Maarten A. Siebel Assoc. Professor of Environmental Biotechnology UNESCO-IHE

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FROM WATER SCARCITY TO SUSTAINABLE WATER USE IN THE WEST BANK, PALESTINE. Maarten A. Siebel Assoc. Professor of Environmental Biotechnology UNESCO-IHE DELFT, THE NETHERLANDS. Maarten Siebel – UNESCO-IHE Dima Nazer – Technical college Hebron, Palestine. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Maarten A. Siebel Assoc. Professor of Environmental Biotechnology UNESCO-IHE

Cleaner Production

Maarten A. SiebelAssoc. Professor of Environmental BiotechnologyUNESCO-IHEDELFT, THE NETHERLANDS

Maarten Siebel UNESCO-IHE Dima Nazer Technical college Hebron, PalestineFROM WATER SCARCITY TO SUSTAINABLE WATER USE IN THE WEST BANK, PALESTINE

2The West Bank has, for political reasons, less water than is naturally available

Total recharge679 Mm3/yearPalestinian abstraction119 Mm3/yearIsraeli abstraction648 Mm3/yearBalance: - 88 Mm3/year (2006) and increasing due to population/economic growth3Fine although blue is not a common color in this presentation. Still OK?232 m3 366m3 300m3IsraelUSAEuropeWest Bank50 m34Fine, but I put the appearance of the graph and the red cross together.Reducing material input and thus final disposalMaterial recyclingof end-of-life productRecycling of production wasteRe-use of productResourcesFinal disposalProductionProduct use5

Wastewater Approach towards water use

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Increasing material use efficiencyresourcesproductswastewasteproductswasteproducts7Fine although blue is not a common color in this presentation. Still OK?Rain water harvesting systemsInstall dry toilets Grey water reuse systemsLow flow shower heads and faucet aeratorsPrevent leakage Domestic water use

1 Make sure the 5 items listed are of the same "formatting".

2 What is the saving reached when all is installed? Is it enough?

Process AEvaluate quality Used-water treatmentProcess BProcess CEvaluate quality Evaluate quality Used-water treatmentUsed-water treatmentWaterWaterRawmaterialProductUsed-waterUsed-waterUsed-waterMinimum waste disposalIndustrial water use1 You talk about "waste disposal" but everywhere else you refer to water. Or do you imply a waterless industrial process? Water is not coming in?

Expanding rain-fed agricultureVirtual water tradeChanging cropping patterns according to water useUsed-water reuseEfficient irrigation systemsWater pricingAgricultural Water UseCan you make a list like this for domestic and ag water use also for industrial water use?In conclusion

Maarten A. Siebelm.siebel@unesco-ihe.org

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