Photography for Beginners - Issue 32, 2013

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    Great shots with any cameraNo. 1 for beginners

    Essential guides for

    Master Lightroom 5 Panning made easyPhoto gift ideas

    Top photo techniques

    Tricks for stunning shots of architecture

    Editing advice

    Practise skills with 15 creative photo guides



    Tested: CSCson a budgetWhich one is worth upgrading to?


    E 03



  • WELCOMEIssue 32

    Photography for Beginners 3

    For more great photo tips, head to photoforbeginners.comGet in touch with us Ask questions, leave feedback on the magazine or share your shots via the following social sites

    For more great photo tips, head to

    @PFBMag PFBMag PFB Magazine

    Welcome5 essential skills you will learn in this issue01 CAPTURE ANY SCENERead our 30 tips for portraits, landscapes and more on p18

    02 SHOOT ARCHITECTURETurn to p28 for handy tricks for great shots now

    03 GET CREATIVETry our 15 great projects on p36 to get standout shots

    04 LEARN TO PANP48 teaches you to pan, for dynamic action photos

    05 MASTER LIGHTROOM 5Get to grips with editing in this new software on p54

    If youre thinking of upgrading to a better camera, youve chosen a great time, as a huge number have just been announced. This issue we tell you all about ve exciting new cameras on page 14, as well as rating Samsungs Android-powered CSC on page 86 and Sonys QX10 cameraphone lens on page 90. Whatever camera you use, we are here to give you our top 30 photo tips on page 18, to help you take your best ever shots.

    To help you practise new skills, we also have 15 amazing projects for you to try on page 36, from capturing action to creative portraits. Use our editing guides starting on page 54 to perfect your shots and then send us the results!

    Amy SquibbEditor

    Follow us at @PFBMag

    WELCOMEIssue 32

    Photography for Beginners

  • ContentsIssue 32

    Shutter speed: The time your shutter is open for, in seconds

    Compact system camera: Good image quality, lightweight

    Cameraphone: Smartphones that are always with you

    Compact: Small, low-cost and easy-to-use cameras


    Aperture: The depth of field of an image, as an f-number

    4 Photography for Beginners

    ESSENTIALS06 Your photos

    This is your section, for all your great photos. Send us your shots today!

    10 Readers challenge Win some slideshow software by getting involved in our monthly shooting challenge

    12 How to share your photosWays to send your shots to the PFB team for advice and to share with our readers

    14 Need to knowDiscover ve exciting new cameras just announced that we cant wait to try out

    16 Join the debateWould you subscribe to editing software or will you be sticking to one-off products?

    17 Win a camera!A fantastic Samsung WB250F compact camera is up for grabs. Enter now to win!

    50 Subscribe!Save money on your copy of Photography for Beginners with our exclusive offer

    76 Ask the teamYour questions answered and problems solved by our panel of photo experts

    82 Whats in my kit bag? Find out what equipment you really need for fantastic macro shots

    84 Upgrade Sonys cameraphone lens, Canons EOS 70D and budget CSCs get tested

    94 AccessoriesPhoto gift ideas and a colourful shoulder bag that will help to protect your kit

    98 Settings cheat sheetWe bring you a settings guide for portraits to cut out and keep in your kit bag

    DSLR: Usually more expensive, but good image quality

    Budget CSCs get put to the



    Tricks for better portraits, landscapes, macro & more


    3615 great ideas for creative photosAmazing projects

    Your quick-start guide to all the icons youll see in Photography for BeginnersWHAT THE ICONS MEAN


    50 GET MONEY OFF ISSUES!SHOOT18 30 tips for great photos

    Easy ways to better shots of any subject

    28 Beginners Guide to shooting architecture Master settings, lighting, composition and more for striking shots now

    36 Creative projects15 photo ideas to get you practising with your camera right away

    46 Tricks for wildlife photosHow one PFB reader took an amazing image while at the zoo you can too!

    48 Panning made easyFive steps to action shots full of life

    52 Tips for capturing awless re ections in landscapesLearn how to recreate this technique

    EDIT54 Master Lightroom 5

    Simple guides to the great new features this version has to offer you

    58 Sharpen soft shotsThree steps to pin-sharp pics

    60 Fake wide aperture blurBlur backgrounds with editing software

    62 Achieve a beautiful solarisation effectGive your images some glow!

    64 Enhance your coloursEasy ways to make your colours pop

    66 Clone out unwanted parts of your shotRemove distracting objects easily using the TouchRetouch Mac app

    SHARE70 Create a multimedia photo

    album with Shutter yCreate a photo story on your tablet using a simple album app

    72 Tag, share and browse photos by locationShow whats happening where you are with Pictastik

    74 Share a whole album of shots Back up and share with SkyDrive



    shots a






    Or sea

    rch for


    ag on


    CONTENTSIssue 32

    28Make your snaps the best they can be Top techniques for architectureLearn the settingsand key skillsyou need now

    For back issues & more go to

    84Is this the DSLR for you?Canon EOS 70D48Shoot fantastic action shotsPanning tricks


    Your photosYou could see your photo printed here! Just send in your shots. Heres a selection of our favourites from this month

    WIN!A Samsung 16GB memory cardEvery issue, one winner will receive a Samsung 16GB SDHC memory card or a prize of equal value terms and conditions available online

    Howth Lighthouse This was taken at Howth Harbour, Dublin, Ireland on a bleak March evening. The photo features Howth Lighthouse, built in 1817.Shot on: Canon EOS 600D, 10-20mm lens at 10mm, ISO 100, f8, bracketed exposures taken at 1/5sec, 1/20sec and 0.8secSent in via: Email

    Reader: Mladen Popovic

    6 Photography for Beginners

    WIN!A Samsung 16GB memory cardEvery issue, one winner will receive a Samsung 16GB SDHC memory card or a prize of equal value terms and conditions available online

  • Share your shots at:

    YOUR PHOTOSReaders gallery

    Photography for Beginners 7Share your shots at:

  • 8 Photography for Beginners

    YOUR PHOTOSReaders gallery

    Reader: Kevin Browne Sun owers, Stubbington I heard about this eld of sun owers, so I headed out to catch a wide view of it at sunset.Shot on: Canon EOS 1000D, ISO 1600, f7.1, 1/2000sec

    Reader: Elaine LeggWool Bridge, Dorset"I was at home and glanced out my window to see the sky lit up. I raced to the nearest spot to catch this beautiful sunset just in time."Shot on: Canon EOS 550D, ISO 160, f3.5, 1/32sec

    Reader: Emma Lockwood Busy Bee

    I took hundreds of photos of the bees collecting pollen from these

    owers before I took this shot.Shot on: Nikon Coolpix S8200

    Reader: Kyriacos Maragos Butter y In Balance This was taken in our local park in Athens. I followed the butter y from ower to ower and took more than 14 shots to get the right millisecond of life'."Shot on: Olympus SP-800UZ, ISO 100, f5.6, 1/640sec

    Reader: Jose Mari V. Donaire Singapore Skyline A long exposure of the Singapore Skyline taken at the Marina Bay area during evening twilight.Shot on: Canon EOS 5D Mark III, ISO 200, f22, 90sec

  • Reader: Graham Browne Berries"I was out picking berries and I thought it would make a nice up close photo.I was surprised how good the camera was on the phone."Shot on: Motorola RAZR i

    Win cameraphone kit!Send us your cameraphone shots and you could win a Manfrotto KLYP kit worth 95/approx $150. For more info head to Full terms and conditions available online.

    ENTER NOW: Send your shots to

    Photography for Beginners 9

    Reader: Rachel HunterTitle: Sweet Dreams

    Reader: Alison SmithTitle: Lady Bay

    Reader: Christina PerezTitle: Vertigo

    Reader: Chris AdamsTitle: Broken Tree

    Reader: Amy BolvariTitle: Avalon Pier

  • Back when photography began, all photographs were black and white, yet even now we still enjoy producing monochrome images. Not only can it help to give your shots a timeless and stylish feel, but it also provides a attering effect for portraits and removes any distracting colours from your scene. Many cameras come with a black and white mode, but it is often best to shoot in colour and then convert your shot later. That way you can have more control over the nal result, adjusting the contrast to create an image with more impact.

    In Issue 31, we gave you 16 pages full of advice for producing your very own monochrome masterpieces, and then asked you to send them in for us to have a look at. We were very impressed with your black and white skills and have printed some of our favourites from the bunch here.

    Black & white shots

    Our 16-page guide to black and white can be found in PFB Issue 31. Get back issues from


    Your next photo challenge

    Architecture photography Find out how to take dynamic shots of stunning

    structures with this issues Beginners Guide, then send us your best architecture photos by 26 November 2013 for a chance to win a MAGIX PhotoStory on DVD 2013 Deluxe. Prize may be substituted for an item of equal value.

    Full T&Cs available online.

    WIN!PhotoStory on DVD software

    Send us your shots for a chance to win a copy of MAGIX PhotoStory on DVD, courtesy of www. This software, which allows you to turn your photos into fantastic

    slideshows, is worth 70/$70.

    Notre Dame When walking around the outside of Notre Dame Cathedral, I noticed how the bare trees and clouds gave it an eery, Gothic feel and I took the shot. I then edited it in iPhoto to increase the shadow and get my desired effect.Shot on: Sony A290, 18-55mm lens at 18mm, ISO 100, f10, 1/160sec

    Reader: Chris Lamb

    READERS CHALLENGEBlack & white

  • Reader: Tan MorrisTitle: Worcester From The Severn

    Reader: James WalshTitle: London Eye

    Reader: Tarun ShomeTitle: Candelabra

    Reader: Kieron AdamsTitle: Dusty Window Sill

    Reader: Dave CarterTitle: Derelict

    Reader: Shamil Beaton Title: Balance

    Share your shots at photoforbeginners.comor search PFBMag on

    Photography for Beginners

  • Share on our social sites Join the Facebook, Twitter and Flickr communities @PFBMag

    Click the Compose New Tweet box and select Add An Image. Find your shot and click Open. Write some text, include @PFBMag, then click Tweet and we will see your photo!

    PFB MagazineHit Upload to add images. Click on the image you want to share, then click Share>Grab the link. Email it to or post it to us on Facebook or Twitter.

    PFBMag Search for PFBMag and click the tab. On our page, hit Photo/Video, then Upload Photo/Video. Browse for your image, write a message and click Post for it to appear on our wall!

    Also share on our website Head to nowBecome our favourite!We pick our favourite shots to highlight in our Featured Image section. This could be you soon, so get uploading!

    Create a galleryYou can showcase your favourite images by creating your own gallery page on our website. Its quick and simple to set up.

    The best of the rest on our great website


    Enter the Face-OffYour shots are entered into our Face-Off section and pitted against other peoples have fun watching your score rise!

    Be inspiredBrowse through all the different categories to be inspired by other readers photos and get ideas of your own.

    Tips and tutorialsOur website is piled high with step-by-step tutorials and useful tips to help you take better photos of any subject.

    News and debateWe help you keep up-to-date with the latest industry news and releases. You can also get stuck into hot topics with our debates!

    CompetitionsHead to and enter our weekly competitions to win some really fantastic prizes!

    12 Photography for Beginners

    SHARE YOUR SHOTSHeres how to show us your stunning snaps

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    * The Sony mount does not include the VC image stabilizer.

  • Five cameras battling to be in your kit bagThe latest releases that have piqued our interest

    Camera manufacturers have been very busy producing lots of new models to get us excited lately. As well as unveiling the new X-E2 premium CSC, Fuji lm has also stepped up with a new advanced compact. Despite featuring a 12 megapixel CMOS sensor and auto, semi-manual and full manual control, the Fuji lm XQ1 is still particularly pocketable. Its sleek and slim body has an f1.8 lens for shooting bright shots in low light and producing beautiful blurred backgrounds. The lens also has a 4x optical zoom that can be digitally extended to a 16x zoom for a versatile focal range of 25-400mm, great for both landscape and wildlife photography.

    Around the lens is a control ring for quickly changing your settings, and it can be customised to suit your shooting style. The XQ1 also has a Lens Modulation Optimiser, which ensures that images are sharp from edge-to-edge at narrow apertures, and 3-stop optical image stabilisation to help reduce blur, even in low light. Getting creative with your captures is also made easy. Film Simulation Mode is available when shooting stills and full HD video, allowing you to add an analogue style to your digital creations, plus there are eight creative lters to experiment with. The Fuji lm XQ1 is available in black with a textured nish or silver with a smooth nish for an RRP of 350/$500.

    NEED TO KNOWA snapshot of whats exciting us this month

    14 Photography for Beginners

    Reasons why we cant wait to get our hands on this camera

    01The 12MP CMOS sensor is similar to the X20s, but will it produce high-quality shots?

    02An f1.8 lens should be ideal for low light, but how about the ISO performance?

    03We will see if the lens control ring makes it easy to change settings in hurry

    THE TOP 3

    Keep focused The XQ1 has fast autofocus speeds of 0.06sec for keeping moving subjects sharp and a Focus Peak Highlight function

    Shoot in RAWThe RAW development function means that a RAW image can be converted to JPEG without additional computer software

    01Fujifilm XQ1 Stay connected Built-in Wi-Fi allows you to transfer your shots to your smartphone or tablet using the free Fuji lm Camera Application

    Creative captures There are eight creative lters available, plus Multi Exposure and Film Simulation modes to experiment with

    Price: 350/$500

  • Histograms: How to use them Ever wondered what that little graph on your camera screen is? Our simple guide explains everything you need to know about the histogram and how you can use it to tell if your image is under or overexposed.

    This month on photoforbeginners.comPlus all thise

    shooting in Autumn


    exciting competitions


    Photography for Beginners 15

    Tips for photographing birdsBirds are perhaps the easiest wildlife gardens and local parks are full of them all year round. Follow our easy steps to taking fantastic shots of your feathered friends.

    03 Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX10Price: 999/$1300


    Nikon D5300V

    e^>ZFDVwith full manual control and 16 scene modes to suit shooters of all e>w&(V^

    05 Panasonic Lumix GM1V


    Pentax K-3V


  • I think Adobe Creative Cloud does have

    its bene ts, as in exchange for the

    monthly fee you automatically have

    access to any software updates, so you

    dont have to pay extra each time a new

    version comes out. It is an expensive subscription

    though, ranging from approximately 20 to 70 per

    month depending on the package you choose. Then, if

    you cancel your subscription, you lose access to the

    software as opposed to owning it inde nitely as you

    would on the old one-time fee system. Adobe seems to

    be having a great deal of success with it so far, but I

    wonder if it will make some of its audience look

    elsewhere for its photo-editing needs.

    Would you subscribe to editing software?

    Earlier this year, Adobe launched its Creative Cloud a subscription-based service for accessing the companys Creative Suite software, such as Photoshop and InDesign. Recently, it also revealed it would no longer offer the included software for a

    one-time fee, so users who would like the latest updates have no choice but to sign up for a monthly or annual subscription. Do you think subscription-based software is a good idea, or would you rather pay for in nite access?

    The poll results say 57% would pay, 43% wouldnt. Cast your vote today!


    What Photography For Beginners readers have to say

    01World Of Animals magazine

    Web: 3.99A fantastic new magazine launches 22 November and its packed with wildlife photos and animal info! Issue 1 even has great wildlife photo tips.

    02XSories Weye FeyeWi-Fi device

    Web: www.weye-feye.comPrice: 199/$250The Weye Feye lets you control your Canon or Nikon DSLR from a distance using your smartphone. You can use the Weye Feye apps to change a number of settings.

