Grammar book final final

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  • 1. Rafa Grigsby

2. 1. Nationalities 2. Stem-Changing Verbs 3. para 4. Indirect Object Pronouns 5. Pronoun Placement 6. Gustar 7. Affirmative and Negative Words 8. Superlatives 9. Reflexives 10. Affirmative tu commands, irregulars, and pronounplacement 11. Negative tu commands, irregulars, and pronoun placement 12. Sequencing Events 3. o-ue (yo-encontrar=encuentro) e-ie (ella-pensar=piensa) e-i (ustedes-pedir=piden) u-ue (tu-jugar=juegas) 4. Means for or in order to to indicate The recipient of items- El regalo para tu mama. Purpose- vamos al restarante para comer. Implied Purpose- Tengo dinero para (comprar)algo. 5. Me (me)Nos (us) Te (you familiar)Os (you familiar) Le (you formal, him, her Les (you, them) 6. 4 different ways 1. attach the pronoun to the infinitive(comprarlo to buy it) 2. attach the pronoun to a progressive tense 3. attach the pronoun to an affirmativecommand 4. place the pronoun before a conjugated verb(me gusta I like) 7. Me/te/le gusta Nos/os/les gustan A noun is always the thing being gusta-ed sothe point of view is almost always third person Me gusta correr. (I like to run) Le gustan los enchiladas. (He/She likesenchiladas) Me gustas tu. (I like you) is an exception to 3rdperson. Gustar literally means to pleasure 8. Affirmative Words Negative WordsAlgo (something)nada (nothing)Alguien (someone) nadie (no one)Algun/Alguno (some) ningun/ninguno (none)Siempre (always)nunca (never)Tambien (also)tampoco (neither, either)Alguno(a) and Ninguno(a) must match thegender of the noun they replace/modify 9. Drop the final vowel and add the endingisimo(a) La idea de Rosa es interesantisima.Rosas idea is very (extremely) interesting.When the last consonant is c, g, or z, spellingchangesRico- riquisimo largo- larguisimo feliz- felicisimo 10. Used when the subject also receives the action The reflexive pronoun must agree with theverb (me lavo, not te lavo or me lavas) Se lava la cabeza (he washes his hair)Me NosTe OsSe Se 11. Put into 3rd person point of view (or put intotu form and drop the s) This is used to give instructions or commandsComer=come correr=correHablar=habla caminar=camina Irregular Affirmative Tu CommandsDecir-di Hacer-haz Ir-ve Poner-ponSalir-sal Ser-seTener-ten Venir-ven 12. 1. put into yo form 2. change vowel (ar-e er/ir-a) 3. Add s Hablar 1. Hablo 2. Hable 3. No hables Volver 1. Vuelvo 2. Vuelva 3. No vuelvas No hables (dont talk) 13. Primero (first) entonces (next/then)luego/despues (later/after) por fin (finally)Antes de (before) despues de (after) Por la manana/tarde/noche (in/during themorning/afternoon/night etc.) Los lunes, los martes, etc (on Mondays, onTuesdays, etc)