England in the Renaissance - ?· England in the Renaissance 1485-1600 . ... •House of Tudor •Ruled…

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    03-Jul-2018

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  • England in the Renaissance 1485-1600

  • Renaissance=rebirth

    A renewed interest in ancient Greek and Latin texts

    Rise of humanism Creativity

    Curiosity

    Began in Italy

    Printing press became widely popular-made books available to everyone

    Exchange of ideas through common language (Latin)

  • King Henry VII 1485-1509

    House of Tudor

    Ruled from 1485-1509

    Had three children: Arthur Tudor (heir apparent who died of sweating

    sickness in 1502)

    Margaret Tudor (married King James IV of Scotland)

    Henry Tudor (becomes heir to the throne after Arthur)

    Known for conservative economic principals and patience

  • King Henry VIII 1509-1547

    Notorious figure in Tudor history

    Known for starting the Anglican Church, official church of England

    Known for having six different wives: Catherine of Aragon 1509-1533 (who gave birth to Mary)Divorced Anne Boleyn 1533-1536 (who gave birth to Elizabeth)Beheaded Jane Seymour 1536-1537 (who gave birth to Edward)Died 12 days

    after Edwards birth Anne of Cleves 1540Divorced Catherine Howard 1540-1542Beheaded Catherine Parr 1543-1547Widowed

    Created the Royal Navy

    Was a great patron to arts and poetry He played several instruments and wrote poetry of his own

  • King Edward VI 1547-1553

    9 years old when he took the throne

    Very intelligent

    Very poor health

    Relatives and advisors were really the ones running England

    Died of tuberculosis

  • Queen Mary I 1553-1558

    Daughter of Catherine of Aragon and Henry VIII Makes her half Spanish and fully Catholic

    Nicknamed Bloody Mary

    Made two tactical errors: Burned 300 Protestants at the stake at one time

    Married Phillip II, King of Spain

    Died childless and of fever

  • Queen Elizabeth I 1558-1603

    Daughter of Anne Boleyn and Henry VIII

    Nicknamed the Virgin Queen

    One of the most brilliant and successful monarchs in Englands history

    Executed her cousin, Mary Queen of Scots

    Defeated Spanish Armada

    Supported the arts

  • King James I 1603-1625

    Began as King James VI of Scotland

    Cousin of Elizabeths

    A huge letdown after Elizabeth

  • King Charles I 1625-1649

    Son of King James I

    Self-absorbed and self-destructive ruler

    Struggled with breakouts of civil war in Scotland, Ireland, and England

    Patronized the arts, but mostly foreign artists

    Married a Roman Catholic girl

    Fought with Parliament constantly

    Subjects beheaded him in 1649, sending his son, Charles II into exile in France

  • Oliver Cromwell 1649-1660

    Parliamentary and Puritan Dictator of England for 11 years

    Had initial support because of his religious leanings and military success in Ireland

    Power went to his headbegan fighting with Parliament

    Died of natural causes and his son couldnt fill his shoes

    The army stepped in, reinstated Charles II as king, and the Renaissance was over

  • Literary Greats

    William Shakespeare 1564-1616

    Thomas Kyd 1558-1594

    Christopher Marlowe

    1564-1593

    Edmund Spencer 1552-

    1599

    Sir Thomas Wyatt 1503-

    1542

    John Skelton 1460-1529

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