Haridwar City - Hotspot Plan (Haridwar).pdf Strategic Plan for Risk Reduction: Haridwar City August

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  • Strategic Plan for Risk Reduction: Haridwar City August 2018

    Uttarakhand Disaster Recovery Project Page i

    STATE LEVEL ENDORSEMENT

    “The magnitude of hazards and frequency of extreme weather events in Uttarakhand has increased due to climate

    change. The traditional methods of disaster management need to be overhauled, earlier the traditional methods used to

    be relief, response and rehabilitation, but now the whole scenario has changed. We really have to upgrade our

    capacities and strengthen our people.”

    Mr. Amit Singh Negi

    Disaster Management Secretary, Govt. of Uttarakhand

    (State Workshop on “Strengthening Resilience to Climate Change Related Disaster Risks” held in Dehradun on 21st July 2017)

  • Strategic Plan for Risk Reduction: Haridwar City August 2018

    Uttarakhand Disaster Recovery Project Page ii

    Table of Contents

    1 Introduction............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

    1.1 Overview of Area ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

    1.2 About this Strategic Plan ................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

    1.3 Area and Community Profile .............................................................................................................................................................................. 4

    1.4 Haridwar Risk Profile ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 10

    1.5 Strategy Implementation, Monitoring, Evaluation ............................................................................................................................................. 25

    2 Strategies ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 27

    2.1 Overarching Strategies .................................................................................................................................................................................... 27

    2.2 Specific Strategies for Earthquakes ................................................................................................................................................................. 35

    2.3 Specific Strategies for Fluvial Floods ............................................................................................................................................................... 38

    2.4 Specific Strategies for Landslides .................................................................................................................................................................... 42

    3 Links to National and State Level Plans .................................................................................................................................................................. 46

  • Strategic Plan for Risk Reduction: Haridwar City August 2018

    Uttarakhand Disaster Recovery Project Page 1

    1 INTRODUCTION

    1.1 Overview of Area

    The Haridwar Strategic Risk Mitigation Plan presented here is intended to provide

    key strategies and their priority with respect to mitigation of the identified risks

    associated with earthquakes (High) and flooding (Moderate) for the City. The

    strategies are for municipal leaders and planners, and are not technical. They are

    easy to understand, realistic, and they are all achievable. Successful implementation

    of the strategies will reduce the risk profile of this location.

    Landslides in this location are a low risk, being ranked third to earthquakes and

    flooding as priority one and two respectively. Greater detail is provided in the Risk

    profile Section 1.3 below.

    Over and above the threats these possible disasters pose to the estimated 400,000

    residents of Haridwar City (a projected residential population of some 394, 900 people

    in 2018), the annual pilgrim population of over 5 million and over 60 million pilgrims

    for the Kumbha Mela - which is celebrated every 12 years - presents a set of

    challenges that far exceed anything else within the State.

    The 2010 mela saw approximately 10 million people bathed in the Ganges River on

    the 14 April 2010, alone. By mid-April about 40 million people had bathed over the

    preceding three months (since 14 January 2010). Thought to be the largest religious

    gathering in the world, the Indian pilgrims are joined by many foreigners, both Hindu

    and as tourists.

    This setting represents a unique situation, and at this scale, unlike any other for the

    State. It is addressed below in terms of the urban context in the first instance.

    The pilgrimage context is addressed separately, but only in relation to local capacity

    as it is presents a set of risks and the need for mitigation at a national, if not

    international level, and is outside the scope of this case study.

  • Strategic Plan for Risk Reduction: Haridwar City August 2018

    Uttarakhand Disaster Recovery Project Page 2

    1.2 About this Strategic Plan

    This document is an output of the Disaster Risk Assessment. It is one of 14 strategic plans produced

    under the study that aim to reduce risk in the selected locations and serve as case studies for other

    areas of risk in the State.

    This Strategic Plan is built upon the hazard risk analysis undertaken by the project and formulated

    around key elements of the disaster risk management (DRM) framework embodied in the Sendia

    Framework.

    The DRM process is sequential (cyclic) in order to allow adaptive improvement over time in order to

    build back better. It is also intended to incorporate a focus on pre-impact preparation through planning

    in order to mitigate risk associated with incidents before they occur.

    This approach has been adopted at the National level.

    While response and recovery are recognised as being reasonably short time frame processes (hours

    and days to months), Mitigation and Preparation are seen as much more strategic processes over

    longer time frames (months to years).

    The National DRMP recognises three recovery periods after a disaster: a) Early – three to eighteen

    months, b) Medium – within five years and c) Long-term – within five to ten years. The concept of “build

    back better” points to continuous improvement in the mitigation and preparation process and its

    implementation, over all time frames as funds and resources come to hand, risk profiles change, and skills and mitigation outcomes are increased or

    realised. Continuous improvement represents a learning curve reflecting successes and failure – what has worked, what has not worked and how do we

    do better into the future?

    By developing strategies around the separate phases of DRM and recognizing the opportunity for improvements over time it is possible to prioritize the

    actions that need to be taken. For each strategy presented here there is an initial list of key Actions include as the start of the process.

    The strategies offered here are intended to aid the Municipality and its citizens, local authorities, businesses, private residents, and local NGOs, with the

    intent of driving a ground up approach within a State level top down policy context. The challenge is for all organizations and individuals to take upon

    themselves the responsibility of being prepared and being better able to offset the risks and manage the consequences of these disasters.

    What is a Strategy?

    “… a plan of action designed to achieve

    a long-term or overall aim.”

    A strategy gives recognition to an

    overall goal and the way it might be

    achieved, taking into account the

    resource limitations and other

    constraints being faced.

    What is an Action?

    An Action is a key step to be taken in

    concert with other actions also needed

    for the strategy to succeed.

  • Strategic Plan for Risk Reduction: Haridwar City August 2018

    Uttarakhand Disaster Recovery Project Page 3

  • Strategic Plan for Risk Reduction: Haridwar City August 2018

    Uttarakhand Disaster Recovery Project Page 4

    1.3 Area and Community Profile

    1.3.1 Topography

    Haridwar is situated in the plains of Uttarakhand along the banks of the Ganges at an elevation of 314 metres. The city lies in the Terai physiographic

    zone i.e. south of the Shivalik hills and north of the Indo-gangetic plains.

    1.3.2 Climate

    Haridwar experiences a moderate sub-tropical to humid climate with 3 distinct seasons namely summer (March-end till June-end), monsoon (June-end

    till mid-September) and winter (November to mid-March) with an average an