    03JOBY UltraFitHand Strap

    Web: Price: 41/$50This camera strap from JOBY comes with an UltraPlate, so you can attach your camera to a tripod while still keeping it secured to your wrist.

    04Nikon 1 AW1camera

    Web: 750/$800Nikon has launched the rst ever tough CSC. Its waterproof to a depth of 15m, shockproof from a height of 2m and freezeproof up to -10C.


    Search for #PFBLoves on Twitter to see what we love

    Mark Bradshaw You buy some editing program and two years down the line its old, dated, lacks features and isnt compatible with new cameras. With Creative Cloud, you always have the latest version as it always updates.

    Sent in via Facebook

    Dennis WoodmassIf the editing software I am currently using converted to a pay monthly subscription on future releases, I wouldnt hesitate to look for alternative packages, even if the other software wasnt as good.

    Sent in via Facebook

    Tony WoodwardAs photography is a hobby, I would never commit to or pay the Adobe CC prices. I bought Photoshop Elements 9 for 20 when Elements 10 was released, and it offers me everything I need and more.

    Sent in Via website

    Carl Surry Surely no one in their right mind would rent software? After a year or two you would have paid for it two times over. Only ultra-rich and talented professionals will be able to make use of the more advanced features.

    Sent in Via Facebook

    NEED TO KNOWJoin the debate

    16 Photography for Beginners


  • Samsungs new SMART Camera WB250F puts great photo power at your ngertips. You can shoot fantastic images for larger prints with its 14MP sensor, plus instantly share them with the built-in Wi-Fi options. Send shots when youre out and about or back up images to your phone with MobileLink. You can even control the camera from your smartphone, which is great for avoiding camera shake.

    The WB250F boasts a slim and sleek body, which houses a great

    touch screen interface, full auto or manual controls and full HD video. The 18x optical zoom will allow you to get in close, while its 24mm lens is great for framing wide vistas. Plus theres Low Light Shot mode, which selects the best settings and merges three shots for great performance in dim conditions.

    To nd out more about this new SMART camera, simply visit For a chance to get your hands on this fantastic camera, enter our competition now!

    Terms and conditionsThis competition is open to residents of the United Kingdom and Ireland. Imagine Publishing has the right to substitute the prize with a similar item of equal or higher value. Camera colours may vary. Employees of Imagine Publishing (including freelancers), Samsung, their relatives or any agents are not eligible to enter. The editors decision is nal and no correspondence will be entered into. Prizes cannot be exchanged for cash. Full terms and conditions are available on request. From time to time, Imagine Publishing or its agents may send you related material or special offers. If you do not wish to receive this, please state clearly on your competition entry.

    HOW TO ENTER:Send your name, contact details and your best shot to us by 17 October 2013.Email:

    A Samsung WB250F


    Photography for Beginners 17

    PLUS!An 8GB Samsung memorycardPlus three lucky runners-up will each get a Samsung 8GB SDHC memory card

  • 18 Photography for Beginners18 Photography for Beginners18 Photography for

  • Photography for Beginners 19

    Easy steps to better imagesPhotography is a fantastically versatile hobby, as you really can take photos of anything. From landscapes and portraits, to action and macro, you can practise your skills at any time of the day or year and never run out of things to capture. You might discover you have a favourite genre and start planning your own shoots, or decide that you love it all and simply shoot when inspiration strikes.

    You never know when a great photo opportunity will present itself, so its a good idea to carry a camera around with you at all times, even if it is just your cameraphone.

    Plus, the best thing about digital photography is that there is nothing stopping you from shooting all day long. Dont be afraid to ll up your memory card and drain your battery, to get as much practice as possible.

    When you do decide to shoot, its good to have some handy tricks up your sleeve to help you take great photos, no matter what the subject. Whether its a stunning vista or a striking action shot, we have broken down the secrets for creating awless captures into simple, bite-sized chunks. Youll have better photos in no time.

  • 20 Photography for Beginners


    Choose your settings To keep the entire landscape in focus, from foreground to background, use a narrow aperture (large f-number). Anything

    above f11 is good. Keep your ISO value low to avoid grainy images, and slow down your shutter speed to let in enough light.

    01Fit it all in A lens with a short focal length is

    ideal for landscapes. Use a wide-angle lens or zoom right out with your zoom lens to capture as much of the scene as possible. You could also use Panorama mode, or create your own panoramas by stitching multiple shot together.


    Compose wellWhen composing your landscape

    photo, consider the rule of thirds. Imagine a nine-section grid over your frame and position the horizon along one of the horizontal lines, and your main focal point on one of the other vertical lines.


    Filter the light Using a neutral density lter will

    allow you to use really slow shutter speeds in bright daylight, so that you can blur the movement of any clouds or water in your scene. Just make sure you use a tripod to avoid camera shake.


    Shoot earlyThe best time of day to shoot a landscape

    photo is just after sunrise or just before sunset, known among photographers as the Golden Hours. As the sun is low in the sky, it will create dramatic shadows for more contrast and project a lovely golden light across the scene.


    20 Photography for Beginners20 Photography for Beginners

    SHOOTING30 tips for great photos

  • Photography for Beginners 21Photography for Beginners 21

    SHOOTING30 tips for great photos

    Photography for Beginners 21

    Use a wide-angle lens or zoom right out to capture as

    much of the scene as possible

  • 22 Photography for Beginners


    Capture true emotion Interact with your subject by asking questions and

    make them laugh to evoke natural emotions instead of false smiles. You could also try snapping a candid portrait when theyre not looking to show their true personality.


    Focus on the eyes When focusing your shot, use manual focus or

    selective AF and focus on your subjects eyes. These are the most important part of the photo, so make sure they are sharp. Use a higher f number if any part of your subject appears blurry.


    Blur the background A wide aperture (small f-number) will create a shallow

    depth of eld and blur the background behind your subject to remove any distractions. Use a fast shutter speed to keep the shot sharp and raise your ISO if you need more light.


    Avoid harsh shadows To combat shadows falling across your subjects

    face, use a re ector to bounce light back into the shadows or re your ash to ll them in. Hold a piece of white paper under a xed ash to bounce it off the ceiling for a more attering effect.


    Get close to your subject

    Shooting so your subject lls the frame will createa more intimate image. Using a short focal length will exaggerate your subjects features, so take a step back and zoom in a little to keep everything in proportion.


    SHOOTING30 tips for great photos

    22 Photography for Beginners22 Photography for

  • Photography for Beginners 23


    Position your subject Fill the frame with your subject or position them

    off-centre in your photo for an engaging composition. Experiment with shooting from different angles, but make sure the backdrop does not distract attention away from what youre shooting.


    Choose natural light Firing your ash will create harsh light when youre

    shooting close to your subject. Use natural light if you can, but if its very bright, create some shade over your subject with your body or some paper to avoid shadows.


    Keep subjects in focusKeeping subjects sharp when shooting up close can

    be tricky, so use manual focus and zoom in on your cameras LCD screen to check everything is sharp. Alternatively, use selective autofocus to keep the most important part of your shot in focus.


    Use close-up photo kit If you have an interchangeable lens camera and youre

    serious about macro, invest in a macro lens. However, if you just want to have a go, look into extension tubes or close-up lters to reduce your lenss minimum focusing distance.


    Control options If your camera has a Macro mode, use that for the optimum settings. Also use a narrow

    aperture to keep details sharp and a low ISO to avoid noise. You may need a tripod as youll need to compensate with a slow shutter speed to let in enough light.


    Fill the frame for an engaging


    SHOOTING30 tips for great photos

  • 24 Photography for Beginners


    Pan along Show the speed and direction of your

    subject by setting a slow shutter speed of around 1/50sec and moving the camera along with them. Read our full guide to panning on p48.


    Zoom in closer To keep a safe distance from the action,

    use a lens with a large focal range and zoom in on your subject. A monopod will also allow you to keep your shot steady on the go and shoot over crowds.


    Freeze movement A fast shutter speed of 1/100sec or

    quicker will freeze your subject for blur-free shots. If your images are too dark, use a wider aperture (smaller f-number), raise your ISO or re your ash.


    Master action composition

    When composing a shot of a moving subject, try to leave some active space in front of them in the frame. This will help to show their direction of travel and give your photo context.


    Stay sharp Continuous AF will track your subject as they move and

    keep them sharp. Alternatively, if you can predict their movements, use manual focus and pre-focus on an area that they will move into.


    SHOOTING30 tips for great photos

    24 Photography for Beginners24 Photography for

  • Photography for Beginners 25


    Capture enough light

    When theres not much light available, use a slow shutter speed to let as much of it reach your sensor as possible. Using a wide aperture (small f-number) will also help but this does mean that your background will blur.

    21 Increase the sensitivity If you want to use fast shutter speeds in low light, raise your ISO to make your sensor more sensitive. However, this can create digital noise in your photos, so dont raise it too high. 25

    Get creative Shooting in low light gives you plenty of opportunity to

    get creative. Use a slow shutter speed to capture light trails from moving traf c or paint in some light using a torch. City buildings also look fantastic when they are lit up at night.


    Fire your ash When shooting portraits or still life in low light, use

    your ash to keep them bright. Try bouncing your ash off of a piece of white paper to soften the light for a more attering effect, and to avoid causing red-eye.


    Steady your camera When using slow shutter speeds, you will need to

    keep your camera very steady to avoid camera shake. Secure it onto a tripod or rest it on a sturdy surface to prevent blurry shots, and use a remote trigger for even better results.


    SHOOTING30 tips for great photos

    Photography for Beginners

  • 26 Photography for Beginners


    Keep it simple Try to photograph your subject against a plain and

    simple backdrop, or you could use a wide aperture (small f-number) to blur any distractions. This will also help to blur out any fences in the foreground of your zoo photos. Look for branches and other natural frames for a great composition.


    Do not disturb Turn off your camera sounds and ash to avoid

    startling the animals and scaring them off. Move slowly and keep your distance, and avoid wearing bright clothing that will make you stand out from your surroundings. It could also help to bring a waterproof mat with you so you can lie in wait in comfort.


    Do your research If you are hoping to photograph a particular species of

    animal, research their typical habits and behaviour. Find out the times when they are most active and the locations you are likely to nd them. If you are shooting at the zoo, nd out the animals feeding times so that they wont be hidden away.


    Shoot a burst of images When shooting wildlife, its often impossible to

    control your subjects movements and pose. Increase your chances of getting a great shot by using Continuous Shooting or Burst mode. This will take a series of photos when you press the shutter so that you can pick the best from the bunch.


    Avoid blur To keep moving animals sharp, use a fast shutter speed to

    freeze their movement in the frame. Continuous autofocus will also help you to prevent blurry photos when your subject moves quicklyand unpredictably.


    26 Photography for Beginners

    SHOOTING30 tips for great photos

  • Not just fordummies

    A clear, comprehensive series for people who want to start learningabout iPhone, iPad, Mac, Photoshop, photography and more


    BUY YOUR COPY TODAYPrint edition available at

    Digital edition available at

    Available on the following platforms

  • Discover how to make structures look as good in your shots as they do in real life with our tips Man-made structures are often works of art in themselves, so naturally they also look great in your photos. Of course, it helps if you know the best way to shoot them. Using the right settings and shooting from the right angle will help you to produce dynamic and engaging photos of buildings, bridges, landmarks and statues, so follow our handy hints for taking amazing architecture photos.

    You dont need to travel far to find fantastic subjects to shoot, as anything from city skyscrapers to countryside churches, or even your own house will do. You dont need any specialist or expensive equipment to be able to get stunning results either. A trusty compact camera or even your cameraphone is capable of taking brilliant photos, as the secret to architecture photography is often getting the composition and lighting just right.

    In this feature, we tell you all the best settings to use to create perfect captures, along with framing ideas and the best times to shoot. You can then learn how to tweak your photos to correct common problems and apply creative effects. Lets get started.

    Shooting Architecture BEGINNERS GUIDE TO

    SHOOTINGBeginners guide

    28 Photography for

  • Try leaning on a wall for extra support when out and about. This means if you are using a slower shutter speed youll reduce the amount of camera shake

    SHOOTINGBeginners guide

    Photography for Beginners


    30 Photography for Beginners

    Pick the perfect settings for shooting architectureSettings Whether you have a cameraphone, compact, CSC or DSLR, its easy to take great photos of buildings. In most situations even using Auto mode will suffice, leaving you with plenty of time to focus on framing your shot for a perfect composition. However, if your camera does have manual modes, then this is a great opportunity to practise using them. As your subject isnt going anywhere, you can experiment with different settings until you get the shot just right. Heres a guide of the best settings to use for spectacular photos.

    Narrow your aperture Using a narrow aperture (high f-number) will allow you to keep the entire building in focus. Start at f8 and work your way up until you are happy

    Correct the white balance Pick the white balance for the kind of lighting youre in. Often incandescent is used for interiors

    Use exposure bracketing to take three shots at different exposures and then merge them in editing software, for a high-contrastimage

    Create a HDR photograph

    Keep the ISO low Set a low ISO to avoid noise and slow your shutter speed or widen your aperture to let in more light

    Shoot at nightAt night you can capture some great shots of city

    lights. You will need to set a slow shutter speed and use a

    tripod to keep the image sharp and bright

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    30 Photography for

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    Photography for Beginners 31

    How to avoid distortion

    Choose the right focal length

    Some cameras have a panorama mode, but if yours doesnt, take several photos that you can stitch togetherin editing softwarelater on

    Take a stunning panorama shot

    Zoom in closer To avoid lens distortion, take your photo from

    further back and zoom in. This should still allow you to t everything in, but will also keep your lines straight

    Pick a focal length To pick a focal length on your camera, either twist the lens barrel or zoom in and out with the zoom lever. Choose the focal length you use carefully when

    shooting architecture, as a focal length less than 35mm could cause distortion.

    Wide-angle distortion Shooting at a wide angle (zoomed out) is great for letting you t everything in the frame, but it can cause lens distortion. This is when the straight lines of

    your building slope inwards or outwards instead of staying parallel.

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    32 Photography for Beginners

    Get down low

    01One way to produce a dramatic photo of a building is to shoot it from a low angle. Get close and then point your camera upwards, or tilt the LCD screen if you can.

    Frame your photo for impact Composition Composition is perhaps the most important thing to get right when shooting architecture. As this is such a popular genre of photography, it is likely that the building you are shooting will have been photographed lots of times before, particularly if it is a famous landmark. Therefore, to make your shot stand out from the crowd, it is a good idea to find a new and unusual way to capture it. This could simply involve changing your angle, or perhaps you could try including something else in the frame. If the huge choice of different structures available to shoot is a little overwhelming, then you could also use our top compositional tips as inspiration for particular subjects to look for.

    Composition top tips

    Add some context

    02 Including some foreground interest in your shot will give it some context and provide a sense of scale. Try capturing people, trees or a water feature in front of the building.

    Find a vantage point

    03Do a bit of research beforehand so that you can nd a great vantage point to shoot your structure from. You could go to the top of a nearby hill or another tall building.

    As your subject isnt going

    anywhere, set your camera up

    on a tripod. This allows you to

    consider the framing more

    slowly and lets you be

    more accurate

    Use a tripod tohelp you frame

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    Photography for Beginners 33Photography for Beginners 33

    Capture symmetry Keep your eyes peeled

    for symmetrical buildings and shoot them

    head on, for a striking, mirror-image look

    Zoom in on detail

    04 Architecture photos dont have to be of an entire building. If you spot some detail, shoot it up close or use the zoom and a long focal length if shooting from a distance.

