Open Educational Resources (OER) - mtsac.  College League of California 1 Open Educational Resources (Information) Open Educational Resources (OER) are high‐quality teaching and learning resources  page 1
Open Educational Resources (OER) - mtsac.  College League of California 1 Open Educational Resources (Information) Open Educational Resources (OER) are high‐quality teaching and learning resources  page 2
Open Educational Resources (OER) - mtsac.  College League of California 1 Open Educational Resources (Information) Open Educational Resources (OER) are high‐quality teaching and learning resources  page 3

Open Educational Resources (OER) - mtsac. College League of California 1 Open Educational Resources (Information) Open Educational Resources (OER) are high‐quality teaching and learning resources

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  • CommunityCollegeLeagueofCalifornia 1

    OpenEducationalResources(Information)

    OpenEducationalResources(OER)arehighqualityteachingandlearningresourcesthathave been released under an intellectual property license, such as a Creative Commonslicense,thatpermitstheirfreeuseandrepurposing.ExamplesofOERinclude:fullcourses,course modules, syllabi, lectures, homework assignments, quizzes, lab and classroomactivities,pedagogicalmaterials,games,simulations,andmanymoreresourcescontainedindigitalmediacollectionsfromaroundtheworld.BackgroundIn 2008, the California State Auditor released a report entitled, Affordability of CollegeTextbooks:TextbookPricesHaveRisenSignificantlyintheLastFourYears,butSomeStrategiesMayHelptoControlTheseCostsforStudents(Report2007116).Theauditfoundthat,onaverage, a fulltime student pays between $700 and $900 annually for textbooks.1 Thereasonsforthehighcostofcollegetextbooksarevaried,andincludeincreasedcompetitionduetotheusedtextbookmarket;regularandminimalrevisionsthatmaynotbewarranted;andtheinclusionofsupplementalproducts,suchasCDsandinstructionalsupplements,thatraisethepriceandreducetheabilitytoreselltheseproductsintheusedtextbookmarket.Within its recommendations, theaudit report stated, ThesystemofficesofUC,CSU,andcommunitycollegesshouldcontinuetakingstepstopromoteawareness,developmentandadoption of open educational resources as alternatives to textbooks and other learningmaterials.Case lawhasdeterminedthat theFirstAmendmentprotectsa facultymembersright tofreedomof speechandexpression,which includesacademic freedom.Academic freedomgivesfacultybroaddiscretionineducatingstudents andchoosingtheeducationalmaterialstheyuseintheircourses.Therefore,inregulatingfacultymembersselectionofeducationalmaterials, legislative and higher education leaders should consider limits that the FirstAmendmentandacademicfreedommayplaceontheirabilitytoregulatethosematerials.In2012,SenateBills1052and1053(EducationCode 66408and66409)directedthepublichighereducationsystemsinthestatetocreateanonlinelibrarywithopeneducationalresourcesandtextbooksinordertoincreasefacultyadoptionofhighquality,affordableorfreematerialsthatwouldsavestudentsmoney.ThecollaborationamongUC,CSUandCCCfacultywouldoccurunderthescopeoftheCaliforniaOpenEducationalResourcesCouncil(OERCouncil).AkeyroleoftheOERCouncilistofacilitatereviewoftextbooksforinclusioninthenewCaliforniaDigitalOpenSourceDigitalLibrary(CDOSL),whichcanbefoundonthewebsiteCOOL4Ed.org.TheOERCouncil is required todevelopa listof50 lowerdivisioncoursesinthepublicpostsecondarysegmentsforwhichhighquality,opensourcetextbooksand relatedmaterialswill be developed or acquired. The OER Councilmust review andapprovedevelopedopensourcematerialsandpromotestrategiesforproduction,accessanduseofopensourcetextbooksatcampuslibrariesandsubmitafinalreporttotheLegislaturebyJanuary1,2016.1InJanuary2014,theCollegeBoardreportedthatthesecostshadrisento$1200annually.

