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PARAAN NG PAGTATANIM NG PAKWAN - GUIDE IN CAULIFLOWER... · Web viewPARAAN NG PAGTATANIM NG PAKWAN Author harbest Last modified by Harbest Created Date 5/12/2007 5:19:00 PM Other

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Text of PARAAN NG PAGTATANIM NG PAKWAN - GUIDE IN CAULIFLOWER... · Web viewPARAAN NG PAGTATANIM...

PARAAN NG PAGTATANIM NG PAKWAN

CAULIFLOWER (Brassica oleracea L., Botrytis Group)

I. Climatic and Soil Requirements

In general, cauliflower requires more fertile soil than cabbage. It is normally grown in upland areas with elevation of about 1,000 meters for optimum growth and flower development. There are heat-resistant varieties developed for lowland planting.

There are three main groups of cauliflower classified according to curd development: a. those which will form curd and flower in hot weather conditions at fairly low elevation, or the early type; b. those that require cool conditions, or the medium type; and c. those that take a long time to develop curds and also require relatively low temperature of below 25C for curd development (or the late-maturing type). At temperatures that exceed 25C, curds may discolor, become loose and leafy. Long hot weather encourages the production of small hard curds.

Optimum soil pH is 6.2 to 7.0. Agricultural lime should be applied if the soil is too acidic.

II. Varieties Developed by Known-You Seed Co. of Taiwan

Cultivar

Days from transplant

Plant

Head shape

Head color

Weight (kg)

Features

Farmers Extra Early

45

Slightly spreading

Fine beads

white

0.6

Heat-tolerant

Farmers Early No. 2

60

erect

Tall head

white

1.3

Suitable for autumn planting

Fengshan Extra Early

45

spreading

Medium head

white

0.5

Early, suitable for autumn planting

III. Seedling Care and Transplanting

Seeds are sown in seedling trays with Growell medium and transplanted to rows 60-75 cm apart between rows, and 45-60 cm apart between plants. Approximately 500 grams of seed is required to establish a crop density of 18,000 plants per hectare.

The seedlings must be sufficiently watered several hours before transplanting. This is to ensure that the roots of the seedlings will hold as much soil/medium as possible, and to prevent wilting during transplanting. WATER THE SEEDLINGS AFTER TRANSPLANTING.

lV. Land Preparation

Plow and clean the planting area and make a flat bed on sandy soils and a raised bed in sandy loam or clay soils. Use 1 m bed , 0.5 m canal. The bed should be 15-20 cm high above the fertilized level. Use Agri + Plas silver-black plastic mulch to cover prepared plots.

Vl. Fertilization for Every 20 Linear Meter Bed

2 sacks of Organic Matter

150 g Boron

3 kilos Complete fertilizer

2 kgs Calcuim Nitrate

150 g Magnesium 150 g Furadan

Though Furadan is not a fertilizer, it is recommended to apply it as basal to control nematodes.

Drenching Schedule

Weeks after transplanting

Calcium Nitrate

Complete

1

75

-

2

150

-

3

225

-

4

75

-

5

-

75

6

-

150

7

-

225

8

-

300

The above fertilizer is measured in grams and dissolved in 16 Liters of water. Apply 150 ml per plant

Vl. Irrigation

Cauliflower is a shallow-rooted crop. Therefore, irrigation should be frequently applied to prevent the plants from injuries caused by dry soil. Drainage must be well-provided especially on rainy days. Do not keep the roots soaked in water.

VIl. Pruning

It is necessary to remove the side shoots as soon as possible to improve the yield and quality of the curds.

Vlll. Pest and Diseases

Pest and Diseases Control

Army worm Ascend

Cut worm Decis

White Fly Lannate

Stem rot Reedem

Leaf spot Dithane

VIll. Harvest

Curds of cauliflower can be harvested 60 to 120 days from transplanting, depending on the cultivar grown. Early, medium and late-maturing cultivars are available in many areas.

HARBEST

Your partner in profitable short-term, high-value commercial crops production

For provincial inquiries, please contact or call:

HARBEST Technology Devt. and Promotion Center, Pangasinan 0917-8173034

0917-8345837

HARBEST Cebu Branch Office, Cebu City (032)2557109 0917-3272378

HARBEST Bacolod City (034) 4410667 0919-6867574

HARBEST Davao Branch Office, Davao City(082) 2240688 0917-4347922

HARBEST Leyte, Tacloban City 0906-4850972 0915-4031091

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0928-7416429 0915-8792424

Bicol Area

0905-9709859

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0918-2133853

Quezon Area 0921-5538590

OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT

(02) 6712239 0917-5203260

CUSTOMER SERVICES DEPT.

0917-8474861 0917-8438560

HARBEST.COM

Harbest communications

Farmers Extra Early F1 Hybrid Cauliflower from Known-You Seed Co. of Taiwan

HARBEST AGRIBUSINESS CORPORATION

No. 5 Rosemarie Lane, Brgy. Kapitolyo, Pasig City

Tel. No. 6717411 to 14 Fax No. (02) 6712232

email: [email protected] / [email protected]

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