Polarized and Fluorescence Microscope (PFLM)
! The PFLM comes with a digital camera and 46 components including specialty filters, eyepieces and light source.
! This instrument is equipped with a temperature controlled stage (Linkam LTS 350).
! It is used to help quantify the structure of the biomaterials that are being developed.
! This is an integral piece of equipment which will help to elucidate the role of structural design and processing conditions on final physical properties of the materials.
! We are able to do time and temperature resolved microscopy on this instrument, so as to observe directly the formation of the network structure of our materials.
Leica Microsystems, (Wetzlar, Germany)
Controlled Temperature Stage for Microscope
! The Linkam LTS350- Variable Temperature Stage for
Microscope comes with Liquid Nitrogen-Automated Cooling system and 2 litre dewar.
! The stage consists of a large area temperature controlled element with simple microscope slide mounted sample loading.
! It is a heating and freezing stage, designed for accurate temperature measurements.
! Its temperature programmer allows for sophisticated temperature profiles that are critical to process the samples.
! It is also used to process samples for x-ray diffraction and hardness measurements.
Quorum Technologies Inc. (Guelph, ON)
Pulsed Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrometer (pNMR)
! The minispec mq20 is one of the latest of a series of NMR instruments.
! It comes with control and magnetic units which allow very high flexibilities in experimental design and measurement handling.
! It comes with a probe unit and a variable Temperature Control Unit, suitable for high and low temperatures.
! It is an NMR instrument for time and temperature resolved liquid to solid analysis, such as solid fat content (SFC) analysis.
! The instrument is equipped to analyze biomaterials, polymers and fats that are being developed.
Bruker Optics Ltd. (Milton, Ontario)
X-Ray Diffractometer (XRD)
! XRD is a non-destructive analytical technique which reveals information about the crystallographic structure and physical properties of materials ranging from simple inorganic solids to complex macromolecules.
! Our XRD is a system of the highest quality used to: ! Characterize the crystallographic structure, crystallite
size (grain size), and preferred orientation of our biomaterials.
! Characterize heterogeneous solid mixtures to determine relative abundance of crystalline compounds.
! Determine strains in our crystalline materials. ! Solve the complete structure of our materials. ! Provide structural information on unknown materials.
D8 DISCOVER, Bruker AXS Inc. (Madison, WI USA)
Differential Scanning Calorimeter (DSC)
! The DSC instrument comes with 4 components including a refrigerated cooling system, a gas dryer and a DSC Sample Press.
! It has patented temperature modulation capability with amplitude and period selections.
! It is used to probe the thermodynamic properties such as crystallization, melting, glass transitions, or exothermic decompositions of the biomaterials.
! These transitions involve energy changes or heat capacity changes that can be detected by DSC with great sensitivity.
! It is used to elucidate the phase behavior of the materials.
Q200, TA Instruments, (New Castle, DE)
Dynamic Mechanical Analyzer (DMA)
! DMA can be simply described as applying an oscillating force to a sample and analyzing the materials response to that force.
! Our DMA is equipped with a gas cooling accessory with auto-fill capability and allows the study of our materials response to stress, temperature, frequency and other values.
! It is one of the most powerful tools available for the study of the thermo mechanical behavior of the materials.
! It used to measure stiffness (storage modulus) and damping characteristics of our materials. ! The storage modulus is the measure of the samples elastic behavior. ! Damping is a measure of the energy dissipation of a material.
! It is used to measure the glass transition temperature. ! The DMA high sensitivity and low starting temperature of -190 C allows us
easily to look for the small molecular motions and detect other subtler transitions that occur in the glassy or rubbery state.
Q800, TA Instruments, (New Castle, DE)
Temperature Controlled Oscillatory Rheometer
! Our AR 2000 ex comes with 7 components including Peltier plates for low and high temperature measurement and fixtures.
! It provides controlled stress, direct strain and controlled rate measurements and is appropriate for a wide range of applications.
