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  • Marine Aquaculture Annual Farm Operation Report 2010

    Prepared by The Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries 1

    Marine Aquaculture

    Annual Report

    2010

  • Marine Aquaculture Annual Farm Operation Report 2010

    Prepared by The Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries 2

    REPORT PREPARED BY: The Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Branch: Fisheries Directorate: Marine Aquaculture Management Private Bag X2 Roggebaai Cape Town 8012 www.daff.gov.za Tel: 021 402 3911 Date: November 2010 FOR ENQUIRIES CONTACT:

    The Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Branch: Fisheries Directorate: Marine Aquaculture Management Private Bag X2 Roggebaai Cape Town 8012 Email: aquaculture@daff.gov.za OR Mr. Keagan D Halley Principal Environmental Officer: Marine Aquaculture Development Email: KeaganH@daff.gov.za Tel: 021 402 3326 OR Ms Khumo Morake Deputy Director: Marine Aquaculture Authorisations and Development Email: KhumoM@daff.gov.za Tel: 021 402 3038

  • Marine Aquaculture Annual Farm Operation Report 2010

    Prepared by The Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries 3

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    1. Executive Summary 4

    2. Abbreviations and Definitions 5

    3. Introduction 6

    4. Marine Aquaculture Annual Farm Operations Report 2010 6

    5. Status of the marine aquaculture industry in 2009 7

    5.1. Marine aquaculture species cultured in South Africa 7

    5.2. Marine aquaculture farms operating in 2009 8

    5.3. Overview of South Africas marine aquaculture production in 2009 9

    5.4 South Africas Marine Aquaculture production from 2000 2009 11

    5.5 Analysis of marine aquaculture sub-sectors 12

    5.5.1 Abalone Industry 12

    5.5.2 Finfish Industry 13

    5.5.3 Oyster Industry 14

    5.5.4 Mussel Industry 15

    5.5.5 Prawn Industry 16

    5.5.6 Seaweed Industry 17

    5.5.7 Marine Ornamental Industry 17

    6 Provincial analysis of the marine aquaculture industry in 2009 17

    6.1 KwaZulu Natal 18

    6.2 Eastern Cape 19

    6.3 Western Cape 19

    6.4 Northern Cape 19

    7 New Applications for marine aquaculture during 2009 20

    8 Progress made during 2009 20

    9 Acknowledgement 21

    10 Reference list 22

    11 Appendix

    11.1 Monthly Report Broodstock 23

    11.2 Monthly Report Hatchery/Juveniles 25

    11.3 Monthly Report Grow-out 27

  • Marine Aquaculture Annual Farm Operation Report 2010

    Prepared by The Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries 4

    1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    South Africas marine aquaculture industry performance has been fairly stagnant since the year 2000

    with production exceeding 1 000 tons. In 2008 and 2009 production had reached 2 014 tons and 1 869

    tons respectively, decreasing by 7.2%. The species contributing to total production for the year 2009

    included abalone (Haliotis midae), oysters (Crassostrea gigas), mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis and

    Choromytilus meridionalis), finfish (Argyrosomus japonicus, Argyrosomus inodorus and Seriola lalandi)

    and prawns (Litopenaeus vannamei). In terms of biomass produced, the abalone sub-sector

    contributed 49.11% to the total production, followed by the mussel sub-sector with 36.69%, the oyster

    sub-sector with 12.02%, the finfish sub-sector with 1.22% and the prawn sub-sectors with 0.96%. The

    industry was made up of an accumulative total of fourty farms in 2009 comprising sixteen abalone

    farms, fourteen oyster farms, three mussel farms, six finfish farms and one prawn farm. The estimated

    marine aquaculture production in terms of monetary value for 2009 was R3 40 million, with abalone

    contributing to 93.9%, oysters contributing 2.8%, mussels contributing 2.4%, and finfish and prawns

    contributing 0.7% combined. The provincial analysis of the marine aquaculture industry highlighted the

    Western Cape and Eastern Cape as the provinces with the most marine aquaculture activities whilst the

    Northern Cape and KwaZulu Natal had the least marine aquaculture activities. A total of twenty-one

    farms are situated in the Western Cape, fourteen in the Eastern Cape, four in the Northern Cape and

    one in KwaZulu Natal.

