TRANSLATION AND NOTES
BY DANIEL SANDERSON,
PBIMTED AT THH WBSLBYAN HISSIOX 7BESS.
FEB 2C 1916
c?;5Xo7;J'd7jtf xt)rs;" "i" j^^zi^X^o
ib^i;6^^"^TJijo^^Ti)3dT3 coTJ QDjoz3i^eA);5^o7gdboSjd5j* I
Verse. 1. May the moon-face^ of Vishnu of D^vapura^,
always suffused by moonlight-smile full of delightful favour-
ambrosialrays ^," at which the Chakora eye of Lakshmi is
enraptured *, the lotus-bud heart of the devout expands *, and
thesea of the world's pure happiness rises and overflows its
give us joy.2. May he whose spotless form shines adorned with the unri-valled
serpent-ornament, " at whose lotus-feet N"rada and all
the Munis bow,"
whose head-jewel is the moon, " who fulfils
Notel. Avery common figure in Hindu 4. Or nourished. The Chak6ra is a
poetry. "Women are often distinguished bird said to live exclusively in the air,
as the moon-faced ones. never coming to the ground, and to feed
2. i. e. as worshipped at D^vapura, only on the rays of the moon. When
where the descendants of the poet still the moon rises, it remains in a fixed po-reside. sition with its mouth open towards the
3. Properiy digits ; of which the Hin- moon, and drinks in its rays with intoxi-
dus reckon sixteen. The moon is the eating delight. So the eye of Lakshmi
repository of the ambrosia of the gods, towards her husband.
Its waning is caused by their drinking 5. The lotus-bud opens at night, and
the ambrosia, which preserves their im- closes at day-break,
mortality, and which is replenished by 6. The influence of the moon causing
the sun during the fortnight of its waxing*, the tides.
the desire of P"rvati," who receives the homage of alldeities," of world-wide glory," the tripleeyed," the sustainer of theheavenlyGanges 7," ever preserve us.
3. May Vindyaka, giverof all success ", heautiful by hiselephantform huge as the eastern mountain " whose unsullied
7.The followingis a brief summary ofthe originof the Ganges, as detailed inseveral sections of the firstpart of the
Bamdyana. Ganga was the daughter ofHimavat kingof mountaias,and givenbyhim to the gods.Sdgara king of Ay6dhya had by one of
his wives sixtythousand sons. "Whilstperformingthe horse-sacrifice,the horsewas stolen. He commanded his sons to
go and search for it. Not findingit onthe earthytheydug down to Pdtfila,whereIheyfound the horse feeding,and KapilaMuni near it in profound meditation.On beingcharged with the theft,he byone glance reduced them all to ashes.On account of their long absence,S^arasent his grandson,Ansumat, to seek forthem. He found their ashes, and thehorse feedingnear them. Unable to findwater to pour on the ashes, he was di-rected
by Kapila (who was a minor incar-nationof Vishnu,) not to pour common
water upon them, but now to take thehor")eand complete his grandfather'ssa-crifice
; and be assured that his (Ansu-mat's) grandsonshould obtain for theirashes the heavenly Ganges. Sdgarareigned30,000 years; Ansumat 32,000 ;his son Dilipa30,000; his grandson Bha-girathaintent,as his ancestors had been,on bringingdown the Ganges, perseveredin a long course of austerities. After1000 years Bramha signifiedhis plea-
sureby commanding him tc ask a boon.
He begged that the sons of Sdgaramightoltain water for their fimeral rites;that,their ashes being wetted by thecelestialGanges, they mightascend toheaven. Bramha grantedhis request oncondition that he prevailedon Siva tobreak the fall of the waters; else theearth would be washed away.By further austerities be propitiated
Siva, who engaged to receive the god-dess,and commanded her to descend.
In anger she resolved to bear him down
by her stream; but he, aware of herproud resolve,detained her in his hair.When Bhagiratha appliedto him for thewaters, Siva reminded him that his re-quest
was only that he should "re-ceive"the Ganges. Bhagirathaengaged
in further austerities,and Siva beingpleasedwith them dischargedthe watersfrom his locks in seven streams ; one ofwhich followed the king. As he led theway in a splendidchariot,the Gangesfollowed;but, overflowinga sacrificewhich Jahnu was performing,the enra-ged
Muni drank up the whole, but wasafterwards prevailedupon to dischargeitfrom his ear. Thence the stream follow-ed
the king to Pat61a,washed the ashes,and liberated his ancestors the sons ofSagara.