    Look for re ections

    05 Including re ections in windows can help you capture even more of the scene around you. Buildings re ected in lakes and ponds double the impact of your scene.

    Tips for lighting architecture

    Shoot at night

    03 For sparkling captures, use a slow shutter speed to let in enough light and a tripod to prevent blurring.

    Go out in any weather

    04 A few clouds will add interest to the background, while stormy skies can make your shot really dramatic.

    Create a silhouette

    02Use spot metering, point the camera at the sky and half-press the shutter before taking your nal shot.

    Capture more contrast

    01 Shoot early in the morning or late in the afternoon to capture more shadows and contrast in your images.

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    34 Photography for Beginners

    Editing software lets you enhance or completely transform your architecture photos. If the weather wasnt on your side, or you just didnt have the time to get it right in-camera, then it is easy to rescue a problem shot. Common problems such as camera distortion, flat-looking images or distracting elements in the scene can all be fixed. You can even add creative effects; convert your photo to black and white for a timeless feel, add some grain to create a gritty urban image or fake the tilt-shift effect.


    Correct camera distortion

    01 Go to Enhance>Correct Camera Distortion and then adjust the Vertical or Horizontal Perspective Control slider. Use the gridlines to check your building is straight.

    Increase the contrast

    02Go to Enhance>Adjust Color>Adjust Color Curves. Increase the Midtone Contrast and reduce the Adjust Shadows slider, then boost Highlights and Brightness.

    Remove distractions

    03Remove unwanted elements with the Clone Stamp. Hold Opt/Alt and click on an area you want to replace the distraction with, then brush the area you want to remove.

    Improve structure snaps in easy steps

    Enhance your shot Use Photoshop Elements 11 to x a problem photo

    Create blur

    01 This works best with shots taken from a high angle. Go to Layer>Duplicate Layer and name it Blur, then go to Filter>Blur> Gaussian Blur. Set the Radius slider to 28px.

    Move your layers

    02 In the Layers panel, double-click on your Background layer and move it to the top of the panel, above the Blur layer. Now make sure you have the top layer selected.

    Add a layer mask

    03 Select the Rectangular Marquee tool and adjust the Feather slider to 100px, then draw a rectangle over the centre of your shot. Next, click the Add Layer Mask button.

    Fake the tilt-shift effect Make buildings look miniature in Elements 11

    SHOOTINGBeginners guide

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  • SHOOTINGCreative projects

    36 Photography for Beginners

    When youre starting out in photography, the most important thing you can do is practise.

    It may seem really obvious, but getting out with your camera and experimenting is the quickest way to learn techniques and master your new kit. Rather than let yourself get bored shooting the same old things day after day, though, we have some great ideas here to inspire you. Weve got plenty of fun projects that you can do in your home on a rainy day, such as creating art out of

    incense and some really interesting macro shots. If youd rather get outside with your camera, weve got plenty to suit you too, from creating a HDR landscape to playing with shadows.

    With these simple projects, you will learn just what your camera is capable of while practising essential skills you can apply to other genres. And whats more, youll get some

    truly standout images along the way to show off to friends and family. Why not display your endeavours from these projects in your very own calendar we even show you how to craft your own from scratch for a

    truly personal way to share your snaps.

    Have fun with these great, creative projects and dont forget to post your results up on or

    share them on our Facebook page (search for PFBMag). Try out your own creative ideas too, and let your imagination run wild. We cant wait to see what you come up with!

    Practise your skills using these ideas for amazing photos


    Consider framingTry various angles and reposition the subject to get the strongest shot. Also consider whether it looks best in portrait or landscape orientation.


    Light the shotLighting is fundamental for any photo. Try positioning subjects near natural window light, or use your ash or a reector to ll in any harsh shadows.

    Think about colour Using a vibrant subject can help to add impact to your shot, but try not to overuse colour stick to three colour tones for the best impact.

    Select a backdropMake sure the background isnt distracting. You want the attention to be on your subject, so use coloured card or even a bed sheet hung up.

    Add creative ltersMost cameras now come with lters such as sh-eye, miniature, sepia or cross-process. Try using these arty effects to make your shot stand out.

    Tweak your shotsMost shots need editing, but you can also apply creative effects too. Get some great ideas from tutorials on


    Weve got plenty of fun projects that you

    can do on a rainy day

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    Photography for Beginners 37

    Perfect exposureYou may have to set a lower f-number when using a fast shutter speed to let in enough light

    Freeze motion by using a fast shutter speed

    Keep on trying!High-speed shots are often trial and error, so keep experimenting until you get the right positioning

    Use ashFiring your ash can help to freeze movement in shots like this. Try putting a piece of tracing paper in front of it if its too harsh

    Freeze itUse a fast shutter speed (over 1/200sec) to freeze the action. Slow it down if you want to show some movement blur

    Shoot quicklyBurst mode lets you take a series of images quickly, improving your odds of getting the dice at the height you want them

    Keep it sharpUsing Continuous AF mode will help to keep the moving subject as sharp as possible

    Action images01

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    38 Photography for Beginners

    Fun shadows Bright, sunny skies offer plenty of great photo opportunities. Get creative with the sunlight by shooting the shadows it casts. You can create unique shadow shots like this using a brightly coloured prop such as an umbrella. Youll need to position your model to face the direction of the sun and then shade them using the

    umbrella. Ask your model to pose so that the shadow has a clearer de nition. To ensure you can t the scene within the frame, shoot in landscape orientation. Youll need to focus on the umbrella and set a narrow aperture (around f11) and fast shutter speed (over 1/125sec) to prevent the image from overexposing.

    Capture shadow shots on sunny days 03

    The increasing number of waterproof cameras and cases available has opened up a host of new opportunities, allowing you to take photos from a new perspective underwater. Capture your family as they splash around the pool on holiday or try photographing an

    object submerged in a bath for a unique still life shot. You could try taking a photo of an object at water level, capturing it half-submerged so you can see the distortion from the water. Hold it in the liquid, so that water line is halfway up the lens and take a shot.

    04 Great macro

    Creative portraits

    Use props to take unique people picsTo capture this creative portrait, set your camera on a tripod at eye-level with your model. Using string or colourful ribbon, attach an empty frame to a nearby branch and lower it down so that you can see through it to your subject. Be sure that there is enough light so you can shoot without ash, as ash will blow the detail of the frame. Set your camera to Aperture Priority and f8, zoom in so that the frame lls the edge of your view, then set your focus on the model and not the background or frame.

    Set your camera on a tripod and place a glass vase on a piece of white paper. Set up a background with coloured card or even a colourful scarf. Fill the vase with tonic water (for bubbles) and place in a cherry. Use a desk lamp from a safe distance or an external ashgun, slightly raised (try placing it on a stack of books) but lighting the cherry. Make sure your focus is on the cherry rather than the glass and use a wide aperture (low f-number) to throw the background out of focus. Macro mode or a macro lens will help you to get in even closer to your subject.

    Take a rare look at macro subjects

    SHOOTINGCreative projects

    38 Photography for Beginners


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    Photography for Beginners 39

    Paint pictures in low light using a torch, tripod and your camera To paint with light, you either need to shoot outside at night or in a dark room. Set your tripod up and attach your camera. Make sure its secure and set it to Timer mode, so you can be in the right place at the right time. Now set your camera to Shutter Priority and lower the shutter speed to at least 10sec

    and make sure your ISO is low to avoid noise appearing. Now press the shutter to start the timer, jump into place and start drawing your picture with the torch, being sure to keep moving so you dont appear in the frame. It is often easier to draw around people or objects as a guide, like we have here.

    Light painting 05

    The easiest way to convey movement is to use a long exposure. This means using a long shutter speed to blur the subject, but keeping everything else in focus by using a tripod. By keeping the camera steady, you can ensure that stationary elements are sharp.

    Switch to Shutter Priority on the mode dial and set it to around 5sec, steadily increasing the time until youre happy with the results. You may need to use an ND lter to reduce the amount of light coming into the lens and help avoid overexposure.

    07PerspectivesIt can be lots of fun to play with perspective. For effective results, youll need to work in a wide, open space. If youre placing a model in the frame, get them to stand as far back as possible to give the illusion that theyre a smaller size. You can then introduce objects or

    hands around the side of the image at a closer proximity to the lens, so that they will appear larger when compared to the model. Give your model clear instructions to pose so that it appears as though they are interacting with the object or hands.

    Get fun images by changing perspective06 Motion blur

    Use shutter speed for special effects

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    Photography for Beginners

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    40 Photography for Beginners

    The selective colour technique is a clever way of drawing the eye to a particular part of a picture. It works by converting the image to black and white, and then restoring colour to the subject so that it leaps off the frame. Some cameras offer this as a creative lter, and although this is the easiest way of achieving the effect, the results can be much more accurate when you do it yourself. For the best results, choose a photograph with a colourful focal point, such as a bunch of owers. Weve usedsome fruit and free editing software GIMPto create the effect.

    Drain the colourOpen your image then save it under another name. Go to Layers>Duplicate Layer, then select Desaturate from the Colors menu.

    Add a layer maskGo to Layer>Mask>Add Layer Mask and opt for White (full opacity). Select the mask thumbnail and paint with a black brush to reveal colour.

    Flatten the imageFinally, select Image>Flatten Image to merge all the layers into one. Then save the image (File>Save) and export it with File>Export.

    How to make your subject stand out from the scene

    Selective colouring08

    SHOOTINGCreative projects

    Using layer masks A guide to selectively colouring shots in GIMP

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    Photography for Beginners 41

    Themed portraits

    Take a creative approach to portraitureThere are plenty of great ways to get creative with portraits. Using a theme will not only give you a brief to work towards, but it will also enable you to include more elements within the frame in the way of props and styling. Selecting a character from a book or a favourite lm is a great way to

    start. Youll need to get hands-on with posing your model using props for this, and consider the location of the shoot carefully as it will be dependant on the character youre photographing. You can also ask your subject to change their expressions to convey different emotions.


    Create an old-fashioned photo

    Place your cup on a small table, about two metres from the wall behind it. Light it with a desk lamp or external ash gun positioned about a metre to the left of the camera and above it.

    Hang black cloth on the wall and suspend fairy lights from the top. Put your camera on a tripod and manually focus on the cup. Using a wide aperture (low f-number), the background lights should be blown out of focus to create this lovely effect. Then position the cup so it looks like the lights are steam coming from it!

    Blur light for fun images

    Vintage is currently on trend, and not just in regards to clothing; its made a comeback in photography too, with vintage-inspired camera designs and lter effects that will transform your shots into old-fashioned works of art. To create your own vintage image, check your cameras shooting modes. Some may offer a sepia or specialist lter effect that you can apply instantly. Alternatively, use tools in Photoshop such as Hue/Saturation and the Add Noise lter for effective results. Reduce saturation rst and then increase the yellow hue for a sepia effect.



    Retro shots


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    42 Photography for Beginners

    If you look at a sunrise or sunset scene, youll see a full range of tones, including detail in the darkest parts of the land and the brightest parts of the sky. However, camera sensors are unable to record the same range of tones, so will under or overexpose certain areas. The solution is to take three (or more) identically-framed

    pictures at different exposures: at, under and below the cameras metered exposure. This is known as bracketing. To make it easy, many cameras have an auto-bracketing facility. You then use software like Photoshop Elements or Photomatix to merge the pictures into one image that contains the full range of tones.

    Learn to get perfect results in tricky lighting


    Without using HDR, detail is lost in the shadow areas. If we were to expose for the shadows instead, the sky would be blown out

    Choose your settingsSet Aperture Priority and pick a high f-number. Set Exposure Bracketing in the menu and move the dial until the lines are under the 1.

    Use a tripodKeep the camera steady, as change between shots causes ghosting. Take three shots (the camera will take three different exposures).

    Merge the shots Open the shots in your software and nd the Merge to HDR option, which combines them. Use sliders to adjust contrast and highlights.

    HDR from start to nish How to set up, shoot and edit HDR

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    Photography for Beginners 43

    Experiment with your zoom for vibrant still-life shots

    A zoom burst adds focus to a central point, blurring the outside in a creative way. Select a brightly coloured subject that is stationary. Switch your camera to Shutter Priority mode and set a shutter speed of around 1sec. This

    should give you just enough time to zoom out while the shutter is open to capture the effect. Frame the subject by zooming in so that it lls the image. Now focus the camera on the centre. Position your hand on the lens

    around the zoom ring and once youre ready, release the shutter. As soon as the shutter opens, rotate the zoom ring anti-clockwise to zoom out and capture an effective zoom burst result.

    Zoom burst13

    Smoke art

    Capture striking abstract images A great project to try at home is shooting smoke trails. Its easy to do, and all you really need is some incense sticks and some black card. It can take a bit of trial and error, but youll have a lot of fun experimenting. Heres how its done

    14Set up the projectPlace an incense stick on a table in front of a piece of black card so that any smoke will be easily visible (with a bit of distance in between). Set up in front of a bright window so the light hits the smoke from behind.

    Choose your settingsThe ideal settings are a low ISO, a fast shutter speed such as 1/250sec, and a high f-number, but you may have to experiment. Turn off your ash and use Burst mode for the best chance of a great shot.

    Get startedIt is important to keep your camera steady on a tripod or hard surface such as another table. Manually focus on the end of the incense, light it, turn off the lights and start shooting! Use your hands to fan the smoke.

    Edit the shotsOpen your best shot in editing software and crop out the incense stick or clone it out. Open the Levels tool and move the sliders in towards the edge of the graph. Play around with the Hue slider to change the colour.

    SHOOTINGCreative projects

    A simple setup in your home can produce some striking

    images that look great as a canvas

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    44 Photography for Beginners

    Photo presents are a great way of sharing your favourite moments with people you know and love. Whats more, since its a calendar were making, your homemade gift is both useful and beautiful. Bonus!

    Before we begin, youll need a selection of photographs to work with. Print them out using your home printer, or order a batch from a professional printing service. The size of the photos will ultimately depend on how big youd like the nished piece to be. We wanted an A5 calendar, so we opted for mini prints to ensure we had a nice selection of shots on offer.

    Make unique gifts for your friends and family to enjoy



    Decide on a layoutGather your photos and craft supplies. We chose a thicker backing card then applied decorative, patterned paper on top.

    Add embellishmentsNow its time to decorate! Personalise your calendar with borders, buttons and picture corners, then add in the months and days.

    Stitchin timeSew the date pages to the card and then pierce holes in the calendar pages and thread yarn or twine through to tie them together.

    Craft your calendar Simple steps to a unique photo gift

    SHOOTINGCreative projects

  • Unique Christmasgifts for lovers ofBritish landscapesCapture your favouriteview with a personalisedmap. Simply choose anarea, add your own coverphoto and choose a title.

    For more information on how to buy your Custom Made map, visit:

    Peak District Paul Shaw

  • SHOOTINGStory behind the shot

    46 Photography for Beginners


    What settings did you use and how did you frame the panda?I was using my Canon EOS Rebel T3i (600D) and 70-300mm lens at full zoom. I shot in Manual with an aperture of f5.6 and a shutter speed of 1/80sec. I always try to find natural frames like trees and branches, and the red panda enclosure has plenty of natural framing material at just the right height. A lot of the time, it is down to luck, as not all shots turn out how Id planned them.

