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  • Daimler Trucks

    Daimler Trucks & Buses: Commercial Urban E-Mobility

    Dr.-Ing. Manfred Schuckert, Head of Automotive Regulatory Strategy, Commercial Vehicles, External Affairs, Daimler AG Brussels - Nov. 16, 2016

  • Daimler AG

    Long Haul40.9 %

    Regional Delivery12.9 %

    Construction12.2 %

    Service Delivery (3.5-7.5t)11.4 %

    Coaches6.6 %

    Urban Delivery3.4 %

    City Buses8.3 %

    Utility4.3%

    Sources: AEA (2011)

    Commercial vehicle e-mobility addressing several topics:CO2 emissions and Local Air Quality

    2

    CO2 emissions of commercial vehicles divided by different missions: 3 main segments cover 60% of all CO2 emissionsCO2 emissions of commercial vehicles divided by different missions: 3 main segments cover 60% of all CO2 emissions

    Commercial vehicle sector is highly diverse in terms of size and mission

    Relative subdivision according to total CO2 emission per year (EU 27, 2010)

    Heavy Duty distribution traffic

    Mercedes-Benz Urban eTruck

    Public transportation

    Mercedes-Benz Citaro E-CELL

    Daimler Trucks & Buses: Commercial Urban E-Mobility / Dr. M. Schuckert / Nov. 2016

    Urban Delivery

    Fuso E-Cell

  • Daimler AG

    The time is right as battery technology is improving

    500 /kWh

    80 Wh/kg

    Cost

    Performance

    down by factor

    2.5

    200 /kWh

    200 Wh/kg

    upby factor

    2.5

    Forecast for development of battery performance and costForecast for development of battery performance and cost

    Daimler Trucks & Buses: Commercial Urban E-Mobility / Dr. M. Schuckert / Nov. 2016 3

  • Daimler AG

    Why does e-mobility work now?The time is right as battery technology is improving

    battery capacity costrange payload city bans

    Daimler Trucks & Buses: Commercial Urban E-Mobility / Dr. M. Schuckert / Nov. 2016 4

  • The Development of Fuso Canter E-Cell

    2006 2010 2014 2015 2016

    IntroductionCanter Eco

    HybridPortugal

    FUSO CanterE-Cell@IAA

    2nd Generation

    Canter E-CellStuttgart

    Fleet test

  • Daimler AG

    Lithium-ion batteries with capacity of 48.4 kWh:

    Test range of about 100 km

    Different battery capacities for different applications available

    The Fuso eCanterAgile and flexible for light duty distribution

    Powerful electrical engine

    with 110 kW and 650 Nm

    Permanent magnet engine, 400 V

    Max. torque at wheel: 4,330 Nm

    Traction force @ wheel: 18slope rate

    Liquid-cooled, increased durability and efficiency

    Serving as generator for recuperation

    Daimler Trucks & Buses: Commercial Urban E-Mobility / Dr. M. Schuckert / Nov. 2016 6

  • Daimler AG

    Standard household plug and quick charging

    Charging time between 7 hours to only 1 hour

    State-of-the-art quick charging system On board

    Daimler Trucks & Buses: Commercial Urban E-Mobility / Dr. M. Schuckert / Nov. 2016 7

  • Daimler AG

    Innovative electrified components combined with standard components for maximum reliability

    Innovative - e.g. the high voltage (HV) net:

    Heater unit for cab

    Power steering pump

    Air conditioning compressor

    Take-over drivetrain components

    from conventional Canter

    Chassis

    Comfort cabin

    Propeller shaft

    Differential and axle gear

    Daimler Trucks & Buses: Commercial Urban E-Mobility / Dr. M. Schuckert / Nov. 2016 8

  • Daimler AG

    Extensive fleet tests of electric trucks in Portugal - experiences:

