Precision breeding of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) for improved traits

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    ARTICLE IN PRESSG ModelPSL-8963; No. of Pages 8Plant Science xxx (2014) xxxxxx

    Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    Plant Science

    j ourna l ho me pa ge: www.elsev ier .com/ locate /p lantsc i

    Review

    Precisi

    Dennis J.a Grape BiotechUSAb Department o

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    Article history:Available onlin

    Keywords:GrapevineVitis viniferaCisgenicsIntragenicsGenetic engineDisease resistaAnthocyanin mExpression an

    expression analysis of a wide range of grapevine-derived promoters and disease-related genes. It is envi-sioned that future research efforts will be extended to the study of promoters and genes functioning toenhance other important traits, such as fruit quality and vigor.

    Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

    Contents

    IntroduAdvancDevelop

    TrGr

    PromotA nCoTis

    ResistanAnAnAnAbPr

    ConclusAcknoRefer

    CorresponE-mail add

    http://dx.doi.o0168-9452/Pu this article in press as: D.J. Gray, et al., Precision breeding of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) for improved traits, Plant Sci. (2014),doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2014.03.023

    ction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00es in gene insertion technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00ment of a grape gene-based marker system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00

    aditional marker genes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00apevine gene-derived anthocyanin marker system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00er mining and functional analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00on-destructive anthocyanin-based promoter assay system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00nstitutively active promoters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00sue-specic, inducible and developmentally regulated promoters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00ce/tolerance genes to biotic and abiotic stresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00tifungal genes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00tibacterial genes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00tiviral genes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00iotic stress tolerance genes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00ecision bred plants under eld testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00ion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00wledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00

    ences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 00

    ding author. Tel.: +407 41 6946; fax: +407 814 6186.ress: djg@u.edu (D.J. Gray).

    rg/10.1016/j.plantsci.2014.03.023blished by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.on breeding of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) for improved traits

    Graya,, Zhijian T. Lia, Sadanand A. Dhekneyb

    nology Core Laboratory, Mid-Florida Research and Education Center, University of Florida/IFAS, 2725 Binion Road, Apopka, FL 32703-8504

    f Plant Sciences, Sheridan Research and Extension Center, University of Wyoming, 663 Wyarno Road, Sheridan, WY 82801 USA

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    This review provides an overview of recent technological advancements that enable precision breedingto genetically improve elite cultivars of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.). Precision breeding, previously termedcisgenic or intragenic genetic improvement, necessitates a better understanding and use of genomicresources now becoming accessible. Although it is now a relatively simple task to identify genetic ele-ments and genes from numerous omics databases, the control of major agronomic and enological traitsoften involves the currently unknown participation of many genes and regulatory machineries. In addi-tion, genetic evolution has left numerous vestigial genes and sequences without tangible functions. Thus,it is critical to functionally test each of these genetic entities to determine their real-world functionalityor contribution to trait attributes. Toward this goal, several diverse techniques now are in place, includingcell culture systems to allow efcient plant regeneration, advanced gene insertion techniques, and, veryrecently, resources for genomic analyses. Currently, these techniques are being used for high-throughput

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    ARTICLE IN PRESSG ModelPSL-8963; No. of Pages 82 D.J. Gray et al. / Plant Science xxx (2014) xxxxxx

    Introduction

    Genetic improvement of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) is one of thecritical needs to enhance crop productivity and foster protablewine indusunique hybment of elis deemed by severe dchemical cothat incites of durable the unsustators, despitunsuccessfuHowever, gwas identitance was svinifera culthe pathogespecic traistresses, whelite cultivational breedthe producttions of oenbe used to of Vitis becand compleity of the rworldwide a stringentlHowever, edurable disintensive aquent use ohigher humsuch practicsuch increabiotechnoloexpedite gesion breedinof current tses, for the as well as o

    Advances i

    The metinducing siment for ovfor perennicles to convdurability oIn order toing, efcienAn increasinto documenThe preciseparticle bommediated grecovery [1and optimiing hundreplants mod

    low-gene copy number and dened gene insertion [24,26]. A largenumber of modied plants is critical for identication of lines witha desirable level of gene expression and performance to meet over-all improvement objectives [27]. The need to test many plant lines,

    e nooutsting ton bon-pely peferh won mnal non-tilizeproagoinomot

    werc mao