    Where and why did you take this lovely photograph?This was taken at my local zoo in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. I was taking part in an event for photographers of all levels and so I got access to the zoo two hours prior to the paying public. The red pandas are one of my favourite animals to shoot at the zoo. They are usually quite an active bunch and love to climb the trees around them, making for some very natural looking photographs.

    What preparations did you make to capture this shot?On this occasion I did not have my tripod with me, so I positioned myself along one of the side walls, which is just the right height to steady the camera on and get good shots of the pandas treehouse. The other thing I always try to do, although more difficult, is to wait for the majority of people to move on, so I can move around a little without having to try and shoot past people.

    behindtheshotPhotography For Beginners reader Simone Torkington tells us how she took this fantastic wildlife shot

    46 Photography for

  • 1/80sec f5.6

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    Photography for Beginners 47

    Did you face any problems when capturing this shot? As with all wildlife photography, animals dont usually stand still to pose for the camera, so trying to capture that perfect picture is always a challenge. In this instance, the panda kept his head quite low for most of the time I was waiting. I had almost given up on this shot until he finally moved his head ever so slightly above the branch, creating a perfect composition.

    What do you like most about this wildlife photograph?I love the rich green and brown colours of the enclosure, both in the foreground and the background of this image. They serve as a really great contrast to the intense colours of the red panda and set off the photograph really well. I also like the way that the panda looks as if he is just about to move off over the branch, which in actual fact, he did end up doing.

    Do you have any tips to help others get a photo like this?Patience, patience and more patience, plus knowledge of the animals habits all help in getting great wildlife shots. If you have been to your local zoo before and know the layout, try and plan your shot ahead of time. Think about where the light is coming from and what would be the best time of day to take the shot. Remember that most animals are active early in the morning or later in the day.

    Photography for Beginners 47Share your shots at:


    48 Photography for Beginners

    Swivel your camera for dynamic motion blur

    Master panning for creative action shots


    48 Photography for Beginners

    WHAT YOULL NEEDCamera Monopod

    WE USED Nikon D3200

    YOU COULD USEAny cameraTripod

    WHAT YOULL LEARN How to track your subject to create motion blur

    five minute project

  • SHOOTINGPanning

    Photography for Beginners 49Share your shots at:

    Set your speed

    01 Switch your camera to Shutter Priority mode and choose your shutter speed. It will need to be fast enough to freeze your subject in the frame, but not so fast that you wont have time to pan. 1/60sec works well.

    Select Continuous shooting

    02 Use a Continuous shooting mode to take a series of snaps while you hold down the shutter. Even if you press the shutter early, your camera will keep shooting as you pan so you wont miss the shot.

    Steady your camera

    03 Swivelling your camera in a steady, uid motion can be tricky if shooting handheld. Using a monopod or tripod will help you to get a smooth shot as you track your subject, and will also prevent camera shake.


    04 If you know the direction your subject is travelling in, you can pre-focus on a spot they will move into. Use manual focus or half-press the shutter to lock the autofocus point, then fully press it when they are in view.

    Panning is one of those photography techniques that looks complicated, but is in fact very quick and easy to achieve. It is a great way of showing a sense of the speed and direction of travel of your subject, rather than creating a static shot that freezes everything in the frame. Of course, action shots taken with a fast shutter speed do look impressive too, but panning can sometimes help you to convey movement in your still images a little better.

    The trick with panning is to create directional blur in the background, while at the same time keeping your main subject sharp. Otherwise, you are just left with a completely blurry and unusable photo. Getting this right is all down to how you focus your shot. Once you have perfected this technique, then all you really need to do is swivel your camera. Its as easy as that.

    You dont even need an advanced camera to try out this technique, either, as you can use more basic controls to get the look you want. If youre using a compact without manual controls, try switching to a low light or reworks scene mode, as this will set a slow shutter speed for you.

    Once you have mastered your panning skills, start thinking about the composition of your shots. Experiment with panning from different angles and leave some active space in front of your subject to show the direction in which they are travelling.

    To get you on your way to producing fantastic panning shots, this tutorial explains the ve basic steps you need to know. Plus, weve also suggested some fantastic panning photo subjects to inspire you to go out and practise your technique.

    Perfect panning Create directional background blur

    Start panning

    05 When your subject is in position, re the shutter and swivel your camera along with them. It will take some time to get your shutter speed and panning technique perfect, so just keep practising.

    3 OF THE BESTPanning photo subjects

    Cyclists Whether on the road or at the park, cyclists travel at varying speeds, so you can achieve different panning effects. Try focusing on the cyclists face in order to capture their emotions.

    Vehicles Motorised vehicles such as cars and motorbikes have a uid and steady motion, which makes tracking them with your camera easy. Just make sure you maintain a safe distance.

    RunnersThe relatively slow pace of joggers makes it a little easier to pan with them, so they are great subjects for practising your technique on. Think about the backdrop and perspective of your shot.

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    52 Photography for Beginners

    Double the impact of a scene01 Find the right locationAny body of water can work well, including lakes or large ponds. Look for bold shapes on the shoreline that will make interesting reflections, like trees or buildings. It helps if its sheltered from the wind.

    Reflections in landscapes


    Long shutter speeds will smooth the water, but use a neutral density lter to manage the light levels

    02 Choose good conditionsFor good reections, the water needs to be very still, so plan your shoot for a calm day. Dawn is often the stillest time of day, and the low sun means that there will be less glare and stronger reections.


    WHAT YOULL NEEDStill body of water

    Camera (preferably with manual controls) Tripod

    WE USED Canon EOS 5D Mark III

    Neutral density lter


    compact camera with manual settings

    Any smooth reective surface

    Polarising lter

    WHAT YOULL LEARN How to make the most of reections in the landscape

    52 Photography for


    Photography for Beginners 53Share your shots at:

    SHOOTINGRe ections

    05 Use a polariserPolarising filters are normally used to boost

    colour saturation in photos, but they also help to remove glare from surfaces, therefore

    enhancing reflections. Rotate the filter until you see the effect you like best.

    04 Use a tripodIf youre shooting at dawn, light levels will be

    low and exposure times long, so put your camera on a tripod. This will also slow you down, so you can check the details in the

    frame and make changes to the composition.

    03 Compose your shotShooting reflections is one time when you can

    ignore the rule of thirds, as symmetry often looks best. Dont be afraid to put your horizon in the middle of the frame and leave an even

    amount of space around your subject.

    Experiment with different

    camera heights often a lower

    viewpoint will make the most of the re ection

    Photography for Beginners 53Share your shots at:

    06 Watch your exposureBright reflections and glare can fool your

    cameras meter into underexposure. Check the shot and histogram on the review screen,

    and if its too dark, add between +1 and +2 stops of exposure compensation and re-shoot.

  • 54 Photography for Beginners


    We take you through the key additions and improvements in the latest version of Adobes Photoshop Lightroom

    54 Photography for Beginners

    Advanced HealingThis tool lets you paint over a blemish or unwanted object in an image and accurately heal or clone it out

    Smart PreviewWork on images even when youre away from your main computer and have no access to the original le

    Radial FilterThe Radial Filter tool enables you to add focus and impact to your images with customisable vignettes

    Lens CorrectionThis new Lens Correction tool helps you to make wonky images straight with just a single click

    Master Lightroom 5 with our easy steps

    WHAT YOULL NEED Photoshop Lightroom 5

    WHAT YOULL LEARN Advanced Healing tips

    How to add a radial gradient

    Perspective correctionThe advantage of Smart Previews Hidden productivity features

    Share optionsCreate fun video slideshows and customise photobooks easily through this range of modules


  • EDITINGLightroom 5

    Photography for Beginners 55Share your shots at...

    Clone out objects

    04 If you want to completely remove objects from an image, then you may need to use the Clone option instead. Paint over a small part of the area you want to be cloned out, then let go of the mouse. Lightroom will look for an area to clone from.

    Adjust the sample area

    05 Again, you can drag the clone area to somewhere better if you like, until the result is how you want it. You will need to do larger areas in lots of small sections to get a realistic result, as there may be no one big area to clone from that will cover it.

    Switch between modes

    06 You can change between Clone and Heal modes by Ctrl/right-clicking in the centre of the selection area. You can then see which mode will give you the best results. Go over your whole image, removing blemishes, and hit Done when youre nished.

    Heal blemishes

    02 The Heal option is good for small blemishes, as it helps to maintain the original texture, which is essential for working on skin. Zoom in and adjust the brush size so that it ts over the blemish perfectly. Click to let Lightroom do its magic.

    Locate the tool

    01 Open your image in Lightroom and go to the Develop module, then pick Spot Removal. This is not a new tool in itself, but it has been made a lot more powerful, and it now offers a paint selection option rather than a xed circle selection.

    Apply auto healing

    03 Lightroom will automatically choose an area to sample from that it thinks matches the one you are trying to heal. Usually the results are pretty good, but you can choose the source area manually if you are not happy with the auto correction.

    Advanced Healing Brush Remove blemishes or entire objects with ease

  • EDITINGLightroom 5

    56 Photography for Beginners

    Using the preview

    03 Now, if you are on your laptop, for example, and you dont have the original photo, you can edit it and the edits will be applied to the original next time you are back on your main computer.

    Smart Previews explained

    Select on import

    01 Smart Previews are small versions of your original image. You can use these when accessing your Catalog away from your main machine. Tick the Build Smart Preview box to make one on import.

    Lens Correction Straighten wonky images quickly

    Make a simple correction

    02 The simplest way to apply the correction is to hit the Auto button, which will analyse your image, straighten and crop it. This will often be all that you need to do, but sometimes other options work best.

    Select Lens Correction

    01 If you have a wonky image that youd like to straighten, open it in the Develop module. On the right-hand side, open the Lens Correction menu and youll see that Upright is under the Basic tab.

    Other options

    04 You can choose to Enable Pro le Corrections, Remove Chromatic Aberration and Constrain Crop by ticking the relevant boxes. Use Reanalyze to see what effect your changes have on your image.

    Choose the right option

    03 The Level option deals with tilted horizons, Vertical is for slanted vertical objects (such as buildings), and Full corrects three-dimensional geometric distortion. Pick the right one for the best results.

    Add after import

    02 If you already have images in your Lightroom Library, you can add a Smart Preview to them too. In the Develop module, you will see the option Original Photo. Click this to add a Smart Preview.

  • EDITINGLightroom 5

    Photography for Beginners 57Share your shots at...

    Radial Filter Add impact with a dramatic vignette

    Add the radius

    02 To start off, draw a circle where you want the radial gradient to appear. You can adjust the size of this when its drawn. You can also alter its angle and centre point, as well as inverse the mask for creative effect.

    Find the tool

    01 You can add a radial gradient to your images using the Radial Filter tool on the right-hand side of the Develop module. Clicking the icon brings up a long list of adjustment options that you can apply.

    Other adjustments

    04 You may see that some purple fringing has appeared. You can get rid of this by using the Tint slider, pulling it towards the green, and also by altering the Defringe slider. Experimenting is key.

    Change the exposure

    03 By dragging the Exposure control to the left, you can darken the edges of your image to give a vignette effect. You dont want to go too extreme or the image will lose realism and artefacts will start to creep in.

    Helpful hidden features

    Smart Collections

    03 Use Smart Collections to sort your photos based on a set of criteria. These include size, colour pro le, if they have a Smart Preview and PNG images (which are now supported in Lightroom).

    Quick Full Screen

    01There is now a new shortcut for viewing images in full screen, which is simply F. Hit the F key once to enter Full Screen mode to help you make precise edits, and hit it again to go back.

    Grids and Guides

    02 Go to View>Loupe Overlay to add grids and guides over your image. This comes in useful for cropping and perspective correction. Hold Cmd/Ctrl to alter their placement, size and opacity.


    58 Photography for Beginners Share your shots

    Use the Unsharp Mask

    01 To sharpen up your entire shot, go to Enhance>Unsharp Mask. Tick the Preview box and nd an area of your shot with a bit of detail, then increase the Amount slider until you are happy with the level of sharpness.

    Adjust the sliders

    02 Adjusting the Radius slider determines the size of the area that is sharpened, and the Threshold slider adjusts how much sharpness is applied to high-contrast areas. Experiment until you are satis ed.

    Use the Sharpen tool

    03 If you want to sharpen a speci c area of your shot, select the Sharpen tool and adjust the Strength and Size sliders as you see t. Now brush over the area you want to sharpen and watch as the details appear.

    Fix blurry pictures to get them looking crisp and detailed

    Sharpen soft images

    Sharpen up Correct problem shots in Photoshop Elements

    Even if youve got your focusing technique spot on, your images can quite often look a little soft straight out of the camera. Its good practice to sharpen them up in editing software before you print or share them online, so that you can really bring out the detail.

    However, its important to remember that sharpening will not

    allow you to rescue an out-of-focus shot. It may sometimes seem that editing programs can work miracles, but unfortunately there is no way to bring something back into focus.

    Follow our simple tutorial below to learn how to sharpen up images in Photoshop Elements 11, forpin-sharp shots every time.

    WHAT YOULL NEEDEditing software

    WE USEDPhotoshop Elements 11

    YOU COULD USE Photoshop CS


    WHAT YOULL LEARN How to sharpen your blurry shots


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  • EDITINGFake a wide aperture

    60 Photography for Beginners

    Blur Shine Free (iOS)An easy-to-use app that enables you to mask out areas of your shot that you want to keep in focus and apply a blurred bokeh-style effect to the rest.

    Art Blur Effect HD 1.99/$2.99 (iOS)Simply pick an area of your photo to stay focused and watch as the rest of it dissolves to blur. Can be used in-camera or on an existing image.

    Amazing Blur Effect HD 0.69/$0.99 (iOS)This app works on existing images or in-camera shots, and is a simple case of using your nger to wipe over the screen and control what areas are blurred.

    Wide aperture photography is a beautiful technique, typi ed by soft backgrounds and areas of focus on the main subject. It can be used for all genres of photography, but is perhaps most successful on portraits.

    Although most photographers give blur the cold shoulder, when used well it can be a powerful friend. The eye will skim over blurred areas and hone straight in

    on anything sharp and in focus. By controlling what areas of your image are blurred, you can affect where your viewer will look rst. In portraits, the face and eyes are always a good bet, but you can use the technique in landscapes to make some areas jump out from the rest.

    If you miss the chance to use a wide aperture when taking the shot, it is blessedly simple to emulate in photo-editing software. Follow our steps to nd out how.

    01 Open your image up in GIMP and go to Layer>Duplicate Layer to protect the original. The

    plan is to select the main subject and then blur all around her. The weapon of choice is going to be the Free Select tool.

    Fake a wide apertureUse a variety of photo-editing software to control focus in portraits 01

    Here were going to make use of Elements Guided interface.

    Open the start image in the software and then click the Guided tab at the top. Click on the down arrow next to Photo Effects in the right-hand panel and then click Depth of Field.

    01 Download the Unfocused app from the App Store and open it up. You can use the app as you

    take the shot, or as in our case, on an existing photo. Simply tap to select that option and navigate to where your image is.

    Photoshop Elements 12Available on: Mac/PC Price: From 63/$80

    Unfocused FreeAvailable on: iOS Price: Free

    GIMPAvailable on: Mac/PC Price: Free

    Apps for blurring your backgrounds


    Soft backdropsUse a wide aperture effect

    to make professional-looking portraits

    WHAT YOULL NEEDEditing software

    WE USEDPhotoshop Elements 12GIMPUnfocused Free app

    YOU COULD USEOther photo-editing software and

    blur-effect apps

    WHAT YOULL LEARN How to select objects and blur backgrounds

  • EDITINGFake a wide aperture

    Photography for Beginners 61Share your shots at:

    02 Once selected, a palette will appear with a set of options for using the Free Select tool. The most important step is to set a nice big Feather for a smooth transition between blur and focus. Click and draw around the subject.