  • CommunityCollegeLeagueofCalifornia 2

    Toestablish theOERCouncil andCOOL4Ed, theSenatebills appropriated$5millionanddirected the California StateUniversity, Office of the Chancellor to seek private funds tomatch the state allocation. In the fall of 2013, theCalifornia StateUniversity (CSU)wasawardedgrantsfromtheWilliamandFloraHewlettFoundationandtheGatesFoundationtomakethatmatch.Additionally,perSB1052andSB1053,CSUwasdirectedtofacilitatecollaborationamong the threesegmentsofpublichighereducation todesignanddeliverintersegmentalservicesforthefacultyandstudentsofthethreehighereducationsegments.ToquicklydeliverontherequirementsofSB1052andSB1053,theprojectleveragedCSUsexisting resources known as Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and OnlineTeaching(MERLOT)andAffordableLearningSolutions.ThekeycontactfortheOERCouncilproject is the OER Council Project Coordinator who reports directly to the Chair of theIntersegmentalCommitteeof theAcademicSenates (ICAS)which is chairedby theUC in201516;CCCin201617;andCSUin201718.Thelibraryhousesopensourcematerialswhileprovidingawebbasedmeansforfacultytoeasilyfind,adopt,utilize,ormodifycoursematerialsforlittleornocost.Textbooksforthe50highimpactcoursesidentifiedbytheOERCouncilwillbehousedatCOOL4Ed.org,thefirst library service of the digital open source library, andmade available to faculty andstudents.Onthewebsite,facultycanseecourseslistedbyCourseIdentificationNumbering(CID), and find recommended free eTextbooks and faculty reviews of them. FurtherdevelopmentofthelibraryisneededtoensuredisciplinesarentlimitedtoonlyonecourseidentifiedwithafreeeTextbook.TheOERCouncilutilizedtheCIDcoursedescriptorsinselectingthecriteriatodeterminethe50coursesfordevelopment.Thecriteriaare:

    Thecourseishighlyenrolled. The course is comparable for as many campuses as possible and meets the

    designationforgeneraleducation. Thecourseselectionislikelytogeneratesignificanttextbooksavings. Thereissomeconsistencybetweentextbookproductsforthecourses. Thecourseselectionprovidesopportunitiesforfacultytoaugmentopentextbooks. Thecoursesandtextbooksareconducivetodisciplinebasedpedagogies. ThechosencoursesmusthaveaccesstomultipleOERtextbooks.

    Quality control is amajor concern of faculty in the adoption ofOER. Under the currentstructure,eachtextbookisreviewedbyatleastonefacultymemberfromeachofthethreesystempartnersbeforebeingadded to the list.According to theAcademicSenateof theCaliforniaCommunityColleges,effortsareunderwaytoencouragefacultydisciplinereviewgroupstoconsiderincludingthehighlyratedeTextbookswiththelistofrecommendedtextsin each CID course descriptor to better publicize the availability of free or low costeTextbooks.

  • CommunityCollegeLeagueofCalifornia 3

    OERattheCaliforniaCommunityCollegesIn2013,theCaliforniaCommunityCollegesBoardofGovernorsvotedtorequirethatanyworks created under contracts or grants funded by the California Community CollegesChancellorsOfficecarrytheCreativeCommonsAttributionlicensethatgivespermissiontothepublictoreproduce,distribute,perform,displayoradaptthelicensedmaterialsforanypurposesolongastheusergivesattributiontotheauthor.ByrequiringaCreativeCommonsAttribution license, the Board of Governors has given individuals, nonprofits, and othercollegespermissiontouseandbuilduponmaterialcreatedwithpublicfunds,solongasthecreator is credited. Using a Creative Commons Attribution license also saves taxpayersmoneybynotfundingduplicateworkthatmayonlybeaccessibleonthelocallevel.Byhavingcourses licensed for modification and open use, faculty are encouraged to adopt OERmaterialsandfurthermodifythemtobestmeettheirownneeds.TheCollegeTextbookAffordabilityActIn2015,AssemblyBill798createdtheOpenEducationalResourcesAdoptionIncentiveFund(AIF) to provide incentives for efforts by campuses, staff, and faculty in accelerating theadoptionofopeneducationalresources(OER).AB798willgointoeffectonJanuary1,2016.UnderAB798campusescanreceivegrantsfromtheAdoptionIncentiveFundto:createandsupportfacultyandstaffprofessionaldevelopment;supportOERcurationactivities;supportcurriculummodification;or,providetechnologysupportforfaculty,staff,andstudents.Thebillallocates$2milliontotheAdoptionIncentiveFund.InordertoreceiveagrantfromtheAIF,campuslevelacademicsenatesoftheCSUorCCCarerequiredtoadoptaresolutionthat:

    Isincollaborationwithstudentsandtheadministration; DemonstratesitscommitmenttoincreasestudentaccesstohighqualityOER;and States thatuponadoptionofacampuslevel resolution, thecampuswilldevelopa

    planthatdescribesitsreadinesstospendthesefundstosupportfacultyadoptionofOER.

    ByJune30,2016,campusesmaysubmittheresolutionandtheplantotheCaliforniaOERCouncilas theirapplication foran initialAIFgrant toplanastrategy foraccelerating theadoptionofOER.Eachyearthereafter,foruptothreeyears,eachcampuswillreceiveanAIFgrantformeetingestablishedperformancebenchmarks.