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Journal of Paleopathology Vol. 21 - 2009 Edited by Luigi Capasso

Text of JoP Vol. 21 - 2009 - abstracts

  • TABLE OF CONTENTS

    JOURNAL OF PALEOPATHOLOGYVol. 21: released March 2010

    Billard M., Vignon E.: Fluctuating relations of hip and knee osteoarthritis prevalence in late prehistoric french populations. 5

    CEsana d.T., PaoluCCi a., angElini l.r., Milia M.l., danasTasio r.:Multiple weapon trauma in an adult individual from the medieval necro-polis of Monte dArgento (XI-XV A.D. - Central Italy). 15

    Jzsa l.g., Farkas g.l.: Hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy (Bamberger-Marie disease) in a medieval skeleton: morphometric, radio-logical and histological study. 25

    MEssina a., snEo l.: Dental paleopathology among sicilian human population.

    33

    sCaPinElli r.: Macroscopic and radiological study of the bones of Francesco Petrarca with particular regard to the sequelae of traumatic injuries. 41

    TaddEi ruggiEro E., TaddEi a., raia P.: Paleopathological cases in Brachiopod shell. 63

  • Journal of PaleopathologyUniversity Museum

    State University G. dAnnunzio66100 - Chieti (Italy)

    Volume 212009

    partially supported by

    FONDAZIONE CARICHIETI

    Institute for BioarchaeologySAN FRANCISCO, CA (USA)

    The Ministry for Cultural and Environmental Heritage classies theJournal of Paleopathology as a publication of high cultural value

    (Art. 25, Law 8-5-1981, n. 416, and Art. 18, Law 2-25-1987, n. 67). Il Ministero per i Beni e le Attivit Culturali riconosce il

    Journal of Paleopathology come un periodico di alto valore culturale, ai sensidellArt. 25, Legge 5-8-1981, n. 416 e dellArt. 18, Legge 25-2-1987, n. 67.

    The Journal of Paleopathology is registered to Communication Operators Register(Art. 11, Law 416/81) at the number 5150.

    Il Journal of Paleopathology iscritto al Registro Operatori Comunicazione(Art. 11, Legge 416/81) con il numero 5150

    Published byTecnovadue Chieti (Italy)

  • EDITOR Luigi Capasso (Italy).

    EDITORIAL BOARD Alexeeva Tatiana (Russia); Arthur C. Aufderheide (U.S.A.); Don R. Brothwell (England); Domingo Campillo (Spain); Luigi Capasso (Italy); Arnaldo Capelli (Italy); Eve Cockburn (U.S.A.); Jean Dastugue (France); Gino Fornaciari (Italy); Judyta Gladykowska-Rzeczycka (Poland); Mirko D. Grmek (France); Paul A. Janssens (Belgium); Antonia Marcsik (Hungary); Renato Mariani-Costantini (Italy); Donald J. Ortner (U.S.A.); Friedrich W. Rsing (Germany); Michael Schultz (Germany); Ted R. Steinbock (U.S.A.); Eugen Strouhal (Czech Republic).

    COPY EDITOR Mary Lucas Powell (U.S.A.).

    PUBLISHER Tecnovadue - Chieti Scalo - 66013 Chieti (Italy).

    EDITORIAL SECRETARY Antonietta Di Fabrizio (Italy), Elisabetta Michetti (Italy) and Rossano Angelini (Italy).

    ADDRESSES Business address: all business mail, including subscriptions, book and issue orders, and payments, should be addressed to: Journal of Paleopathology - University Museum, State University G. dAnnunzio - Piazza Trento e Trieste - 66100 Chieti (Italy).Scientic address: all scientic mail, including submissions of original papers for publication, books to review, and off-print orders and payments, should be addressed to: Journal of Paleopathology - University Museum, State University G. dAnnunzio 66100 Chieti (Italy).or to: anthropos@unich.it

    Publication data: Journal of Paleopathology is published 1 issue annually.Subscription rates: subscriptions run for a full volume, (not necessary corresponding to calendar year). Prices are given per volume, surface postage included. Personal or institutional subscription: 90 .Single issues and back volumes: information on availability and prices can be obtained through the Editorial Secretary.Book reviews: books are accepted for review by special agreement.

  • Methods in paleopathology Studies on mummied materials

    Chemical, biochemical and molecular studies

    Studies on written and artistic sources

    Skeletal dysplasias Skeletal malformations

    Trauma Metabolic disorders

    Endocrine disturbances Infectious diseases

    Paleoparasitology Circulatory disturbances

    Reticuloendothelial and hemopoietic disorders Other diseases

    Lesions of the joints Tumors

    Mechanical deformities Paleoepidemiology

    Non human and comparative pathology

    Ancient history of medicine and articial lesions

    Paleonutrition and stress indicators Lesions of jaws and teeth

    Lectures Book review

    KEY TO THE GRAPHIC SYMBOLS

  • Direttore Responsabile: Luigi CapassoAut. Trib. TE N. 338 del 3 luglio 1992

    The Journal of Paleopathology is registered toCommunication Operators Register (Art. 11, Law 416/81)as the number 5150

