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10/30/19 Unidad 2 - Pronominal & Reflexive Verbs + Pensar 1 Verbos pronominales y reflexivos Pronominal and Reflexive Verbs Telling what people do for themselves. Unidad 2 1 « A pronominal verb is a verb that uses reflexive pronouns . « There are several types such as: reflexive verbs , reciprocal verbs , and idiomatic pronominal verbs (meaning changes). Pronominal Verbs 2 « Se usa un cuando una persona hace una acci ón a misma . « (The reflexive is used when a person does an action to/for themselves.) « Se usa para indicar esto . « (Reflexive pronouns are used to indicate this) Verbos reflexivos 3 Non-Reflexive: Reflexive: Mar ta cepilla el perro . Marco se cepilla . Marta = Subject Perro = direct object Marta performs action, but the dog receives it. Marco = Subject Marco = direct object Marco performs action, and he receives it. Verbos reflexivos 4 Non-Reflexive: Reflexive: Carlos lava la ropa . Aarón se lava. Carlos = Subject La ropa = direct object Carlos performs action, but the clothes receive it. Aar ón = Subject Aar ón = direct object Aar ón performs action, and he receives it. Verbos reflexivos 5 Lavarse To wash oneself (Present tense) Verbos reflexivos Singular Plural Yo Nosotros Nosotras Vosotros Vosotras Ud./Él/ Ella Uds./Ellos/ Ellas me lavo te lavas se lava nos lavamos os laváis se lavan 6

Unidad2 Pronominal-Reflexive-Verbs Pensar · 2019-11-05 · 10/30/19 Unidad 2 -Pronominal & Reflexive Verbs + Pensar 1 Verbospronominalesy reflexivos Pronominal and Reflexive Verbs

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Page 1: Unidad2 Pronominal-Reflexive-Verbs Pensar · 2019-11-05 · 10/30/19 Unidad 2 -Pronominal & Reflexive Verbs + Pensar 1 Verbospronominalesy reflexivos Pronominal and Reflexive Verbs

10/30/19

Unidad 2 - Pronominal & Reflexive Verbs + Pensar 1

Verbos pronominales y reflexivosPronominal and Reflexive Verbs

Telling what people do for themselves.

Unidad 2

1

«A pronominal verb is a verb that uses

reflexive pronouns.

«There are several types such as: reflexive verbs, reciprocal verbs, and

idiomatic pronominal verbs (meaning changes).

Pronominal Verbs

2

«Se usa un cuando unapersona hace una acción a sí misma.« (The reflexive is used when a person

does an action to/for themselves.)

«Se usa para indicaresto.« (Reflexive pronouns are used to indicate

this)

Verbos reflexivos

3

Non-Reflexive: Reflexive:

Marta cepilla el perro. Marco se cepilla.

•Marta = Subject•Perro = direct object

Marta performs action, but the dog receives it.

•Marco = Subject•Marco = direct object

Marco performs action, and he receives it.

Verbos reflexivos

4

Non-Reflexive: Reflexive:

Carlos lava la ropa. Aarón se lava.•Carlos = Subject•La ropa = direct object

Carlos performs action, but the clothes receive it.

•Aarón = Subject•Aarón = direct object

Aarón performs action, and he receives it.

Verbos reflexivos

5

Lavarse – To wash oneself(Present tense)

Verbos reflexivos

Singular PluralYo Nosotros

NosotrasTú Vosotros

VosotrasUd./Él/Ella

Uds./Ellos/Ellas

me lavo

te lavas

se lava

nos lavamos

os laváis

se lavan

6

Page 2: Unidad2 Pronominal-Reflexive-Verbs Pensar · 2019-11-05 · 10/30/19 Unidad 2 -Pronominal & Reflexive Verbs + Pensar 1 Verbospronominalesy reflexivos Pronominal and Reflexive Verbs

10/30/19

Unidad 2 - Pronominal & Reflexive Verbs + Pensar 2

Secarse – To dry oneself(Preterite tense)

Verbos reflexivos

Singular PluralYo Nosotros

NosotrasTú Vosotros

VosotrasUd./Él/Ella

Uds./Ellos/Ellas

me sequé

te secaste

se secó

nos secamos

os secasteis

se secaron

7

«Verbs that are non-reflexively are still irregular when used reflexively!« Poner – Yo pongo (I put)« Ponerse – Yo me pongo (I put on)

« Ponerse: –go verb.« Acostarse: o-ue« Despertarse: e-ie« Dormirse: o-ue« Sentarse: e-ie

Verbos reflexivos

8

« To make a verb with a reflexive pronoun negative, add a “no” before the pronoun.« ¿No te lavas las manos?« Ellos no se cepillan el pelo.

Verbos reflexivos

9

Con el cuerpo y la ropa:« When you use the reflexive pronoun with

body parts or clothing you use an article (el/la) not a possessive adjective (mi/mis)« Yo me lavé cara.« Te pones camisa.« Me cepillé dientes.

Verbos reflexivos

10

Con infinitivos:« When you use the reflexive pronoun with

an infinitive of a verb, the pronoun is attached to the of the or before the conjugated verb.« Yo voy a lavar el pelo.« Él va a lavar .« Nosostros vamos a maquillar .« Ellos van a afeitar.

Verbos reflexivos

11

« There are other types of pronominal verbs that work like reflexives because they use the reflexive pronouns, but aren’t actually reflexive verbs. They just change meaning when using the reflexive pronoun!

Otros verbos pronominales

12

Page 3: Unidad2 Pronominal-Reflexive-Verbs Pensar · 2019-11-05 · 10/30/19 Unidad 2 -Pronominal & Reflexive Verbs + Pensar 1 Verbospronominalesy reflexivos Pronominal and Reflexive Verbs

10/30/19

Unidad 2 - Pronominal & Reflexive Verbs + Pensar 3

Otros verbos pronominalesVerb (no reflexive pronouns)

Pronominal Verb (uses reflexive pronouns)

Comer – to eat Comerse – to eat upBeber – to drink Beberse – to drink it all

upIr – to go Irse – to go away/leaveMorir – to die Morirse – to fall down

dead/pass awayDormir – to sleep Dormirse – to fall asleepLlevar – to take/carry Llevarse – to take/carry

something away

13

Conjuguen:1. Yo // acostarse (present)

2. Ellos // dormirse (present)

3. Nosotros //maquillarse (pret.)

4. Él // afeitarse (pret.)

5. Yo // cepillarse (pret).

6. Tú // ir // levantarse (near future)

Prueba de práctica

Me acuesto.

Ellos se duermen

Nos maquillamos

Él se afeitó.

Me cepillé

Vas a levantarte.

14

« When the verb is followed by an , it means to plan or to plan on.

temprano esta noche.« I plan to go (on going) to bed early

tonight.« ¿ usted el museo?

« Are you planning to visit the museum?

El verbo pensar

15

Pensar – To think // To plan on

Pensar

Singular PluralYo Nosotros

NosotrasTú Vosotros

VosotrasUd./Él/Ella

Uds./Ellos/Ellas

pienso

piensas

piensa

pensamos

pensáis

piensan

16