2. GROUP WORKGROUP WORK How were you affected by theHow were you affected by the What do you feel about what has happened?What do you feel about what has happened? What do you see as the possible effects of this?What do you see as the possible effects of this? How do you think it will affect your work?How do you think it will affect your work? What are the possible solutions/intervention?What are the possible solutions/intervention? What issues may arise among students/staff asWhat issues may arise among students/staff as a result of what happened?a result of what happened?
3. STRESSSTRESS AIM:AIM: Participants discuss stress and its causes,Participants discuss stress and its causes, share experiences on the occasions thatshare experiences on the occasions that they themselves have gone through stressthey themselves have gone through stress and some copying strategies.and some copying strategies.
4. WHAT IS STRESS?WHAT IS STRESS? Stress is the inevitable pressures of lifeStress is the inevitable pressures of life brought on by either people orbrought on by either people or circumstances to which our bodies react.circumstances to which our bodies react. It is being stretched beyond your limits,It is being stretched beyond your limits, over extending your self without adequateover extending your self without adequate time for recovering, or believing you cantime for recovering, or believing you can do, more than you can physically take.do, more than you can physically take.
5. CAUSES OF STRESSCAUSES OF STRESS Death- witnessing sudden death of a lovedDeath- witnessing sudden death of a loved one.one. Seeing a person who is being seriouslySeeing a person who is being seriously injured or killed as a result of an accidentinjured or killed as a result of an accident or physical violence.or physical violence. New babyNew baby Disasters/accidents/tragedy.Disasters/accidents/tragedy. Continual conflict at home or workContinual conflict at home or work Prolonged or serious illnessProlonged or serious illness
6. Changing residenceChanging residence Lose of job.Lose of job. Lose of any formLose of any form Failure to archive, finding it difficult to perform aFailure to archive, finding it difficult to perform a task and yet determined to do ittask and yet determined to do it Pressure to meet deadline in a limited timePressure to meet deadline in a limited time Over workOver work Lack of resources and skills-financial problemsLack of resources and skills-financial problems and loses.and loses.
7. Physical/psychological torturePhysical/psychological torture Destruction of ones home or communityDestruction of ones home or community Disillusionment due to unmetDisillusionment due to unmet expectations.expectations.
8. SYMPTOMS OF STRESSSYMPTOMS OF STRESS Extreme fatigueExtreme fatigue Fast breathing patternsFast breathing patterns Loss of confidence and self esteemLoss of confidence and self esteem HeadachesHeadaches Insomnia- restless sleep patternsInsomnia- restless sleep patterns IrritabilityIrritability
9. Lack of concentration, forgetfulnessLack of concentration, forgetfulness Lack of enthusiasmsLack of enthusiasms Poor feeding patternPoor feeding pattern Depression-spending a lot of time at workDepression-spending a lot of time at work and yet achieving very littleand yet achieving very little Lack of organisationLack of organisation TelevisionTelevision Mental fatigue, worryMental fatigue, worry
10. Fear and threat to lifeFear and threat to life DepressionDepression Great pain, sorrow or suffering and feelingGreat pain, sorrow or suffering and feeling alone, feeling guilty, e.t.calone, feeling guilty, e.t.c Emotional , irrational and short temperedEmotional , irrational and short tempered distancing from patience/clientdistancing from patience/client Social: deterioration in interpersonal relationshipSocial: deterioration in interpersonal relationship at work and at home.at work and at home. Spiritual: value system becomes eroded andSpiritual: value system becomes eroded and may even inflict pain of patientsmay even inflict pain of patients
11. COPYING WITH STRESSCOPYING WITH STRESS We must develop effective strategy for dealing withWe must develop effective strategy for dealing with it. Professional strategies can include:-it. Professional strategies can include:- Planning and prioritising work load effectivelyPlanning and prioritising work load effectively Negotiating time spent with patients and familiesNegotiating time spent with patients and families so that clear boundaries are establishedso that clear boundaries are established Taking time off such as holidays and weekends.Taking time off such as holidays and weekends. Leaving work on timeLeaving work on time Caring for self:-Caring for self:-
