Geography Themes of The Five - 05/04/2018 آ  The Five Themes of Geography The Five Themes Location •Absolute

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  • The Five Themes of Geography

    The Five Themes

    Location • Absolute Location: Exact position o Bodwell High School is located at north

    latitude 49.313985,and 123.1008539 west longitude

    • Latitude: “FATitude” horizontal lines of measurement • Longitude: vertical lines of


    Location • Relative Location: less exact –

    described by time, direction or distance from one place to another

    • Ms. Stewart lives about 12 km from BHS • I’m about 45 minutes away from home (in

    traffic) or 20 minutes away (in no traffic)

  • • Why is Kelowna a transportation and service center?

    Place • Physical Characteristics of place include things

    like: o Landforms o bodies of water o soil o mineral deposits

    • Cultural Characteristics include things like: o First nations people using tree bark to make


    Regions • Regions are areas that share common

    characteristics, such as: • government • landforms • climate


    • Can you point out any regions from this satellite image of BC?

  • Types of Regions: Movement • How do people interact with each

    other in the 21st century?

    • Ideas, People and Objects can move very quickly in the 21st century.

    • How and why?

    Human / Environment Interaction

    • The interactions between humans and the environment

    • Geographers ask: o How do dams, roads, industry, and housing

    developments change an environment? o How have land use choices affected our ability

    to buy food grown near our homes? o How has information technology changed where

    people work? o How does the moving of an industrial plant from

    one community to another affect the people in those two communities?

    Questions: • Summarize the main idea from each of the

    five themes of geography

    • Brainstorm a list of the ways people (from the past until today) have affected the landscape of our local area. o What are the long term and short term

    effects of these activities on the environment?

  • Maps • Why do people use maps? • Maps can be one of the best ways to share

    information about a place – showing climate, population or political boundaries. They can show how places have changed over time

    • All maps o Visually represent an area o Use symbols – a compass rose, for example o Scale to indicate distance

    Interpret a Map • To understand or interpret a map – you may ask

    all or some of these questions: o What kind of map is it? What can it be used

    for? o Who created the map, and when? o What do we know about the creator from

    examining the map? o Who would use this map? o Have there been changes to the area since

    the map was drawn? What do these changes tell us?

    o What is the significance of the map?

    What type of map is this?

  • Parts of a Map • Remember DOGTAILS • D – date the map was made • O – Orientation / Directions (north arrow) • G - Grid – Locates places on the map • S - Scale – What the map distance is • T - Title – What, where and when • A- Author – Who made the map • I - Index – Map address of places • L - Legend – What the symbols mean • S - Sources – Basis for map information

    The Most Important Parts…

    The Title – text explaining what the map is supposed to portray

    “ Map of Area around CVA”

    Orientation – Show which direction is north, usually with an arrow or a compass rose

    The Most Important Parts Date – Tell the reader when the map was made or updated

    Author – Tell the reader who the cartographer (person that makes maps) or organization was that made the map

    The Most Important Parts

    Legend: A guide identifying what the map’s symbols and colors represent

  • The Most Important Parts Scale: This shows the relationship between distance on a map and actual distance on the earth

    Types of Scales:

    Verbal Words One centimeter equals one kilometer

    Number Ratio or fraction 1:63, 3:60 Graphic Divided bar or

    line (like a ruler) showing miles or kilometers

    0 500 kilometers

    Small Scale and Large Scale Maps

    A Small Scale Map:

    A map that shows a large area in not much details (ie. A map of the world)

    A Large Scale Map: A map that shows a small area in a lot of detail (ie. A map of a neighbourhood)

    Activity 1. Draw a map of your school and its surroundings • You can choose to make a SMALL SCALE or a

    LARGE SCALE map • Use different sources of information to construct

    your map • Include all of “The Most Important Parts” on your


    2. On a separate piece of paper – Look at the 5 themes of geography – how can maps be used to study each theme?