National Class 2
J U N E 2 0 2 0
For further information about the National Class 2 Road Train
Operator’s Guide please contact:
National Heavy Vehicle Regulator
P: 1300 MYNHVR (1300 696 487)
Eligible road trains 3
Livestock transport 4
Commodity transport in South Australia 4
Vehicle carriers 4
Mass requirements 4
Axle groups and mass limits 4
Axle mass spacing limits 4
Local mass requirements 5
Dimension requirements 6
Warning signs 6
Braking requirements 6
Mechanical couplings and ratings 6
Approved routes 7
Speed limits 9
Conditions applying to road trains in individual states 9
NHVAS accreditation 9
Requirement to carry the Notice or Operator’s Guide 9
Appendix 1: Axle spacing mass limits 10
Appendix 2: Definitions 11
The National Class 2 Road Train Operator’s Guide outlines the
requirements for operating a road train under the National Class
2 Road Train Authorisation (Notice) 2020 (the Notice) in the
participating states of New South Wales, Queensland, South
Australia and Victoria.
The Notice commences on 4 June 2020.
Eligible road trains
Figure 1: An example of a road train (AB-triple)
Road train combination types eligible to operate under the Notice
are shown in Table 1. Operators of road trains that cannot operate
under the Notice must apply for an access permit.
Table 1: Eligible road train combinations under the Notice
Type 1 combinations (up to 36.5m
States where operation
NSW QLD SA VIC
B-triple (Modular) 35.0
Rigid truck towing two trailers 36.5
* A separate and additional road network for A-doubles up to 30.0m long
exists in South Australia only.
1 A-doubles are sometimes called double road trains.
2 AB-triples are sometimes called AB-doubles.
Type 2 combinations (up to 53.5m long)
States where operation is permitted: NSW QLD SA VIC
Allowable Type 2 combinations: Length limit (m)
Rigid truck towing two trailers 47.5
�A separate and additional road network for AB-triples up to 42.0m long
exists in South Australia only.
The eligibility of Type 1 road train combinations varies between states
(e.g. Table 1 shows that A-doubles have access in all participating
states, while B-triples and AB-triples only have access in New South
Wales, Queensland and South Australia.
Type 2 road trains are granted access as a group. Table 1 shows the
range of allowable Type 2 combinations with access in New South
Wales, Queensland and South Australia—but not Victoria.
Two additional road networks are available in South Australia:
• A-doubles up to 30.0m long
• AB-triples up to 42.0m long.
For these shorter combinations, these networks are extensions of the
ones for 36.5m A-doubles and 44.0m AB-triples respectively.
To be eligible to operate under the Notice, road trains must fully
comply with all requirements of the Heavy Vehicle (Mass, Dimension
and Loading) National Regulation.
Road trains may be used to transport livestock. They typically have
two, three or four decks, and a total height of up to 4.6m. Their
operation is authorised under the Notice.
Livestock-transport-specific mass requirements vary between states
and are summarised in Table 2.
Table 2: Mass limits for livestock transport road trains by state and
State/territory Livestock transport road train mass limits
New South Wales Livestock transport mass limits
Queensland Livestock volumetric loading
As per non-livestock
Volumetric loading is permitted in South Australia and Victoria for
some combination types, but not road trains.
More information is available on the NHVR website at www.nhvr.
gov.au and on state and territory road agency websites.
Some specific requirements apply to operating livestock transport
road trains in New South Wales. In some instances, A-doubles must
be fitted with a tri-axle converter dolly. Details are published on
Transport for New South Wales’ road train access maps (see the
Approved routes section of this guide).
Commodity transport in South Australia
Dedicated road networks for road trains carrying certain
commodities are available in South Australia. These networks
provide additional access, beyond that for the same combinations
carrying goods other than the specified commodities.
Road trains eligible to operate on the South Australian commodity
• A-doubles up to 36.5m long
• B-triples up to 36.5m long (including modular B-triples up to
• rigid trucks towing two trailers up to 36.5m long.
Detailed information on local conditions for commodity-carrying
road trains in South Australia is available on the South Australian
RAVNet Online Map system at www.dpti.sa.gov.au/ravnet.
Road trains used to carry vehicles may operate under the Notice.
Vehicle carrier road trains may be up to 4.6m high if built with more
than one deck.
The default mass limits are the General Mass Limits (GML).
A summary of mass requirements is available on the NHVR website
These include mass limits:
• specified by the vehicle manufacturer
• for individual axles and axle groups
• for individual component vehicles and trailers
• for the combination as a whole
• as determined by axle spacing (Appendix 1).
Road trains may also load to Concessional Mass Limits (CML). The
standard requirements for CML apply, including for operators to be
accredited under the National Heavy Vehicle Accreditation Scheme
(NHVAS) Mass Management module.
Road train operators may operate under Higher Mass Limits
(HML). When loaded under HML, operators may only access roads
approved under both this Notice and for HML. This means that more
restricted access applies when operating at HML than at GML or
More information can be found at:
• https://www.nhvr.gov.au/cml for CML
• https://www.nhvr.gov.au/hml for HML.
Axle groups and mass limits
Table 3 shows the maximum mass allowable on an axle or axle
All of the axle group types listed in Table 2 are allowed on road
trains operating under the Notice, except:
• tri-axle drive groups – prohibited on any road trains operating
under the Notice
• quad-axle groups – prohibited on any road trains operating
under the Notice and when on state-controlled roads in
Axle mass spacing limits
In addition to complying with the mass and dimension requirements,
road trains must comply with the axle spacing mass limits included
in Appendix 1.
Figure 2 shows an example of the axle spacing requirements and
mass limits for a 36.5m A-double.
Figure 2: Measuring axle spacing on a 36.5m A-double
Table 5 specifies road train axle spacing mass limits. The distance
between axle groups determines the maximum allowable mass over
those axle groups.
Table 3: Mass limits for single axles and axle groups
Axle/s Axle group/
Mass limit (t)
GML CML HML
default limit n/a 6.0
axle vehicle n/a 6.5
n/a 295-375 mm 6.5
n/a at least 375 mm 7.1
375- 450mm 6.7
dual tyres n/a 9.0
3 Tri-axles cannot be used as the drive axle group.
4 HML (22.5t) is unavailable for single-tyred tri-axle groups when operating on roads in Victoria.
5 Quad axles prohibited when operating on state-controlled roads in Queensland.
Axle/s Axle group/
Mass limit (t)