    03 Once the selection is complete, go to Select>Invert. Everything bar the subject is now selected. Next stop is Filter>Blur>Gaussian Blur. This will blur the background. Dont go too mad here; a setting of around 25% will suf ce.

    04 You can increase the amount of surrounding blur using the Blur slider. Simply click and drag to the right to bump up the effect. We increased it slightly in our example and then hit the Done button to nish things up.

    02 After some navigation instructions, the image will open up in the interface. Click the side arrow at the bottom to set feather and brush size. A medium brush and a big feather works well for a portrait like this. Click the arrow again to hide the options.

    03 Using your nger, wiggle over the background area to make it blurred. Even though you are using your nger, you get good control and the blur updates instantly, so you can see exactly how the effect will look when it is nished.

    04 To ensure you have picked up everything, tap the cross and magnifying glass icons to make them yellow. Pinch out to zoom into the image and then use your nger to drag around and check all is good. When happy, tap the tick icon and save.

    02 You now have two methods to choose from to blur your background: Simple and Custom. The Simple option actually gives better results, so click on it to select it. Then click on the Add Blur button for a default blur to be added over the entire image.

    03 The next task is to eliminate the blur over the important areas in this case the subjects face. Click the Add Focus Area button, click on the face and then drag out to set the focused area. If it goes wrong, press Cmd/Ctrl+Z to undo your actions.

    04 Click OK to apply the blur and then go to Select>None to deselect. If GIMP is your main editing software, save the image as normal. However, if you want to use a different program, go to File>Export, click the arrow to see all le types and pick the one you want.

  • EDITINGSolarisation

    62 Photography for Beginners

    Achieve a beautiful solarisation effect five minute project

    Emulate the glowing drama of a solarised shotWHAT YOULL NEED Photo-editing software

    Suitable images

    WE USEDPhotoshop CS5

    YOU COULD USEEarlier and later versions of CSCorel PaintShop Pro

    WHAT YOULL LEARN Use the Curves

    commandCreate a manual curve


    62 Photography for

  • EDITINGSolarisation

    Photography for Beginners 63Share your shots at:

    Remove the colour

    01 Open your image and make a duplicate to work on. Now relieve it of its colour using the Black & White adjustment set to Default. Your image may look at, but the real magic takes place with the Curves command.

    Apply a Curves adjustment

    02 The Curves command lets you edit an images tone. Click New Adjustment Layer in the Layers panel and then pick Curves. If you havent got a Curves adjustment layer, just select the Curves command.

    Draw your own curve

    03 For this effect, click the Pencil icon. This lets you draw your own curve. Click in the lower-left corner, hold Shift, click in the top-middle, and still holding Shift, click in the lower-right. You want an inverted V shape.

    More Curves

    04If you would like to emphasise areas, create another Curves adjustment layer. This time you need the usual curve function (it looks like a line graph), so if it isnt selected, do so. Then drag the curve to tweak.

    The solarisation technique has been used by photographers for years. It refers to an image that has had its tonal values reversed, so light is dark and dark is light, with the light areas having an almost ethereal glow. Despite being the product of accidental exposure to light, solarisation has become an artistic technique that photographers actively seek out, the most famous example being Man Ray.

    As with many other traditional photographic effects, the style can be emulated using photo-editing software such as Photoshop, which we use here. It calls upon the Curves command found in most editing software to pinpoint and invert the highlights and shadows. The effect is typically used on black and white images, but can also be very effective when applied to colour shots. We cover both methods in this tutorial.

    Before you begin making an edit on your images, spend a few moments looking at examples of solarisation. This will give you an idea of the subjects and scenes that bene t from the treatment, as well as which ones to avoid. As a general rule, plump for an image with de ned detail. If you use something that is very busy, the objects might end up being unrecognisable. Another reason for doing a bit of research is to get a feel for how intense the effect should be. Push it too far and you risk what should be a beautiful silver glow looking like the aftermath of a nuclear explosion!

    With the research out of the way, applying the actual effect to an image is incredibly quick and easy. Just follow along with our simple tutorials to learn how to add it to your own shots. Before long, you will have created images that Man Ray would be proud of!

    Solarise shots Get dramatic monochromes fast

    Enhance the glow

    05 Finally, duplicate the original image and drag it to the top of the Layers panel. Convert it to black and white and go to Filter> Stylize>Glowing Edges. Adjust the settings to get a glow around the edges and click OK.

    Transform your colour photographs

    One more curveChances are the effect wont work straight away, so add another Curves adjustment layer to control the tone, or use the Opacity slider in the Layers panel to subdue the result.

    Color blendingThe aim is to use blending modes to merge the coloured photo with the existing solarisation effect. Click the blend mode menu in the Layers panel and select Color.

    Layer shimmyThe start point for this effect is the nal result of the main solarisation tutorial. Open up the layered le, click on the duplicated photo layer and then drag it to the top of the layer stack.

  • EDITINGBoost saturation

    64 Photography for Beginners

    Boost the colour saturation quickly

    Bring out bold hues and protect the details with DxO Optics Pro software

    WHAT YOULL NEEDColourful start image

    DxO Optics Pro softwareComputer

    WE USED DxO Optics Pro 8

    Mac computer


    WHAT YOULL LEARN How to increase colour vibrancy and protect details in your images


    EDITINGBoost saturation

    64 Photography for

  • EDITINGBoost saturation

    Photography for Beginners 65Share your shots at:

    Select your start image

    01 Install DxO Optics Pro, open it and select the image you want to improve via the Folders panel on the left. The image should now load within the software. To begin editing, select the Customize tab.

    Select Advanced User

    02 To take more control, work within the DxO Advanced User workspace, which can be selected via the Workspace tab. The Protect Saturated Colors process is applied automatically, but you can tweak the result.

    Increase saturation

    03 Now select the Color Accentuation tab and begin enhancing the colour Vibrancy and Saturation sliders. You can preview the results as you make changes by selecting the Dual Image tab.

    Protect the details

    04 To ensure that details are still present in highly saturated areas, select the Color Rendering option from the Light and Color Advanced panel. Scroll down to Protect Saturated Colors and increase the Intensity.

    Vibrant subjects are bold and eye-catching in any image, but its not uncommon to nd that the colour saturation needs a bit of a boost when youre editing your shots. Some textured and colourful subjects, however, struggle to retain details in the midtone and shadow areas when saturation has been increased. This can make your images appear at and at worse, posterised. To overcome this, you can use specialist colour tools that are available in DxO Optics Pro software, which were offering to all our readers this month with up to 80 off!

    Join us in this easy-to-follow tutorial as we introduce you to the software and take you step-by-step through the colour enhancement techniques and tools within the program. Youll not only learn how to enhance colour vibrancy and saturation, but youll also get to grips with the Protect Saturated Colors tool that ensures

    you retain all of the details. In no time at all, youll discover just how easy it is to enhance the hues in your shots, even when working in the Advanced User interface like we are. Well also take you through the beginner levels and show you how to remove unwanted colour casts and correct white balance in your captures with a quick three-step mini tutorial.

    We used DxO Optics Pro 8 for this tutorial, but you can download a copy of the latest DxO Optics Pro 9 Elite software with new and improved features at a discounted price. Just enter the offer code PHOTOGRAPHY FB2013 when you visit This special offer is available to all our readers until 31 January 2014 and you can get 40 off DxO Optics Pro 9 Standard Edition, making it 79 instead of 119, or 80 off DxO Optics Pro 9 Elite Edition, making it just 159 instead of 239.

    Enhance the hues Get bright shots in Optics Pro

    Enhance the tones

    05 Before you save your shot, you can make nal tweaks to the highlights, midtones, shadows and black areas. Choose the Selective Tone option from the Light and Color Advanced panel and adjust the sliders.

    Learn how to correct the white balance

    White balanceSelect the White Balance tool from the Light and Color panel and click on the Pick Color tab. Keep the Radius slider low (around 5px) and select a grey or white area in the left image.

    Select your shotOpen your image in the software and select the DxO First Steps Workspace. Now select the Dual Image tab along the top of the screen to preview the adjustments.

    Tweak resultsThe white balance should now automatically remove casts. However, you can tweak results by selecting + and adjusting the temperature between cooler and warmer.

  • 66 Photography for Beginners

    EDITINGApp of the month

    Whether youve been setting up your perfect shot for a good few minutes or youve captured something in the moment, theres always a chance that your camera will have picked up

    something or someone that could ruin that amazing image. A stray shadow in a perfectly lit landscape, wandering tourists outside a famous landmark or even just a lens-infringing ngertip in that spontaneous self-portrait can all mar an otherwise perfect shot. Whats more, on your cameras small display, you might not notice any of these issues until you load your photos onto your computer.

    If youre not feeling con dent enough to use some of the more advanced applications such as Adobe

    Photoshop or Apples Aperture to x your photos, theres TouchRetouch. This inexpensive Mac app has all the tools you need and an interface thats as easy to use as iPhoto. The app itself focuses on a couple of key tools the Retouch brush and the Clone stamp. Between these two, you should nd yourself with everything you need to erase parts of a photograph that are unnecessary or unexpected.

    Beyond that theres basic image levels adjustment tools, a cropping feature if you feel the need to reframe your shot and even a horizon straightening option for those times when you didnt quite set up that tripod right. Using all of these tools in combination will ensure that photos you might have otherwise written off can now take pride of place in your next album or collection.

    Remove troublesome parts of your image using the easy but powerful Mac app TouchRetouch

    Zoom and retouch

    01 Open up the image you want to x and zoom in on the problem area to see it in detail using the slider at the bottom. In our shot, we want to clone out the people in the scene to make for a stronger landscape shot. Once youre there, hit the Retouch button at the top to bring up the tools.

    Fix image imperfections Remove artefacts in minutes

    WHAT YOULL NEED A Mac running OS X 10.7 or laterTouchRetouch app

    WE USEDTouchRetouch for Mac

    YOU COULD USEAdobe PhotoshopApple ApertureTouchRetouch on iOS

    or Android

    WHAT YOULL LEARN How to remove pesky artefacts from photos


    Clone out unwanted areas of your shot

    Available on: Mac Price: 6.99/$9.99

    Paint it red

    02 Use the slider on the right-hand side to set a brush size thats smaller than the size of the area to be removed, then carefully paint over it by clicking and dragging with your mouse or trackpad. Try to stay accurate with this as the software will do a better job if just the area to clone out is selected.

  • EDITINGApp of the month

    Photography for Beginners 67Share your shots at:

    Vital statisticsTowards the bottom-left of the app, important details about your images size and dimensions are shown for your reference

    Let it go

    03 Once youre happy with the area youve painted over to be removed, simply let go of your mouse or trackpad and TouchRetouch will get to work removing it. Its an automatic process, so the software does the hard work for you. This could take a minute or two to work though, so be patient!

    See the context

    04 Once TouchRetouch has nished working on your image, zoom out using the slider at the bottom again to see the result in the context of the rest of the image. If anything looks odd, try going over it once more, or click Undo at the top to start again. You can also use the Lasso to capture larger areas quickly.


    TouchRetouch foriOS and Android0.69/$0.99 (iOS)0.62/$0.99 (Android)

    As well as being available for Mac, TouchRetouch is

    also available for the iPhone and Android smartphones, meaning you can quickly x a photo without having to transfer it to a computer. Its a little ddlier to operate, but the process is the same and just as effective. Plus, its an incredibly cheap addition to your mobile photography toolkit.

    Simple slidersFor a more straightforward

    approach to editing, TouchRetouch offers some basic sliders to adjust your

    image with ease

    Slide to zoomBe sure to make use of the

    zoom slider as you go about editing your image, especially

    when removing areas, for better accuracy

    Creative croppingWhether you want to reframe your image or crop out a rather large problem area, this tool has you covered

    Check progressClicking and holding the Original button will show you your photo prior to any edits, to check that you are happy with them

    Levels adjustmentOnce youve xed your photo, you can use the histogram and levels controls to make some nal tweaks to it

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  • 70 Photography for Beginners


    Use the Shutter y Photo Story app to create fantastic digital photobooks on your tablet

    Create and share a multimedia album

    Photo albums are a great way to reminisce about times gone by, and putting them together is also part of the process. Apps like Shutter y Photo Story give you the power to do this on your iPad, and as well as keeping it digital, you can also order a physical version of the nished product from within the app.

    Shutter y gives you complete control, from choosing the design and style of your book to the arrangement of any photos and text you would like to include. You can also add audio notes to pages, giving little extra details to each of your photos to help tell their story. Before purchasing a physical copy, there are options to share your book with

    friends and loved ones be it via email or to a wider audience by posting it to your Facebook account.

    As a creation process, things are pretty straightforward. Shutter y is impressively attentive, agging up any images it thinks might be too low a resolution to look good in your photobook, as well as piecing together the pages and layout for you. Of course, you can change this as you wish, but if youre looking for a quick x its an ideal function to have to hand. This tutorial will explain how to choose, create and share your photobook and the memories they contain, as well as show you how to buy a physical version for your collection.

    WHAT YOULL NEED iPad An App Store account

    WE USED Shutter y Photo Story

    YOU COULD USE iPhoto Photo Album Photoful

    WHAT YOULL LEARN How to create and share a photobook

    Available on: iOS (iPad only) Price: Free


    70 Photography for

  • Photography for Beginners 71

    SHARINGShutter y Photo Story

    Share your shots at:

    Create the photobook Make, share and order from your iPad

    Add text and audio

    04 In your album there will be a range of text boxes. Tap one and you can insert text to complement your images. You can also record and drop in audio for others to listen to by tapping the Microphone icon.

    Apply effects

    05 Photo editing has become a big part of photography, and Shutter y embraces this idea, providing a selection of lters that you can apply to any image. Simply tap one and a new window will appear.

    Pick a style and size

    01First, you need to settle on a style. Shutter y has a range of designs, and you can even preview different pages of each design, as well as choose a nal size for the physical version if you want to purchase one.

    Choose your photos

    02 The next step is to choose where you would like to source your images from, such as your photo library or Facebook. Once youve chosen and selected your images, tap the Done button to see your lled album.

    Auto arrange

    03 Shutter y will lay out your photos for you. You can swipe through the pages and amend the position of images by tapping and dragging them. You can also add more photos or pages at any time with the Plus icon.

    Apps to prep your shotsInstagram Free (Android/iOS)

    The perfect on-the- y editing application, Instagram is ideal for capturing those spontaneous moments and then making them

    sparkle with lter effects.


    Share with friends

    06Once you are happy with your book, you can share it with others. Tap the List icon at the top and then select the Share Book option. You can then send your book out via email or post it to your Facebook wall.

    Order a copy

    07 If you want a physical copy of your book, tap the Order button and enter your details. Theres also a Quantity option where you can up the number you would like to order should you want to send some as presents.

    VSCO Cam Free (iOS)VSCO Cam offers users tools like Temperature, Contrast and Vignette to subtly tweak the look and feel of your photos from within its

    simple-to-use interface.

    Snapseed Free (Android/iOS)A much more grown-up photo editing suite that also offers users some clever effects, including tilt-shift focus and vintage. The Snapseed app is

    driven by a cool gesture-based interface.

