New Social Movements Lecture

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.. 1940-50s > - (mass psychology) (the Crowd) >G- > 1960-70> - (Resource Mobilization)> 1980-1990> - (New Social Movement) > >>

> - (mass psychology)>G- Le bon The Psychology of the Crowd > >G- (symbolic interactionism) Herbert Blumer >>

- (symbolic interactionism) Herbert Blumer -- (Structural-Functional Approach) Smelser - (The Relative Deprivation Approach) Gurr (1970) >(mass psychology)

Le bon 1895 The Psychology of the Crowd > (transformation) (.3 )S> (mass politics) VS (Madding Crowd) Le Bon (madding crowd)> (institutionalized behavior) () The Crowd (structural strain) (breakdown) (anomie) (individuals) Social Alienation Extreme Isolation /Anxiety Behavior Structural Disruptive Collective Strain Psychological Behavior /Normative Ambiguity

Davies J-Curve (P.19)> - () / (break-down) (anomie)S (individuals) - - ( 1960 ) 1. (the politics of pressure groups) 2. (politics of social movements) 2.1 (Resource Mobilization-RM) 2.2 (New Social Movement-NSM) (the politics of pressure groups) >> > > (Politics of Redistribution)> : /> (politics of pressure groups) (interest groups) - ( ) (Politics of Redistribution)

1. (sufcient condition) 2. (static) 3. () (Resource Mobilization-RM) > RM Olson . (Resource Mobilization-RM) (political entrepreneur) (social movement organization) RM Marxism - () - Gramci

( Sidney Tarrow, 2001 ) RM> (mass psychology) - (individual deprivation) - (rational economic man model) Olson (collection action) RM> 1. ( ) 2. (Social Movement Organization) 3. 4. (political opportunity structure) ( IG/PG SM NSM) RM> (collective action) (disruptive tactics) (mass mobilization) (collective identity) (Entrepreneurial Model)

(political model) (political process model) RM> SM ( ) (static) >(New Social Movement -NSM) > (Post-Industrial Society) (How?) ? (why?) NSM / 1960 1970 Habermas Alain Touraine Habermas (collective action) (legitimation crisis) (Habermas, 1973 Alain Touraine,1985) (New) >> (bypass the state) ()> (alternative life-styles) NSM > /