    Capable of dealing with hot weather conditions

    50,000 km driven without failures or break downs

    1,000 Euro cost saving per 10,000 km compared to a conventional truck

    Fleet test in Portugal:50,000 km driven without major failures or breakdowns

    Presently ongoing field tests in Stuttgart area

    Daimler Trucks & Buses: Commercial Urban E-Mobility / Dr. M. Schuckert / Nov. 2016 9

  • Daimler AG

    The Mercedes-Benz Urban eTruckA completely new concept for heavy duty distribution

    Daimler Trucks & Buses: Commercial Urban E-Mobility / Dr. M. Schuckert / Nov. 2016 10

    Urban eTruck details and benefitsUrban eTruck details and benefits

    3 battery packs Placed inside frame Protected against side impact Lowering center of gravity:

    Increased rolling stability

  • Daimler AG

    Significant advantages compared to central E-motor

    11.5 tons permissible axle load same as conventional drivetrain Additional space for batteries Installation of additional drive axles possible

    E-Axle: Core of an efficient drivetrainPortal axle for truck application: 200 mm ground clearance

    HV Electric Drive,

    ZF AVE 130-400 VAC modified

    PPeak 2 x 125 kW / PCont 2 x 60 kW

    Max. motor rotation: 11,000 rpm

    Max. torque: Mmax 2 x 500 Nm

    Daimler Trucks & Buses: Commercial Urban E-Mobility / Dr. M. Schuckert / Nov. 2016 11

  • Daimler AG

    Charging conceptDirect Current (DC) charging with external station

    * acc. to European Standard IEC 62196

    Rapid charging extremely

    important for heavy duty trucks

    External charging unit

    offers several advantages

    Saving vehicle weight

    Saving costs for customers

    Standardized charging connector, no adapter needed:

    Combo-Standard, Type 2 *

    Daimler Trucks & Buses: Commercial Urban E-Mobility / Dr. M. Schuckert / Nov. 2016 12

  • Daimler AG

    module strategy 51Ah EV cell potentialmodule strategy 37Ah cell

    2015 2020 2025 2030

    180%

    160%

    140%

    120%

    100%

    energy content with equal assembly space

    Current perception shows large potentials to raise energy content of batteries with equal assembly space until 2030

    Daimler Trucks & Buses: Commercial Urban E-Mobility / Dr. M. Schuckert / Nov. 2016 Page 13

  • Daimler AG

    Daimler Buses active in the field of E-Public Transport for morethan 40 years

    Daimler Trucks & Buses: Commercial Urban E-Mobility / Dr. M. Schuckert / Nov. 2016 14

  • Daimler AG

    Daimler Buses focuses on TCO optimized vehicles and emissionfree driving for city bus application

    Daimler Trucks & Buses: Commercial Urban E-Mobility / Dr. M. Schuckert / Nov. 2016 15

  • Daimler AG

    Especially for inner city applications E-Freight

    could become a competitve alternative to

    conventional drivetrains

    Vehicle costs are still very high and much

    dependent on required range

    Customers required to build up new

    Competences

    Governments at least for the next years need

    to support these activities

    still quite a long way to go

    Especially for inner city applications E-Freight

    could become a competitve alternative to

    conventional drivetrains

    Vehicle costs are still very high and much

    dependent on required range

    Customers required to build up new

    Competences

    Governments at least for the next years need

    to support these activities

    still quite a long way to go

    Summary

    Batteries still too expensive significant

    cost reduction still necessary

    Lifetime of batteries under HD applications

    Heavy duty requirements to be addressed

    Customers need to adopt to technological

    performance

    Charging infrastructure still very expensive

    and for HD not yet available

    TCO advantage not yet given in every

    segmentand many more

    Batteries still too expensive significant

    cost reduction still necessary

    Lifetime of batteries under HD applications

    Heavy duty requirements to be addressed

    Customers need to adopt to technological

    performance

    Charging infrastructure still very expensive

    and for HD not yet available

    TCO advantage not yet given in every

    segmentand many more

    Challenges still ahead Conclusions

    Daimler Trucks & Buses: Commercial Urban E-Mobility / Dr. M. Schuckert / Nov. 2016 16

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