    Journal of PaleopathologyVol. 21 - 2009 2010 by Associazione Antropologica AbruzzeseJournal of Paleopathology. Via dei Tintori, 166100 Chieti (Italy) All rights reserved for all Countries

  • J.o.P. 21 2009: 5-14

    FLUCTUATING RELATIONS OF HIP AND KNEEOSTEOARTHRITIS: PREVALENCE IN LATE PREHISTORIC

    FRENCH POPULATIONS

    M. Billard *E. Vignon **

    Abstract.In this paper we compare the prevalence of osteoarthritis (OA) of hip and knee

    joints in two different skeletal series and the relationship between them. 166 indivi-duals of the Neolithic and protohistorical periods were examined for OA. Between the Nolithic and the Iron Age periods the ratio of hip to knee OA increases as the prevalence of knee OA diminishes; conversely, the ratio of patellofemoral to tibio-femoral OA tends to decrease with diminution of patellofemoral OA prevalence. These results indicate a different relationship between hip and knee OA than is seen today, due to the mechanical constraints during daily activities of those earlier times.

    Introduction.Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is a

    disease particularly prominent during the last century, showing a higher prevalence than OA of the hip (Van Saase & al., 1989). The predominance of knee OA over hip OA appeared in post-medieval populations (Waldron, 1995), while hip OA prevailed during earlier epochs. We have examined the frequency of those two localizations of OA in much more ancient times, in order to observe if there was a particular

    evolution in their respective prevalence and to discuss the epidemiology of each type. In the present study, we have examined osteoarchaeological samples from the region of Auvergne in France, dated to Late Prehistory.

    Material and Methods.The skeleton populations were

    interred in five nearby cemeteries located to the east of the City of Clermont-Ferrand, in the plain of Limagne, eastward of the Monts Dme volcanic

    * Laboratoire dAnthropologie Biologique et de Palopathologie. Universit Lyon 1 (France).** Service de Rhumatologie. Centre Hospitalier Lyon-Sud (France).

  • J.o.P. 21 2009: 15-24

    MULTIPLE WEAPON TRAUMA IN AN ADULT INDIVIDUAL FROM THE MEDIEVAL NECROPOLIS OF MONTE DARGENTO

    (XI-XV A.D. - Central Italy)

    D.T. Cesana *A. Paolucci *L.R. Angelini **M.L. Milia ***R. DAnastasio ***

    Abstract.An interesting case of multiple cranial lesions caused by weapons has been

    observed in a skull (MdA 70) from the medieval archaeological site of Monte DAr-gento (Latina, Central Italy). The skull belongs to an adult male and presents a morphological variant identified as an ossicula suturae squamosae; post cranial bones attributable to this skull are not available. The anthropological data has been collected following classical methods for age and sex estimation. The palaeopathological evidences were investigated with macroscopic, microsco-pic and radiological analysis that reveals the presence of several lesions. An healed trauma on the frontal bone seems to be caused by a blade. In other regions of the skull bullets-holes are visible: on the left temporal bone, in the right parietal and in the right asterion area. The first lesion left an opening in the skull. The second one is similar to the first but did not across the cranial vault; an active inflamma-tory reaction is observable around the bullet hole resulting in an external pitting and thickening. The last one preserves an iron projectile (its composition has been identified with a chemical analyzer) still embedded in the bone tissue. These three bullets-holes could have been inflicted with the same kind of weapon (maybe an ar-row or a throwing weapon). Probably the temporal lesion is related with the cause of death.This case of multiple weapon lesion on MdA 70 adds to other similar evidence and suggests a dynamic warrior life for the population of Monte DArgento.

    * Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze Biomediche, Universit degli Studi G. dAnnunzio Chieti-Pescara (Italy).** Dottorato di ricerca in e-Learning, Development & Delivery, Universit degli Studi G. dAnnunzio Chieti-Pescara - Universit Telematica Leonardo da Vinci (Italy).*** Dipartimento di Scienze del Movimento Umano, Universit degli Studi G. dAnnunzio Chieti-Pescara (Italy).

  • J.o.P. 21 2009: 25-31

    HYPERTROPHIC PULMONARY OSTEOARTHROPATHY (BAM-BERGER-MARIE DISEASE) IN A MEDIEVAL SKELETON: MOR-PHOMETRIC, RADIOLOGICAL AND HISTOLOGICAL STUDY

    L.G. Jzsa *G.L. Farkas **

    Abstract.Hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy (Bamberger-Marie disease) has a

    peculiar periosteal proliferation distinctive from other bone diseases. The authors studied of skeletal remains from the medieval cemetery of Btmonostor (Hungary) and found one male skeleton with bilateral symmetric periosteal proliferation of the tubular bones. The thickness of the cortex varies between 6 -11 mm on the metacar-pals to 12 - 15 mm on the ulnas. The Nordin index for metacarpals was elevated by 124 -156 per cent compared to the normal values. The histologically fine lamellar bone formation was oriented to the long axis of the metacarpus. In the affected bones, the lamellar bone apposition was unequa