Edexcel GCSE Geography A - .Edexcel GCSE Geography A ... Unit 3: The human environment Chapter 8:

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  • Edexcel GCSE Geography A Geographical Foundations

    Teacher Guide Second Edition Alison Barraclough Cameron Dunn Wayne Eaves David Flint Lindsay Frost Andy Palmer Martin Parham Michael Witherick Phil Wood Nigel Yates

  • Published by Pearson Education Limited, a company incorporated in England and Wales, having its registered office at Edinburgh Gate, Harlow, Essex, CM20 2JE. Registered company number: 872828 Edexcel is a registered trade mark of Edexcel Limited Text Alison Barraclough, Cameron Dunn, Wayne Eaves, David Flint, Lindsay Frost, Andy Palmer, Martin Parham, Michael Witherick, Phil Wood and Nigel Yates 2009, 2013 First published 2009 This edition published 2013 British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library ISBN 978 1 44690 628 6 Copyright notice All rights reserved. The material in this publication is copyright. Pupil sheets may be freely photocopied for classroom use in the purchasing institution. However, this material is copyright and under no circumstances may copies be offered for sale. If you wish to use the material in any way other than that specified you must apply in writing to the publishers. Designed by Pantek Arts Ltd, Maidstone, Kent Illustrated by Oxford Designers and Illustrators Picture research by Louise Edgeworth Acknowledgements The publisher would like to thank the following for their kind permission to reproduce their photographs: (Key: b-bottom; c-centre; l-left; r-right; t-top) Alamy Images: Neil McAllister 25, Robert Harding Picture Library Ltd 24, UK Stock Images Ltd 117; iStockphoto: Petrea Alexandru 169; Science Photo Library Ltd: NASA 136; TopFoto: Ullstein Bild 16 All other images Pearson Education In some instances we have been unable to trace the owners of copyright material, and we would appreciate any information that would enable us to do so. We are grateful to the following for permission to reproduce copyright material: p.16 from Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme Secretariat (AMAP); p. 25 from www.worldmapper.org, Copyright SASI Group (University of Sheffield) and Mark Newman (University of Michigan); p. 17 Mercator Map with area comparison of China and Greenland. Courtesy of ODTmaps.com, PO Box 134, Amherst MA 01004 USA; (413-549-1293; Fax: 413-549-3503; E-mail: odtstore@odt.org ; WEB: www.ODTmaps.com); p. 19 Courtesy of Derrick Beckner and the Penn State University Libraries; p. 20 reproduced with permission from Dr. David Etheridge (CSIRO); p. 20 from the Proviser website: data originating from HM Land Registry records is reproduced with the permission of HM Land Registry under delegated authority from the Controller of HMSO; Tables p.20-21 from http://www.devon.gov.uk/sidmouthbaselineprofile.pdf, reproduced with permission from Devon County Council, Devon Primary Care Trust and Crown copyright material with permission under the terms of the Open Government Licence; Tables p. 38 adapted from Sunday Times/Times Online, 1/3/2009, reproduced with permission from Philip Beresford; p. 35 from http://www.dft.gov.uk/about/howthedftworks/sda/secsusdevactplan07/susdevactionplan07?page=2, Crown copyright material is reproduced with permission under the terms of the Open Government Licence; p. 48 adapted from Map of the location of Swanage Bay and Durlston Bay in Dorset, Ordnance Survey, copyright www.collinsbartholomew.com Ltd, reproduced with kind permission of HarperCollins Publishers; p. 78 Three figures showing the formation of an ox-bow lake, copyright Rob Chambers; page 79 Map of Blandford's flood management scheme adapted from Edexcel GCSE Geography, paper 1312/4H (Figure 1a) June 2006 copyright Edexcel Limited; p. 95 adapted from Diagram of convection currents in the mantle U.S. Geological Survey; p. 132 adapted from Access to Safe Water http://www.worldbank.org/depweb/english/modules/environm/water/index03.html, data copyright The World Bank; Table p. 154 from Distribution of international and foreign students in tertiary education, by country of origin (2005), http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/068417017111 , Education at a Glance 2007: OECD Indicators, OECD 2007, www.oecd.org/edu/eag2007, reproduced with permission from OECD; p Table p. 213 based on IDMC data, reproduced with permission; Tables p. 227 from Association of Leading Visitor Attractions (Alva), reproduced with permission.

