Exposing a Naive Dream

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A thesis submitted to the faculty of the architecture department in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Architecture at Savannah College of Art and Design.

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  • AEVALUATING THE INEFFICIENCIES OF THE AMERICAN SINGLE-FAMILY HOME

    EXPOSING ANAIVE DREAM

  • B

  • IEXPOSING A NAIVE DREAM

    A Thesis Submitted to the Faculty of the

    Architecture Department in Partial Fulfillment of the

    Requirements for the Degree of Architecture at

    Savannah College of Art and Design

    Jodie R. Quinter

    SCAD | Savannah, Georgia

    May 2014

    Thesis Chair: Professor Huy Ngo

    Faculty Advisor: Professor Daniel Brown

    Topic Consultant: Ben Baumer

  • II Exposing a Naive Dream

  • IIIDedication

    To my family:

    You have surrounded me with a culture of excellence as well as abundant

    encouragement, and instilled in me the characteristics that have allowed

    me to succeed from early on. Because of you, I embrace a future beyond

    my wildest imaginings. Your unending love and support are the

    foundation of my being.

    Thank you.

  • IV Exposing a Naive Dream

  • VAcknowledgements

    To Professor Huy Ngo and Professor Daniel Brown:

    This book is dedicated to you. The imprint of your committment to

    excellence and your devotion to architectural education is contained

    within. Your unselfishness and endless support made this project possible.

    Your guidance and example have left a lasting impression on my life.

    Thank you is not enough.

    As always, Cheers.

  • VI Exposing a Naive Dream

  • VIITable of Contents

    Establishing the Problem 9Contextual Research

    Providing Factual Support 33Conceptual Research

    Assessing Inefficiences 53Concept Development

    Understanding Design Flaws 77Research Development

    Evaluating Room by Room 95Microscopic Analysis

    Visiting Parkview Acres 173Site Analysis

    Exposing the Dream 197Design Development

    Bibliography 227

    List of Figures 1

    Thesis Abstract 7

    1

    4

    2

    5

    3

    6

    7

  • 1List of Figures

    Figure 1: Geo F. Barber & Co. Catalog Page. Image. .

    Figure 2: Sears Roebuck Catalog Page. Image. .

    Figure 3: Levittown, New York. Photograph. .

    Figure 4: GE Advertisement. Image. .

    Figure 5: Saturday Evening Post. Image. .

    Figure 6: The New Yorker. Image. .

    Figure 7: Brick Front with Vinyl Siding. Photograph. .

    Figure 8: Aerial View of Suburb. Photograph. .

    Figure 9: Formal Dining. Photograph. .

    Figure 10: Informal Dining. Photograph. .

    Figure 11: The American Dream is Over. Photograph. .

    List of Figures

    Figure 12: Zaha Hadids Beko Building in Belgrade. Rendering. < http://www.businessinsider.com/zaha-adids-beko-building-in-belgrade-2012-11>.

    Figure 13: Single-Family Home Construction. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 14: Living Preference Survey. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 15: Factor of 10. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 16: Energy Consumption by Sector. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 17: Green House 1. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 18: Green House 2. Photograph. < http://windturbineshome.net/wp-content/uploads/house-with-solar-and-wind-energy.jpg>

    Figure 19: Life Cycle Cost Study. Photograph.

    Figure 20: House, Human, and Brick Average Lifespan. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 21: Accounting for Change in Family Size and Structure. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 22: United States Home Demolition. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 23: Waste Output by Building Sector. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 24: Division of Existing United States Building Stock. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 25: Building Life Cycle. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 26: Quantifiable Marketing. Screenshot. .

  • 2List of Figures (continued)

    Figure 27: Grand Entry Foyer. Photograph. .

    Figure 28: Living Room A. Photograph. .

    Figure 29: Living Room B. Photograph. .

    Figure 30: Capturing the Light of a Near Death Experience. Image. .

    Figure 31: Interior Natural Light. Photograph. .

