Intro to Communication and Public Speaking Skills
What is communication?You think you know, but you have no idea
Put your name on the packet.
Do NOT lose this!
Why is public speaking important?Speaking in public is often cited as the number one fear of people. The Book of Lists places the fear of death in fifth place while public speaking ranks first. Jerry Seinfeld said, "That would mean at a funeral, people are five times more likely to want to be in the casket than giving the eulogy."
But why is it important?Recall moments in your life and/or moments from movies/TV where a person had to speak publicly. Think of at least five different circumstances that demand public speaking.
Write these on the front of the packet
So, public speaking is important because- TEACHERS- POLITICIANS- BOOK REPORTS- DEBATES- CELEBRATION- FUNERAL- NEWSCASTER- SUPPORT A CAUSE- SPEECH- INTERVIEW- MEETING OR PRESENTATION
Verbal versus Non-Verbal
What are some verbal forms of communication (with words)?
VerbalWritten- essays, newspapers, books, stories, etc.Electronic- (plug-in or uses battery) TV, radios, emails, text, facebookPublic Speaking- lectures, speeches, toasts, etc.Special Occasion- Plays, musicals, sporting events, comedians, concerts, etc.
VerbalInterpersonal- communication between 2 peopleIntrapersonal- communication with yourself- thinking, planning, praying, etc.Small Group- 3-16 peoplePersuasive- can fall in any category
What percentage of communication does verbal represent?
Non-Verbal- the 93%- where does it come from?Paralanguage- its not what you say, but HOW you say it- tone, emphasis, loudness/softness, tempo, etc.Vocal cues- pausing, laughing, crying, gigglingSign Language- hands and head signs replace words, letters, and numbers; waving hello, ASL, looks (rolling eyes)Action Language- help emphasize or reveal personality or emotions (pointing, slouching, nodding, etc.)
Non-Verbal- the 93%- where does it come from?Object Language- display of material things, objects, items (suit vs. t-shirt, art, pictures, books)Tactile communication- hugging, handshake, kissing, shovingSpace and Time- meanings related to distance and time
The Communication ProcessIt is a process which is ongoing and constantly changing!
Quick QuizName 2 forms of verbal communicationName 2 forms of non-verbal communication
Forms, not examples!
3 Levels of CommunicationCulturalvery little informationOften not accuratePerson on the street, cashier, etcSociologicalMore information, but not always accurateClassmate, neighbor, etc.IndividualKnow the person very wellBest friend, parent, sibling, etc.
THINGS THAT AFFECT COMMUNICATIONExternal interferencePERCEPTIONInternal InterferenceTech. LanguageReg. LanguageSlang LanguageExclusion/ InclusionListeningSelf-Concept
External and Internal InterferenceExternal- anything on the outside that impairs communication (wind, music, darkness, etc.)
Internal- anything on the inside that impairs communication (sadness, sickness, fear, etc.)
Perception- The FilterDefinition- the process by which you filter and interpret what your senses tell you so you can create a meaningful picture of the world.Process- Step 1: Sensing SomethingStep 2: Assigning meaning to it (interpret)Step 3: Meaningful picture of the world
Things that affect Perception-Physical DifferencesWe taste differently because we have different taste buds.
We see things differently because some are short while some are small.
Some of us hear things better or worse and so on
Things that affect Perception-Different BackgroundsDifferent race
Different region of the world
Things that affect Perception-Different ExperiencesGrowing up in the city versus the country
Going to college vs. going to the army
Getting married vs. staying single
Things that affect Perception-Different Feelings (current feelings)Not feeling well
Things that affect Perception-Different Circumstances (more based on economics)Rich vs. Poor
Familiar vs. Strangle Place
Public vs. Private School
There are things that help communicationtechnical languageUsually associated with a job, club, team, or organization.
Truck Driver LingoBack down that linear reduce the transmissing power from the linear amplifier used for illegally creating a stronger transmitting signal Bear in the air police doing speed enforcement from aircraft With a customer police officer with someone pulled over Gum ball machine rotating lights on police car Got your ears on? is your radio on Super slab multilane highway
There are things that help communicationregional languageWhere you are from affects the way you talk.
Guess where these are from:PopSodaCoke
There are things that help communicationslang languageWhatever is popular at the time is often used to communicate
FA SHONM, U?
Effective Speeches . . . Any effective talk must do three things:
Communicate your ideasPersuade your audience that you are rightBe interesting and entertaining
Turn to the person next to you7 seconds: What three things must an effective speech do?
CommunicationCommunication can be defined as an exchange of information between two or more individuals. For communication to take place, three things must be present:SenderReceiverMessage
SupportYour supporting material examples and details help to
ClarifyProveMake speech interestingMake speech memorable
Guidelines For Delivery
Be natural Be livelyBe appropriate Pair delivery with messageHow does a comedian deliver material?How does a paleontologist deliver information?
Vocal VarietyThe purpose of vocal variety is to emphasize main points and to keep the audience interested throughout. Its about NOT being monotone!
TERMS:Pitch: High or lowPace/rate: Fast or slowVolume: Loud or softInflection: speaking with emotion, understanding, and emphasisEliminate filler statements such as ums and ahs
Eye ContactThe purpose of eye contact is to display confidence in your message, connect with your audience, create emotional appeal, and to emphasize main points.
Body LanguageThe purpose of body language is to emphasize main points while not distracting from what you are saying.
Gestures: purposeful, planned, naturalPosture: erect; no rocking, swaying, or shifting weight; no leaning on podiumEliminate fidgetingPlanned movement: walkingProfessional use of notecards: no fidgeting
PausesThe purpose of pausing is to add emphasis and indicate transition
Dressing For Success!Physical appearance or dress should not distract from the message! Some tips . . .
