaA uj

auoaiuos of ypvf of un£nbpnb e japed3u03m0s of 3fUM of untnbpnb e ajpaa

auoaiuos of (Smiffamos) saiS of un£nbpnb e (asoqa anbpnb) jauuop

•uosjad aip jo pafqo pajipui ue aqej pqj sqjaA jo sajdurexa aje ajap

Mtlfo tpva m.vs dam sna :iaos 38 sd

Aatlfo tpva fv payfoof ['uiaj] datjp -saapjESaj iuos as saqg

"jtatifo tpva padptj ajw "sapie sauuuos snou snojq

•q qqM saaj§e afdpi;-Jed ped aqj pue pafqo pajip e si unouoid aApcapaj aqj 'aAixapaj aie sqjaA asaqj uaipw

8 Jajdeq}

Page 3: Reciprocal Reflexive Verbs

hd|iter 8

im par-

he passem

.her

n't

the past

T Reflexive Verbs 85

IfH pas hjer. Repondez a I'affirmatif aux questions qu'on vous pose, ma is dites que hierc'etait different. Utilisez le passe compose et faites attention a /'accord du participe.

Suivez le modele.

modEle Vous vous rencontrez souvent?—> Oui, mais hier nous ne nous sommes pas rencontres. ^

1. Vous vous voyez souvent?

2. Vous vous ecrivez souvent?

3. Vous vous parlez souvent?

4. Vous vous telephonez souvent?

5. Vous vous donnez souvent rendez-vous?

6. Vous vous aidez souvent?

7. Vous vous accompagnez souvent?

8. Vous vous invitez souvent?

131 Histoire d'amour. Racontez le triste amour de Felix et Genevieve. Utilisez le pronom liset le passe compose dans chaque phrase. Remarquez quit y a des verbes qui ne sont pas

pronominaux. Suivez le modele.

modele se voir-»• lis se sont vus.

Les rapports humainsse disputer to argues'entendre bien/mal avec qqn to get along/not get along with someonese fiancer (avec qqn) to get engaged (to someone)se marier (avec qqn) to get married (to someone)rompre (avec qqn) to break up (with someone)tomber amoureux/amoureuse de qqn to fall in love with someone

1. se connaitre

2. se parler

3. se comprendre

4. tomber amoureux

5. s'acheter des petits cadeaux

6. se fiancer

7. apres un temps / se disputer

8. se mentir

9. rompre

10. ne pas se marier

The Imperative of Reflexive VerbsIn negative commands, the reflexive pronoun precedes the verb.

Ne t'enerve p as! Don t get upset!

Ne vous levez pas. ^)on ^ S6* UP-

Ne nous approchons pas. Let'5 not get closer.

Page 4: Reciprocal Reflexive Verbs

pouvuj/o dTPTWHinos aij} ui jai/jo i/jwa 33s jCsi^ jupiQ 9[ suBp sariA SBd sajp-juos as a^j

ijassaiSoidIssaiSojid 01 SuiAUfs noditu3Ay ap sbJ snoA-zaaipjja snoA a^

pdvosd sisuosud szp pt(j ^saddcqaa sp-juos as sjaiuaosud saq

tUV uxspom ui p3)S3A3fut nod suy ^auiapoui pibj b snoA-zassajapn snoy^

•qoaads

{buxjoj XiaA puB 3{X}s uaptiM jbuuoj oj papraq si sqjaA aApcapaj ipm suopsanb uijoj ojuoisiaAUT jo asn aqp 'qiaA aqj aiojaq sureuiaj unouoid SAtxagai aqj iqiaA aqj jaqjB paoBjdsi unouoid joafqns aqj 'sqiaA SAixapai q}iM suoqsanb uiioj oj pasn si uoisiaAUi uaq^

sqj9A dAixaya^f pue suoqDruisuco 3a;x3|J3^ iaqjo

ipjed mod isjedaid as "01 j3Ajaus(s sed au 'g

ajiod b| sjba ia6jijp as -g suibui sa| jaAe| as >

japje^ -g jaipadap as •£

as sed au 7 ja||iqBLj,s z

jasodai as sn|d au -9 jassi as "l

•snou-suoAaj <—

iaAa| as aiaaow

•a/apou; a/ zdains 'pjojdj ua aija sod au mod bjidj wdj i^nb aa iuud un pdjip mod /a/m/d np auuosiad aia/uiaid u/ dppjdjddiuij za/fo/du/g •bBdjooous^s uq Qj

iqjEd mod jaiBdaid as -qi ' jaAjaua(s sad au s

ajjod B| sjaA ia6jJ!p as 'g sujBui sa| iaAB| as >

jaqonoaaj as ssd au '8 jaqaadap as •£

jaqaBj as ssd au y jailiqBq^ z

lasodaj as sn|d au •9 jaAa| as y

•snoA-za|||aAay isjuib xnap b•|Oj-a|||aAay iuib un e <—

lailiaAaj as aiaaoiAi

•a/apoiu a/ ZdAins pjojdj ua aija sod au mod ai/u/ juaA/op s//;nb aa fs/u/u xnap p jaJ!lud un p ai/p mod xnouiuiouojd sdqjda sappjomdunj za/o/diug /majua/ a//anf)

¦SuiyMM ;jv;s puv passaip lag uapibabii b ioj-spui is loi-aqiqbjj

'dn /uni/ sjaj -snou-suoqaadaQ

"umop ps -snoA-zaXassy

•qiaA aqj iajjB paaBjd uaqM toj o; saSireqa aj, -uaqdXq b Aq q o;papauuoa puB qiaA aq; iaqB paaB|d si unouoid aAixaqai aqj 'spuBiuiuoa aAiiBiuiqjB uj

8 Jajdsq^98