menh de quan he

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Trng THPT M LINH

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PHN M U I.L do chn ti. Nm hc 2009-2010 l nm th nm thc hin hnh thc thi trc nghim i vi mn ting Anh cc k thi tt nghip THPT, thi H ca b GD & T. Trong chng trnh ting Anh THPT , Mnh quan h l mt phn kin thc ht sc quan trng, c trong cc k thi tt nghip v thi H. Mun lm tt c cc bi tp trc nghim v mnh quan h th hc sinh cn phi nm c cc vn lin quan n mnh quan h trong ting Anh, chuyn t hnh thc lm cc bi tp t lun sang bi tp trc nghim. V vy ti chn ti Mnh quan h v cc dng bi tp lm vn nghin cu trong sng kin kinh nghim ca mnh. II.Mc ch. Khi vit sng kin kinh nghim ny, ti ch mong c gp thm mt vi kin ca mnh v cc vn lin quan nMnh quan h v cc dng bi tp trong ting Anh gip gio vin c th tham kho thm trong vic n tp cho hc sinh chun b cho cc k thi sp ti. III.i tng nghin cu. Trong chng trnh ting Anh THPT, mnh quan h c a vo ging dy mt cht khi 10, tp trung ch yu hc k II khi 11 v n li khi 12 . Trong ti ca mnh, ti ch tp trung vo nhng vn l thuyt ca mnh quan h nh : mnh quan h l g? cc i t quan h, trng t quan h, cc loi mnh quan h, dng rt gn ca mnh quan h, gii t i vi i t quan h , nhng lu v mnh quan h v mt s bi tp vit, bi tp trc nghim tng ng cng c cho phn kin thc trn , nhm gip hc sinh hiu v nm c nhng kin thc c bn v nng cao ca mnh quan h trong Ting anh cc em c th lm tt cc dng bi tp trc nghim v mnh quan h trong Ting anh. IV.Phm vi nghin cu. Nm hc 2009-2010 V.C s nghin cu. Ti nghin cu ti ny da trn nhng c s sau: - Da vo thc t ging dy. - Da vo mt s ti liu tham kho v mnh quan h - Da v mt s kin ca ng nghip.

Gio vin Nguyn Minh Phng 0982865644 1 ng - th dc

T ngoi

Trng THPT M LINH

Sng kin kinh nghim

PHN NI DUNG I. nh ngha - Mnh quan h l mnh ph c ni vi mnh chnh bi cc i t quan h (who, whom, whose, which, that ) hay cc trng t quan h nh (where, when, why). Mnh quan h ng ngay ng sau danh t, i t trong mnh chnh b sung ngha cho danh t, i t y,phn bit danh t i t y vi cc danh t i t khc. Chc nng ca n ging nh mt tnh t do vy n cn c gi l mnh tnh ng. II. CC I T QUAN H 1. Who: -L i t quan h ch ngi lm ch ng, ng sau tin ng ch ngi lm ch ng cho ng t ng sau n. -Theo sau who l mt ng t Eg: The man who is sitting by the fire is my father. That is the boy who helped me to find your house.2. Whom: -L i t quan h ch ngi lm tn ng, ng sau tin ng ch ngi lm tn

ng cho ng t ng sau n. -Theo sau whom l mt ch ng Eg: The woman whom you saw yesterday is my aunt. The boy whom we are looking for is Tom.3. Which:L i t quan h ch vt, lm ch ng hoc tn ng cho ng t sau n.

Eg:

Eg:

-Theo sau which c th l mt ng t hoc mt ch ng. This is the book. I like it best. => This is the book which I like best. The hat is red. It is mine. => The hat which is red is mine. -Khi which lm tn ng, ta c th lc b which This is the book I like best The dress (which) I bought yesterday is very beautiful.

4. That: L i t quan h ch c ngi ln vt, c th c dng thay cho Who, Whom, Which trong mnh quan h thuc loi Restricted Clause (Mnh xc nh) Eg: That is the book that I like best. That is the bicycle that belongs to Tom. My father is the person that I admire most. I can see the girl and her dog that are running in the park. 5.Whose:L i t quan h ch ngi, thay cho tnh t s hu. Whose cng c dng cho of which.Gio vin Nguyn Minh Phng 0982865644 2 ng - th dc T ngoi

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-Theo sau Whose lun l 1 danh t Eg: The boy is Tom. You borrowed his bicycle yesterday. => The boy whose bicycle you borrowed yesterday is Tom. John found a cat. Its leg was broken. John found a cat whose leg was broken. III. CC TRNG T QUAN H 1. When: l trng t quan h ch thi gian, ng sau tin ng ch thi gian, dng thay cho at, on, in + which, then Eg: May Day is the day when people hold a meeting. (= on which) Ill never forget the day when I met her. (=on which) That was the time when he managed the company. (= at which) 2. Where: l trng t quan h ch ni trn, thay cho a, on, in + which; there) Eg: That is the house where we used to live. (= in which) Do you know the country where I was born? Hanoi is the place where I like to come. 3. Why: l trng t quan h ch l do, ng sau tin ng the reason, dng thay cho for the reason Eg: Please tell me the reason why you are so sad. (= for which) He told me the reason why he had been absent from class the day before. IV. CC LOI MNH QUAN H: c ba loi mnh quan h1. Mnh quan h xc nh ( restrictive relative clause)