    Pixlr Express Free (Android/iOS)A great app to work with, Pixlr has a sense of fun running through it yet has all the tools a serious image editor could ask for, with overlays as

    well as sharpening tools.

    GroupShot 0.69/$0.99 (iOS)Everyone has those group photos where one or two faces are holding it back, but GroupShot changes that, allowing users to fuse together the

    best images of the same subjects.

    Mextures 1.49/$1.99 (iOS)Giving you control over gradients and light, the Mextures application gives users scroll bars to ne-tune images as they wish, with some stunning

    results in the right hands.

    Analog Camera 1.49/$1.99 (iOS)A wonderfully simple editing tool, Analog Camera places all the edits you can make on a single screen, making it effortless to enhance and

    share your photos with friends or the world.

  • 72 Photography for Beginners


    Show the world whats happening where you are with the Pictastik app

    Tag, share & browse photos by location

    WHAT YOULL NEEDPictastik app

    iPhone running iOS 5.0 or later

    WE USED iPhone 5S

    YOU COULD USEPrevious iPhonesiPad

    WHAT YOULL LEARN How to share photos with anyone

    Available on: iOS Price: Free


    72 Photography for

  • Photography for Beginners 73Share your shots at:


    Capture the scene

    01 This app lets you search for photos by location, letting you discover all the things you can do and see in that place. It only lets you post photos youve taken from the app to keep it in real-time; just tap the red capture button.

    Share with Pictastik Edit and tag your photosLocation sharing apps


    iExplorer Free (iOS)iExplorer lets you share photos with full location information intact. They can be shown to other users on an interactive map.

    Mapic share where Free (iOS)Share any photo instantly on Twitter and Facebook and include a location map link a very quick way to share photo locations.

    Camera MX Free (Android/iOS)You can share your photos and display them on a map using GPS data with Camera MX. Its sociable and location-aware.

    Add personality

    02 You can make changes to shots using the strip of icons at the bottom of the screen. Simply tap each one to see which options are available to you. Click on Enhance to make one-click changes that can improve the shot.

    Apply an effect

    03 As well as making enhancements using these thumbnails, the Effects option lets you add a variety of lters to your shots. Slide your nger across the thumbnails to view more, then simply select one and tap Apply.

    Choose a location

    04 The app knows where you are, but it will still give you a list of locations to choose from after you nish editing a photo. This means that you can be exact in your current location and also add weight to your description.

    Add a description

    05 Take some time to add a description to each photo so that your followers know where it was taken and why it is a place worth visiting. A picture may be worth a thousand words, but at times they will still need describing.

    Build a presence

    06 As you share more shots, people will start to follow you, and each city you have posted photos from will be listed on your pro le page. You will be able to follow others and see their images to learn about other locations.

    Share shots by location on Android

    Upload a shotAdd your own shots by pressing the camera icon at the bottom. You can upload from your gallery or take a fresh shot. There are some great lters you can add, and you can also crop and add frames.

    Download the appPictastik is iOS-only, but there are similar apps on Android. For instance, download EyeEm for free and sign up to be able to share shots by location and browse pics by people in your area.

    Tag the locationThe app automatically nds your location, but you can search for speci c places or choose from nearby spots it has listed. Other people can then view your images and know where you took them.

  • 74 Photography for Beginners

    Upload multiple shots to online storage service SkyDriveand share them with friends Available on: Windows, Mac, Android and iOS Price: Free

    Back up and share a whole photo album

    When youre rst starting out in photography, you will no doubt be taking lots of photos. Many of us store these on our computers, but what if your computer was stolen or if its hard drive developed a fault? Theres a chance that you could lose them all.

    Backing up to an external hard drive or emailing photos to yourself are two possible solutions, but a better one is to use a cloud storage service. Cloud storage effectively means saving your photos and other les to storage that is held somewhere else and is accessed via the internet. By keeping copies of your images on a remote hard drive, you

    can not only safeguard your photographs but also access them on many different devices. That is because cloud storage services can be used wherever there is internet.

    With Microsoft SkyDrive, you can grab an app for Windows, Apple and Android phones and tablets while also accessing it via any browser at By doing this, you can back up and ensure you have access to your les wherever in the world you may be. Cloud storage like SkyDrive also allows you to share multiple shots with other people quickly, so no more emailing one photo at a time! Read on to nd out how.

    WHAT YOULL NEED A computer or iOS/Android device

    WE USED Microsoft SkyDrive

    YOU COULD USEDropboxGoogle Drive

    WHAT YOULL LEARN How to store and retrieve les online

    74 Photography for Beginners


  • SHARINGSkyDrive

    Photography for Beginners 75Share your shots at:

    Using Microsoft SkyDrive Download and use Microsofts cloud service

    Create a new folder

    04 Ctrl/right-click on the SkyDrive icon in the toolbar of your PC or Mac. Open your SkyDrive folder and Ctrl/right-click to create a New Folder. Double-click it and the window will work like any other.

    Copy les across

    05 With the window open, nd the images that you wish to upload to SkyDrive and copy them across. By looking at the SkyDrive icon, you will be able to see the copying process in progress.

    Download SkyDrive

    01 Go to and download the SkyDrive app for your PC or Mac. Open it and an icon will appear in your toolbar. Click it to begin setup and then click Get Started.

    Choose folder location

    02 Input your Hotmail or Outlook name and password (or set up an account), then choose where you want your SkyDrive folder to be located on your computer, to sync any les that you upload with your PC or Mac.

    Select syncing options

    03 Decide if you want every le stored in SkyDrive to be synced with your computer or just certain les. If you choose all of them, then copies will be made in the location you chose in the previous step.

    Photography sharing appsDropbox Free (Android & iOS)

    Dropbox has just 2GB of free storage, but you can increase your limit by completing set tasks, including introducing friends. It is a robust

    service and one of the most well-known.


    Share your photos

    06Go to and all of the photos you have uploaded will appear. By Ctrl/right-clicking on the folder, you can select Sharing. The folder or individual photos can be shared via email or social networks.

    Preferences and options

    07 You can retrieve photos by Ctrl/right-clicking the icon and selecting to open the folder, then copy images out of the folder or open them. Selecting Preferences will allow you to hide the Dock icon if you wish.

    Copy Free (Android & iOS)This cloud service is the new kid on the block, and gives users 15GB of free storage. It is stable and easy to use, but you may prefer to try more

    established services until it has proven itself.

    Google Drive Free (Android & iOS)Anyone with a Google account already has this storage service available to them. Go to, then upload and access even the

    largest of photo les with ease.

    SugarSync Free (Android & iOS)As with other apps here, photos can be shared with others either publicly or privately, and you can control the number of users. You can save photos

    from other apps to SugarSync too.

    Microsoft SkyDrive Free (Android & iOS)Take lots of photos on your phone or tablet? Quickly choose to upload them to SkyDrive as well as move,

    delete or rename les.

    Box Free (Android & iOS)With a whopping 10GB of free storage, you will have plenty of space to play with. Content can be le-encrypted for privacy or shared easily by

    emailing a link in just a few clicks.

    MEGA Free (Android)Back up your photos and other les to MEGA, which comes with 50GB of storage for free. You can share your folders with contacts and see their

    updates too in real time.

  • Questions & answers, tips & photo- xes

    Ask the team questions at photoforbeginners.comPost questions to the PFBMag group at

    Tweet any quick questions or tips you may have to @PFBMag

    Upload your problem pics to our Flickr pool at www.

    04 Remove imperfectionsHold the Opt/Alt key and click on an area next to the imperfection. Now click on the imperfection to paste your original selection over it. Repeat until it is completely gone.

    Photo needs rescuing?Email it to our experts

    Flowers are one of the most popular photography subjects, and its easy to see why. They are naturally beautiful and colourful and have lots of interesting detail, but this shot is a little underexposed and the colours could do with a boost. The imperfections on the ower spoil an otherwise lovely photo. Its very quick and easy to remove them with the help of editing software, though.

    I have been spending lots of time in my garden taking photos of the owers. I like this shot but the ower looks a lot duller than it did in real life. Id also like to get rid of its ugly imperfections. Can you show me how? Angela Chalk, via Facebook

    03 Use the Clone tool Select the Clone Stamp tool. Set the Opacity slider to 100% and then choose a small brush size so that you can clone out any ddly imperfections effectively.

    02 Rescue colours If the colours look washed out, give them more impact by going to Enhance>Adjust Color>Adjust Hue/Saturation. Boost the Saturation slider to enrich the colours.

    01 Brighten it up Start off by correcting the exposure. The quickest way to do this is to go to Enhance>Adjust Lighting>Brightness/Contrast and give the Brightness slider a boost.

    Create awless shots Remove imperfections in Elements 11

    How can I fix my flower photo?

    Amy SquibbPFBs editor Amy is here to help out with our readers shooting concerns

    James SheppardPhotographer and Photoshop whizz James is on hand to solve any editing issues

    Jo StassPFBs staff writer Jo is at the ready to answer your camera tech questions

    76 Photography for Beginners


    UnderexposedThe whole shot is quite dark, which is a common problem when photographing subjects in the shade

    AFaded colour

    The pink of the ower could do with having more punch, to make this photo really grab your attention

    B Imperfections

    The marks on the owers petals are a little distracting and spoil the natural beauty of the plant




  • Ask the team questions at

    Share your shots at:

    Warming lters Warming lters have an orange tint that will warm up your photos. They are useful for shooting sunsets, and you can even get graduated versions to just warm the sky.

    Tips for taking perfect ower photos

    Go macro Flowers are great subjects for macro photography, as they often have lots of intricate details. Switch your camera to Macro mode or attach a macro lens to be able to focus up close.

    Use Aperture Priority Macro mode will usually set a wide aperture for you, but when using a macro lens you will need to switch to Aperture Priority mode and select a small f-number to blur the background.

    Use natural light Firing your ash will create harsh light that can blow out the detail of your ower. Try turning it off and use natural light, but shoot in the shade if bright light is causing harsh shadows.

    Add water droplets A great way to add another texture and interesting element to your ower shots is to add your own water droplets. Spray the ower with water, or add glycerin to the water for more pronounced droplets.

    I recently bought myself a red coloured lter for my DSLR camera as I thought that it would enhance the colour of the sky in my sunset shots. However, I have just read online that red lters are actually for black and white photography. Can you please advise me as to whether a red lter will do anything to enhance a sunset sky or if theyre best just left to producing monochrome captures?Andy Dodds, via Email

    There are so many different types of lens lters available on the market, so we know how confusing it can be to choose the right one for the job. A solid red coloured lter is indeed used for black and white photography, as it increases the contrast in the scene. If you use it for photographing sunsets then it will turn the entire scene red, which is not the desired effect. For sunset shots, you really want to use a dedicated sunset or warming lter that typically has an orange tint to it.

    Will a red lter improve sunset shots?

    Different coloured lters are used for different purposes and can

    really help to improve your photos

    Colour ltersFilters that are a solid block of strong colour are usually used for black and white photography. They increase contrast between colour tones to improve the conversion.

    Creative lters When and why you need to use these special lters

    Photography for Beginners 77

    Infrared lters These lters block out all visible light to only record invisible infrared light and completely change the colours in your shots, for striking and creative photographic results.

    4 F HE B S

  • 78 Photography for Beginners

    Ive been looking through some of my grandparents old photographs and I really love their old-fashioned, faded look. Is there any way I can recreate this style with my digital images? I have a few shots that I think will look great with this effect. Melissa George, via Facebook

    Photography has come a long way since the days of lm, but there is still something quite comforting

    about the look of an old print. The vintage look has become very appealing in recent years and applying it to your photographs can help add character to a timeless scene. Many digital cameras now come with retro or sepia creative lters that you can apply to your images, and of course there are hundreds of editing apps that come with this option too. Making your digital snaps look like old-fashioned prints is easy, so let us show you how.

    How can I make my photo look aged?

    LikeThis month we

    Post your photo to our Facebook page and well share it with the world

    Search for PFBMag

    Age your shots Make digital images look like vintage prints in Photoshop Elements

    01 Remove the colour Start off by converting your photo to black and white. To do this, go to Enhance>Convert to Black and White and adjust the sliders until you are happy.

    Stuart BrothertonRecreate this striking water shot with a clear tank of water and your camera on a tripod.

    Shazz HooperThis lighthouse is a great night-time subject that really stands out against the dark sky.

    Chris Vencenti.Chriss shutter speed was the right speed to freeze the plane but also blur the propellers.

    Angie MacLeodGetting your wildlife photography subjects to smile isnt easy, but Angie has succeeded.

    03 Add a vignette Add a Gradient adjustment layer, set the Style to Radial and tick the Reverse box. Then double-click the Gradient box to adjust the colour and opacity.

    02 Convert to sepia Go to Filter>Adjustments> Photo Filter and select Sepia from the drop-down menu. Then you can adjust the density of the effect and click OK when it looks right.

    Recapture the old days of lm by applying a vintage

    look to your digital photos

  • Share your shots at: Photography for Beginners 79


    The best photos tweeted to us


    s daught

    er was hap

    py to pose

    for this lov

    ely photo



    The cloudy sky adds drama to this

    stunning sunset @simonpm1972

    Back up your photos with these compact storage devices Portable hard drives

    I currently keep all my photos on my computer, but Im worried about losing them if something goes wrong, particularly all the photos I have of my children growing up. I think its time to invest in some sort of back-up device, but Id like one that I can carry around with me as I travel quite a lot and would like access to my shots wherever I go. Can you suggest some compact and reliable storage devices?Darren James, via Email

    Keeping all of your precious photos in one place is never a good idea. If you have all your photos on your computers hard drive and it breaks or is stolen, then you could lose them forever, and those once-in-a-lifetime moments cant be recreated. External hard drives are great for backing up your photos, as you can be safe in the knowledge that you have an extra copy if the worst happens. These days you can get very compact ones that are both rugged and easy to carry around. Here are a few that we recommend

    The lamps beautifully illuminate this low-light street scene @laura0815

    Whats good about it

    It has automatic back-up software that lets you schedule backups and save to Dropbox WD Security allows you to set password protection and hardware encryption

    What could be better

    Although its still incredibly compact, it is a little bigger than Toshibas hard drive Even though it is built with durability and reliability in mind, it doesnt feel very rugged

    This ultra-compact external hard drive from Western Digital is available in 500GB, 1TB and 2TB versions, plus a choice of four colours including black, silver, blue and red, so you can mix and match as you please!

    WD My Passport Ultra From 70/$80

    Whats good about it

    This is the smallest and thinnest of the three hard drives, so is a great portable option It comes with pre-loaded back-up software and password encryption for keeping your les safe

    What could be better

    There is only a 500GB version, so you will need to look elsewhere if you want more space Its available in stylish black or silver, but there are no more colour options available

    The super-slim hard drive from Toshiba is speedy and the pre-loaded back-up software provides for le, folder and full-system backup and recovery. Its also the smallest hard drive on test here.

    Toshiba STOR.E SLIM50/approx $81

    Whats good about it

    It is shock, rain and pressure resistant. It will even still work if you run over it with your car It has auto back-up software and password protection, plus 10GB of free cloud storage

    What could be better

    This is the largest of the three hard drives, but it will still t in your bag or back pocket It doesnt quite stretch to the 2TB capacity of the WD, but a 1TB version is available

    This rugged hard drive from LaCie comes with a rubber sleeve for added protection against knocks and bumps, so you can carry 500GB or 1TB of les with you wherever you go without fear of it getting damaged.

