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New Mexico FFA Agricultural Mechanics Career Development Event General Shop

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New Mexico FFA Agricultural Mechanics Career Development Event General Shop Slide 2 Adjustable Wrench Used to loosen or tighten hexagon and square nuts. This wrench adjusts to fit a variety of sizes. Slide 3 Air Pressure Hose A thick wall small diameter hose that carries compressed air from the tank or piping to the tool. Slide 4 Air Pressure- Type Grease Gun Used to supply high volumes of grease at high pressures. Slide 5 Airless Spray Gun A spray gun that may be used without the need for compressed air to propel the paint. Slide 6 All Thread Rod A metal rod (usually 36 long)threaded from one end to the other, generally cut to a specific length. Slide 7 Allen or Setscrew Wrench A piece of hexagon stock with a 90 degree angle on one end that is used to tighten or loosen female, hexagon, hollow type set screws. Slide 8 Anvil Used to shape, bend, rivet, or cut steel. This tool provides a hard surface for hammering. Slide 9 Aviation Tin Snips Used to cut compound curves and intricate designs out of thin sheet metal. Slide 10 Double Bit Axe Has 2 cutting edges. Used also to cut small trees, trim trees, and logs, and trimming tops. Slide 11 Single Bit Axe Used for building and construction work. This tool has a single cutting edge and one flat edge. Slide 12 Used for cutting small limbs and brush and sharpening stakes. The tool has one sharp edge and one flat edge for driving stakes. Hand Axe Slide 13 Ball Pein or Machinst Hammer Has various uses by the mechanic or machinist. The hammer has a round crowned hammering face at one end and a fall at the other. Slide 14 Barrel Bolt Generally used as a latch mechanism to keep doors closed. Slide 15 Bench Brush Used to clean benches, stools, and machinery. Slide 16 Blacksmiths Hammer Used to work and mold hot and cold metal. The end has a blunt wedge shape at one end and the hammering surface at the other end is square. Slide 17 Bolt Clipper or Cutter Used to cut bolts, round stock, reinforcing bar, wire and chain. Slide 18 Bolt Snap Used to attach chain, latch doors etc. Slide 19 Box End Wrench Used to tighten or loosen hex head nuts and bolts, completely surrounds the nut which will lessen slippage. Slide 20 C Clamp Used for clamping wood when gluing and holding metal in position while tacking or welding. Slide 21 Cape Chisel Used for cutting keyways and grooves because it has a narrower cutting edge than the flat chisel. Slide 22 Center Punch When struck with a hammer it leaves small indentation where a drill bit will catch and start a hole when drilling in metal. Slide 23 Chain Hoist A device used to lift heavy objects by working an endless chain through two or more chain sheaves. Slide 24 Chuck Key Used to tighten the gear type chuck for a drill or drill press. Slide 25 Clevis or Shackle Used to fasten an implement or material to various objects such as a draw bar or to a cable for pulling. Slide 26 Closed S Hook Generally used to connect two items such as chain where the S is permanently closed. Slide 27 Combination End Wrench Widely used tool and is popular because the wrench has the advantage of having both the open and box end on the same wrench. Slide 28 Come-Along Used to hoist and pull objects. Slide 29 Crow Bar Used for moving stones and prying where leverage is required. The tool has a taper on one end and a blunt chisel on the other end, and is 4-5 ft. long. Slide 30 Cup Brush Used for cleaning corrosion/rust from metal. Slide 31 Die Slide 32 Die Stock Slide 33 Tap and Die Set Slide 34 Disc Grinder Used to remove slag burrs and smooth welds on large metal surfaces. Slide 35 Dividers Commonly used to transfer a specific measurement from one surface to another. Slide 36 File Card Small brush with wire bristles used to clean the teeth of files. Slide 37 Double Cut File Used to remove metal faster than single cut files. A double cut file produces a rough surface and requires heavy pressure when filing. Slide 38 Single Cut File Is usually used to produce a smooth surface finish. Light pressure should be used when filing with the single-cut file. Slide 39 Used to remove metal or wood inside large holes and on concave circular surfaces. Half RoundFile Slide 40 Round File Used to remove metal or wood from holes. Slide 41 Taper or Three Square File Used for sharpening hand saws. Slide 42 Hose Clamp Device used to secure hoses to their fittings. Slide 43 Wire Hose Clamp A wire clamp used to attach hoses to radiators or engine water pumps. Slide 44 Hydraulic Jack Low setting jack generally used indoors where it can be easily moved. Slide 45 Mending Brace Small rigid metal strap with pre drilled holes that are used to attach/splice materials together. Slide 46 Measuring Wheel Used to measure linear distance between two points. Slide 47 Mixing Paddle Used to stir paint or other liquids with an electric drill. Slide 48 Nibbler Used to cut light