First Aid Kit-Survival Kit. Disaster Preparedness and Survival Cultural Week Grade 9 Project. Daniel Iturralde - Jose Alejandro Chong-Qui. Survival Kit. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
First Aid Kit-Survival Kit
First Aid Kit-Survival KitDaniel Iturralde - Jose Alejandro Chong-Qui
Disaster Preparedness and Survival Cultural Week Grade 9 ProjectSurvival KitFood and waterWater in sealed containers for dry areas, or water purification tablets in areas where water is available but may be contaminated. Metal container to boil water (picture) Heavy duty aluminum foil to create a distillation tube to remove salt from salt water during boiling/condensation. Must have another receptacle to collect condensate. Canned food, Ready-to-eat meals (MRE), or high-energy foods such as chocolate or emergency food bars. Fishing line and gear (fish hooks, lures, and split shot leads) Snare wire (picture)Gill Net (for emergency fishing)
Multipurpose tools or materials
Fixed-blade knife, or multitool knife such as Swiss Army knife or multitoolHeavy-duty needle and thread for repairing clothing and equipment Plastic bag(s) or trash bags Sturdy cord or "550" parachute cord for setting up a tarpaulin and snaring small animals Hatchet with sheath Candles for warmth, light, and signaling
Mini survival kits or Altoids
"Mini survival kits" or "Altoids tin" survival kits are small kits that contain a few basic survival tools. These kits often include a small compass, waterproof matches, a fishing hook and fishing line, a large plastic garbage bag, a small vial of bleach, a small candle, a jigsaw blade, an Exacto knife blade, and a safety pin. Pre-packaged survival kits may also include instructions in survival techniques, including fire-starting or first aid methods.
First Aid Kit
A first aid kit is a collection of supplies and equipment for use in giving first aid.First aid kits may bemade up of different contents depending on who has assembled the kit and for what purpose. It may also vary by region due to varying advice or legislation between governments or organisations.
Instruments and equipment
Trauma shears, for cutting clothing and general useScissors are less useful but often included insteadTweezersLighter, for sterilizing tweezers or pliers etc.alcohol pads for sterilizing equipment, or unbroken skin. This is sometimes used to debride wounds, however some training authorities advise against this as it may kill cells which bacteria can then feed onIrrigation syringe - with catheter tip for cleaning wounds with sterile water, saline solution, or a weak iodine solution. The stream of liquid flushes out particles of dirt and debris.Torch (also known as a flashlight)Instant-acting chemical cold packsAlcohol rub (hand sanitizer) or antiseptic hand wipesThermometerSpace blanket (lightweight plastic foil blanket, also known as "emergency blanket")Penlight
Aspirin primarily used for central medical chest pain as an anti-coagulantEpinephrine autoinjector (brand name Epipen) - often included in kits for wilderness use and in places such as summer camps, to treat anaphylactic shock.
Personal protective equipmentThe use of personal protective equipmentor PPE will vary by kit, depending on its use and anticipated risk of infection. The adjuncts to artificial respiration are covered above, but other common infection control PPE includes:Gloves which are single use and disposable to prevent cross infectionGoggles or other eye protectionSurgical mask or N95 mask to reduce possibility of airborne infection transmission (sometimes placed on patient instead of caregivers. For this purpose the mask should not have an exhale valve)ApronTrauma injuries
Trauma injuries, such as bleeding, bone fractures or burns, are usually the main focus of most first aid kits, with items such as bandages and dressings being found in the vast majority of all kits.