Eco Friendly Chemical Processing of Textile & Environmental Management

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ekoloka kemijska obrada tekstila i okolinski menadment

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<ul><li><p>ECO-FRIENDLY CHEMICAL PROCESSING OF TEXTILES &amp; ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT</p><p>ECO-FRIENDLYCHEMICAL PROCESSING OF </p><p>TEXTILES&amp;</p><p>ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT</p><p>BY</p><p>PROF. S.R.EKLAHARE </p><p>FOR GETTING SOFT COPY OF THIS e-BOOK AS WELL AS OTHER TEXTILE e-BOOKS AND e-ARTICLES VISIT </p><p>http://www.sulphurdyes.com/knowledgewall.html</p><p>By Prof S.R.Eklahare Page 1</p></li><li><p>ECO-FRIENDLY CHEMICAL PROCESSING OF TEXTILES &amp; ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT</p><p>ECO-FRIENDLYCHEMICAL PROCESSING OF </p><p>TEXTILES&amp;</p><p>ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT</p><p>BY</p><p>PROF. S.R.EKLAHARE</p><p>Please click on topic of index to directly go to that chapter.</p><p>CHAPTER 1: ECOSYSTEM &amp; TEXTILES ............................................................................................................. 6 </p><p>WHAT IS ECOSYSTEM? ...................................................................................................................................... 6 CARBON CYCLE: ................................................................................................................................................. 6 </p><p>Effect of Industrial activity on Carbon Cycle: .................................................................................................. 7 Effect of increased CO2 emission: ................................................................................................................... 8 Green house gases: ......................................................................................................................................... 8 Carbon Footprints: .......................................................................................................................................... 8 Carbon Trading/Carbon Credit: ....................................................................................................................... 9 X-TRA GYAN ..................................................................................................................................................... 9 </p><p>NITROGEN CYCLE: ............................................................................................................................................. 9 Process of fixation of Nitrogen: ....................................................................................................................... 9 ...................................................................................................................................................................... 11 What is EUTROPHICATION? .............................................................................................................. 11 </p><p>PHOSPHOROUS CYCLE: .................................................................................................................................... 11 CURRENT ECO-SYSTEM PROBLEMS AND HUMAN HEALTH: ............................................................................ 12 THREEE TYPES OF ECOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT: ................................................................................................ 13 </p><p>Hazard Assessment: ...................................................................................................................................... 13 Selection of risk assessment: ......................................................................................................................... 13 Risk Management: ........................................................................................................................................ 13 </p><p>ECOLOGY &amp; TEXTILES: ..................................................................................................................................... 13 TOXICOLOGICAL CONSIDERATION OF TEXTILE PROCESSING ........................................................................... 14 </p><p>CHAPTER 2: ECO FRIENDLY PRETREATMENTS ............................................................................................... 16 </p><p>CONCEPT OF ENZYMES .................................................................................................................................... 16 Properties of Enzyme: .................................................................................................................................... 16 By Prof S.R.Eklahare Page 2</p></li><li><p>ECO-FRIENDLY CHEMICAL PROCESSING OF TEXTILES &amp; ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT</p><p>The mechanism of working of enzymes ........................................................................................................ 17 Factors affecting efficiency of enzymes. ....................................................................................................... 17 Classification of Enzymes: ............................................................................................................................. 19 </p><p>ENZYMATIC DESIZING: .................................................................................................................................... 19 How -Amylase act? ..................................................................................................................................... 20 Desizing methods: ......................................................................................................................................... 20 </p><p>BIO SCOURING (ENZYMATIC SCOURING) ........................................................................................................ 20 Comparision between Bioscouring &amp; Conventional scouring. ...................................................................... 21 </p><p>ENZYMATIC DEGUMMING OF SILK .................................................................................................................. 21 ENZYMATIC H202 BLEACHING: ........................................................................................................................ 22 </p><p>The various advantages of use of Catalase are: ........................................................................................... 22 ECOFRIENDLY STABILIZERS: ............................................................................................................................. 23 REDOX BLEACHING .......................................................................................................................................... 23 PER ACETIC ACID BLEACHING: ......................................................................................................................... 24 </p><p>Mechanism of oxidation with peracetic acid. ............................................................................................... 24 Preparation of peracetic acid: ....................................................................................................................... 24 Procedure for bleaching with peracetic acid: ................................................................................................ 24 Kinetics of decomposition of Peracetic acid: ................................................................................................. 25 </p><p>ECOFRINDLY RETTING OF JUTE ........................................................................................................................ 26 Dew Retting: .................................................................................................................................................. 26 Water Retting: ............................................................................................................................................... 26 Enzymatic Retting: ........................................................................................................................................ 26 </p><p>CHAPTER 3: ECOFRIENDLY DYES AND DYEING .............................................................................................. 27 </p><p>REQUIREMENTS OF ECOFRIENDLY DYES AND DYEING: ................................................................................... 27 TYPES OF POLLUTANTS ASSOCIATED WITH VARIOUS COLOURING PROCESS .................................................. 27 ECOFRINEDLY DISPERSE DYES: ........................................................................................................................ 27 </p><p>Ecofriendly Disperse dyeing:...</p></li></ul>