    Figure 32: Historical United States Housing Trends. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 33: Area of Case Study Homes. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 34: Case Study 1 Space Allocation by %. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 35: Case Study 2 Space Allocation by %. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 36: Case Study 3 Space Allocation by %. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 37: Case Study 4 Space Allocation by %. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 38: Case Study 5 Space Allocation by %. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 39: Minimum Space Allocation by %. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 40: Kitchen Analysis. Diagram. Provided by Author. Insight gained from Residential Interior Design: A Guide to Planning Spaces by Maureen Mitton.

    Figure 41: Kitchen Area by Case Study. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    List of Figures (continued)

    Figure 42: Kitchen Area Case Study 3. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 43: Kitchen Area Case Study 4. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 44: Kitchen Area Case Study 5. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 45: Minimum Kitchen Area. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 46: Living Room Analysis. Diagram. Provided by Author. Insight gained from Residential Interior Design: A Guide to Planning Spaces by Maureen Mitton.

    Figure 47: Living Room Area by Case Study. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 48: Living Room Area Case Study 3. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 49: Living Room Area Case Study 4. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 50: Living Room Area Case Study 5. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 51: Minimum Living Room Area. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 52: Dining Room Analysis. Diagram. Provided by Author. Insight gained from Residential Interior Design: A Guide to Planning Spaces by Maureen Mitton.

    Figure 53: Dining Room Area by Case Study. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 54: Dining Room Area Case Study 3. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 55: Dining Room Area Case Study 4. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 56: Dining Room Area Case Study 5. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 57: Minimum Dining Room Area. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 58: Entry Foyer Analysis. Diagram. Provided by Author. Insight gained from Residential Interior Design: A Guide to Planning Spaces by Maureen Mitton.

    Figure 59: Entry Foyer Area by Case Study. Diagram. Provided by Author.

  • 3List of Figures (continued)

    Figure 60: Entry Foyer Area Case Study 3. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 61: Entry Foyer Area Case Study 4. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 62: Entry Foyer Area Case Study 5. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 63: Minimum Entry Foyer Area. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 64: Breakfast Analysis. Diagram. Provided by Author. Insight gained from Residential Interior Design: A Guide to Planning Spaces by Maureen Mitton.

    Figure 65: Breakfast Area by Case Study. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 66: Breakfast Area Case Study 3. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 67: Breakfast Area Case Study 4. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 68: Breakfast Area Case Study 5. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 69: Minimum Breakfast Area. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 70: Laundry Room Analysis. Diagram. Provided by Author. Insight gained

    from Residential Interior Design: A Guide to Planning Spaces by Maureen Mitton.

    Figure 71: Laundry Room Area by Case Study. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 72: Laundry Room Area Case Study 3. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 73: Laundry Room Area Case Study 4. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 74: Laundry Room Area Case Study 5. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 75: Minimum Laundry Room Area. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 76: Master Bathroom Analysis. Diagram. Provided by Author. Insight gained from Residential Interior Design: A Guide to Planning Spaces by Maureen Mitton.

    List of Figures (continued)

    Figure 77: Master Bathroom Area by Case Study. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 78: Master Bathroom Area Case Study 3. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 79: Master Bathroom Area Case Study 4. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 80: Master Bathroom Area Case Study 5. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 81: Minimum Master Bathroom Area. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 82: Master Bathroom Analysis. Diagram. Provided by Author. Insight gained from Residential Interior Design: A Guide to Planning Spaces by Maureen Mitton.

    Figure 83: Master Bathroom Area by Case Study. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 84: Master Bathroom Area Case Study 3. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 85: Master Bathroom Area Case Study 4. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 86: Master Bathroom Area Case Study 5. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 87: Minimum Master Bathroom Area. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 88: Master Closet Analysis. Diagram. Provided by Author. Insight gained from Residential Interior Design: A Guide to Planning Spaces by Maureen Mitton.

    Figure 89: Master Closet Area by Case Study. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    Figure 90: Master Closet Area Case Study 3. Diagram. Provided by Author.

    F