Slide 2 Piano= Soft Forte=Loud Fortissimo= Very Loud Pianissimo= Very Soft Mezzoforte = Medium Loud Mezzopiano = Medium Soft Crescendo (cresc.) Means to get louder Diminuendo (dim) means to getsofter Slide 3 Grave = Extremely Slow Largo = Very Slow Adagio = Slow Moderato = Moderate Speed Andante = Walking Speed Allegro = Fast and joyful Vivo / Vivace = Very Fast Accelerando means to get faster Ritardando means to get slower Slide 4 = Four beats in = Two beats in = Three beats in The dot of prolongation adds half of the note value to the primary note = one beat in = half a beat in = Slide 5 Counted One-e-and-a Counted One-and-a Counted One-e-and Counted One-e-a Counted One-a Counted One-e Slide 6 Triplet = 3 notes in one beat in Quintuplet = 5 notes in one beat in Septuplet = 7 notes in one beat in Slide 7 Multiple measure rest (15) Quarter rest = 1 beat Half rest = 2 beats Whole rest = 4 beats Eighth rest = beat 16 rest = beat Slide 8 The Entertainer Ragtime music features many accented offbeats. Slide 9 4 beats per measure a quarter note gets one beat Common time = 4/4 Three beats per measure a quarter notes gets a beat A Waltz is in time Five beats per measure a quarter note gets a beat Cut time means there are two beats per measure and a half note gets a beat Marches are often in cut time Slide 10 6 beats per measure an eighth note gets a beat Slide 11 D.S. Dal Segno = back to the sign D.C. Da Capo = back to the beginning Segno, or Italian for sign Coda an added ending on a piece of musicRepeat sign Accent emphasize this note Fermata hold this note until the conductor cuts you off Caesura a complete stop in a piece of music Slide 12 A flat lowers a note a half step A natural means to play the Regular note, it gets rid of A sharp or a flat A sharp raises a note a half step Staccato notes are played short and detatched Ex. Slide 13 Tutti everyone plays Unison many instruments playing the same notes Enharmonic two different names for the same note Interval the distance between two notes Half step the distance from a note to its sharp (Ex. C to C#). Whole step two half steps Ostinato a repeated musical passage Ledger lines notes played outside the staff Chromatic Scale a scale with all half steps Ritardando slowing down Simile play the notes the same as before Sforzando a type of harsh accent Scale an ascending series of seven notes in the pattern WWHWWWH Slide 14 Db = ? A# = ? G# = ? Gb = ? Bb = ? F# = ? Slide 15 Key of _____ Slide 16 1.Once a note is flat or sharp in a measure it stays flat or sharp. 2.A natural will cancel out a previous flat or sharp in a measure. 3.The bar line cancels out any sharps or flats from the previous measure. What is the name of the last note?