-Mnh quan h xc nh dng b ngha cho danh t ng trc, l b phn quan trng ca cu,nu b i mnh chnh khng c ngha r rng. Eg The girl who is wearing the blue dress is my sister. The book which I borrowed from you is very interesting. 2.Mnh quan h khng xc nh (non- restrictive relative clause ) -Mnh quan h khng xc nh dng b ngha cho danh t ng trc,l phn gii thch thm, nu b i mnh chnh vn cn ngha r rng. -Mnh quan h khng xc nh thng c ngn vi mnh chnh bi cc du phy. Danh t ng trc thng l tn ring hoc trc cc danh t thng c cc t nh: this, that, these, those, my, his herng trc. - Khng c dng that trong mnh khng xc nh. Eg My father, who is 50 years old, is a doctor. This girl, whom you met yesterday, is my daughter.Gio vin Nguyn Minh Phng 0982865644 3 ng - th dc T ngoi

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3.Mnh quan h ni tip. - Mnh quan h ni tip dng gii thch c mt cu, trng hp ny ch dng i t quan h which v dng du phy tch hai mnh . Mnh ny lun ng cui cu. Eg He admires Mr Brown, which surprises me. Mary tore Toms letter, which made him sad. V.DNG RT GN CA MNH QUAN H: mnh quan h c th rt gn theo 4 cch: 1.Using participle phrases (s dng hin ti phn t) - Present participle: Dng cho cc ng t trong mnh quan h th ch ng. Ta dng present participle phrase thay cho mnh (b i t quan h v tr ng t, a ng t chnh v nguyn mu ri thm ing) The man who is sitting next to you is my uncle. The man sitting to you is my uncle. Do you know the boy who broke the windows last night? Do you know the boy breaking the windows last night? 2.Using past participle: - Past participle: Dng cho cc ng t trong mnh quan h th b ng (B i t quan h, tr ng t v bt u cm t bng past participle) Eg1The books which were written by To Hoai are interesting. The books written by To Hoai are interesting. Eg2 The students who were punished by the teacher are lazy. The students punished by the teacher are lazy. Eg3 The house which is being built now belongs to Mr. Pike. The house built now belongs to Mr. Pike. 3.Using to infinitive or infinitive phrase (for sb to do): B i t quan h, b ch ng v tr ng t, bt u cm t bng infinitive English is an important language which we have to master. => English is an important language to master. There is a good restaurant where we can eat good food. => There is a good restaurant to eat good food. That is the hotel where we can stay. => That is the hotel to stay. Here is the form that you must fill in. => Here is the form for you to fill in. 4.Using noun phrases: mnh quan h khng xch nh c th c rt gn bng cch dng cm danh t.Gio vin Nguyn Minh Phng 0982865644 4 ng - th dc T ngoi

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Eg1 George Washington, who was the first presidentof the United States, was a general in the army. George Washington, the first presidentof the United States, was a general in the army. Eg2 We visited Barcelona, which is a city in northern Spain. We visited Barcelona, a city in northern Spain. VI.GiI T I VI MNH QUAN H: -Ch c hai i t quan h l Whom v which thng c gii t i km v gii t c th ng trc cc i t quan h hoc cui mnh quan h. Eg1 The man about whom you are talkingis my brother. The man (whom) you are talking about is my brother. Eg2The picture at which you are looking is very expensive. The picture ( which) you are looking at is very expensive. Ch : -Khi gii t ng cui mnh quan h th ta c th b i t quan h v c th dng that thay cho whom v which trong mnh quan h xc nh. -Khi gii t ng trc i t quan h th ta c khng th b i t quan h v c khng th dng that thay cho whom v which . VII.Lu v mnh quan h 1. Cc i t quan h c chc nng tn ng trong mnh quan h xc nh u c th lc b. Eg Do you know the boy (whom) we met yesterday? Thats the house (which) I have bought. -Tuy nhin cc i t quan h c chc nng tn ng trong mnh quan h khng xc nh khng th lc b. Eg Mr Tom, whom I spoke on the phone to , is very interested in our plan. 2. Khi danh t c ni n l tn ng ca gii t, ta c th a gii t ng trc i t quan h. Trng hp ny ch c dng Whom v Which Miss Brown, with whom we studied last year, is a very nice teacher. Mr. Cater, to whom I spoke on the phone last night, is very interested in our plan. Fortunately we had a map, without which we would have got lost. 3. Ch cch dng ca cc cu trc m u cho mnh quan h: all, most, none, neither, any, either, some, (a)few, both, half, each, one, two, several, many, much, + of which/whom Daisy has three brothers, all of whom are teachers.Gio vin Nguyn Minh Phng 0982865644 5 ng - th dc T ngoi

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I tried on three pairs of shoes, none of which fitted me. He asked me a lot of questions, most of which I couldnt answer. Two boys, neither of whom I had seen before, came into my class. They have got two cars, one of which they seldom use. There were a lot of people at the meeting, few of whom I had met before. 4. Cc trng hp sau y thng phi dng that a. Khi cm t ng trc va l danh t ch ngi v vt He told me about the places and people that he had seen in London b. Sau cc tnh t so snh hn nht, first v last This is the most interesting film that Ive ever seen. Moscow is the finest city that shes ever visited. That is the last letter that he wrote. She was the first person that broke the silence. c. Sau cc t all, only (duy nht) v very (chnh l) All that he can say is this. I bought the only book that they had. Youre the very man that I would like to see. d. Sau cc i t bt nh He never says anything that is worth listening to. Ill tell you something that is very in