Quality Circle class XI

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    15-Jul-2015

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Slide 1Quality CirclePresentation By:MembersNATURALDISASTERSFLOODSRainsDam breakingRiver overflowIce and snow-meltsStrong winds in coastal areasCAUSESKnow about your local relief centers and evacuation routes.Keep emergency numbers as well as emergency supplies, kits, first aid items.Plant trees and shrubs in your compound as they can control erosion. Make sure you have permission from emergency officers to get back inside your house.Clean the entire home, together with all the objects in it very well before you use them again.Wear appropriate gear (mask and gloves) before cleaning begins. CYCLONESFit shutters, or atleast metal screens to all glass areas.Clear your property of loose material that could blow about and possibly cause damage during extreme winds.Know your nearest safe high ground and the safest across route to it.Check for gas leaks . Dont use electrical appliances if wet.Listen to local radio for official warnings and advice.Dont make unnecessary telephone calls.EARTHQUAKEThe exterior portion of the Earth i.e. crust is not continuous, and is broken into many pieces known asplates. These plates move constantly. They can slide past one another, or move into each other because of the collisions taking place between them.When this happens, disturbances are produced in the earths crust, which lead to an earthquake on the surface of the Earth. CAUSESMake sure you have a fire extinguisher, first aid kit, a battery-powered radio, a flashlight etc at home. Don't leave heavy objects on shelves (they'll fall during a quake). Learn the earthquake plan at your school or workplace. Check yourself and others for injuries. Provide first aid for anyone who needs it.Turn on the radio. Don't use the phone unless it's an emergency. Stay out of damaged buildings. If you're at school or work, follow the emergency plan or the instructions of the person in charge. LANDSLIDESoil ErosionEarthquakesVolcanic EruptionsDeforestationCAUSESYou should have an emergency kit and make a family communications plan.Become familiar with the land around you. Learn whether landslide have occurred in your area by contacting local officials. Protect your property by planting ground cover on slopes and building retaining walls.Go to a designated public shelter if you have been told to evacuate or you feel it is unsafe to remain in your home. Listen to local radio or television stations for the latest emergency information.Replant damaged ground as soon as possible since erosion caused by loss of ground cover can lead to flash flooding or landslidesDROUGHTHuman factors Lack of rainfallGlobal WarmingSurface water flow CAUSESOptimize the use of soils and forage species.Develop a hay storage plan.Determine the optimum stocking rate.Graze pastures to target stubble height.Reseed legumes and grasses as needed.Use annual forages during pasture renovation.A gradual increase in the overall temperature of the earth's atmosphere generally attributed to the greenhouse effect caused by increased levels of carbon dioxide, CFCs, and other pollutants.Carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel burning power plantsCarbon dioxide emissions from burning gasoline for transportationMethane emissions fromanimals,agriculture such as rice paddies, and from Arctic sea bedsDeforestation, especially tropical forests for wood, pulp, and farmlandIncrease in usage of chemical fertilizers on croplandsCAUSESREFERS TO THE ADAPTATION OF PROFFESIONAL NURSING SKILLS IN RELATION TO THE NURSING PHYSICAL AND EMOTIONAL REQUIREMENTS AFTER THE DISASTER.THERE IS NO DISASTER THAT CAN BECOME A BLESSING AND NO BLESSING THAT CAN BECOME A DISASTERMAN MADEDISASTERSPoliticalStrategicPsychologicalSocio economicReligiousCAUSES

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