MARINE BIOTECHNOLOGY IN SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN microalgae resources for biofuel production improve the photosynthetic

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  • © Fraunhofer

    MARINE BIOTECHNOLOGY

    IN SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN

    Dr. Marina Gebert

    14.03.2017

  • © Fraunhofer

    http://www.vliz.be/wiki/Portal:Marine_Biotechnology

    (Aqua-)

    Marine Biotechnology Workflow (Source: European Science Foundation)

    Marine Biotechnology is part of global biotechnology and its specificity lies in the uniqueness of marine

    living resources and their derived products and services through the use of a set of tools ranging from

    biodiversity assessment to systems biology, from cultures to engineering.

  • © Fraunhofer

    Target research area Examples

    Food:

    Development of food products and ingredients

    of marine origin (algae, invertebrates, fish) with

    optimal nutritional properties for human health

     dietary supplements; functional food

     selective breeding of aquaculture species

     sustainable production of feed

     zero-waste recirculation systems

    Energy:

    Development and demonstration of viable renewable

    energy products and processes, notably through the

    use of marine algae

     microalgae resources for biofuel production

     improve the photosynthetic efficiency

     enhance lipid productivity

     improve harvest, separation, purification

    processes

    Health:

    Development of novel drugs, treatments and health

    and personal care products

     Finding novel bioactives

     improve technical aspects

     overcome the supply problem

     anti cancer, biofilm inhibitors, antibiotics

    Industrial Products and Processes:

    Development of marine-derived molecules exploitable

    by industry including enzymes, biopolymers and

    biomaterials

     develop enabling technologies for high

    throughput enzyme screening

     marine biopolymers as novel competitive

    commercial products in food, cosmetics and

    health

    Environment:

    Development of biotechnological approaches,

    mechanisms and applications to address key

    environmental issues

     Develop automated high-resolution

    biosensing technologies

     Antifouling strategies

     restauration of (marine) ecosystems

     biosensors for routine analysis

    Marine Biotechnology research priorities

    Adapted from: European Science Foundation, Position Paper 15,

    Marine Biotechnology: A New Vision and Strategy for Europe

    http://www.marinebiotech.eu/wiki/File:MarineBiotech.jpg

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    Masterplan Marine Biotechnology Schleswig-Holstein

    Marine Biotechnology

    Marine

    bioresources

    Technologies/

    methods

    Raw materials/

    intermediate

    products

    Product areas

    (examples) Application areas

    uses benefits from produces develops products for is applied in

     Macro-organisms:

     Plants

     Animals

     Microorganisms:

     bacteria

     Genetics /

    genomics

     Biochemistry /

    proteomics

     Cell biology

    techniques

     Metabolomics

     Cultivation

    methods

     Systems biology

     Ecological methods

     Proteins:

     Collagen

     Carbohydrates:

     Agar

     Lipids:

     Omega-3

    fatty acids

     Secondary

    metabolites:

     Polyketides

     Pharmaceuticals

     Feed

     Dietary

    supplements

     Antifouling

     Cosmetics

     Chemicals

     Industrial

    biotechnology

     Biofuels

     Health

     Aquaculture

     Food

     Cosmetics

     Industry

     Energy

    Adapted from: Masterplan Marine Biotechnologie Schleswig-Holstein

  • © Fraunhofer

    Marine Biotechnology R&D in Schleswig-Holstein

    Source: Masterplan Marine Biotechnologie Schleswig-Holstein

  • © Fraunhofer

    Marine Biotechnology companies in Schleswig-Holstein

    Source: Masterplan Marine Biotechnologie Schleswig-Holstein

  • © Fraunhofer

    Examples of policy guidelines and initiatives on national

    and international level

    European level National level

    Policy guidelines

    • An Integrated Maritime Policy for the

    European Union -The Blue Book

    • Blue growth strategy

    • High-tech strategy 2020 for Germany

    • National research strategy bio economy

    2030

    • National masterplan of maritime

    technologies

    Initiatives

    Programs • Horizon 2020 • Diverse federal programs, e.g. „KMU- innovativ“, „Basic technologies for the