  • In some instances we have been unable to trace the owners of copyright material, and we would appreciate any information that would enable us to do so. Websites The websites used in this book were correct and up to date at the time of publication. It is essential for tutors to preview each website before using it in class so as to ensure that the URL is still accurate, relevant and appropriate. We suggest that tutors bookmark useful websites and consider enabling students to access them through the school/college intranet. Disclaimer This Edexcel publication offers high-quality support for the delivery of Edexcel qualifications. Edexcel endorsement does not mean that this material is essential to achieve any Edexcel qualification, nor does it mean that this is the only suitable material available to support any Edexcel qualification. No endorsed material will be used verbatim in setting any Edexcel examination/assessment and any resource lists produced by Edexcel shall include this and other appropriate texts. Copies of official specifications for all Edexcel qualifications may be found on the Edexcel website - www.edexcel.com

  • Contents Introduction: Edexcel GCSE Geography A 6 About this Teacher Guide 8 About Examzone and ResultsPlus 10 Unit 1: Geographical skills and challenges Chapter 1: Geographical skills Skills planning matrix 12 Scheme of work 14 Extension activities 16 Answers 23 Case study extension activity 26 Chapter checklist and revision summary 27 Chapter 2: Challenges for the planet Teacher notes 31 Scheme of work 39 Extension activities 41 Answers 43 Case study extension activity 45 Chapter checklist and revision summary 46 Unit 2: The natural environment Chapter 3: Coastal landscapes Teacher notes 49 Scheme of work 57 Extension activities 59 Answers 61 Case study extension activity 63 Chapter checklist and revision summary 64 Chapter 4: River landscapes Teacher notes 67 Scheme of work 75 Extension activities 77 Answers 79 Case study extension activity 81 Chapter checklist and revision summary 82 Chapter 5: Tectonic landscapes Teacher notes 85 Scheme of work 93 Extension activities 94 Answers 96 Case study extension activity 98 Chapter checklist and revision summary 99 Chapter 6: A wasteful world Teacher notes 102 Scheme of work 110 Extension activities 112 Answers 114 Case study extension activity 116 Chapter checklist and revision summary 117

  • Chapter 7: A watery world Teacher notes 120 Scheme of work 128 Extension activities 130 Answers 132 Case study extension activity 134 Chapter checklist and revision summary 135 Unit 3: The human environment Chapter 8: Economic change Teacher notes 138 Scheme of work 146 Extension activities 148 Answers 150 Case study extension activity 152 Chapter checklist and revision summary 153 Chapter 9: Settlement change Teacher notes 156 Scheme of work 164 Extension activities 166 Answers 168 Case study extension activity 170 Chapter checklist and revision summary 171 Chapter 10: Population change Teacher notes 174 Scheme of work 182 Extension activities 184 Answers 186 Case study extension activity 188 Chapter checklist and revision summary 189 Chapter 11: A moving world Teacher notes 192 Scheme of work 200 Extension activities 202 Answers 206 Case study extension activity 209 Chapter checklist and revision summary 210 Chapter 12: A tourists world Teacher notes 213 Scheme of work 221 Extension activities 223 Answers 227 Case study extension activity 230 Chapter checklist and revision summary 231 Unit 4: Investigating geography Chapter 13: Your fieldwork investigation Teacher notes 234 Scheme of work 239 Extension activities 240 Answers 246

  • Pearson Education Ltd 2013 Edexcel GCSE Geography A Geographical Foundations 6

    Introduction: Edexcel GCSE Geography A Welcome to this new edition of the Edexcel GCSE Geography A Teacher Guide, which has been updated for the revised 2012 specification 2GA01, for first certification 2014. The new Edexcel GCSE in Geography A has four units. This allows for a flexible teaching approach, where students can study a unit and then move on to the next part of the course. Core topics cover key elements of both the physical and human world plus skills that are considered to be essential. The optional topics allow students to study areas of geography in more depth, focusing on contemporary issues from both physical and human environments. The fieldwork element of this course is found in the controlled assessment unit. This provides a more structured approach to internal assessment. The fieldwork tasks must be chosen from the list of tasks provided by Edexcel, but centres can put them in the context of their local area. Unit 1 is divided into two sections, both of which are compulsory material. The first covers cartographic skills, graphical skills, and geographical enquiry, and ICT and GIS skills whilst the second part examines student understanding of issues that have arisen from climate change and sustainable development. Unit 2 and 3 both contain two sections. Students complete all three topics in the first section: Coastal Landscapes, River Landscapes and Tectonic Landscapes in Unit 2 and Economic Change, Settlement Change and Population Change in Unit 3. Students then have a choice of two topics in the second section of each Unit: either A Wasteful World or A Watery World in Unit 2 and either A Moving World or A Tourists World in Unit 3. Planning the course The