! It is used for rheology measurements. ! It can be used for the characterization of delicate
structures in fluids with a wide range of viscosities, polymer melts, solids and reactive materials.
AR 2000ex, TA Instruments, (New Castle, DE)
Thermal Gravimetric Analyzer (TGA)
! This instrument comes with High Resolution and Modulation Modes
! It is used to measure weight changes in a material as a function of temperature (or time) under a controlled atmosphere.
! It is commonly used to measure a material's thermal stability.
! TGA used to determine degradation temperatures, residual solvent levels, absorbed moisture content, and the amount of inorganic (noncombustible) filler in our polymers and composite materials.
Q500, TA Instruments, (New Castle, DE)
Texture and Mechanical Analyzer
! The TA.HD Plus comes with 18 components including 3 interchangeable load cells (5kg, 50 kg, 750 kg), a heavy duty plateform, a Peltier plate with Cabinet: 20 C below ambient to 70 C and probes and fixtures.
! This instrument is used to perform a variety of tests in both tension and compression.
! It measures the texture and hardness of our biomaterials. ! It is able to measure the rheological characteristics of extremely
soft materials such as lipid networks (e.g. butter) and the compressive and tensile strengths of hard plastic materials.
! It is also capable of precisely quantifying a wide variety of physical parameters such as hardness, break strength compaction, strength consistency, friction, spreadability, and curing, tube extrusion energy and behaviors.
TA.HD Plus, Texture Technologies Corp. (NY, USA)
Custom Built Crystallizer/Fractionator
! Designed by the Biomaterials Team.
! Built by Ken Singh (National Oil Levels, Edmonton, AB, Canada).
! Patent pending.
! Allows unique crystallization related separations of lipid components.
Azco (Langley, BC, Canada)
! This is a Dual Mode FT-IR - fitted to TGA and stand alone.
! The Nicolet 6700 FT-IR Spectrometer comes with 7 components.
! It is used for the spectral characterization of the biomaterials that are being developed.
! It is a chemically-specific analysis technique used to identify chemical compounds and substituent groups.
! Combined with TGA, it provides in-time characterization of the products of the degradation process.
Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. (Mississauga, ON)
Ozonator and Oxygen concentrator
! The system comes with an oxygen concentrator (AS-12) and an ozone generator (RMU16-DG3).
! This system is used to generate the ozone necessary to perform the ozonolysis step of the technology developed to synthesize the monomers which are building blocks of the biomaterials that are developed.
Azco (Langley, BC, Canada)
! Our Parr hydrogenator is used for treating chemicals with hydrogen in the presence of a catalyst at pressures up to 600 psi.
! It is equipped with several features to control reaction pressure, reaction temperature and the quantity and flow of hydrogen injected.
! It's used primarily for synthesizing or modifying organic compounds by catalytic hydrogenation, reduction or condensation.
! We are primarily using it to transform feedstock from vegetable oils into polyols and straight chain alcohols for polyurethane production and high-value chemical production.
Hydraulic Laboratory Press
! This Carver hydraulic press comes with safety shield and heated/cooled platens
! It is used for compression molding of the biomaterials that are being developed (elastomers, plastics and polymer composites sheets) for physical property measurements.
! It is also used to cut dumbbell-shaped specimens for tensile measurement
Carver (Walbash, IN, USA)
! The Micro-Mill Grinder is equipped with a stainless steel blade that allows high-speed pulverizing of 2050mL samples
! Its housing accepts tubes for circulating water, methanol/dry ice liquid, or liquid nitrogen.
! It is used to grind our biomaterials such as our bioplastics and other dry samples.
! One can add dry ice to the grinding chamber to process softer samples.
Sciencewave (NJ, USA)
Programmable, Temperature Controlled Circulating Baths
! Models are equipped with various size reservoirs and refrigeration capacities.
! The temperature control system is capable of maintaining uniform temperatures for long periods.
! The programmable refrigerated and heating circulating baths provide precise temperature control of fluids for circulation to external equipment or to be used as standalone baths.