Hair: neatly styled; kept out of faceAttire: professional; ironed, coordinated (neutral solids such as black, gray, navy, or khaki work best). Suits are always the most appropriate. Khakis and a button down or nice sweater will suffice. NO JEANS!Jewelry: Minimal; earrings should be small (no dangles); necklaces, watches, and bracelets should not be colorful, clashing, or distracting.Fingernails: clear or polished, but no chips!NO CHEWING GUM!
Controlling NervousnessBe familiar with your topicPractice with your note cards until you are comfortablePractice in front of a mirrorPractice in front of other people
Energy and EnthusiasmYour energy and enthusiasm level shows your audience whether or not you care about your topic.
Why Use a Visual Aid?To enhance understanding of the topicTo add authenticityTo add varietyTo give your speech lasting impactTo help build ethos (speaker character credibility)
Types of Visual AidsSketchesMapsPhotos and picturesChalkboard/textual graphicsPostersObjects or modelsSouvenirsHandoutsFilms, videos, audio tapes, cd-rom
Tips for Presenting Visual AidsPractice. Make sure visual aid is integrated into your speech.Plan placement of visual aid prior to speech.Check to see that electronic equipment is running and that you know how to operate it.Do not display it until you are ready to use it. When finished, remove it or cover it.Do not stand directly in front of it stand to the side and face your audience as much as possible.When referring to the visual aid, point (dont leave audience searching)Do not distribute materials during your speech. If you have prepared handouts, distribute before or after you speak.
November 6th, 2012
Informative speech sheetResearching
Homework: Research parksPick top 3Double entry notes due Tuesday, November 13th
Which type of non-verbal language involves hugging, handshakes, or high fives?TACTILE
The Entire Process- In a Nutshell
Find information (research in library) Organize information (double entry notes) Organize it more (outline)
Researching in the Media Center
Tomorrow, youll have the entire period to look up information on the national park of your choice. Today, well go through the many steps it takes to get quality information.
Reliable SourcesYou might be thinking to yourself: why do research in the media center when I have the internet???Good question.Well, some sources arent reliable.Reliable source: any source that comes from a reputable source (journal, database, book, etc.).
Whats not a reliable source?Any random websiteWikipedia.comAnything from Google.com, Yahoo.com- notice the .com
Where can I get information?Source #1- Library booksLook up your park on the library database.Ask a librarian! They are bundles of knowledge!
Source #2- Research databasesOn the media center webpage, go to Research Databases.You have to log-in using your username and ID#Then, you can use any of the databases there!
What steps do I need to take to get the right information?Step #1- Do some basic research on your parkLook up your park on the internet (this is okay ONLY this time) to find out basic information on the park.www.nps.govStep #2- Find reliable sources on your parkLook up your park on the library or research databases.Read articles or books about your park.Step #3- Write down important informationThis is where you decide on what to do.What do you find to be important?Land mass? Important landmarks? Recreation? Location?
The above are the best databases.
What steps do I need to take to get the right information?Step #3- Write down important information***Read the source first! The WHOLE thing! You must know if its a good source.Once you know its a good source, write down the source name on the sheet Mr. Klein gives you.
Step #4- Pick the topics you want to coverWrite those down on the sheet and fill in the information needed along with the source it came from.
Crater LakeVirgin Islands
A little information on each parkZion National Park
Lowest elevation- 3,666 ft.
Highest elevation- 8,736 ft.Bryce Canyon National Park
Main feature is a canyon, which is actually a number of ampitheaters.
A little information on each parkBadlands National Park
Native American hunting ground over 240,000 acres.Everglades National Park
The largest subtropical wilderness in the U.S.
A little information on each parkArches National Park
Over 2,000 natural sandstone archesGreat Sand Dunes National Park
Newest on the U.S. national parks
A little information on each parkCarlsbad Caves National Park
7th largest show cave in the worldCity of Rocks National Park
One of the most popular rock climbing places in the world.
A little information on each parkVirgin Islands National Park
Island of St. John
Famous for scuba diving and snorkeling.Petrified Forest National Park
Has fossils from over 8,000 years ago
A little information on each parkSalt River Bay National Park
Virgin Island of St. Croix
Only known place where Columbus men set foot.Mammoth Cave National Park
The longest known cave system in the world!
A little information on each parkDeath Valley National Park
California and Nevada
Hottest and driest park in U.S.Mesa Verde National Park
The best preserved cliff dwellings known to man.
A little information on each parkGlacier National Park
Montana and Canada
Over 1,000,000 acres, 2 mountain ranges, 130 lakes, and 1,000 species.Yosemite National Park
Over 3.7 million people visit each year.
A little information on each parkBig Bend National Park
Artifacts that are over 9,000 years old.Cape Cod National Park
Protects previous shoreline and beaches.
A little information on each parkHaleakala National Park
Features the Haleakala volcano and 1.45 million visitors a year.Hawaii Volcanoes National Park
Has the worlds most massive volcano and one of the most active volcanoes.
A little information on each parkDenali National Park
Highest mountain in North America.Glacier Bay National Park
Almost entirely covered by a glaciernow the focus of climate change research.
A little information on each parkGreat Smoky Mountains National Park
Famous for its Appalachian trail.Hot Springs National Park
Smallest national park in the U.S.
A little information on each parkMount Rainier National Park
Most glaciated mountain peak in U.S.Crater Lake National Park
Deepest lake in the U.S.
A little information on each parkDry Tortugas National Park
Famous for coral reefs and abundant sea life.
What are the two best sources for research?Thursday, November 8thIndependent ReadingOutlinesWorks CitedDouble Entry Notes
Homework: - Double entry notes due Wednesday
Remember our analogy?Big chunk of rock(lots of information)