12. PHYSICALLYPHYSICALLY Follow a sensible exercise planFollow a sensible exercise plan Eat healthy foodEat healthy food Chill out-find something that helps youChill out-find something that helps you relax, that is personally satisfying andrelax, that is personally satisfying and enjoy doing it. (not harmful to your health)enjoy doing it. (not harmful to your health)
13. INTELLECTUALLYINTELLECTUALLY Find new prospects, perhaps change ofFind new prospects, perhaps change of job or career or sabbaticaljob or career or sabbatical Explore chances of a lateral transferExplore chances of a lateral transfer Attend workshops or courses to equipAttend workshops or courses to equip your self with latest evidence-basedyour self with latest evidence-based information and practicesinformation and practices Managing timeManaging time
14. SOCIALLYSOCIALLY Share, discuss feelings with colleagues atShare, discuss feelings with colleagues at work and organise social occasionswork and organise social occasions Work on improving family relationshipsWork on improving family relationships Develop interest and hobbies outside theDevelop interest and hobbies outside the work environment, and meet other peoplework environment, and meet other people Go on holidayGo on holiday
15. SPIRITUALLYSPIRITUALLY Reflect on the meaning of your life andReflect on the meaning of your life and your spiritual belief/values and meditate.your spiritual belief/values and meditate. Write down your personal, professionalWrite down your personal, professional goalsgoals Which of these goals are still being met?Which of these goals are still being met? What changes have you got to meet thoseWhat changes have you got to meet those goals?goals?
16. KEY QUESTIONS WE NEED ASKKEY QUESTIONS WE NEED ASK OURSELVESOURSELVES Do I need to give my self permission toDo I need to give my self permission to take charge of the pressure in my life?take charge of the pressure in my life? Do I need to sort out the balances in myDo I need to sort out the balances in my life?life? Do I need to increase my resistance toDo I need to increase my resistance to stress?stress? Do I need to concentrate on internal orDo I need to concentrate on internal or external pressure?external pressure?
17. Do I need to concentrate on managingDo I need to concentrate on managing change better?change better? Do I need to concentrate on improvingDo I need to concentrate on improving relationships?relationships? Do I need to tackle specific pressure?Do I need to tackle specific pressure? Is there anything else I need to do toIs there anything else I need to do to tackle pressure?tackle pressure?
18. Genesis 1:31 then God saw everythingGenesis 1:31 then God saw everything that He had made, and indeed it was verythat He had made, and indeed it was very good. God created us with the mentalgood. God created us with the mental capacity to handle stress.capacity to handle stress. God made the brain to produce its ownGod made the brain to produce its own natural tranquiliser (Gaba and Serotonin)natural tranquiliser (Gaba and Serotonin) also calledalso called neurotransmittersneurotransmitters. These are. These are calledcalled happy messengers.happy messengers.
19. God created us with anGod created us with an adrenaline glandadrenaline gland which gives extra help when we are inwhich gives extra help when we are in special times of danger or need (fight orspecial times of danger or need (fight or flight mechanism) the adrenaline glandflight mechanism) the adrenaline gland produces the chemical cortisol which canproduces the chemical cortisol which can else be calledelse be called sad messengerssad messengers
20. The brain is equipped with benzoThe brain is equipped with benzo receptors from receiving happyreceptors from receiving happy messengers thereby telling the body tomessengers thereby telling the body to release energy from stored resourcesrelease energy from stored resources throughout the body.throughout the body.
21. But when this balance fails then we go intoBut when this balance fails then we go into stress and need professional help. Whenstress and need professional help. When stress is not dealt with early, then it willstress is not dealt with early, then it will lead to other complications that may belead to other complications that may be more difficult to handle. These include:more difficult to handle. These include: depression, PTSD, ASD, etc as we shalldepression, PTSD, ASD, etc as we shall see in our next presentations.see in our next presentations.
22. THANK YOUTHANK YOU
23. COUNSELLING SKILLSCOUNSELLING SKILLS
24. It is important to strive to use a skill in aIt is important to strive to use a skill in a spontaneous way-avoiding being mechanistic.spontaneous way-avoiding being mechanistic. It is important to think of ourselves possessingIt is important to