    next generation of biotechnological

    processes“

    Projects and initiatives • Micro B3 • SUBMARINER

    • Susfood

    • ANIHWA

    • INTERREG Baltic Blue Growth

    • JPI Oceans, Marine KIC, EuroMarine,

    Marine Fungi, …

    • Food security through aquaculture in

    Malawi

    • Origin and function of metaorganisms

    • Sun protection from macroalgae

    • Offshore cultivation of microalgae

    Networks, associations • ERA-Net MB • ERASysBio

    • ERA-NanoSci

    • ERA-Net Bioenergy

    • ETPs (European technology platforms)

    • …

    • Bundesverband Aquakultur e.V.

    • Kieler Algenstammtisch

    • Kompetenznetzwerk Aquakultur

    • Maritimes Cluster Norddeutschland

    • Nordverbund Marine Biotechnologie

    Adapted from: Masterplan Marine Biotechnologie Schleswig-Holstein

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    Companies involved in national or international funding

    programs (n=17)

    Source: Masterplan Marine Biotechnologie Schleswig-Holstein

    No

    Yes

    Yes, european

    Yes, european

    and german

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    Main challenges for MB companies during cooperation

    with scientific institutions

    Lacking financial means

    „Slow“ structures at cooperation

    partners

    Uncertain legal structures (IPR,

    liability)

    Missing interest of cooperation

    partner

    Commercial risk is too high

    Spatial distance

    Communication during project

    Finding cooperation partners and

    making contact

    Decreasing interest of partner during

    cooperation

    Want of confidence to cooperation

    partner

    Adapted from: Masterplan Marine Biotechnologie Schleswig-Holstein

  • © Fraunhofer

    Main challenges for MB R&D Institutes during

    cooperation with companies

    Economic potential unclear

    Communication and making

    contacts is too difficult

    Differing interests

    Difficulties accessing information

    Uncertain legal structures (IPR,

    liability)

    Spatial distance

    Lacking financial means

    Decreasing interest of partner during

    cooperation

    Missing interest of cooperation

    partner

    Competitive situation

    Incapable of action

    Adapted from: Masterplan Marine Biotechnologie Schleswig-Holstein

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    The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft at a Glance

    The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft undertakes applied research of direct utility

    to private and public enterprise and of wide benefit to society.

    Nearly 24,000

    staff

    More than 70%

    is derived from

    contracts with industry

    and from publicly

    financed research

    projects.

    Almost 30%

    is contributed by the

    German federal and

    Länder Governments.

    66 institutes and research units F in

    a n

    c in

    g v o

    lu m

    e

    €2 billion

    2014

    C o

    n tr

    a c

    t R

    e s

    e a rc

    h

    €1.7

    billion

    Major infrastructure

    capital expenditure and

    defense research

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    The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft

    in Germany

    München

    Holzkirchen

    Freiburg

    Efringen-

    Kirchen

    Freising Stuttgart

    Pfinztal KarlsruheSaarbrücken

    St. Ingbert Kaiserslautern

    Darmstadt Würzburg

    Erlangen

    Nürnberg

    Ilmenau

    Schkopau

    Teltow

    Oberhausen

    Duisburg

    EuskirchenAachen St. Augustin

    Schmallenberg

    Dortmund

    Potsdam Berlin

    Rostock

    Lübeck Itzehoe

    Braunschweig

    Hannover

    Bremen

    Bremerhaven

    Jena

    Leipzig

    Chemnitz

    Dresden

    Cottbus

    Magdeburg

    Halle

    Fürth

    Wachtberg

    Ettlingen

    Kandern

    Oldenburg

    Freiberg

    Paderborn

    Kassel

    Gießen Erfurt

    Augsburg

    Oberpfaffenhofen

    Garching

    Straubing

    Bayreuth

    Bronnbach

    Prien

    Fraunhofer Institution for Marine

    Biotechnology and Cell Technology (EMB)

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    Cell Technologies

     Cell culture of aquatic organisms

     In-vitro manipulation

     Cryopreservation

     Cellular test