    LaCie Rugged MiniFrom 75/$90

    Capturing birds in pro le helps show their interesting beaks @CaroleHarry

  • Get to know your camera in 5 minutes

    If youre using a compact camera, then most of your controls will be on the back. A DSLR or Compact System Camera will usually have a mode dial on top. Either way, the icons for setting the camera to shoot in different conditions and for basic operation such as deleting images are usually universal.

    JARGON BUSTERApertureAffects the amount of your image that is in focus the depth of eld

    CSCCompact system camera

    DSLRDigital single lens re ex camera

    Drive modeContinuous or Burst mode, single shot and self-timer

    Dynamic rangeThe term used to refer to the amount of detail in the highlights and shadows

    ExposureA balanced exposure has detail in light and shadow areas alike

    Exposure compensationAdjusts the tonal range of your photo, lighter or darker

    Focal lengthsWide-angle a wider angle of view than normal, eg 28mmTelephoto a magni ed view of distant subjects, eg 200mm

    FocusAutofocus means your camera focuses for you; Manual puts you in control

    ISORefers to how sensitive the sensor is to light and affects the visible grain or noise in a photo

    LCDThe display screen on the rear of the camera used to compose images

    Live viewAn electronic view of the scene in front of the lens

    MeteringRefers to the way the camera reads the light in the scene

    MegapixelsNumber of pixels on the sensor, in millions

    NoiseRefers to the visible digital grain in a photo

    Shutter speedFast speeds freeze action while longer ones blur any motion

    View nderOptical shows you the view through the camera lens and is good for accurate framingElectronic shows the view on an LCD in the view nder

    White balanceAffected by the ambient light around you, your camera can alter this to ensure a natural colour result

    ZoomOptical the magni cation provided by the camera lensDigital a camera crop factor

    CAMERA ICONS EXPLAINEDChoose the correct setting with this guide





    LandscapeBoosts the saturation in blues and greens for really vivid outdoor photographs

    AutoIf all else fails, let your camera do the hard work for you by using automatic mode

    SportsUses a fast shutter speed to capture movement without blur

    PortraitFor super- attering shots of

    your friends and familywith blurry backgrounds

    Manual Take control in this mode

    and pick your own shutter speed and aperture

    ProgramEasily customise your most used settings in

    Program mode

    Shutter priority

    Select the shutter speed and

    the camera will change the aperture

    LensThe light enters the camera here. Lenses can be changed on some camera models

    Mode dialChange the settings on the camera using

    the mode dial

    HotshoeThe hotshoe allows you

    to attach external accessories such as a more powerful ash to

    the camera

    FlashIf your camera has an on-board ash, press this button to use it

    Lens releasePress this button to

    remove the lens from your camera



    Delete found on all cameras

    Playback use to review photos

    Flash choose to switch on/off

    Flash off the ash wont re

    Zoom in on your photos

    Zoom out of your photos


    Drive modes including Burst

    Metering modes

    Zooms lens out for wide angles

    Zooms lens infor close-ups

    Exposure compensation

    Video mode on stills cameras

    Self-timer for self-portraits etc

    Image stabilisation

    Function button for shortcuts

    Diameter of lens found on barrel

    Macro or close-up modes

    Night-time/low-light scenes


    80 Photography for Beginners

    QUICK START GUIDEGet to know your camera

    80 Photography for Beginners Share your shots at:

    Shutter releaseThis button is used to take the picture. On most cameras, pressing it halfway in Auto will focus the image

    Aperture priority

    Select the aperture while the camera picks the shutter speed for you

    Your quick start guide to help you master your kit now



    Available from all good

    newsagents and supermarkets


    Learn to

    BUY YOUR ISSUE TODAYPrint edition available at

    Digital edition available at

    ON SALE NOW> Master long exposure > Shoot outdoors > Creative portraiture

    Available on the following platforms

  • Gear for close-ups The best kit options for awless macro photographs


    01 Extension tubeA cheaper alternative to macro lenses are extension tubes. Fit one between your cameras body and lens to focus closer.

    If you dont have a camera with an interchangeable lens, select Macro mode to help you get in closer

    to your subject

    Compact camera options

    02 Tripod When focusing up close, even the smallest of movements will cause unwanted blur, so use a tripod to reduce camera shake.

    03Ring ashNormal ash is too harsh for macro and can scare off living subjects, but a ring ash lets you create softer, more even light.

    04 Macro lensA true macro lens will have a reproduction ratio of 1:1, so look for this in the product details when you are buying your lens.

    KIT BAGMacro gear





    82 Photography for

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    84 Photography for Beginners

    Is this just another DSLR, or is it a must-have purchase?

    IS IT GOOD FOR VIDEO?Videographers are well catered for with the 70D. The Dual Pixel AF speeds up focusing in Video mode and you can record 1080p full HD movies at 30fps. You have full manual control while recording and videos are saved as MOV les. Theres a built-in mic and a 3.5mm mic socket if you want to get really serious. Theres basic in-camera movie editing too, so you dont have to buy separate software if you dont want to.


    Youre looking for a long-term, high-qualityinvestment

    Canon EOS 70D1090/$1200 body only | Dual Pixel AF | 20.2MP sensor | Vari-angle touch screen

    84 Photography for Beginners


  • UPGRADECanon EOS 70D

    Photography for Beginners 85Share your shots at:

    The Canon EOS 70D is not a beginner camera for those wanting to point and shoot; its an investment for those wanting to take their photography to another level with a tool that will help them get there. Thats not to say that beginners will struggle to use it, though, as its menu system is logical and the quick menu allows you to access all of the most-often used settings clearly and quickly.

    It comes with a bright and clear three-inch vari-angle touch screen, too, making setting your focus point, accessing menus and more a breeze. The intelligent optical view nder is a joy to use, as you can overlay gridlines, see the focus area illuminated and use an electronic level to keep shots straight. Theres also a button at the front that lets you toggle through the focus settings and see them change in the view nder, so you wont have to take your eye away.

    This cameras biggest plus point, however, has to be its focusing system. Its 19-point cross-type AF system is the same as its bigger brother the Canon EOS 7D, and its quick to focus in varying light conditions. It also switches to a brand-new Dual Pixel AF system that speeds up focusing in live view and movie modes. It

    This is a dependable, feature-packed camera that could open up beginners to a whole new level of control, with high image quality and fast responses.

    VERDICT +++++

    comes with auto modes for those still learning, as well as your usual set of manual controls, plus creative modes such as multiple exposures and lters, but these cant be applied to RAW les. The 7fps shooting at full resolution allows you to shoot 16 RAW les or 64 JPEG les in a burst, which is great for action shots, and it comes with Wi-Fi for image sharing and remote shooting. The Wi-Fi was a bit long-winded to set up, but is a useful addition.

    Packing a 20.2MP APS-C sensor, the image quality was very high, with saturated colours and crisp detail. The ISO of 100-12800 made low-light shooting a breeze and it handled noise very well until ISO 1600. Even at 3200 photos were perfectly usable. Its not a cheap camera for those just starting out, but if youre serious about improving your skills, this is an exceptional camera that will last you through your journey.

    Above Exposures were accurate and colours bright. Using the view nder really helps on sunny days when it can be hard to see the LCD screen

    The build quality is sturdy and the deep grip at the front allows a good purchase. Its also weather-sealed for protection from the elements

    Images are high-quality, sharp and detailed, with accurate colours

    Focusing is quick and the camera is fast, capturing a split-second of action

    Wi-Fi could be quicker and less complicated to set up

    Theres only one SD card slot and you cant use creative modes with RAW

    Portraits +++++Soft, creamy backgrounds are achieved and colours are accurately portrayed

    Landscapes +++++Detail is crisp and HDR mode is usefulfor ensuring perfect exposures

    Sports +++++7fps shooting is fast and focus is accurate for great action shots

    Low light +++++Images are practically noise-free until ISO 1600, and still usable at 3200

    Macro +++++Youll need to buy a macro lens, but results are rich and detailed

    Megapixels 20.2MPA large value that lets you crop in without too much loss to quality

    Zoom By lensA wide selection of lenses is available from Canons heritage

    Shutter speed 30-1/8000secGreat for both long exposures and very fast captures

    ISO sensitivity 100-12800 The high value makes it very capable in low-light conditions

    Exp. modes 7 scenes, plus Scene Intelligent Auto, Creative Auto, Program, AP, SP, ManualA great selection, and Creative Auto gives control over depth of eld

    Aperture By lensFlash modes Auto, Manual Flash, Integrated Speedlite Transmitter

    Weight 755g body only with battery

    Dimensions 139.0 x 104.3 x 78.5mm

    Batteries Lithium-ion

    Screen 3 inches




  • Samsung Galaxy NX We test the worlds rst Android-powered CSC to nd out if image quality matches connectivity

    WHAT DOES AN ANDROID OPERATING SYSTEM DO?The featured Android 4.2 operating system enables you to download apps onto the camera. This means you can edit your images on screen using the likes of Photoshop Express or Instagram, and then share them via social media apps such as Facebook, Twitter or Flickr without having to use your computer.

    BUYTHIS IFyou want to


    able to edit and

    share photos


    1300/$1700 (with 18-55mm lens) | Android 4.2 Jelly Bean OS | Voice control | 4.8-inch Super Clear touch screen

    UPGRADESamsung Galaxy NX

    86 Photography for

  • UPGRADESamsung Galaxy NX

    Share your shots at: Photography for Beginners 87

    The new Samsung Galaxy NX is the rst compact system camera of its kind. It offers all the conventional shooting features youd expect to see in a CSC, but also connectivity options, including an Android 4.2 Jelly Bean operating system, built-in 3G/4G LTE and Wi-Fi. This means you can now shoot, edit and share high-quality images on the go in the same way you would using your smartphone. It also means its possible to download apps to use alongside the cameras standard shooting features.

    With all of this smart technology built in, you might expect a compromise on image quality. However, reviewing our test shots we found that all images were of a high standard, with vibrant colour hues and plenty of detail thanks to the featured 20.3MP sensor. Some shots did require a little sharpening out of camera, however, but not all were overly soft. When tested in low-light conditions, the Galaxy NX also did well to manage noise, with destructive noise only becoming apparent in ISO settings well above ISO 1600.

    Being one of the largest and heaviest CSCs on the market, the Galaxy NX has a reliable build, although its design is a little lacking. The large 4.8-inch Super Clear VERDICT +++++

    touch screen dominates the back of the camera, which has left little space for any on-the-body buttons. This wont disappoint all users, but is not ideal if you need to make quick adjustments. Due to the screens size, its also easy to accidentally switch the shooting mode with the side of your hand, which means composing with the camera can take some getting used to. Youll nd touch screen focusing, however, incredibly easy. The Galaxy NX also comes with voice control, enabling you to take a shot and zoom in or out without having to touch the camera.

    On test, we also found the Auto and 30 Smart Scene modes very reliable, and the camera also offers full HD video. Overall, the Galaxy NX is a great point-and-shoot option with fantastic connectivity features, although its large size and heavy price point may not appeal to the mass market.

    Below The 20.3MP APS-C sized sensor produces great quality captures that are vibrant in colour and suitably detailed, with little noise until well over ISO 1600

    The Galaxy NX is well built but is large and heavy. The 4.8-inch

    touch screen also dominates the back,

    leaving little space for your hand

    The connectivity options are fantastic for sharing snaps on the go

    The large touch screen is great for focusing, composing & editing images

    With less on-the-body buttons, it can be tricky to change settings quickly

    The camera houses a lot of great features, but this does mean its bulky

    Portraits +++++The Portrait mode will help you to capture a clear, even exposure

    Landscapes +++++A Landscape mode and in-app editing let you create stunning scenic shots

    Sports +++++Fast shutter speeds and an Action mode let you freeze fast subjects

    Low light +++++The ISO range will ensure you shoot detailed exposures in dif cult light

    Macro +++++Focusing using the touch screen LCD helps you get in-focus macro shots

    Megapixels 20.3MP Plenty of megapixels means you can print out high-quality shots for frames

    Zoom By lens Check out the extensive range of Samsung NX lenses that are available

    Shutter speed 30-1/6000sec More creative exibility to shoot with fast or slow shutter speeds

    ISO sensitivity 100-25600Get better image results in low-light conditions and shoot handheld

    Exp. modes Auto, Program, AP, SP, Manual, 30 smart modes Advanced users can explore manual modes, but there are plenty of great features for beginners too

    Aperture Lens dependentFlash modes A, RE, Fon, Foff, SS

    Weight 410g without battery

    Dimensions 136.5 x 101.5 x 25.7mm

    Batteries Lithium-ion

    Storage 16GB int, micro SD

    Screen 4.8 inches




    Packed full of fantastic features, the Galaxy NX is designed for a gadget enthusiast who wants to edit and share their photos straight from the camera.

  • A CSC that combines new technology with a retro design

    HOW CAN THE BUILT-IN WI-FI HELP ME OUT?While most Wi-Fi enabled cameras allow users to directly share images via social network sites, this camera goes one step further as it actually connects to your smartphone. This lets you transfer photos quickly, see the cameras LiveView from a distance, use it as a remote shutter release or to assign GPS data.

    BUYTHIS IFyoure an ac


    fanatic seeking a

    CSC that can

    keep up

    Olympus PEN E-P51000/$1350 (with 14-42mm lens) | 9fps shooting | Wi-Fi functionality | Shutter speed of up to 1/8000sec

    UPGRADEOlympus PEN E-P5

    88 Photography for

  • UPGRADEOlympus PEN E-P5

    Photography for Beginners 89Share your shots at:

    Scooping this years EISA award for best advanced CSC, the Olympus PEN E-P5 has caused quite a stir, with its increased Wi-Fi functionality and array of ultra high-end technology packed into a stylish retro design. Action enthusiasts bene t from an impressively fast shutter speed of 1/8000sec and high-speed release time lag mode, while low-light fanatics can enjoy an ISO range that extends to 25600 and a ve-axis image stabilisation with IS Auto to reduce image blur. Other features of note include a wide assortment of ash options, interval shooting with time lapse, a built-in level gauge and three-inch tilting display.

    The E-P5 is available in a choice of black, white or silver, and although it is undoubtedly a little on the big and bulky side, it ts comfortably in the hand. Sadly it isnt as protected against the elements as many of its rivals. However, the E-P5 provides a sensible as well as stylish layout, creating an enjoyable, consistent and intuitive handling experience. Buttons are logically placed, menus are straightforward and the two control dials make programming exposure manually incredibly simple. The ultra-fast and accurate AF makes handling a doddle, especially thanks to the Super Spot AF which

    An ultra-attractive camera with tons of top-class features and improved user functionality, designed to ease the transition to manual shooting.

    VERDICT +++++

    is controlled using your ngertip. The Live Bulb with added histogram is also a great touch for those shooting at night.

    Noise rst becomes noticeable at ISO 1600, but is well maintained and has little effect on colour, tone and detailing until ISO 3200, where evidence of a rather zealous use of noise-reduction software disturbs the integrity of frames. JPEGs leave the camera a little soft, but users do have the option to alter in-camera sharpening levels in Picture modes. We found that using the Natural picture mode provided realistically rich colours, backed by an on-point white balance meter. Overall, the image quality achieved by the E-P5 is marginally stronger than the average advanced CSC. The premium shooter does come with a higher price tag than most, but its fashion-focused design and plethora of high-end features readily justify its cost.

