Preparing Teachers to Teach Integrated STEM Education Michael Daugherty, Vinson Carter, & Pre-service Teacher Education Candidates, University of Arkansas

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Preparing Teachers to Teach Integrated STEM EducationMichael Daugherty, Vinson Carter, & Pre-service Teacher Education Candidates, University of ArkansasINTEGRATED SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, & MATHEMATICS EDUCATIONSTEM EDUCATIONINTEGRATED STEMAuthentic, engaging, hands-on learningDeveloping thinking skills: How to think vs. what to thinkProject-based learningCuriosity, imagination, technological literacyExploiting technology to foster creativityTreating effective teamwork as an outcomeLearning transfer: Basic skillsapplicationsynthesisBuilding a STEM mental warehouse!

Five Courses (STEM Grad Certificate)Introduction to STEM EducationCreativity & Innovation in the Early Grades (Technology & Engineering)Math Methods in STEM EducationScience Methods in STEM EducationCurriculum Development

First Course: Introduction to STEM EducationClearly defining Science, Technology, Engineering, and MathematicsMobile activityRationale/purpose for integrated STEM educationSTEM content and pedagogyThe nature & pedagogies of the STEM disciplinesModeling the methods of STEMResearch focused and drivenSTEM standards & assessments are central

STEM Resources

Cognitive Tools(scientific inquiry & the engineering design process)Understanding by DesignCurriculum filters Problem/project based learningDiscipline based heuristics & engineering designStandards and frameworksCollaborative learning formatLesson & unit plan modelPerformance-based assessment

Curriculum Models & StandardsExample ProjectsSTEM assessmentFlash cardsMobile designEngineering portfolioResource procurementElectronics projectPop-up book activityNarrative curriculum

Programmable control projectKEVA planksCreating/solving long-term design challenges:Human-power challengeEarthquake proof shelterWind-powered vehicle

Essential QuestionCan students help the other turtles (townspeople) build a castle for the king to see for miles?

Big IdeasAttributes of Structural DesignTools and TechniquesTeamworkBuilding a CastleDESIGN CHALLENGE

Essential QuestionHow might you design a structure that would help Old Humpty survive his fall off of the wall?

Big IdeasAttributes of scientific principles - gravity, force, impact, and motion. Develop the skills necessary to describe methods, predictions, explanations, and generalizations experienced trial and error.

Will Humpty Go Splat or Will He Last?DESIGN CHALLENGE

Essential QuestionHow would you design a 3-dimensional map?

Big IdeasCardinal DirectionsUnderstanding MapsGeological & Industrial LandmarksFranklin is Lost:Map MakingDESIGN CHALLENGE

Essential QuestionCan you design a game that is fun and appropriate for the whole family to play?

Big IdeasThe role of creativity and designDesign under constraintFundamental concepts of geometryGame designThe New GameDESIGN CHALLENGE

Essential QuestionCan you help Curious George design a boat that will float?

Big IdeasThe role of creativity and problem solvingDesign under constrainTurning something known into something understood Staying AfloatDESIGN CHALLENGE

Essential QuestionCan a model shelter be designed to withstand a tornado?

Big IdeasAttributes of shapes used in structuresProperties of materials Use of the engineering design loopAbility to clearly demonstrate and present final project


Solve the Problem

Using the design loop!

How is disciplinary content delivered in STEM?Common Core State StandardsMathematically Proficient Students Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.They explain to themselves the meaning of a problem and look for entry points to its solution. They analyze givens, constraints, relationships, and goals.Reason abstractly and quantitatively.They make sense of quantities and their relationships in problem situations.National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM)Process StandardsProblem SolvingSolve problems that arise in mathematics and in other contextsConnectionsRecognize and apply mathematics in contexts outside of mathematics

Human-Powered FanDesign ChallengeEssential Question:Can an human-powered fan be designed to cool students in areas where electricity is not available?

Draw Fan Designs Draw and identify lines and angles, and classify shapes by properties of their lines and angles.

4.G.1 Draw points, lines, line segments, rays, angles (right, acute, obtuse), and perpendicular and parallel lines. Identify these in two-dimensional figures.

Analyze Fan DesignsAfter students have been working on a fan design explore lines of symmetry in their designs.

4.G.3 Recognize a line of symmetry for a two-dimensional figure as a line across the figure such that the figure can be folded along the line into matching parts. Identify line-symmetric figures and draw lines of symmetry.

Measure Angles in Fan DesignsHave students measure angles in their designs. Have students measure the angles between the lines of symmetry in their designs.

4.MD.6 Measure angles in whole-number degrees using a protractor. Sketch angles of specified measure.