1. ATATRK THEATATRK THEFOUNDER OF MODERNFOUNDER OF MODERNTURKEYTURKEY
2. Mustafa Kemal Atatrk was born inMustafa Kemal Atatrk was born inSelanikSelanik 3. His fathers name was Ali RzaHis fathers name was Ali RzaEfendi and his mothers name wasEfendi and his mothers name wasZbeydeZbeydeHanmHanm 4. His sisters name was MakbuleHis sisters name was Makbule 5. Mustafa Kemal went to emsi EfendiMustafa Kemal went to emsi EfendiPrimary School in SelanikPrimary School in Selanik 6. He wanted to be a Military OfficerHe wanted to be a Military Officerand went to the Military Secondaryand went to the Military SecondarySchoolSchool 7. Mustafa was very good at MathsMustafa was very good at Maths 8. One day his Maths teacher ,Mustafa said to him. Look,your nameOne day his Maths teacher ,Mustafa said to him. Look,your nameand my name are the same.and my name are the same.Let your name be Mustafa Kemal. So little Mustafas new nameLet your name be Mustafa Kemal. So little Mustafas new namebecame Mustafa Kemalbecame Mustafa Kemal 9. When he finished this school, heWhen he finished this school, heentered the Military High School inentered the Military High School inManastr, and then he went toManastr, and then he went tostanbul to start his Militarystanbul to start his MilitaryAcademy education in 1899.Academy education in 1899. 10. After finishing the Staff College,After finishing the Staff College,Mustafa Kemal joined the army.Mustafa Kemal joined the army. 11. Mustafa Kemal left stanbul forMustafa Kemal left stanbul forSamsun. He landed in Samsun onSamsun. He landed in Samsun on19th May 1919 and from there the19th May 1919 and from there thefight for independence started.fight for independence started. 12. He organized congresses in ErzurumHe organized congresses in Erzurumand Sivas.and Sivas. 13. Erzurum congresses buildingErzurum congresses building 14. Sivas congresses buildingSivas congresses building 15. He invited many important peopleHe invited many important peoplefrom all parts of Anatolia and hefrom all parts of Anatolia and heopened the Turkish Grand Nationalopened the Turkish Grand NationalAssembly on 23 rd April 1920.Assembly on 23 rd April 1920. 16. The War of IndependenceThe War of Independence endedended with awith agreat victory for the Turkish Soldiers.great victory for the Turkish Soldiers.Turkey became a Republic on 29th OctoberTurkey became a Republic on 29th October1923. Mustafa Kemal was the first President1923. Mustafa Kemal was the first Presidentof Turkey.of Turkey. 17. He abolished the caliphate on 3rdHe abolished the caliphate on 3rdMarch 1924.March 1924.(Abdlmecid with his daughter and(Abdlmecid with his daughter andgrandchildren in Paris).grandchildren in Paris). 18. He wore a hat in Kastamonu for theHe wore a hat in Kastamonu for thefirst time.first time. 19. He abolished the fez and veil on 25thHe abolished the fez and veil on 25thNovember 1925. He changed theNovember 1925. He changed thecalendar system on 26th Decembercalendar system on 26th December1925. He changed the Alphabet system1925. He changed the Alphabet systemon 1st November 1934.on 1st November 1934. 20. The Turkish Grand NationalThe Turkish Grand NationalAssembly gave Gazi Mustafa KemalAssembly gave Gazi Mustafa Kemalthe surname of ATATRK on 24ththe surname of ATATRK on 24thNovember 1934.November 1934. 21. Atatrk died in Dolmabahe PalaceAtatrk died in Dolmabahe Palaceon 10th November 1938 at five paston 10th November 1938 at five pastnine in the morning .nine in the morning . 22. He will always live in the hearts ofHe will always live in the hearts ofTurkish people!!!Turkish people!!!