    Below Colours pack a punch, while detailing is relatively strong. Noise is controlled until ISO 3200, which is comparatively impressive for this breed of shooter

    The camera can connect with smartphones for fasterimage transfer, and the phone can alsoact as a second screen and remote shutter release

    Fantastic Wi-Fi capabilities providing a number of useful functions & services

    Capable of very strong image quality, including images taken in low light

    It is undeniably stylish, but slightly larger and heavier than most CSCs

    Lacks the weather-proofed seals on many CSCs and entry-level DSLRs

    Portraits +++++The intuitive manual and semi-manual controls allow for great people shots

    Landscapes +++++Capture shake-free long exposures by using your phone as a shutter release

    Sports +++++With a shutter speed of 1/8000sec, sports fans wont miss a single shot

    Low light +++++Long shutter speeds and high sensitivity make this camera great for night shots

    Macro +++++The touch screen technology helps to keep your macro subjects in focus

    Megapixels 16.1MPA megapixel count meaning large prints at high resolution are achievable

    Zoom Lens dependentOlympus has a wide range of lenses

    Shutter speed 60sec1/8000 A fantastically wide speed range bene ting action and low-light shots

    ISO sensitivity 200 -25600A helpfully broad sensitivity range intended to boast stability in low light

    Exp. modes 25 scenes, plus Auto, Program, AP, SP, ManualPlenty of support here for beginners, plus options for advanced users

    Aperture Lens dependentFlash modes A, M, RE, SS with RE, SS, SS 2nd curtain, Fon, Foff

    Weight 420g with battery

    Dimensions 122.3 x 68.9 x 37.2mm

    Batteries Lithium-ion

    Storage SD, SDHC, SDXC, UHS-I

    Screen 3 inches




  • Will this lens revolutionise cameraphone photography?

    DO I HAVE TO USE IT WITH A SONY SMARTPHONE? As the connection is wireless, the lens can be used independently from your smart device, and so it will work with any make or model. A smartphone attachment is also supplied in the box if you wish to x it to your phone, and will work with any device with a maximum width of 54-75mm and thickness of 13mm.


    you want to take

    higher quality



    Sony DSC-QX10 179/$250 | 18.2MP | 10x optical zoom | Wi-Fi & NFC


    90 Photography for


    Photography for Beginners 91Share your shots at:

    This little lens from Sony may look like it belongs in our Accessories section, but the QX10 is more like a camera than you might think. It contains an 18.2MP CMOS sensor and battery, as well as a 10x optical zoom to trump your standard xed smartphone lens. In fact, the only thing missing is an LCD screen, but that is where your smartphone comes in. When you switch the QX10 on, you can then connect it to your phone via Wi-Fi or Near Field Communication if your device is compatible. Once you have downloaded the free Sony PlayMemories Mobile app, your smartphone becomes the view nder, allowing you to frame your photos as well as change shooting modes and settings. Firing the shutter and zooming can be done via either the app or controls on the lens.

    Being able to use the QX10 independently from your phone is very useful for self-portraits or shooting over crowds, and the at bottom and tripod mount mean that you can leave the lens while you shoot from a distance. You can also physically connect it to your phone with the supplied smartphone attachment if you wish. Connecting it via Wi-Fi takes several seconds and there is a bit of a lag when framing shots, so you might VERDICT +++++

    end up missing an unexpected photo opportunity. You can leave them constantly connected, but this will quickly drain the battery of both devices.

    The compatible Sony PlayMemories Mobile app allows you to choose from Auto and Program modes, but the only manual control you have is being able to change the white balance. It performs well in Auto, though, and certainly produces higher resolution photos than your smartphone would be able to. The low-light performance is still a little disappointing however, with lots of noise visible.

    The QX10 is a handy smartphone accessory and will easily t into any large pocket or bag, but really it just does the same job as a camera that can transfer images to your phone. Therefore, those looking for more manual control might prefer to invest in a Wi-Fi enabled compact instead.

    Below Images are better quality and higher resolution than most smartphone snaps, but low-light shots still tend to be quite grainy

    The lens features a shutter button, zoom

    lever and tiny screen for checking the battery life.

    The rest is controlled via an app on your


    Using it independently from your phone opens up shooting opportunities

    Its easy to use and takes better quality photos than your smartphone

    The time lag when framing photos might cause you to miss a shot

    There is a lack of manual modes and the low-light performance is poor

    Portraits +++++Snap great portraits of yourself or your friends to share instantly

    Landscapes +++++The wide-angle 25mm minimum focal length ts a lot into the frame

    Sports +++++Focusing is fast but the slight time lag could cause you to miss a shot

    Low light +++++Higher ISO is prioritised over slowing the shutter speed, so night shots are noisy

    Macro +++++Simply tap your smartphone screen to keep close-up subjects sharp

    Megapixels 18.2MPA high megapixel count when compared to many smartphones

    Zoom 10x opticalA focal range of 25-250mm is versatile for shooting in various situations

    Shutter speed 4-1/1600Great for sports but could be better for capturing long exposures

    ISO sensitivity 100-12800 A good range, but you cannot control the ISO manually

    Exp. modes Auto, Superior Auto, Program A very limited number of modes for beginners looking to advance their photography skills

    Aperture f3.3-5.9 Flash modes N/A

    Weight 90g without battery

    Dimensions 62.4 x 61.8 x 33.3mm

    Batteries Lithium-ion

    Storage micro SD, micro SDHC, micro SDXC, Memory Stick Micro




    This accessory will improve your phone snaps, but the time lag and lack of manual controls may make a Wi-Fi compact a better investment.

  • 92 Photography for Beginners


    1 Sony NEX-3N Price 349/$450Sonys 16.1MP CSC is small and lightweight yet also feels well built and durable. It comes packed with not one, but two auto modes as well as full manual controls. As there is no mode dial, settings must be changed via the few buttons on the back of the camera. However, navigating your way around is easy, and there is even a handy Help mode that explains camera techniques. You can also get

    creative with your captures with several fun picture effects. The NEX-3N is the only camera on test here to have a tilting LCD screen, which can be ipped up 180 degrees for self-portraits. Image quality is also superb, with vibrant images and noise only creeping in at ISO 3200. For more information, visit

    Budget CSCsFor advanced features that wont break the bank


    2 Pentax Q10 Price 380/$500The Pentax Q10 is one of the smallest CSCs on the market. Its mostly plastic body makes it incredibly lightweight and easy to carry in a large pocket. However, if you decide to add on large lenses and additional accessories via the hotshoe, the camera starts to feel a little unstable, with increased camera shake. The Q10 is the only one of the four to have a mode dial on top for quick operation, but the rest of the

    buttons are very small and ddly to control. Despite its small 12.4MP sensor, image quality is surprisingly good, with noise only appearing at ISO 1600 and vivid and vibrant colours. There are also lots of scene modes and creative lters to help you produce striking captures. Head to for more details.


    UPGRADEBudget CSCs

    92 Photography for

  • Photography for Beginners 93

    03 04

    The NEX-3N comes packed with not one, but two auto modes as well as full manual controls

    3 Nikon 1 S1 Price 430/$350If you want a sleek and stylish CSC, then the 10.1MP Nikon 1 S1 certainly delivers, with its shiny nish making this an attractive option. The S1 is a speedy camera too, and can shoot 15fps with super-fast autofocus. It will even start shooting before you fully press the shutter, and Best Moment Capture will help you pick the best from the bunch, while Smart Photo Selector will do it for you. Operating the

    camera is slow, however, as you need to manually extend the lens before you can start shooting, and most of the modes and settings are quite well hidden in the cameras menus. There are also limited scene modes and creative effects, although image quality is superb, with noise kept at bay until ISO 3200. Read more at


    4 Canon EOS M Price 349/$649 The Canon EOS M has a simple yet sturdy design, even if it is a little on the heavy side. It has an intuitive touch screen for quick and easy control, and the Info button on the back lets you check and change the most useful settings. The cameras initial slow autofocus issues that plagued it at its launch have now been xed, enabling it to keep up with fast-moving subjects. Creative Auto mode

    makes it easy to blur backgrounds, and plenty of edits and lters can be added in-camera. But what the EOS M really excels in is image quality. Its 18MP DSLR-sized sensor handles noise very well until ISO 3200. The only thing missing is a built-in ash, although an external ashgun is supplied. Visit to nd out more.


    UPGRADEBudget CSCs

    Photography for Beginners

  • This bag grabs attention, but is it for the right reasons? Keeping your camera safe and secure while you are on the move is important, so a good camera bag is a worthwhile investment. The Nest Explorer 100L Shoulder Bag is compact and streamlined, yet will hold an entry-level DSLR or CSC with a lens attached, plus theres room for 2-3 extras lenses and other accessories. The padded velvet interior has adjustable dividers for customising the space to protect your gear, or you can remove them entirely to use it as a simple messenger bag. The exterior waterproof Rip-stop nylon material will keep the rain out, and an extra protective cover is supplied for use in heavy downpours that could seep into the internal compartment.

    The bag is sealed with Velcro, giving you quick access to your camera should an unexpected photo opportunity arise. It also has an extra Velcro buckle to keep your kit even more secure. There are plenty of additional pockets, including three zipped compartments for storing spare memory cards and VERDICT +++++

    other equipment, and you can even store a ten-inch tablet as well.

    Three carrying options are available, as you could use the handle on the top, one of the grip points on either side or the supplied adjustable shoulder strap with padding for added comfort. If you want a more conventional and discreet camera bag, then the Explorer 100L also comes in black or blue, but those who want their bag to stand out and be easy to spot can opt for the bright orange or green versions.

    The bag has a very high-quality and durable feel, and has plenty of room for all the kit you will likely need for a typical shoot.

    BUYTHIS IFYouve got lots

    of kit you want tocarry round


    Nest Explorer 100L Shoulder Bag

    A fun choice of colours, plenty of room to store your gear and excellent protection from the elements. This is a great all-rounder.

    You can store and protect everything you need in a compact bag

    It enables easy access to your camera & accessories for fast shooting

    The Velcro fastening could be more secure and may weaken over time

    The price is a little high but you get a quality product for your money

    Price 70

    Internal dimensions 270 x 135 x 200mm

    External dimensions330 x 170 x 240mm

    Weight 580g

    Capacity 100L

    Colours Black, Blue, Green, Orange



    ACCESSORIESNest Explorer 100L Shoulder Bag

    94 Photography for Beginners Share your shots at:



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  • Photo gifts Impress your loved ones by giving them one of these personalised presents made with your favourite shots

    ACCESSORIESPhoto gifts

    96 Photography for Beginners

    1 Photobox mug Price From 8/approx $13A personalised photo mug will be a great addition to any kitchen, and Photobox has plenty of varieties available, from the Simple Photo Mug that you can customise with one photo, to the fun Personalised Photo Mug that you can add photos, text and themes to. You may also like the

    Magic Mug that reveals your photo as you pour in a hot drink, or the Love Mug that has a heart shaped handle. All mugs are dishwasher and microwave safe and feel high quality, with the photo blending seamlessly onto the ceramic mug. More info can be found at



    2 Albelli pocket photobook Price From 7/approx $11Your friend and family members will be able to keep your photos on them wherever they go with a pocket-sized photobook. This one from Albelli is 8 x 10.5cm and can hold up to 22 photos. The prints fold out in a single strip and you can even tear out individual photos if you want to

    display them in another way. The book has an attractive silver linen cover but the photos are printed on glossy paper that feels quite thin. To make your book you have to use the Albelli software that is only compatible with Windows. Take a look at to learn more.

  • 3 Bob Books calendar Price From 8/approx $13Giving a loved one a photo calendar means that they can have a different one of your photos on their wall each month. Creating a calendar with Bob Books is very easy, and can be done using their free software or online. Pick a shape and size for your calendar and then choose from an extensive range of templates, layouts and colour schemes, or take complete control

    over your design by downloading the Bob Designer software. You can even select the month you want your calendar to start at. It is printed on high-quality, glossy paper and comes with a very affordable price tag. You can also get a discount if you order several copies for each of your friends. Head to for more details.

    Imagine Publishing LtdRichmond House, 33 Richmond Hill,Bournemouth, Dorset, BH2 6EZ +44 (0)1202 586200Web:

    Magazine team Editor Amy 01202 586210Senior Designer Annabelle SingStaff Writer Joanna StassSub Editor Alicea FrancisEditor in Chief Dan HutchinsonPhotographer James SheppardSenior Art Editor Duncan CrookHead of Publishing Aaron AsadiHead of Design Ross Andrews

    ContributorsMark Bauer, Julie Bassett, Jo Cole, David Crookes, Natalie Denton, Sarah Gane, Mark Gregory, Freddie Harrison, Martyn Landi, Shaun McGill, Hayley Paterek, Jodie Tyley

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    DisclaimerThe publisher cannot accept responsibility for any unsolicited material lost or damaged in the post. All text and layout is the copyright of Imagine Publishing Ltd. Nothing in this magazine may be reproduced in whole or part without the written permission of the publisher. All copyrights are recognised and used specifi cally for the purpose of criticism and review. Although the magazine has endeavoured to ensure all information is correct at time of print, prices and availability may change. This magazine is fully independent and not affi liated in any way with the companies mentioned herein. If you submit material to Imagine Publishing via post, email, social network or any other means, you automatically grant Imagine Publishing an irrevocable, perpetual, royalty-free license to use the images across its entire portfolio, in print, online and digital, and to deliver the images to existing and future clients, including but not limited to international licensees for reproduction in international, licensed editions of Imagine products. Any material you submit is sent at your risk and, although every care is taken, neither Imagine Publishing nor its employees, agents or subcontractors shall be liable for the loss or damage.

    Imagine Publishing Ltd 2013 ISSN 2046-9845z

    4 CEWE photobook Price From 6/$10A photobook is a great way to display a collection of your photos in one lovely keepsake. CEWE allows you to create photobooks in a range of shapes and sizes, plus you can choose between a soft cover, hard cover or linen-covered book. Simply download the free software or smartphone app and start creating your book using preset layouts and styles. You

    can even get the CEWE Photobook Assistant to create your book for you. CEWE also gives you the option to add videos to your photobook so that you can really bring your memories to life. It works by printing a QR code in the book that you can scan with your phone and play the clip. You can nd out more about CEWE gifts at


  • CHEAT SHEETPortraits

    98 Photography for Beginners

    Your cut-out-and-keep guide to great shotsGetting perfect portraits is easy when you know how. Most importantly, make sure your model is at ease by complimenting them and keep popping your head out from behind the camera to engage with them. Think about their pose and whether you want your subject to fill the frame or include some of the background if you do this, you really need to consider the location and how it adds to the shot without drawing attention away from the model. Once youve got the location and composition right, use our cut-out guide below to find the perfect settings and kit you need to get great shots every time.


    Eye contact Get your model to look right into the lens to allow the audience to connect to them more. Try to catch some light in their eyes to make them sparkle!

    Aperture f2.8-5.6 Shutter speed 1/60sec or faster

    ISO 100

    Focus mode Single AF, with the focus point on their eyes

    Drive mode Single

    Lens 80-100mm

    Helpful kit Flash with tilting head, re ector


    To light the shot Make use of natural light and ll in harsh shadows with a re ector, or re your ash if your subject is backlit

    Top Tip Shoot from a slightly raised angle for a attering effect and make sure the background isnt distracting, keeping all the attention on the model

    CHEAT SHEETPortraits

    98 Photography for