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Los Verbos Irregulares en Inglés

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Los verbos irregulares en ingls (=English irregular verbs)

Los verbos irregulares en ingls (=English irregular verbs)

En ingls, hay una serie de verbos cuyo Simple Past (Pasado Simple) y Past Participle (participio pasado) no siguen ninguna regla, y por lo tanto, son los llamados verbos irregulares. Aqu tienes una lista con todos ellos y ejemplos que ilustran estos verbos:

1) (to) arise: surgir, levantarse. Simple Past: arose. Past Participle: arisen.

Ex.: The sun has risen on the east. (El sol se ha levantado por el este).

2) (to) awake: despertarse. Simple Past: awoke. Past Participle: awoken.

Ex.: The boy had awaken when his parents arrived. (El chico se haba despertado cuando llegaron sus padres).

3) (to) be/ am, are, is: ser, estar. Simple Past: was / were. Past Participle: been.

Ex.: Tom had been in London for three years. (Tom haba estado en Londres durante tres aos).

4) (to) bear: dar a luz, soportar. Simple Past: bore. Past Participle: born.

Ex.: Jill bore a big child last night. (Jill dio a luz a un nio grande anoche).

5) (to) beat: vencer, golpear. Simple Past: beat. Past Participle: beaten.

Ex.: James had beaten his brother's nose at the school.

6) (to) become: convertirse en, llegar a ser. Simple Past: became. Past Participle: become.

Ex.: Hugh had become a very good guitar player last year (Hugh se haba convertido en un buen guitarrista el ao pasado).

7) (to) begin: comenzar, empezar. Simple Past: began. Past Participle: begun.

Ex.: John has begun his career as an actor. John ha empezado su carrera como actor.

8) (to) bend: curvarse, doblar. Simple Past: bent. Past Participle: bent.

Ex.: Rachel has bent the knife this morning. (Rachel ha doblado el cuchillo esta maana).

9) (to) bet: apostar. Simple Past: bet. Past Participle: bet.

Ex.: Holly has bet ten dollars for her favourite football team. (Holly ha apostado diez dlares por su equipo de ftbol favorito).

10) (to) bind: atar, encuadernar. Simple Past: bound. Past Participle: bound.

Ex.: The teachers had bound the book last semester. (Los profesores haban encuadernado el libro el semestre pasado).

11) (to) bid: pujar. Simple Past: bid. Past Participle: bid.

Ex.: Helen had bid for the bowl in the last auction. (Helen haba pujado por el jarrn en la pasada subasta).

12) (to) bite: morder. Simple Past: bit. Past Participle: bitten.

Ex.: Ursula had bitten her brother when they were eight years old. (rsula haba mordido a su hermano cuando los dos tenan ocho aos).

13) (to) bleed: sangrar. Simple Past: bled. Past Participle: bled.

Ex.: Hugh's nose has bled all the morning.

14) (to) blow: soplar, hinchar. Simple Past: blew. Past Participle: blown.

Ex.: Gary had blown his birthday's candles at home. (Gary haba soplado sus velas de cumpleaos en casa).

15) (to) break: romper. Simple Past: broke. Past Participle: broken.

Ex.: James had broken the glass last night. (James haba roto el cristal anoche).

16) (to) breed: criar, alimentar. Simple Past: bred. Past Participle: bred.

Ex.: James has bred two horses in his farm. (James ha crado dos caballos en su granja).

17) (to) bring: traer, llevar. Simple Past: brought. Past Participle: brought.

Ex.: Jim had brought the bycicle to his house when I saw him (Jim haba llevado la bicicleta a su casa cuando yo le vi).

(to) broadcast: emitir, radiar, difundir por la televisin. Simple Past: broadcast. Past Participle: broadcast.

Ex.: The BBC has broadcast the show this morning. (La BBC ha emitido el espectculo esta maana).

18) (to) build: construir, edificar Simple Past: built. Past Participle: built.

Ex.: John had built a house near Menorca last month. (John haba construido/edificado una casa cerca de Menorca).

19-(to) burn: quemar, arder. Simple Past: burnt /burned. Past Participle: burnt / burned.

Ex.: Hugh has burnt the book when he has finished the exam. (Hugh ha quemado el libro cuando l ha acabado el examen).

20) (to) burst: reventar, estallar. Simple Past: burst Past Participle: burst.

Ex.: Yasmina has burst into tears this morning. (Yasmina ha estallado en lgrimas esta maana).

21) (to) buy: comprar. Simple Past: bought. Past Participle: bought.

Ex.: The teacher had bought pencils for the exam. (La profesora haba comprado lpices para el examen).

22) (to) cast: arrojar, tirar. Simple Past: cast. Past Participle: cast.

Ex.: My sister had cast the plant yesterday night. (Mi hermana haba tirado la planta ayer por la noche).

23) (to) catch: coger. Simple Past: caught. Past Participle: caught. Ex.: The boy had caught the bus when Molly arrived. (El chico haba cogido el bus cuando lleg Molly).