8. Vin^yaka,the god of difficulties,isinvoked before undertakingany work of
CHAPTER 1. 3
S^sro^lAT5e-^e^7:b3l)S(5BooSt":"^^si)c"^?^Xje)a^J5)5a||^ 11"^"d-zSxjUiDZiJs-sl"o^-dc"i)S7^^oXol"o/tS:5tTSJr*oi)o)s;"'d75?i8tfT)^^c5i"i^cSoX^tSj^C^rsoa"^"dtSo^ii7C"psXrstfe;^7f")tWd95'd2Szi5'Oo*tO^^ I
tusks are the firstbeams of the mornings the crimson on hisforehead the rosy dawn, his brilliant jewelledcrown the sunrisingwith goldenrays," ^remove from us all impediment.
4. O mother, queen of Bramha adored by all the gods,(them-selvesworshippedin heaven, earth,and hell,)the bountiful,the
auspicious,the serpent-haired9,the goddessof speech," that this
poem may delightall the world, smile thou upon me, per-vademy lotus-mouth^o,and vouchsafe to me clear understanding.
6. Through the favour of Saraswati I shall utter a poemresemblingthe dignifiedcharacter of a good man walkingin the
way of righteousness,who looks not upon the property of others,(departsnot from the proper meaning of words,)shews no disres-pect
to the holy,(preservesthe pause,) maintains the honour ofhis family,(makes no faultyconstruction,)retains all excellen-cies,
learning,and respectability,(adheresto eleganceof expres-importance,and frequentlyou the most in the east,and set behind another in thetrivialoccasions. He is representedwith west ; hence the comparison,an elephant'shead and largebody. On 9. i. e. whose long hair hangs down thehis head is a rich crown, and on his back like a serpent;a mark of beauty,brow the sectarian mark. The sun is 10. Saraswati is representedsittingon,,supposed to rise from behind a mountain or dwellingin the lotus.
4 JAIMINI BHARATA^
sion,metre, learning,and dignity,)uses no bad language,(noimproperwords.) Let all put away fault-finding,and attend".
6. Let all the good, instead of abusingthe poem as havingneither metre, property,ornament, meaning,sqptiment,learn-ing,
nor skill,and therefore not fit to be heard " ^know thatVishnu of D^vapura,in order that I might not be laughedat ashavingonlymade myselfridiculous by writingpoetry, has gra-ciously
givenme a clear understanding," and attend.7. If instead of churning the cream, takingthe fresh butter,
and enjoyingit, one should put in vinegarand spoilthe cream,is the cow to blame ? So ifinstead of hearingthe poem, examin-ing,
and fullyunderstandingthe meaning of it, one shouldfind fault and revile it because modern, what fault is there in
the poet?Let all wise men know this,layaside envy, and listen.8. Let all well-disposedpersons understand that,as a skilful
musician playsupon a lute,Vishnu of D^vapura,knowing that
11. By the use of words havinga dou- the same terms. The renderingsenclosedble meaning, the qualities-of a virtuous in brackets applyto the poem,man, and a good poem are described by
CHAPTER I. 6
^KJe/'rf'rfOoZS^^^E-Tj^^OXi^^S)jR}j3^o^")S55^^^||oo||whatever verse when uttered does not make the learned wag the
head^^ is faulty,has himself,in the most agreeablelanguage,bymy voice uttered this poem " ^layaside hatred,censure the envi-ous,
and listen with open ear.
9. Though bitten by the fierce poisonousmouth of a vile
snake,*' (^wicked enemy,) though havingdark spots,(faults,)and thoughsubjectto loss of brightness,(lackinggreatlearning,)the sentiment (ambrosia)of my poem, like the moon, cannot beotherwise than agreeableto the good**,(gods.) If to any one itbe disagreeable,who in the world can doubt that he is like athief or an adulterer** ?
10. Does a diamond mirror reflect otherwise than the very
image of the face presentedto it? So I am unable to do other-wisethan as those who, skilled in the famous Canarese language,
uttered the ancient poems. To former able poets, therefore,I
13. As is done in toVen of pleasureand 14. lit.the virtaouslyminded, an epi-admiration. thet of the gods.See Note 3.
13. T^he serpent Rfihu seizingthe sun " 16. Who hate the moon because dis-
moon is the supposedcause of eclipses. covered by itslight.
6 JAIMINI BHARATA,
11. One Lakshmisha s^on of Annam"nka^ of the race of Bha-radw"ja,Springto the mango orchard of illustriousCanaresepoets^^,throughthe virtue of worshippingwith greathumilitythe feet of those who in their lotus-heart ever meditate on the
feet of Vishnu of D^vapura, composed the excellent JaiminiBh"rata for the information of the learned.
12. Can the charmingsix-footed*7^ (versesand bees,)glidingalongelegantby their excellent order,(colour,)beautiful byabundant figures,(variousforms,)shiningrepletewith the ninepoeticsentiments*^ (^laden with sweet new honey,)famed by theesteem of the go