gauge metals, especially useful when cutting curves or arcs. Slide 49 Nut Driver Used to turn small hex nuts and bolts, faster and easier than a wrench. Slide 50 Offset Screwdriver Used where space is restricted and the screw is difficult to reach. Bits are available in standard or phillips types. Slide 51 Open End Wrench Used on all types of farm machinery and equipment. The two open ends are different sizes. Slide 52 Open S Hook Used to attach chain or cable to a hook of some type. It is generally used where the chain may need to be removed. Slide 53 Outside Calipers Like the inside calipers, outside calipers need to be used with a measuring instrument. The tool is used to measure outside diameters. Slide 54 Paint Brush Used to spread paint. Slide 55 Paint Guide Used when painting with a brush to control the flow of paint. Useful around door and window frames. Slide 56 Phillips Screwdriver Used to drive or remove cross or x-slotted screws. Slide 57 Pillow Block A bearing bolted in place to support a rotating shaft. Slide 58 Pin Punch A long straight shank punch, used to drive small pins, bolts, and keys out. Slide 59 Pipe Bender Can be adapted to bend various sizes and gauges of pipe. Slide 60 Pipe Wrench Generally used to hold pipe and pipe fittings in place to either tighten or loosen fittings. Slide 61 Plumb Bob Used to determine a point directly below another point or establishing a plumb line for masonry construction. Slide 62 Diagonal Pliers Used to cut all types of soft wire and pulling cotter pins from slotted nuts. These pliers have curved handles that are lap joined with the cutting edge at an angle to permit the pliers to cut flush with the work surface. Slide 63 Used to cut fencing, nail staples, pull staples, and stretching wire. Fencing Pliers Slide 64 Lineman or Electricians Pliers Used primarily for electrical work. The tool has the diagonal cutting edges as well as the blunt gripping end for twisting wire. Slide 65 Battery Pliers Used to remove nuts off the battery terminal clamps. Slide 66 Long Nose Pliers Often called needle nose pliers; long, slender jaws make it possible to work where space is limited. Some are available with jaws that are capable of cutting soft wire with straight or curved jaws. Slide 67 Multi-Groove Pliers Used for holding parts. The jaws are adjustable for gripping larger diameter objects. Slide 68 Pliers - Slip Joint Combination Used for cutting soft wire as well as holding various stocks, nails, and wire. Slip joint allows jaws to open wider for gripping larger diameter work. Slide 69 Pop Rivet Used to fasten sheet metal parts together when blind fastening is required. The rivets are available in a variety of lengths and diameters. Slide 70 Pop Rivet Tool Tool used specifically to install pop rivets. Slide 71 Portable Air Tank Used to transport compressed air to an area where needed. Slide 72 Portable Air Compressor Use to provde compressed air for painting, cleaning and other jobs. Slide 73 Portable Electric Drill Used to drill holes where a drill press cannot be used. Slide 74 Post Anchor A U shaped metal bracket used to attach a post to a deck. Slide 75 Protective Face Shields Provides protection from injurious sparks and rays. Covers the entire face. Slide 76 Protractor A measuring device used to measure and establish angles. Slide 77 Pry or Fitting Bar Used for prying and helpful in aligning bolt holes. The tool has one tapered end and one flat, curved hook end. Slide 78 Putty Knife Variety of uses such as applying putty and removing paint and gaskets etc. Slide 79 Quick Coupler Commonly used to connect air hoses to pneumatic tools. Slide 80 Quick Link Chain link with a threaded nut that is used to connect two pieces of chain, cord or rope together. Slide 81 Quick Snap A snap ring quite commonly used on the end of a rope. Slide 82 Ratchet Handle Used with sockets and extension bars to allow short back and forth movement of the handle without removing socket from fastener. It is reversible which provides drive in either direction. Slide 83 Ratchet Load binder Ratcheting device that provides tension of two chains to secure a load. Slide 84 Ratchet Straps Light weight nylon straps with a ratchet end used to tie down loads on trailers and trucks. Slide 85 Ratchet Wrenches Used in the place of regular wrenches where space permits rapid movement. Slide 86 Reciprocating Saw Can be used to cut a wide variety of materials. Useful in confined areas. Slide 87 Reciprocating Saw Blades Blades for reciprocating saws. Assorted blades cut a variety of materials. Slide 88 Repair Link or Lap Link Used to repair chain and attach rings or hooks to the chain. Slide 89 Respirator or Breathing Filter Used when painting to prevent injurious fumes from entering the lungs. Slide 90 Roller Chain Link A repair/connection link for connection of drive links in machinery. Slide 91 Rope Thimble Provides protection for the eye when using rope or cable. Slide 92 Sash Brush A tapered paint brus

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