Putting the pieces together

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Putting the pieces together. The introduction Purpose statement Literature Review Research Design Data Collection Methodology. Introduction/Purpose. The introduction & Purpose statement are critical Some readers might only read that part (lazy professors; editor; grants) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Putting the pieces together

  • Putting the pieces togetherThe introductionPurpose statementLiterature ReviewResearch DesignData CollectionMethodology

  • Introduction/PurposeThe introduction & Purpose statement are criticalSome readers might only read that part (lazy professors; editor; grants)You better clearly identify your purpose and its importance on the first page.

  • Three Purposes of ResearchExplorationDescriptionExplanation

  • Identify Units of AnalysisWhat or whom to study:IndividualsGroupsOrganizationsInstitutionsSocial artifacts

  • Units of Analysis and Faulty ReasoningEcological fallacy assuming something learned about an ecological unit says something about the individuals in the unit. Reductionism Reducing something to a simple explanation when in reality it is complex.

  • Identify Time DimensionCross-Sectional StudiesLongitudinal StudiesTrendCohortPanel

  • How to Design a Research ProjectDefine the purpose of your project.Specify exact meanings for the concepts you want to study.Choose a research method.Decide how to measure the results.

  • How to Design a Research ProjectDecide whom or what to study.Collect empirical data.Process the data.Analyze the data.Report your findings.

  • Elements of a Research ProposalProblem or objectiveLiterature reviewSubjects for studyMeasurements

  • Elements of a Research ProposalData-collection methodsAnalysisScheduleBudget (maybe)

  • Why these need to be clear?To get your prospectus approvedTo get funding (grants)To get approval from IRB

  • So you are still clueless

  • Look to the literature

  • RememberYou are writing developing two research designs1 broader one for your thesis1 narrower one for your paperThey are obviously related but not interchangeable.

  • AdviceBe as clear and specific as possibleWhat is crime policy?What is assessment?What is privacy?What is identity?What do you mean by immigration (legal, illegal, both)?

  • AdviceIn the research design/methodology section, use the lingo but define the lingo. Case study, ethnography, in-depth interviews (what does that mean?); focus group (elaborate).

    Include a justification section for your design that includes references.

  • Drafting and redrafting Moving from first to final draft is a multistage process that sees you working systematically through the development of:

    logic and argumentcoherence and consistencyfluency and readabilityand finally, copy editing

  • APSA Citation Style

    Erskine, Hazel. 1974. The Polls: Fear of Violence and Crime. Public Opinion Quarterly 38 (1): 131-15.

    Ferraro, Kenneth and Randy LaGrange. 1987. The Measurement of Fear of Crime. Sociological Inquiry 57 (1): 70-101.

    Garofalo, James. 1981. The Fear of crime: Causes and Consequence. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 82 (2): 839-857.

    Warr, Mark. 1990. Dangerous Situations: Social Context and Fear of Victimization. Social Forces 68, 3: 891-907.

  • Example: Pape (2003)