  • Marine Aquaculture Annual Farm Operation Report 2010

    Prepared by The Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries 5

    2. ABBREVIATIONS AND DEFINITIONS

    DAFF Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries

    MLRA Marine Living Resource Act No. 18 of 1998

    MAAFOR Marine Aquaculture Annual Farm Operations Report

    DSP Diarrhetic Shellfish Poisoning

    PSP Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning

    IDZ Industrial Development Zone

    MADZs Marine Aquaculture Development Zones

    Production Amount of organisms produced from a farm specifically for human

    consumption (excluding seaweed and ornamentals).

    Pilot Scale Status at which a project is testing or conducting trials in order

    demonstrate the effectiveness of a full program.

    Commercial Scale Status at which project is producing a product for sale primarily for

    widespread distributions and consumption.

    West Coast West of Cape Point to border of Namibia

    East Coast East of Cape Point to border of Mozambique

    Farm Temporary Closure Farm not allowed selling product due to contamination of shell fish, as

    stipulated in the South African Molluscan Shellfish Monitoring and

    Control Programme. Farms are re-opened when product is not

    contaminated.

    Intra-trading Trading of organisms between farms within the same sub-sector

  • Marine Aquaculture Annual Farm Operation Report 2010

    Prepared by The Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries 6

    3. INTRODUCTION

    Marine aquaculture in South Africa was initiated in the late 1940s with the commercial culturing of

    oysters. Throughout the decades more species have been introduced into the industry, these include

    mussels which was initiated in the 1980s, prawn and abalone, initiated in the 1990s and finfish initiated

    in the 2000s. Currently government together with industry are focusing on developing the marine finfish

    sub-sector. The Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF) along with a number of

    Universities and marine aquaculture farms have focused research on dusky kob (Argyrosomus

    japonicus), silver kob (Argyrosomus inodorus), yellowtail (Seriola lalandi), white stumpnose

    (Rhabdosargus globiceps), spotted grunter (Pomadasys commersonnii) and yellowbelly rockcod

    (Epinephelus andersoni).

    The marine aquaculture industry in South Africa is fairly small when compared to other countries such

    as China, Chile and Norway. These countries produced 30 614 968 tons (China), 674 979 tons (Chile)

    and 637 993 tons (Norway) of total aquaculture products for both fresh and marine aquaculture in 2004

    (FAO, 2008). Although small, South Africas marine aquaculture industry has demonstrated the

    potential to grow. In 2009 the industry included five sub-sectors namely abalone, mussels, oysters,

    finfish and prawns.

    The primary legislation governing marine aquaculture in South Africa is the Marine Living Resource Act

    No. 18 of 1998 (MLRA), which is administered by the DAFF. The responsible branch within the DAFF is

    Fisheries, Aquaculture Management and Development. The main functions of the Directorate include

    management, regulation, research and support of the sector.

    4. MARINE AQUACULTURE ANNUAL FARM OPERATIONS REPORT 2010

    As the lead agent for marine aquaculture management and development in South Africa the DAFF,

    Branch: Fisheries has developed the Marine Aquaculture Annual Farm Operations Report (MAAFOR).

    The report has been developed to promote transparency, acquire information and reliable statistics in

    the marine aquaculture sector. The concept of the MAAFOR was initiated in 2008. This report was

    developed to provide stakeholders with reliable information, improved management, ensured and

    efficient government support, and the proper channelling of resources for the benefit of the industry.

    Furthermore the report has been used to identify existing bottlenecks and deficiencies, and to

    determine important areas for further research and development in the sector. In 2009 the report was

  • Marine Aquaculture Annual Farm Operation Report 2010

    Prepared by The Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries 7

    titled South Africas Marine Aquaculture Industry Annual Report, but has since changed to the Marine

    Aquaculture Annual Farm Operations Report (MAAFOR).

    The MAAFOR 2010 has been compiled based on data collected from all marine aquaculture farms

    operating in South Africa during 2009. Each month the farmers provide the DAFF with a Monthly Report

    which outlines all farm operations for a particular month. The Monthly Report is divided into three

    separate reports designed to correspond with the major production phases of any aquaculture facility,

    namely broodstock, hatchery/juvenile and grow-out. The broods

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