Letters and Sounds Structured programme Six phases Fast pace, lots of consolidation Blending for reading Segmenting for writing Tricky words and high frequency words
KS1 Spelling and Phonics Workshop Debden 27th November 2015 Letters and Sounds Structured programme Six phases
Fast pace, lots of consolidation Blending for reading Segmenting for writing Tricky words and high frequency words Six phase teaching programme
Phase 1- Nursery/Reception Phase 2- Reception Phase 3- Reception Phase 4- Reception Phase 5- Year 1 Phase 6- Year 2 Children progress through these stages at their own pace some take longer to get there!This is a continual process from Foundation through Key Stage 1 and beyond. rhyme and alliteration
Phase 1: Exploring sounds sounds that are found instrumental environmental rhyme and alliteration Phonics Terminology Phonemes: The sounds that are found within a word
Grapheme: The way we write down a sound Digraph: Two letters that make one sound Trigraph: Three letters that make one sound Blending: Seeing a word and merging the phonemes together to read the word Segmenting: Chopping up a word into separate phonemes to spell it out Tricky words: Words that cannot be decoded. Spelling: Writing words using the correct letters in the right order to be read by others. Phase 2: Exploring letters and corresponding sounds within a word
19 phonemes are taught Blend phonemes and segment words Read and spell vc and cvc words Tricky words Phonemes covered in phase 2
s a t p i n m d g o c k ck e u r h b f,ff l,ll ss Blending and segmenting in phase 2
s a t a t t a p Tricky words no all was go the said are
Tricky words are words that do not follow the phonic rules and cannot be blended (read) or segmented (spelt) phonetically. Children just have to learn to read and spell them automatically. Spot the words in books and in the environment. Wiggle fingers when you hear the word. Matching pairs game Daily practise was go the said are Phase 3: Exploring letters
25 more phonemes are taught (most are digraphs i.e two letters which make one sound sh, th, ng) Blending and segmenting CVC words, captions and sentences Letter names alphabet song Read new tricky words and spell old ones Phonemes covered in phase 3
Letters j,v,w,x y,z,zz qu Digraphs ch, sh, th, ng, ai, ee, igh, oa, oo ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er Blending and segmenting in phase 3
s h i p f e e t c h u r c h Phase 4: Consolidating knowledge
Adjacent consonants introduced Cvcc words ten-tmil-kjum-p Ccvc words d-rump-lops-poon Ccvcc words pl-a-nk Further tricky words introduced eg said, have, like, so. Along with decodable words such as: went, from, just. Phase 5 Alternatives In phases 2 and 3 the children learn one version of each of the sounds in the English language (One grapheme for each phoneme). In phase 5 they learn that these sounds can actually be spelt in lots of different ways e.g. ee can be ee, ea, ey, y or e-e.These are called alternative spellings. They also learn that graphemes can be pronounced in different ways e.g. a is pronounced differently in hat, acorn, father and wash.These are called alternative pronunciations. New Graphemes for reading. Eg: ay, ou, ie, ea, oy, ue, ir, aw, wh, ph, ew, oe, au, ey, Split digraphs a-e, e-e, i-e o-e u-e. Choosing the right grapheme
Once children have learned all of the new graphemes they begin to think about which to use in which words.Children explore familiar words and sort them into groups. play bake pain day game train They will then look for rules to help remember when to use each grapheme. spine lake bone tune Split digraphs
This is a new kind of digraph introduced in phase 5. spine lake bone tune High Frequency Words High frequency words are the words that children encounter most in their independent reading. They need to build up a sight vocabulary of these words. This will significantly help the fluency of their reading. How do the children learn phonics in school?
Children will have a four partlesson each day, lasting about twenty minutes. They will practise what they have already learned They will work on new learning They will practise their new learning individually, with a partner or group and as a whole class. They will apply their learning in an activity. Children will learn together as a whole class, and will also have opportunities to revisit and practise earlier learning, as and when they need to. Phonics Screening Check
Children will be tested in the summer term. Parents will be informed of the date nearer the time. The check requires children to be able to use all of the sounds learnt up to Phase 5. The check uses real and pseudo words to assess children's ability to decode. How can you support your child at home?
Phonic packs Phoneme flashcards Words with sound buttons to blend Real and nonsense words to sort Matching pictures and words blending and segmenting Sound mat Tricky word mat Remember phonics, reading and spelling at home should
Thank you for coming Remember phonics, reading and spelling at home should ... be done little and often. be fun. link to your childs interests.