24) (to) come: venir. Simple Past: came. Past Participle: come.

Ex.: Francis had come to my house when Susan arrived. (Francis haba venido a mi casa cuando Susan lleg)

25) (to) cost: costar. Simple Past: cost. Past Participle: cost.

Ex.: The pencil has cost one euro. (El lpiz haba costado un euro).

26) (to) cut: cortar. Simple Past: cut. Past Participle: cut.

Ex.: Ursula has cut the steak with a small knife. (Ursula ha cortado el filete con un cuchillo).

27) (to) choose: escoger, elegir. Simple Past: chose. Past Participle: chosen

28) (to) cling: agarrarse, aferrarse. Simple Past: clung. Past Participle: clung.

Ex.: The football player has clung to the stick this afternoon. (El jugador de ftbol se ha agarrado al palo esta tarde).

29) (to) creep: arrastrarse. Simple Past: crept. Past Participle; crept.

Ex.: The dog has crept on the floor all the morning. (El perro se ha arrastrado en el suelo toda la maana).

30) (to) deal: tratar. Simple Past: dealt. Past Participle: dealt.

Ex.: Our factory has dealt with another important company. (Nuestra empresa ha tratado con otra compaa importante).

31) (to) dig: cavar. Simple Past: dug Past Participle: dug.

Ex.: Herbert has dug a hole in his garden. (Herbert ha cavado un agujero en su jardn).

32) (to) do/does: hacer. Simple Past: did. Past Participle: done.

Ex.: Muriel has done the homework at a friend's house. (Muriel ha hecho los deberes en casa de una amiga).

33) (to) draw: dibujar, pintar. Simple Past: drew. Past Participle: drawn.

Ex.: The little boy has drawn an elephant this morning. (El nio pequeo ha dibujado un elefante esta maana).

34) (to) dream: soar. Simple Past: dreamt / dreamed. Past Participle: dreamt / dreamed.

Ex.: Jules has dreamt all night. (Jules ha soado toda la noche).

35) (to) drink: beber. Simple Past: drank. Past Participle: drunk.

Ex.: Hugh has drunk wine all the afternoon. (Hugh ha bebido vino toda la tarde).

36) (to) drive: conducir. Simple Past: drove. Past Participle: driven.

Ex.: You have driven to the beach this morning. (T has conducido hasta la playa esta maana).

37) (to) eat: comer. Simple Past: ate. Past Participle: eaten.

Ex.: Helen has eaten a sandwich at home. (Helen ha comido un sandwich en casa).

38) (to) fall: caer/se. Simple Past: fell. Past Participle: fallen.

Ex.: Jim has fallen from the stairs when he has arrived home. (Jim se ha cado de las escaleras cuando l ha llegado a casa).

39) (to) feed: alimentar. Simple Past: fed. Past Participle: fed.

Ex.: Ulrich has fed his dogs with bread. (Ulrich ha alimentado a sus perros con pan.

40) (to) feel: sentir. Simple Past: felt. Past Participle: felt.

Ex.: James has felt love when he has seen the girl. (James ha sentido amor cuando ha visto a la chica).

41) (to) fight: luchar.

Simple Past: fought. Past Participle: fought.

Ex.: The dog has fought against the cat. (El perro ha luchado contra el gato)

42) (to) find: encontrar. Simple Past: found. Past Participle: found.

43) (to) flee: huir. Simple Past: fled. Past Participle: fled.

Ex.: John has fled the country with his wife. (John ha huido del pas con su mujer).

44) (to) fly: volar. Simple Past: flew. Past Participle: flown.

Ex.: Paul has flown from Barcelona to Paris this morning. (Paul ha volado de Barcelona a Pars esta maana).

45) (to) forbid: prohibir. Simple Past: forbade. Past Participle: forbidden.

Ex.: Juliana has forbidden red dresses in her class.

46) (to) forget: olvidar. Simple Past: forgot. Past Participle: forgotten

Ex.: James has forgotten the key in the bar. (James ha olvidado la llave en el bar).

47) (to) forgive: perdonar. Simple Past: forgave. Past Participle: forgiven.

Ex.: Helmut has forgiven the mistake this month. (Helmut ha perdonado el error este mes).

48) (to) freeze: helar, congelar. Simple Past: froze. Past Participle: frozen.

Ex: The snow has frozen on the roof. (La nieve se ha helado en el tejado.

49) (to) get: conseguir, lograr, obtener. Simple Past: got. Past Participle: got / gotten.

Ex.: Mary has got a new bicycle this week. (Mary ha conseguido una nueva bicicleta esta semana).

50) (to) give: dar. Simple Past: gave. Past Participle: given.

Ex: Some boys have given a cake to the brown dog.

51) (to) go/ goes: ir. Simple Past: went. Past Participle: gone.

Ex.: A mouse has gone to his house this morning. (Un ratn ha ido a su casa esta maana.

52) (to) grow: crecer. Simple Past: grew. Past participle: grown.

Ex.: The farmer has grown potatoes in his orchard. (El granjero ha cultivado patatas