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Edexcel International GCSE in Business Studies GCSE Business Studies ... 3 - Sample.pdf · PDF fileEdexcel International GCSE in Business Studies Accounting and Finance - Turner Education

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  • Edexcel International GCSE in Business Studies

    Accounting and Finance Turner Education 2013

    - 1 -

    GCSE Business Studies

    Topic 3 Accounting and Finance Name:

  • Edexcel International GCSE in Business Studies

    Accounting and Finance Turner Education 2013

    - 2 -

    Contents

    A External and Internal Forms of Finance 3

    B Budgets and Cash Flow Forecasts 22

    C Costs and Break-Even Analysis 38

    D Financial Statements 45

    E Ratios and Performance 60

  • Edexcel International GCSE in Business Studies

    Accounting and Finance Turner Education 2013

    - 3 -

    Section A External and Internal Sources of Finance

    All businesses will require finance at some point. This could be from an internal

    source (inside the business) or an external source (outside the business). The finance

    may be needed for a number of reasons such as helping the business through a tough

    time such as the recession or helping it to expand. List as many ways a business

    could access additional sources of finance below:

    Sources of finance

  • Edexcel International GCSE in Business Studies

    Accounting and Finance Turner Education 2013

    - 4 -

    Section A External and Internal Sources of Finance

    Bank loans can be used by businesses for a range of reasons, which may include to

    help with the purchase of equipment, vehicles or to fund further expansion. Banks

    will normally want some assurances the loan will be paid back before lending and will

    charge interest on the repayments.

    What are the benefits and drawbacks of using this source of finance?

  • Edexcel International GCSE in Business Studies

    Accounting and Finance Turner Education 2013

    - 5 -

    Section A External and Internal Sources of Finance

    Businesses may obtain a mortgage in order to purchase a property. This will be

    assessed in a similar way to a loan from a bank, although it is usually taken out over a

    longer period of time e.g. 20 years.

    What are the benefits and drawbacks of using this source of finance?

  • Edexcel International GCSE in Business Studies

    Accounting and Finance Turner Education 2013

    - 6 -

    Section A External and Internal Sources of Finance

    Large businesses may use banks to obtain loans or mortgages to help them fund their

    expansion plans. These can sometimes be multi-million pound deals. What

    information would the banks want to know before agreeing to lend the money?

    Extension: Describe why fewer banks are willing to lend large amounts of money to businesses at the moment. ........................................................................................................................................................................................

    ........................................................................................................................................................................................

    ........................................................................................................................................................................................

    .

  • Edexcel International GCSE in Business Studies

    Accounting and Finance Turner Education 2013

    - 7 -

    Section A External and Internal Sources of Finance

    Some small business owners may ask their friends or family to loan them money

    rather going to a bank. It would be up to the two parties to discuss how and when

    they money would be paid back.

    What are the benefits and drawbacks of using this source of finance?

  • Edexcel International GCSE in Business Studies

    Accounting and Finance Turner Education 2013

    - 8 -

    Section A External and Internal Sources of Finance

    An overdraft is a very useful source of finance for a lot of businesses. Rather than

    take a loan out, they can access additional funding from their own business accounts

    i.e. when the business has no money in their account, they can still continue to take

    money out. They will have to agree on an overdraft limit with the bank.

    What are the benefits and drawbacks of using this source of finance?

  • Edexcel International GCSE in Business Studies

    Accounting and Finance Turner Education 2013

    - 9 -

    Section A External and Internal Sources of Finance

    Trade credit is an agreement between a business and their suppliers whereby they

    can pay them at a later date after receiving their stock. Depending on the agreement

    in place, the business may get between 30 90 days to settle their account.

    What are the benefits and drawbacks of using this source of finance?

  • Edexcel International GCSE in Business Studies

    Accounting and Finance Turner Education 2013

    - 10 -

    Section A External and Internal Sources of Finance

    Businesses can sometimes apply to the local or national government in order to

    receive a grant to help them set up or run their business. There is likely to be specific

    criteria the business needs to meet in order to receive one e.g. boost local

    employment.

    What are the benefits and drawbacks of using this source of finance?

  • Edexcel International GCSE in Business Studies

    Accounting and Finance Turner Education 2013

    - 11 -

    Section A External and Internal Sources of Finance

    Retained profit is the money the business decides to keep hold of after they have paid

    all of their costs after a year of trading. What kinds of things could the business

    decide to use their retained profit for?

    Extension: Describe why some businesses may choose not to invest their profits at the end of the financial year. ........................................................................................................................................................................................

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    ........................................................................................................................................................................................

    .

  • Edexcel International GCSE in Business Studies

    Accounting and Finance Turner Education 2013

    - 12 -

    Section A External and Internal Sources of Finance

    Businesses may also consider selling off some of their assets to raise revenue. What

    kinds of things could the organisation put up for sale?

    Extension: Describe the potential negative impacts there could be on a business selling off its assets. ........................................................................................................................................................................................

    ........................................................................................................................................................................................

    ........................................................................................................................................................................................

    .

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